MSc Exercise Physiology degree

Qualifications available: MSc

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Not available
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,950
International fee
£23,500
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc Exercise Physiology is designed to provide you with an in-depth understanding of the physiological, nutritional and metabolic demands of exercise and training, and their implications for participation in sport and for the maintenance of good health.

This master's in exercise physiology offers study at a high level across areas including the physiology of endurance sport, sport and exercise nutrition, exercise and immunology, vocational skills in exercise physiology, neuromuscular function, quantitative research, current research in exercise physiology, laboratory techniques in sport and exercise physiology and a research project. Physiology practical sessions are taught in the specialist physiology teaching laboratory housed in the Clyde Williams building, which can be partitioned to allow small group work stations or opened up to use the 20m sprint track. You will also have the opportunity to use these facilities as part of your research dissertations, where you complete a research study under the supervision of academic staff.

All students undertake a research project as part of their studies. Project areas include muscle physiology, cardiovascular physiology, biochemistry, metabolism, risk factors for chronic diseases, exercise and appetite, exercise immunology, physiological response to exercise in children and disability sport.

Laboratory facilities are provided in the £8m Clyde Williams Building, which houses physiology, molecular biology and nutrition research laboratories and teaching rooms as well as the latest physiological, molecular and environmental technologies including two climatic chambers, a sprint lane and bespoke training and testing equipment. The facility is named after Emeritus Professor Clyde Williams, the first Chair in Sports Science in the UK.

You will also have the opportunity to be involved in research that is taking place in the National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine – East Midlands, an Olympic legacy on campus which houses outstanding exercise physiology research laboratories in a state-of-the-art facility. In addition to several specialist clinical and exercise physiology laboratories, there is also a specialist anthropometry laboratory, designated ‘invasive procedures’ rooms for the performance of muscle and adipose tissue biopsies, sample analytical laboratories, recovery rooms, research kitchens and a disability sport laboratory, where exercise testing is conducted using various equipment including a specialist treadmill designed for both wheelchair propulsion and running, and wheelchair, arm crank and handcycle ergometry. 

Who should study this programme?

Our MSc Exercise Physiology is designed for graduates possessing a good degree in sports science or other relevant biological sciences who may be considering careers or further research in exercise physiology, strength and conditioning or nutrition and are therefore seeking an exercise physiology master's degree to deepen their knowledge in this area.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • taught within the world’s no.1 university for sports-related subjects (QS University Rankings by Subject 2019)
  • be involved in cutting-edge NCSEM research
  • experience outstanding exercise physiology research laboratories

What you'll study

Our MSc programme is designed to provide you with laboratory and field based research experience during the in-depth study of relevant areas of exercise physiology.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Physiology of Sports Performance (15 credits)

This module will give you an understanding of:

  1. the physiology of the body systems that underpin the capacity for exercise
  2. the basis of intervention/training strategies to enhance sporting performance
  3. the basis of fatigue and determinants of performance during exercise
  4. the physiological characteristics of elite athletes in particular sports.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • concepts of oxygen uptake, debt and deficit
  • physiological and metabolic responses to submaximal and maximal exercise
  • aetiology of fatigue during exercise
  • adaptations to endurance and sprint training
  • interventions to enhance performance, such as exercise training strategies, warm-up, and respiratory muscle training.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand the responses of body systems (cardiovascular, muscular, respiratory, etc) to exercise
  • be aware of the physiological and metabolic demands of different sports
  • understand the physiological and metabolic adaptations to training and the physiological characteristics of elite sports performers
  • evaluate the strengths and limitations of evidence
  • research and assess facts, theories and concepts in human exercise physiology
  • critically interpret data and text from studies on human physiology and metabolism
  • critically assess and evaluate evidence

Teaching and learning

  • seminars: 10 hours
  • lectures: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam: 70%
  • coursework assignment: 30%

Optional modules (choose three)

Exercise and Immunology (15 credits)

This module will critically evaluate the evidence concerning the influence of exercise on immune function and infection risk.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • the relationship between acute and chronic exercise and risk of infection
  • the components and organisation of the immune system
  • exercise and innate and acquired immune function
  • mucosal immune function
  • the role of nutrition in immune function and the immune response to exercise (role of supplements, undernutrition)
  • cytokine responses to exercise
  • chronic training and immune function - monitoring immune function in athletes.

Learning outcomes

  • develop a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental characteristics of the components of the immune system and how these components are organised to form an immune response
  • critically evaluate the physiological basis of the relationship between physical activity, immune function and infection risk
  • critically evaluate of the relationship between physical activity, immune system integrity and health
  • develop a systematic understanding and critical awareness of apparent interactions between exercise, nutrition and immune function
  • evaluate commonly used methodologies and develop critiques
  • critically evaluate immune integrity

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 2 hours
  • lectures: 10 hours
  • seminars: 18 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • in-class multiple choice questionnaire: 20%
  • 2-hour exam: 80%

Neuromuscular Function (15 credits)

This module will develop your understanding of neuromuscular function from the micro to applied whole human body level. You will also gain practical skills in investigating neuromuscular function at the whole body level.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • muscle mechanics from the molecular level to the in vivo whole human, including
    • neural
    • passive tissue
    • tendon
    • geometrical packing of muscle
    • moment arm contributions to expressed strength
  • whole human testing methods including isometric, isovelocity and functional strength testing (experimental sessions)
  • neural, and muscular stimulation methods along with EMG, ultrasound and MRI imaging of internal musculoskeletal structures (theory and practical sessions)
  • Implications for training, injury risk, and performance.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand fundamental muscle mechanics, neural contributions in vivo, tendon mechanics testing methods and implications for training and injury
  • understand the principles of force measurement, EMG, dynamometry, electrical stimulation, signal processing and analysis, internal imaging systems
  • use isokinetic dynamometers, surface EMG systems, neural and muscular electrical stimulations, isometric force measurement using force transducers, ultrasound imaging and interpreting ultrasound and MRI images.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 3 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 15 hours
  • lectures: 17.5 hours
  • guided independent study: 114.5 hours

Assessment

  • 1,500-word lab report: 35%
  • 2-hour exam: 65%

Sport and Exercise Nutrition (15 credits)

This module will examine the fundamental principles of human nutrition and metabolism and how exercise and sport influence nutrient needs and eating strategies.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • understanding the basic principles and fundamentals of sport and exercise nutrition
  • carbohydrate in the athlete's diet
  • macronutrients: protein, fat
  • water and electrolyte balance, and thirst and hydration status
  • diet: assessment of diets, requirements and recommended intakes
  • exercise, energy balance and body composition
  • micronutrients: vitamins and minerals, and recommended intake and requirements
  • nutritional ergogenic aids.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain the fundamental principles of human nutrition and metabolism
  • appraise and describe how exercise affects energy and nutrient needs
  • identify and interpret the nutritional goals of athletes and sedentary individuals
  • critically evaluate the role of nutrition in supporting training and improving performance in sport
  • critically assess and evaluate evidence
  • critically interpret data and text
  • research and assess facts, theories and concepts
  • plan, design, execute and present a sustained piece of independent work
  • design and develop methods to produce reliable and valid data
  • demonstrate critical understanding in the acquisition, interpretation and analysis of information
  • promote successful outcomes for group activities.

Teaching and learning

  • seminars: 10 hours
  • tutorials: 10 hours
  • lectures: 10 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • coursework: 40%
  • 2-hour exam: 60%

Vocational Skills in Exercise Physiology (15 credits)

This module will give an understanding of the framework within which exercise physiology operates within a sport-science or clinical setting. It will also enable you to critically appreciate professional issues and the role of the exercise physiologist.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • working as an exercise physiologist in a support team
  • professional recognition: BASES accreditation, supervised experience and other schemes
  • professional issues: ethics, code of conduct, confidentiality, contracts, data protection, personal liability/insurance, etc
  • the structure of British sport and the English Institute of Sport (EIS)
  • youth academies and working with young athletes
  • working overseas
  • sports science support in disability sports
  • exercise physiology in a health/clinical setting.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • critically appreciate the role of the exercise physiologist within a sport-science or clinical setting
  • critically evaluate professional issues relating to employment
  • critically appraise facts, theories and concepts and critically evaluate these in the context of the role of the exercise physiologist
  • review and critically evaluate experimental studies in exercise physiology.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 10 hours
  • seminars: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • short case study: 30%
  • extended written assignment: 70%

Quantitative Research (15 credits)

This module will give you an understanding and appreciation of statistical theory and its application in psychology, sport, exercise and health sciences. You will also gain a working knowledge of common statistical procedures in the field.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • statistical theory (inferential statistics)
  • estimating population parameters and hypothesis testing including confidence intervals, statistical power and effect sizes
  • data reduction techniques
  • factorial ANOVA
  • ANCOVA
  • MANOVA
  • regression:
    • multiple regression
    • logistic regression
    • hierarchical linear models
  • reliability
  • factor analysis
  • data management.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • show an understanding of statistical theory and practice by exploring a range of statistical techniques through the manipulation of both real and simulated lab data
  • appreciate the links between theory, measurement, statistics and research conclusions
  • understand deductive, scientific reasoning
  • effectively communicate research ideas and findings in group contexts
  • show understanding and evaluate the problems involved in the analysis of statistical data including assessment of statistical power and effect sizes
  • show competence in the conceptualisation and appropriate measurement of quantified research phenomena including measures of sources of variation/validity
  • demonstrate a working understanding of ANOVA, MANOVA, ANCOVA, regression, measures of reliability and data reduction techniques
  • develop competence in using IT skills, including SPSS, LEARN, Metalib/Lexis UK, and a variety of Internet media/communication platforms.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 2 hours
  • lectures: 16 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 112 hours

Assessment

  • 2 x SPSS tests: 100% (50% each)

Laboratory Techniques in Sport and Exercise Physiology (15 credits)

This module will provide you with opportunities to develop competency in a wide range of laboratory and research techniques for the study of human physiology during exercise. It will also prepare you to undertake laboratory-based research in these areas.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • calibration:
    • methods
    • basic principles
    • examples
  • regression equations, non-linearity, error, sensitivity and reproducibility
  • exercise tests, general safety and good practice, preliminary screening health history questionnaires and ethics procedures
  • expired gas collection using different techniques (Douglas bags and breath-by-breath), and the calibration of gas analysers
  • cycling and/or treadmill tests of functional and aerobic capacity, VO2 kinetics and critical power
  • cardiovascular control:
    • measures of limb blood flow
    • vascular capacity
  • blood biochemistry:
    • use of pipettes
    • use of a spectrophotometer
    • blood sampling
    • analysis of blood lactate and blood glucose concentrations
    • safe handling of biological and chemical hazards
  • group practical projects: application of a variety of techniques to simple research questions
  • data handling, analysis and presentation.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand the principles on which these techniques for measurement in human physiology are based
  • understand methods for evaluation of accuracy and precision in making physiological and metabolic measurements
  • critically assess and evaluate data from studies on human exercise physiology and metabolism
  • critically interpret data and text from studies on human exercise physiology and metabolism
  • research and assess facts, theories and concepts
  • gain practical skills in a range of relevant and current laboratory techniques used in the measurement of human physiological and metabolic responses to exercise
  • demonstrate skills in calibration and analysis appropriate to the study of exercise physiology, sports nutrition and exercise for health
  • interpret and evaluate research reports with specific reference to methodology
  • promote successful outcomes for group activities.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 60 hours
  • guided independent study: 240 hours

Assessment

  • lab book submission: 10%
  • 1,500-word lab report: 30%
  • 3,000-word lab report: 60%

Current Research in Exercise Physiology (15 credits)

This module will give you an understanding of current research in the physiology of exercise and sport and its possible application to the performance, recovery or health of the athlete.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • a critical analysis of current research papers in physiology as they relate to exercise and sport
  • an oral group discussion of research papers
  • individual written reviews of research papers
  • coverage of studies relating to training and nutritional strategies to enhance performance: strategies to enhance recovery, detect overtraining, assess performance, assess metabolic and hormonal responses to exercise
  • discussion of experimental design and ethical issues in human exercise physiology research.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand the current research literature in the physiology of exercise and sport and the fundamental scientific and mathematical principles underlying the research
  • appreciate the limitations of experimental studies
  • be familiar with current issues in exercise physiology
  • demonstrate critical understanding in the acquisition, interpretation and analysis of information
  • critically interpret data and text from studies on human or animal exercise physiology and metabolism
  • critically assess and evaluate evidence
  • research and assess facts, theories and concepts.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 10 hours
  • seminars: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • presentation: 50%
  • 2,000-word written task: 50%

Research Project (60 credits)

This module will see you design, conduct and report on an original research study of an aspect of your MSc programme.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • select and critically evaluate an appropriate research topic
  • understand how to formulate a research question and successfully collect, analyse and critique data to answer the question
  • collect and consider evidence, accepting that which is useful and rejecting that which is redundant
  • arrange logically, discuss intelligently, and express clearly the results of an investigation
  • demonstrate effective writing and presentation skills.
  • demonstrate an ability to format a natural science research manuscript and use of research equipment in the natural sciences appropriate to your degree programme
  • critically assess and evaluate evidence
  • synthesise and present complex arguments
  • critically interpret data and text
  • research and assess facts, theories and concepts
  • plan, design, execute and present a sustained piece of independent work
  • design and develop methods to produce reliable and valid information.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 1 hour
  • tutorials: 6 hours
  • guided independent study 593 hours

Assessment

  • project: 100%

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed by a combination of exams, coursework and group work. For full details, please see the module information above.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Previous students have gone on to work in many high profile sports settings including the English Institute of Sport, Premier League football clubs, England and Wales Cricket Board, England Rugby, British Swimming, British Triathlon, British Cycling, British Athletics, UK Sport and Paralympic sports. A significant proportion of our graduates have also gone on to work in the health sector, as exercise physiologists working within the NHS, Spire and Nuffield Health. Many students also go on to further study.

Graduate destinations

Recent graduate destinations include:

  • Australian Institute of Sport (Australia), Occupational Trainee Physiologist
  • BUPA, Health Adviser
  • Chasetown Football Club, Strength and Conditioning Coach
  • English Institute of Sport, Sport Science Technician
  • Institute of Youth Sport, Research Assistant
  • Local Government, Civil Servant
  • Lucozade, Sports Scientist
  • Nuffield Health, Health and Wellbeing Physiologist
  • Sport Scotland Institute of Sport, Exercise Physiologist
  • Tottenham Hotspur Football Club, Senior Sports Science Intern
  • Youth Sport Trust, Project Support Assistant.

Your personal development

Throughout the programme you will develop an understanding of current health and exercise recommendations, the ways in which exercise impacts on health and wellbeing, and the measurement tools used for monitoring exercise, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and the methods used for assessing health and the effects of exercise. You will build knowledge of exercise treatment/testing strategies and learn how to implement exercise intervention strategies. The programme will also develop professional and transferable skills such as teamworking, problem-solving, communication and presentation, and self-learning.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (good 2:1 of 65% or above) or equivalent international qualification in sports science or other relevant biological science that contains a substantial element of exercise physiology, such as applied human physiology or physiotherapy.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£23,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Find out more about master's degree funding