MSc Infrastructure Design and Management degree

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-5 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
TBC
International fee
TBC
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our new MSc Infrastructure and Design Management programme is designed to promote the education of professionals for the design and project management of civil infrastructure under innovative vision.

Road, railway, waste collection, hydraulic and power systems are just a few examples of infrastructure vital for the social well-being and the economy of countries. Governments around the world have established the delivery and the maintenance of infrastructure as a priority, allocating a massive amount of resources for their development and maintenance (only in the UK, investments of more than £425 billion are expected over the next 5 years for the modernisation of infrastructure). This is a booming sector with exciting opportunities and a significant deficit of professionals qualified for such endeavour.

The structure of the MSc programme has compulsory and optional modules. Students will learn how to integrate infrastructure design and management. They will be exposed to specific technical subjects with a strong focus on the use of new technologies considering a whole-life approach. Then, groups of students will work to develop real infrastructure projects defined in collaboration with the industry or public bodies. This will build teamwork and leadership skills needed to overcome the challenges of infrastructure design, delivery and maintenance.

This programme is designed to:

  • provide multidisciplinary knowledge and skills to coordinate, plan, manage and monitor design, delivery and operation of civil infrastructure projects
  • promote students’ skills relating to collaborative design and project management of complex infrastructure projects
  • provide students with advanced knowledge and skills on modelling and new technologies to optimise the design and management of infrastructure projects and
  • encourage critical analysis through in-depth study of a specialist topic

Loughborough attracts and appoints outstanding academics, many of whom are expert leaders in their fields. By studying our programme, you will benefit from working alongside specialists who are enthusiastic about their subjects and at the forefront of current research.

Who should study this programme?

This degree is suitable for those interested in developing contemporary infrastructure design and project management skills complemented with the growing demands placed on professionals in the sector to engage with and integrate expertise and knowledge within their professional practice. It is intended for graduates who wish to develop careers in infrastructure design, delivery and operation combining civil engineering and project management knowledge.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • close industrial link with placement and prizes from industrial partners
  • learn from academics with long research track-records and practical experience at an international level in design and maintenance of infrastructure
  • excellent laboratory facilities which include equipment for building material and soil characterisation.

What you'll study

Our MSc Infrastructure Design and Management includes five compulsory modules and one optional module selected by the student from a range of five. The completion of the MSc will require the development of a real-case project and a dissertation project. As extra-activities, the students will have the chance to participate in seminars with leading engineers working in infrastructure design, delivery and operation.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Infrastructure Systems (15 credits)

This module will give you an appreciation of the engineering issues concerned with the design, project management and maintenance of transport infrastructure, including concepts of system thinking and system dynamics.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Advanced Design (15 credits)

This module will develop your critical knowledge of the performance-based design and vibrational problems in structural engineering, providing the basis for structural health monitoring.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Principles of Project Management (15 credits)

This module will provide you with an understanding of construction project management principles and techniques.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • project management principles
  • project quality and improvement
  • construction mega projects
  • understanding project failure
  • investment appraisal
  • sensitivity and risk analysis
  • corporate and project finance
  • entrepreneurship, motivation, incentives, behaviour and leadership.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain the main project management methodologies and how they are implemented in construction projects
  • explain the importance of project cultural, control, coordination and governance
  • describe the main factors that impact construction mega project outcomes and strategies to overcome them
  • rationalise decision-making and failure in the context of projects
  • explain entrepreneurship and leadership in projects
  • compare corporate and project finance
  • critically evaluate key principles of project and quality management, the key elements (including phases and deliverables) of a project's lifecycle, the key characteristics of mega projects, and the main quality measures in construction projects and understand their use in decision-making
  • critically review the implications of decisions for both project management practice and research
  • apply sensitivity analysis during investment appraisal
  • develop rational decisions based on detailed whole life appraisal and the assessment of the financial viability of a range of construction related investments
  • critically analyse leadership theory and relevance to projects
  • utilise alternative theoretical perspectives on projects and their management to illuminate practice
  • support the planning and establishment of project teams
  • critically evaluate the suitability of leadership styles and incentives for a given context
  • differentiate between risk and sensitivity analysis
  • analyse investment options using appropriate techniques such as Net Present Worth, Discounted Cash Flow Yield, and sensitivity and risk analysis
  • advise on the adoption of lessons learnt from mega projects to improve co define project success and identify critical success factors (CSF), key performance indicators (KPI) and the reasons for failure
  • advise on project management and quality management options
  • identify and manage risk including selection of appropriate risk offset mechanisms
  • use structured approaches to problem solving and decision making including making informed investment decisions based on detailed whole life investment appraisal
  • work effectively as a team leader and member to achieve goals
  • effectively plan and manage own time within a team environment.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 9 hours
  • fieldwork: 24 hours (three-day residential field course)
  • lectures: 27 hours
  • guided independent study: 90 hours

Assessment

  • 2,000-word individual report: 20%
  • in-class test: 30%
  • 6,000-word group report: 50%

Research Methods (15 credits)

This module will allow you to become familiar with and understand the wide range of research methods and skills needed to investigate, understand, communicate and execute a research project.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • research process
  • research approaches
  • research designs
  • research methods (qualitative and quantitative)
  • research philosophy and methodology
  • critical analysis and literature reviews
  • data analysis techniques
  • research ethics.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • a wide range of research techniques, approaches and methods required in order to develop and design research projects
  • the research process: developing aims and objectives, writing up a critical literature review, identifying knowledge gaps and designing a relevant methodology for particular problems and research designs

You will also be able to:

  • critically appraise data collected by others - either in its 'raw' form or as findings in published reports/papers
  • design and carry out field studies using appropriate instruments to collect data
  • compile, analyse, and interpret data
  • communicate findings by a variety of means eg report, presentation, discussion etc
  • critically analyse and synthesise literature to develop problems and deepen understanding of specific problems
  • place your own studies/work in the context of the body of established knowledge
  • plan a master's level research project
  • select the most appropriate methods for your own studies
  • present your findings in an effective and compelling manner to a wide audience
  • articulate a knowledge of ethical issues to be considered whenever human subjects are involved.

Teaching and learning

  • seminars: 4 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 6 hours
  • lectures: 34 hours
  • guided independent study: 106 hours

Assessment

  • presentation: 30%
  • literature review: 70%

Research Dissertation (60 credits)

This module is taken across the first, second and summer semesters. It provides an experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area relating to your degree.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Compulsory

Advanced Methods for Infrastructure Inspection and Maintenance (15 credits)

This module will train you in basic principles of infrastructure inspection, state assessment and definition of appropriate precautionary or repair measures to guarantee service level, safety requirements and expected life of assets.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Real-case Project Development (30 credits)

This module will provide an experience of the design and pre-construction planning processes of a typical infrastructure project from the preparation of the brief through to detailed design drawings and the definition of construction activities. 

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Research Dissertation (60 credits)

This module is taken across the first, second and summer semesters. It provides an experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area relating to your degree.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

Optional (choose one)

Sustainability in the Built Environment (15 credits)

This module will allow you to:

  1. understand the principles and practice of sustainability issues as they relate to the built environment and its many stakeholders
  2. appreciate the application of a building sustainability assessment scheme
  3. work towards becoming a BREEAM Accredited Graduate.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • an introduction to sustainability
  • sustainable construction and building design
  • sustainability assessment schemes
  • sustainability in low and middle income countries
  • energy and carbon
  • construction waste management
  • BREEAM application and use
  • green infrastructure.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  • sustainability issues as they relate to the built environment
  • ways in which these issues can be managed and assessed
  • the BREEAM scheme and its application in building projects, and how BREEAM can be used in a given scenario
  •  effective communication of both strategic and technical information
  • analyse information from primary and secondary sources
  • interpret and present this information as appropriate to a range of audiences
  • evaluate and appraise design proposals with respect to sustainability criteria
  • show an industry-ready level of appreciation of BREEAM
  • collect relevant sources of information for analysis and appraisal
  • use listening, questioning and consensus-building techniques effectively
  • produce professional written, verbal and visual information material.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 16 hours
  • lectures: 28 hours
  • guided independent study: 106 hours

Assessment

  • 1,000-word individual essay: 10%
  • 1.5-hour in-class test: 10%
  • 8,000-word group report: 80%

Design Management (15 credits)

This module will develop your understanding of the principles of design management and techniques for cost and value management.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • managing the design team
  • value management
  • briefing
  • roles and workings of conceptual, schematic and detail design phases
  • process protocol
  • process mapping techniques
  • dependence structure matrix
  • design economics.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have a knowledge and understanding of the design process and the techniques used to manage design in construction projects and control design costs.

You will also be able to:

  • use process mapping techniques for design
  • analyse and optimise the design process
  • critique conceptual design alternatives and design plans
  • understand the internal workings of a design office and their relationship with the construction team
  • value engineer a design for a construction project
  • advise the client of a construction project on producing a briefing document
  • work with and manage a design team to produce multiple conceptual design alternatives (with related background studies) in response to a project brief
  • select and apply evaluative and decision support tools and techniques
  • devise cost plans

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 4 hours
  • demonstrations: 4 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 4 hours
  • lectures: 15 hours
  • supervised time in studio/workshop: 30 hours
  • guided independent study: 93 hours

Assessment

  • design management in-class group presentation: 5%
  • 7,500-word design management and design planning group report: 45%
  • 3-hour exam: 50%

Federated Building Information Modelling (15 credits)

The creation, deployment and use of aggregated and integrated (level two and three) models are key goals of collaboration through building information modelling (BIM). This module will deliver hands-on practical skills in the use of BIM technologies (ie design software and collaboration tools) for real-time collaboration of federated/aggregated 3D BIM models. The theories of group working, workspace awareness and shared situational awareness within design teams/processes will be explored.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • theory of group working
  • collaboration processes and technologies
  • aggregated BIM models containing various specialty 3D content (Architecture, Structures and MEP)
  • coordination of BIM models based on client brief, site conditions, cost targets and time constraints, code compliance
  • real-time collaboration
  • clash detection/avoidance
  • BIM data standards and protocols
  • common data environments.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have knowledge of:

  • technical and procedural aspects of real-time creation of aggregated BIM models in both Open BIM and Closed BIM platforms
  • common data environments as used in BIM processes
  • data formats or tools required for interoperability
  • BIM-related standards/protocols (eg BS1192 and PAS1192)
  • You will also be able to:
  • apply the principles of group/team working and task delegation including disjunctive and conjunctive tasks
  • apply the concepts of (unitary and divisible) optimisation and maximisation of efforts
  • identify different closed and open BIM applications including their advantages and disadvantages as well as third-party BIM quality control applications
  • identify relevant collaboration technologies that permit real-time BIM data and information exchange (eg Model Collaboration Servers (MCS) and Common Data Environments (CDE)
  • participate effectively through role-playing within a team of building design specialists
  • utilise Closed BIM and Open BIM authoring software in the efficient co-creation of aggregated specialty 3D BIM models (eg parametric Architectural and Structural BIM models)
  • import and export 3D BIM data through standard IFC and COBie formats
  • deploy the most appropriate real-time collaboration technology for a project, which must be suitable for BIM (data and information) exchange
  • understand the necessity and role of real-time collaboration in contemporary design process
  • apply the principles of workspace awareness and shared situational awareness
  • appreciate the tools and technologies that support remote creation of federated 3D BIM models.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 12 hours
  • supervised time in studio/workshop: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • portfolio and report: 50%
  • presentation and report: 50%

Disaster Risk Management (15 credits)

This module will:

  • introduce civil engineering and construction professionals to sustainable disaster risk management (DRM) activities (structural and non-structural) worldwide
  • explore the links between engineering interventions and increases or decreases in disaster risk.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • the impact of disasters globally
  • global urbanism
  • international and national approaches to DRM
  • natural hazards
  • manmade threats in urban environments
  • increasing the resilience and sustainability of the built environment
  • the role of construction professionals
  • structural adaptation principles
  • earthquake engineering
  • flood mitigation
  • counter-terrorism measures
  • integrating sustainable DRM and urban resilience into construction practice
  • DRM strategies
  • managing disaster risks in global cities
  • case study.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain the key types and characteristics of disasters (ie floods, earthquakes and terrorist attacks) and the impacts of such events upon society and the built environment (ie buildings and infrastructure)
  • propose suitably informed engineering, planning and design interventions to increase the resilience and long-term sustainability of hazard prone parts of the world
  • critically appraise the key structural and non-structural approaches that can proactively be used to prevent, or reduce the impact of, disasters worldwide
  • critically examine the principle strategies for delivering a disaster risk management plan
  • recommend the range of built environment professionals that are, or should be, involved in DRM activities
  • formulate suitable and sustainable measures to increase the resilience of the built environment
  • explain suitably integrated DRM activities that can be used for the design, planning, construction and management of the built environment
  • prepare a strategy for implementing a DRM plan
  • propose an outline plan for managing disaster risk in urban areas.

Teaching and learning

  • external visits: 4 hours
  • tutorials: 8 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 33 hours
  • guided independent study: 97 hours

Assessment

  • case study presentation (with written and oral components): 40%
  • disaster risk mangement report: 60%

Research Dissertation (60 credits)

This module is taken across the first, second and summer semesters. It provides an experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area relating to your degree.

As this is a new programme, more information about this module will be available soon.

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed via a combination of exams, coursework, presentations and assignments to demonstrate the comprehensive achievement of the programme’s intended learning outcomes.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Independent study

Your personal and professional development

Our School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

This MSc will equip you to work in organisations focusing on infrastructure design, delivery and operation in the public or private sectors. As in other programmes, we expect our students to work in the construction and asset operation industry both in the UK and overseas.

Graduate destinations

Destinations of students in our programmes include Network Rail, Mott MacDonald, Arup, CH2M, WSP, AECOM, Laing O'Rourke, Severn Trent, ABP, Interserve, Balfour Beatty, Lend Lease, Abacus, Jacobs, Atkins, Arcadis, The British Army, Tesco, Schofields, Fluor, Lidl, Walter Lilly, Connect Roads, AMEY, Bouygues, Costain, Eurovia, Kier, MACE, Morgan Syndall, Pick Everard, SISK, and Skanska.

Your personal development

On successful completion of this programme, students should be able to:

  • Communicate effectively, graphically and in writing
  • Communicate effectively, orally
  • Demonstrate problem-solving skills, including problems where information is limited, contradictory and/or unreliable
  • Demonstrate numeracy, mathematical skills, and computational skills
  • Undertake a critical appraisal of their work
  • Undertake a critical appraisal of the work of their peers
  • Work effectively as part of a team
  • Manage workloads and time effectively

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (2:1 or above) or equivalent overseas qualification in engineering, science or mathematics will be required. Other qualifications supplemented with relevant industrial experience will also be considered. 

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

IELTS overall score of 6.5 with not less than 6.0 in each test.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
TBC

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
TBC

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students, or those taking a postgraduate certificate or a postgraduate diploma, should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding