MA Security degree

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£9,300
International fee
£19,100
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Overview

Our master's in Security is designed to educate and inform students who wish to understand the complexities of global politics at an advanced level. It also offers opportunities for those who wish to be trained to work in diplomacy, international organisations, international charities or in the stewardship of global peoples and global resources. This policy-relevant programme, which studies real problems in real places, is taught by experts specialising in international relations and security studies.

Terrorism, civil wars, migration, modern slavery, climate change and predatory states all threaten the stability of our international system. Liberal states struggle to find political and military answers to the on-going challenges of international security in the 21st century.

This master's degree in Security explores contemporary security issues in international politics. From the defence of the UK, the future of NATO and pressing issues such as hybrid war, cyber threats and the ambition of states such as Russia and China, we examine the security challenges of our time. Among the most pressing concerns are migration, development and the ecological threats to communities posed by climate change. Our master's is designed to develop skills for those students wishing to pursue careers in international politics and the charity and humanitarian sectors, as well as those hoping to go on to study for a PhD.

The MA will see you study the theoretical, covering ideas and concepts that inform the study of international security but is also practical and has an emphasis on problem-solving. Our experts, who all teach and work in security, lead students in understanding conflict in our world. Subjects studied include conflict, civil wars and military/political responses. Our experts operate through small group teaching and individual supervision in a supportive environment geared to the work of understanding our world. There is emphasis on engagement with practice and policy work.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • a practical and policy relevant degree
  • a focus on urgent and ongoing challenges
  • innovative and unique modules.

What you'll study

Our Security master's degree will enable you to gain a rich understanding of the contemporary problems of security, future security threats and their management, international crisis management, and urban warfare and how to respond. Your dissertation will provide the opportunity to explore in depth a specialised area of security.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

International Politics: Issues and Policies (15 credits)

This module aims to provide you with knowledge of a range of issues drawn from contemporary international politics. It develops a problem-solving approach and impresses upon you the policy relevance of the discipline of International Politics. This module encourages you to explore a central characteristic of international life through introductory lectures into selected contemporary issues and practice relevant workshops. This is done through the development of conceptual knowledge, and the application of skills of analysis.

Module content

After an introduction to the module and an outline of how issues and policies can be framed and analysed, the module will introduce you to issues and policies which are discussed and pose problems internationally. These include perennial issues such as peacebuilding and development, as much as contemporary challenges that the international community identifies.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

On completion of the module, you should have developed your ability to:

  • identify and evaluate the importance of issues in contemporary international politics
  • conceptualise features of international interaction and specifically the nexus of cooperation and conflict
  • examine how states articulate foreign policies in order to address contemporary international issues
  • consider the relevance of different methods by which issues are addressed beyond the state i.e. through international organisation, governance, balance of power, multilateralism, regimes, and international law
  • appreciate different power dynamics between actors and approaches available to the study of international issues for the purpose of problem-solving.

Subject specific skills

On completion of the module you should have developed your ability to:

  • gather, organise and deploy evidence, data and information from a variety of secondary and primary sources such as media reporting or policy statements
  • construct reasoned argument, synthesise and analyse relevant information and exercise critical judgement
  • reflect on your own learning and make use of constructive feedback.

Transferable skills

On completion of the module you should have developed your ability to:

  • communicate effectively in speech and writing
  • use communication and information technology for the retrieval and presentation of information relevant to issues high in the international agenda
  • work individually, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management
  • collaborate with others to achieve common goals, for example, through debates in class.

Teaching and learning

Lecture: 24 hours
Guided independent study: 126 hours

24 hours of class time; the remaining time for private study is supported by faculty office hours; private study comprising: guided reading and preparation associated with lectures and group activities; self-directed reading in the subject area of the module; preparation and production of assessed work.

Assessment

One examination: 100%

Research Design and Practice in Security Studies (15 credits)

This module introduces what methodology is. The aim is to support you to design realistic research for your dissertation in a social science discipline. The module emphasises the interconnectedness between concepts and theory with data collection and analysis. You will examine research methodologies across epistemological approaches and on the basis of this you will be able to submit a dissertation research outline at the end of the module. In the context of thinking about methodology, you will also address ethical questions about the relationship and power dynamics between the researcher and research subjects, as well as those engaged in knowledge production outside of academia.

Module content

This module will first clarify the difference between what methodology is and which tools (methods) are available to collect and analyse data for the purpose of social sciences research. You will also be able to think about power relationships and ethical requirements in conducting research and in interacting with professionals for the purpose of research. This is then followed by an opportunity to acquire familiarity with different methodologies and an evaluation of which of the methodologies might be best suited to support your particular research interest and question.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  • identify appropriate research strategies, focusing on a coherent analysis
  • identify appropriate methods of data collection and analysis in the construction of their personal research design
  • understand key methodological problems in designing and conducting research in the social sciences.

Subject-specific skills

By the end of the module, you should be able to:

  • deploy and critically evaluate a range of ideas relating to research methods and design
  • evaluate the effectiveness of different methodological approaches to research in social science research
  • exercise critical judgement in relation to decisions of research design and related ethical problems
  • reflect on and manage your own learning critically, making use of constructive feedback.

Transferable skills

By the end of this module, you should have improved your ability to:

  • make sound judgements with regard to ethical problems in a professional environment
  • work independently, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management
  • communicate effectively and fluently in speech and writing
  • use ICT for the retrieval and presentation of information, including appropriate statistical and numerical information
  • collaborate with others to achieve common goals.

Teaching and learning

Lecture: 10 hours
Practical classes and workshops: 16 hours
Guided independent study: 124 hours

Assessment

Academic scholarship test: 10% in-class test
Research Design: 90% coursework

You are expected to write a 3,000 word Research Design (90% of overall mark) for your dissertation.

The module has a supplementary required component concerning library skills and the avoidance of plagiarism. Students are required to take and pass an online test (10% of the overall module mark). Students may re-sit the test until they reach the required mark. Students will also have the opportunity to submit a short paragraph to Turnitin via Learn and to discuss the results with their academic advisor.


This module has a required component concerning ethics. You must discuss and complete the University Ethics Awareness Form with an appropriate member of academic staff. The completed form must be attached as an appendix to the hard copy research proposal and uploaded as a separate electronic file via Learn. If you fail to complete and submit the Ethics Awareness Form for your intended project, you may incur penalties which may result in a reduction in marks.

Security, Conflict & Defence in Global Politics (30 credits)

 

The aim of this module is to provide students with an advanced understanding of theories concerning defence politics as applied to global security challenges.

Module content

The module covers:

  • the background, history and evolution of Security Studies (including security in the Nuclear Age)
  • traditional and non-traditional approaches to Security Studies
  • Peace Studies and conflict resolution
  • a selection of central themes in Security (which might include: the military, terrorism, security regimes, and gender).

 

Learning Outcomes

Knowledge and Understanding

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • explain and critically interpret traditional and non-traditional theories of war and peace
  • critically evaluate the theoretical and practical reasons why war occurs
  • identify the dominant conceptual and theoretical issues of Peace Studies
  • assess and critically examine the laws of war
  • explain why war has been an instrument of politics
  • explain how stakeholders in the war system behave, with a critical exploration of the soldier and civilian in combat zones

Intellectual/Cognitive skills

Skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • contrast information and knowledge on theories of victory and surrender
  • discuss institutions and practices that frame contemporary conflicts
  • discuss the limitations of law as a mechanism for peace
  • critically evaluate failures to prevent human rights abuse
  • critically assess traditional ideas of national security
  • formulate policy advice on war termination and 'early warning systems' for the abuse of civilian populations.

Subject-specific skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • critically evaluate information and data from a wide range of sources including academic literature and policy documents
  • synthesise sources of information to construct an argument, communicating clearly and effectively in written and oral form
  • summarise ethical issues and debates relevant to security, defence, war and peace studies.

Key/transferable skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • communicate clearly orally and in writing using academic literature exclusively and appropriately to support arguments
  • apply theory to case studies
  • engage constructively in seminar discussions and debates
  • manage time and personal learning efficiently and effectively.

Teaching and Learning

  • Seminar: 48 hours
  • Guided independent study: 252 hours

Assessment

Individual recording/blog: 30% coursework
Policy-related project: 30% coursework
Coursework essay: 40% coursework

CW1 - Coursework essay of approx. 4,000 words 
CW2 - Policy-related project of approx. 2,300 words 
CW3 - Presentation/recording on a security issue

Security in the Developing World (15 credits)

Contemporary issues in security are played out differently in the developing world. This module introduces you to key security issues in the developing world, identifies historical, political, social, and economic reasons underlying them, and demonstrates their complex interactions in local contexts. It provides you with conceptual tools on how to think about security in the developing world in the 21st century, and studies security through paradigmatic contemporary case studies.

Module content

The module reflects on why security should be studied differently in the developing world and considers pressing security issues such as: conflicts between states, regime security, intra-societal violence and conflicts, environmental security, food/water security, population movements and security, and security of social groups particularly women and minorities. Each security issue is studied through a paradigmatic case that demonstrates the complexities of the issue at hand and the implications for global security and stability.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

By the end of this module students will be able to:

  • discuss key security issues in the developing world by employing conceptual lenses and through paradigmatic case studies
  • identify complex interactions between security issues in the developing world
  • analyse the underlying historical, political, social, and economic dynamics causes of contemporary security problems in the developing world
  • critically evaluate the role of local, regional, and global actors in creating security and insecurity in the developing world.


Subject-specific skills

By the end of the module you will be able to:

  • construct theoretically and empirically informed arguments
  • deploy relevant conceptual frameworks to conduct a security analysis in the context of developing world
  • operationalise conceptual arguments through case studies
  • formulate research questions and research strategies for analysing security in the developing world.

Key/transferable skills

By the end of the module you will be able to:

  • demonstrate the skill of communication in writing as well as orally
  • gather, organise, and analyse evidence, data and information from a variety of secondary and primary sources
  • provide ideas and solutions to politically, economically and socially pressing security issues in the developing world.

Teaching and learning

Lecture: 12 hours
Seminar: 12 hours
Guided independent study: 126 hours

There will be 12-weekly formal sessions of 2 hours per week; the remainder of the student hours are devoted to private study and the preparation of assignments. Teaching will be through a combination of lectures and seminar discussions.

Assessment

Research essay proposal: 5% coursework
Annotated bibliography: 10% coursework
Presentation: 10% coursework
Research outline: 15% coursework 
Research essay: 60% coursework

In this module, write a research essay (4000 words) in five steps. 

- Coursework 1 - Research essay proposal (5%): identify and justify a research topic.
- Coursework 2 - Annotated bibliography (10%): identify the main academic resources related to the topic and explain how and why each source is important and relevant. 
- Coursework 3 - Research outline (15%): articulate a research question, hypothesis, sub-arguments with explanations, expected outcomes, and limitations.
- Presentation (10%): oral presentation of research to-date to the rest of the group followed by a Q&A. 
- Coursework 4 - Research essay (60%): based on the feedback received from peers and module leaders, the essay is revised and the final draft is submitted.

 

Governing Crises (15 credits)

The module will enable you to develop a critical understanding of the processes and mechanisms available to governments to respond and manage crisis at different levels. The module will introduce you to the key theories, concepts and applications of the emerging field of crisis management. It has been designed to foster your capacity to critically analyse and apply this knowledge to a diverse range empirical cases and sites.

Module content

This module will begin by critically reviewing academic theories and concepts of crisis management, such as but not limited to risk, interdependency, complex crises and resilience. This module will then proceed to examine how crisis management is differentially understood and applied in distinct academic and empirical fields. The module concludes by critically evaluating the application of these rationalities and practices of crisis management within a selection of case studies from global cities and regions.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  • understand and critically evaluate the main theoretical and analytical perspectives within the field of crisis management
  • understand and critically evaluate the history and development of techniques and practices of crisis management to contextualise the application of techniques and practices
  • apply the theories and concepts to practical case studies of crisis management.

Subject specific skills

By the end of the module, you should be able to:

  • critically analyse theories and conceptual approaches appropriate to the study of crisis management with regard to the underlying power-dynamics that shape them
  • evaluate the effectiveness of different theories and concepts in analysing case studies of crisis management
  • formulate research questions and research strategies for studying crisis management strategies.

Key transferable skills

By the end of this module, you should have improved your ability to:

  • apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • communicate orally and though ICT
  • manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of international crisis management
  • work independently, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management.

Teaching and learning

Lecture: 12 hours
Tutorial: 12 hours
Guided independent study: 126 hours

There will be 12 weekly formal sessions of 2 hours per week; the remainder of the hours are devoted to private study and the preparation of assignments. Teaching will be through a combination of lectures, tutor presentations and seminar discussion.

Assessment

Seminar assignment: 20% coursework 
Essay: 80% coursework

Coursework 1: essay (2500-word critical analysis. Worth 80% of overall mark).
Coursework 2: seminar assignment (in-class assignment. Worth 20% of overall mark).

Ethical Dilemmas and Security in the 21st Century (15 credits)

The aim of this module is for you to critically examine and reflect upon some of the central security issues of the 21st Century in a range of international and national arenas, both empirically and normatively, and from a variety of disciplinary perspectives.

Module content

  • Historical and technological trends in war (including the use of Surrogates and Artificial Intelligence).
  • Ethics and politics of human rights.
  • Contemporary ethical dilemmas.
  • Violent and non-violent resistance.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • identify and assess the central security challenges of the 21st century
  • recognise the key empirical, normative and conceptual issues needed to understand the problem of security in the 21st century
  • appreciate and explain the limitations of technological solutions and challenges to war and war deterrence such as nuclear weapons, cyber defence and hybrid war
  • assess the ethical dimension of contemporary security challenges and the role and limitations of human rights as an ethical and legal doctrine
  • evaluate the ethical implications of non-state political conflict and the role of violence and non-violence in social movements.

Intellectual/cognitive skills

On completion of the module you should be able to:

  • contrast information, knowledge and public sources on security
  • identify institutions and practices that frame contemporary security issues
  • develop reasoned arguments for the limitations of technological solutions to conflict
  • assess the limits and potential of human rights in relation to contemporary security issues
  • identify the ethical and moral dimensions surrounding the use of violence and non-violence in conflict.

Practical/subject specific skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • identify, critically evaluate, organise and analyse academic literature and other relevant texts
  • understand and apply specialist vocabulary associated with security
  • critically assess the role of human rights and ethics-based approaches to evaluating political conflict.

Key/transferable skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • combine theoretical, conceptual and empirical material effectively
  • reflect on the learning experience by assimilating feedback from peers and the module tutor
  • communicate clearly in written and oral form
  • structure and write a policy briefing report
  • work effectively within a team.

Teaching and learning

Seminar: 24 hours
Guided independent stud: 126 hours

Teaching will be in one weekly 2-hour session comprising a mix of lectures, seminars, workshops and presentations.

Assessment

Presentation: 40% 
Coursework report: 60%

Policy brief of approx. 2,500 words.
Oral presentation (20-minute group presentation) - you are required to maintain and submit agreed sets of minutes of each meeting required to prepare the presentation.

Urban Warfare (15 credits)

The aim of this module is to provide you with the academic skills to understand urban warfare and security and to explain and advise on the challenges posed by war in 21st century cities.

Module content

  • Contemporary and historical concepts and controversies in urban warfare.
  • Security and policing in Mega Cities.
  • Civilians in urban warfare.
  • Designing secure cities.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • critically assess the history of war in urban landscapes
  • understand and explain why urban confrontations have become more common than rural military encounters
  • problematise the characteristics of urban conflict
  • identify and critically evaluate urban security issues within mainstream security literature

Subject-specific skills

Intellectual/cognitive skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • critically explain and evaluate the methods and frameworks through which we assess city security
  • assess and develop the ethical issues/frameworks used by policy makers and scholars to consider human security in urban areas
  • identify the institutions and practices that frame thinking about war in urban environments
  • critically assess security practice in cities and failures in city security, and evaluate their impacts on national security.

Practical/subject specific skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • compile and organise literature published by states and agencies on city war
  • understand and apply vocabulary associated with urban war/conflict/security
  • produce a risk assessment for a city based on a critical examination of open sources
  • critically describe and analyse security in urban environments to a policy relevant audience
  • draw upon interdisciplinary sources to critically evaluate theories of policing in cities and suggest and experiment with new theories of policing and city security.

Key/transferable skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • communicate clearly in written and oral form using a range of different sources appropriately to support arguments
  • reflect on their learning experience by assimilating feedback from peers and the module tutor
  • engage constructively in debates
  • manage their time effectively
  • work effectively as a team.

Teaching and learning

Seminar: 24 hours
Guided independent study: 126 hours

Teaching in the form of one 2-hour session per week comprising a mix of lectures, seminars, workshops and presentations.

Assessment

Presentation: 40% 
Policy Report: 60% 

Policy Report - 1,500 word report.
Presentation (20 mins) - Group work to present future disaster scenarios in cities.

Dissertation in Security Studies (60 credits)

The aim of this module is for you to produce an original critical piece of research in Security Studies, using appropriate theoretical material, research methodologies and skills in data analysis, interpretation and writing-up.

Module content

This is variable and depends upon the research topic, but within the ambit of Security Studies. The precise topic will be decided in negotiation with individual supervisors.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

On completion of this module, you should:

  • demonstrate advanced knowledge of your chosen topic in Security Studies
  • critically discuss scholarly research at the forefront of your topic in Security Studies
  • employ developed research skills specific to the work undertaken.


Intellectual/cognitive skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • assemble and critically discuss a substantial body of scholarly texts as a basis for your individual research project
  • gather and critically interpret appropriate evidence, data and information from these sources and texts
  • critically analyse contrasting theories, explanations and policies pertinent to your research topic
  • contextualise any findings from primary sources within existing scholarship
  • frame, develop and test advanced research questions and/or hypotheses.

Practical/Subject specific skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • plan and execute a piece of rigorous research or enquiry including production of a final report
  • employ an appropriate range of social survey and interpretive methods for the collection, analysis and understanding of information from the world of Security Studies
  • construct reasoned argument.

Key/transferable skills

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • gather and synthesise information
  • communicate effectively through a substantial piece of writing
  • present written information (and where appropriate, statistical, numerical and other data) in an accessible fashion
  • work independently, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management.

Teaching and learning

Lecture: 2 hours
Project supervision: 6 hours
Guided independent study: 592 hours

Contact hours involve 2 hours of lectures and a minimum of 6 hours of one-to-one dissertation supervision.

Completion of a risk assessment form, which must be signed by you, your advisor and approved by the Subject Area Risk Assessment Officer before the proposed topic of research can be formally approved and before any empirical investigation begins, is compulsory.

Where completion of the Ethical Awareness Form has indicated additional consideration of the ethics of the project is required, appropriate ethical clearance must have been received before empirical investigation begins. Failure to complete the risk assessment and ethical clearance procedures in this way may result in penalties being administered.

You are responsible for ALL costs associated with carrying out research for and production of your dissertation.

Assessment

Dissertation: 100%

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed through a mix of oral and written policy briefs on contemporary security issues, team work assignments on crisis management, essays and a dissertation. For full details, please see the module information above.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Independent study
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

The School of Social Sciences and Humanities is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Our master's degree in Security is suited to those wishing to work in organisations and employers dealing with security issues. 

Graduate destinations

As this is a new programme, this data is not yet available. However, graduates from Politics and International Studies typically work in destinations such as the diplomatic service, parliament, United Nations agencies, the police, the armed services and local and national government agencies.

Your personal development

This MA will provide you with an advanced understanding of contemporary security issues and you will develop your ability to think, argue and respond on key policy issues of the day.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in international relations, politics, history, sociology, criminology or a related subject.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£9,300

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£19,100

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding