MSc International Financial and Political Relations degree

Qualifications available: MSc

Entry requirements
2:2 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Not available
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£9,300
International fee
£19,100
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our master's in international relations explores the intersection of finance, politics and international relations by examining the changing nature of financial systems, banking and regulation, and issues of governance.

The contemporary world is interconnected by global financial networks as never before. Global flows of money are pivotal in the twenty-first century world economy, yet are shaped by regulation in geographically specific ways to produce a dynamic financial landscape.

The increasing globalisation of financial and political networks is unquestionably leading to greater demand for qualified specialists to provide both basic and applied knowledge in this area. Our MSc International Financial and Political Relations directly addresses these requirements.

You will benefit from the wide-ranging, world-renowned expertise of our academic staff, all of whom are committed to high quality, research-informed teaching ensuring the very best learning experience.

We are recognised as a world leader for research in this field, with this ground-breaking, multi-disciplinary master's in international relations combining the disciplinary expertise of geographers, economists and political scientists to provide students with a unique opportunity to examine the contemporary geopolitics of the world economy.

This master's will give you:

  • an understanding of processes of contemporary globalisation as manifest in geographies of finance
  • a thorough understanding of the relationship between financial systems, banking and regulation, and issues of governance
  • a detailed appreciation of the working of current banking and financial markets
  • an awareness of the way forms of governance shape the political economy
  • experience of research techniques and methods used to undertake original research in this field
  • an ideal multi-disciplinary grounding to inform business and policy practice and to doctoral research in the social sciences.

Who should study this programme?

Our master's in international relations is suitable for those interested in the impact of developments in banking, financial globalisation and international political relations on international financial and political development.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • a unique opportunity to examine the contemporary geopolitics of the world economy
  • ground-breaking and multi-disciplinary
  • taught by world-leading researchers.

What you'll study

Modules

MSc International Financial and Political Relations covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the core modules affiliated with this programme and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

Financial Globalization

This module will give you an advanced understanding of the central role of international financial centres (IFCs), and its clusters of financial services and advanced producers services, to the development of a globalised financial system. The module will also involve a one-day field trip to a UK IFC.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • theoretical perspectives on financial globalisation
  • the nature and characteristics of a globalised financial system
  • the role of IFCs in the global financial system
  • an examination of the City of London as one of the world's preeminent IFCs
  • IFCs in Europe, the US, Asia and emerging markets
  • methods and data for researching IFCs.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • discuss the nature and characteristics of the global financial system
  • demonstrate an awareness of a key economic geography literature on financial globalisation
  • analyse the central role played by International Financial Centres in facilitating and co-ordinating financial globalisation
  • demonstrate an awareness of methods and data for researching financial globalisation and IFCs
  • assess the merits of contrasting geographical theories and explanations
  • make critical use of case-study material
  • read, analyse and critically interpret a range of written texts and secondary data sources
  • undertake a detailed evaluation of the characteristics of particular IFCs
  • produce a professional-quality consultancy report for a non-academic audience.
  • construct a persuasive argument that responds to the question set, drawing on a range of scholarly literatures and empirical case studies.

Teaching and learning

  • fieldwork: 7 hours
  • lectures: 22 hours
  • guided independent study: 121 hours

Assessment

  • consultancy report: 100%

International Politics: Issues and Policies (15 credits)

This module will give you knowledge of a range of issues drawn from contemporary international politics. It develops a problem-solving approach and impresses upon the policy relevance of the discipline of international politics. The module encourages you to explore a central characteristic of international life through introductory lectures into selected contemporary issues and practice relevant workshops. This is done through the development of conceptual knowledge and the application of skills of analysis.

Module content

After an introduction to the module and an outline of how issues and policies can be framed and analysed, the module will introduce you to issues and policies which are discussed and pose problems internationally. These include perennial issues such as peacebuilding and development, as much as contemporary challenges that the international community identifies.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the module you will be able to:

  • identify and evaluate the importance of issues in contemporary international politics
  • conceptualise features of international interaction and specifically the nexus of cooperation and conflict
  • examine how states articulate foreign policies in order to address contemporary international issues
  • consider the relevance of different methods by which issues are addressed beyond the state i.e. through international organisation, governance, balance of power, multilateralism, regimes, and international law
  • appreciate different power dynamics between actors and approaches available to the study of international issues for the purpose of problem-solving
  • gather, organise and deploy evidence, data and information from a variety of secondary and primary sources such as media reporting or policy statements
  • construct reasoned argument, synthesise and analyse relevant information and exercise critical judgement.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 126 hours

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam: 100%

Globalization: Key Debates and Issues (30 credits)

This module will introduce you to debates surrounding the concept of globalisation and show how this concept has been invoked in a variety of geographical scholarship on the nature of space, place and territory. It will also outline the contributions of geographers to the understanding of globalisation in the context of wider debates about processes of globalisation across the social sciences.

Module content

The module will be divided into a number of blocks, each of which will consider a particular theme, or set of themes, concerning key debates and issues in globalisation. Specific themes may include:

  • an introduction to key issues in globalsation
  • globalisation, energy and development
  • cities and regions in globalisation
  • geography and globalisation
  • geopolitics, globalisation and north-south relations.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to show knowledge and understanding of:

  • the contested definitions of globalisation as process and epoch
  • how the relational geographies of nation, region and locality are transforming under the auspices of globalisation;
  • the changing importance of key concepts of space, place, and territory in a global era
  • how connectivity and cuts, flows and fixities, speed and scale, borders and breaks, nodes and networks are producing new spatial orders at a global level
  • the challenges involved in undertaking geographical research and data collection to study contemporary globalisation
  • the distinctive contribution that geography can make to policy debates under conditions of contemporary globalisation.

You will also be able to:

  • offer multiple definitions of globalisation and appreciate the contested status of globalisation as a concept
  • demonstrate that globalisation is changing the way geographers and other social scientists conceive of, study and understand the world
  • describe how different parts of the world are integrated into a relational space of flows whose morphologies are characterised by unevenness and inequality
  • identify key theorists - and theories - of globalisation, and recognise their situatedness
  • explain how globalisation challenges traditional geographical conceptions of the world
  • outline the strengths and weaknesses of the different theories which attempt to make sense of 'global times'.

Teaching and learning

  • seminars: 2 hours
  • lectures: 40 hours
  • guided independent study: 258 hours

Assessment

  • academic scholarship test: 4%
  • 3 x coursework assignments: 96% (32% each)

Comparative Foreign Policy: Issues and Cases (15 credits)

This module will give you the conceptual tools and specific knowledge relevant to an understanding of the foreign policies of key state actors in the global arena and of the issues and policy contexts that shape these policies.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

 

  • an introduction to foreign policy analysis
  • explaining foreign policy: the system level
  • explaining foreign policy: the nation-state level
  • explaining foreign policy: the level of the individual decision-maker
  • interests, norms and morals: the critical evaluation of foreign policy
  • US foreign policy case studies
  • UK foreign policy case studies.

 

Learning outcomes

Upon completion of this module you will be able to:

  • situate the analysis of foreign policy within the field of international relations
  • identify and deploy the key concepts and terminology of foreign policy analysis (FPA)
  • identify and evaluate key issues shaping the formulation and implementation of foreign policy
  • apply this knowledge to specific cases of foreign policy decision-making and compare these cases in a systematic manner
  • organise discipline-leading information and evidence from primary and secondary sources;
  • identify the main approaches to the study of FPA and comparative foreign policy (CFP)
  • critically assess foreign policy practice
  • employ critical judgement in relation to case studies of US and UK foreign policy
  • formulate an appraisal of FPA approaches using appropriate evidence base in a critical essay.

 

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 22 hours
  • guided independent study: 128 hours

Assessment

  • 4,000-word coursework assignment: 100%

Governing Crises (15 credits)

This module will develop your understanding of the processes and mechanisms available to governments to respond and manage crisis at different levels. The module will introduce you to the key theories, concepts and applications of the emerging field of crisis management. It has been designed to foster your capacity to critically analyse and apply this knowledge to a diverse range empirical cases and sites.

Module content

This module will begin by critically reviewing academic theories and concepts of crisis management such as, but not limited to, risk, interdependency, complex crises and resilience. It will then proceed to examine how crisis management is differentially understood and applied in distinct academic and empirical fields. The module concludes by critically evaluating the application of these rationalities and practices of crisis management within a selection of case studies from global cities and regions.

Learning outcomes

By the end of this module you be able to:

  • understand and critically evaluate the main theoretical and analytical perspectives within the field of crisis management
  • understand and critically evaluate the history and development of techniques and practices of crisis management to contextualise the application of techniques and practices
  • apply the theories and concepts to practical case studies of crisis management
  • critically analyse theories and conceptual approaches appropriate to the study of crisis management with regard to the underlying power-dynamics that shape them
  • evaluate the effectiveness of different theories and concepts in analysing case studies of crisis management
  • formulate research questions and research strategies for studying crisis management strategies.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 12 hours
  • tutorials: 12 hours
  • guided independent study: 126 hours

Assessment

  • seminar assignment: 20%
  • 2,500-word essay: 80%

Research Design and Practice (10 credits)

This module will consolidate your experience of undertaking research methods in both the social science and humanities traditions. It will also give you the appropriate intellectual and practical research, analytical, interpretative, writing and reflexive skills to successfully undertake an independent and original piece of critical research.

Module content

The module will consider:

  • the importance of fieldwork in the social sciences
  • use of secondary sources (statistical, archival and web-based), questionnaires, qualitative interviews (individual and group), observational methods (both participatory and covert) and discourse analysis
  • the analysis of data gathered using these methods (including use of appropriate computer packages)
  • strategies for writing and representing data collected
  • methodological debates
  • reflexivity and positionality in research
  • research ethics.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to show knowledge and understanding of:

 

  • the merits and limitations of different research methods in specific contexts
  • the logistical skills necessary to execute fieldwork using a variety of social research methods
  • the way positionality influences the interpretation and writing up of both quantitative and qualitative data
  • the potential practical difficulties involved in undertaking research in a variety of contexts
  • the ethical complexities of doing global research.

 

You will also be able to:

 

  • evaluate both theory and practice to understand research design
  • select, execute and evaluate established research methodologies in the social sciences and humanities
  • complete critical assessments of different research methodologies, combining theory and practice
  • understand the importance of fieldwork in the social sciences
  • use a range of secondary sources (statistical, archival and web-based)
  • execute questionnaires, qualitative interviews (individual and group), observational methods (both participatory and covert) and discourse analysis in social research
  • analyse data gathered using these methods (including use of appropriate computer packages) (eg SPSS and Excel)
  • devise appropriate strategies for writing and representing information
  • be reflexive in the research process
  • conduct ethical research.

 

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 6 hours
  • lectures: 28 hours
  • guided independent study: 266 hours

Critical Perspectives on the Global Financial System (15 credits)

This module will introduce you to a diversity of perspectives to examine the contemporary financial system and processes of financialisation and will academically evaluate and communicate these differences.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • the difference between the global financial system and the monetary system
  • 20th and 21st century evolution of finance
  • the political economy of finance
  • the cultural economy of finance
  • financial integration and the EU
  • theories of money
  • the difference between central banks, commercial banks and other financial intermediaries
  • the significance of financial institutions and markets in international financial and political development.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • demonstrate a multidisciplinary knowledge about globalising finance, financialisation and the global financial system with regards to the functions and operations of institutions, financial markets and systems
  • analyse the impact of developments in banking, financial globalisation, international political relations on international financial and political development
  • demonstrate an awareness of a key literature on the global financial systems from across a number of disciplines related to the programme of study
  • assess the merits of contrasting theories and explanations relating the global financial system
  • synthesise important issues and themes from the professional and academic literature across a number of disciplines related to the programme of study
  • draw on appropriate professional and academic literature to formulate questions suitable for researching the global financial system
  • read, analyse and critically interpret academic literature across a number of disciplines related to the programme of study
  • synthesise and compare a diversity of approaches found in the academic literature on the global financial system.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 22 hours
  • guided independent study: 128 hours

Assessment

  • literature review: 100%

Dissertation (45 credits)

This module will see you produce an original critical piece of research specific to your master's programme, using appropriate theoretical material, research methodologies and skills in data analysis, interpretation and writing-up.

Module content

The module will consider the key concepts, methods, data analysis and interpretation in the formulation and execution of an original piece of global research. Specific issues to be addressed include:

  • aims and objectives of the research
  • an evaluation of the appropriate research methods, ethical issues and positionality
  • a consideration of the key theoretical issues
  • data collection, presentation and analysis
  • risk assessment
  • implications for future investigations and policy relevance
  • bibliography.

Learning outcomes

On completion of the module you will:

  • have developed research skills specific to the work undertaken
  • gained a general insight into the research process.

You will also be able to:

  • assess the merits of contrasting theories, explanations and policies
  • critically judge and evaluate evidence
  • critically interpret data and text
  • abstract and synthesise information
  • develop a reasoned argument
  • plan, design and execute a piece of rigorous research or enquiry including production of a final report
  • undertake effective fieldwork with due regard for safety and risk assessment
  • employ an appropriate range of social survey and interpretative methods for the collection, analysis and understanding of information from the human world
  • combine, interpret and present different types of geographical data appropriately
  • recognise the moral and ethical issues involved in geographical research.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 1 hour
  • project supervision: 5 hours
  • guided independent study: 444 hours

Assessment

  • coursework: 100%

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed by a combination of examination, coursework and class presentations, as well as a dissertation on an agreed topic. For full details, please see the module descriptions above.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Social Sciences and Humanities is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

With its vocational relevance, our graduates gain employment in a wide variety of careers across national and international businesses, different levels of government, and the non-government sector.

Graduate destinations

Recent graduate destinations include:

  • Celsa Group, HR Graduate Scheme
  • Continental Insurance Brokers Limited, Account Executive
  • Ernst & Young, Assistant Tax Consultant
  • Ford, Financial Analyst
  • Genesis, Marketing Manager
  • Global Reach, Currency Consultant
  • IAB, Corporate Banker
  • JP Morgan, Trade Capture
  • Royal Bank of Scotland, Trainee Investment Banker.

Your personal development

On successful completion of this programme you will be able to:

  • apply skills in analysis (including statistical analysis) and problem formulation to areas of general debate other than the disciplines of the degree
  • use skills in synthesis to formulate key issues in areas of general debate other than the disciplines of the degree.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:2 honours degree with 55% or above (or equivalent international qualification) in geography or another social sciences/humanities discipline.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£9,300

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£19,100

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Find out more about master's degree funding