MSc Systems Engineering degree

Qualifications available: MSc

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-6 years (typically 3 years)
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,950
International fee
£23,500
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

We've made some changes to our master's degrees to provide reassurance and flexibility for applicants wishing to join us in 2020/21. Read our options to start a master's degree in 2020/21 to find out more.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Overview

Our MSc Systems Engineering has been designed in collaboration with industry to meet the challenge of interdependence between sophisticated engineered systems of all kinds.

Advanced modelling, simulation and interactive visualisation tools and techniques will enable you to gain greater understanding of the performance, behaviour and emergent properties of advanced technology and complex systems. You will have access to advanced visualisation techniques to enhance models and simulations of real-world systems, including cockpit simulators to study pilot behaviour toward stress and the impact this has upon their mental agility.

The Systems Engineering master's emphasises model-based systems engineering, and is thus positioned at the cutting edge of academic and practitioner practice. To support this approach, you will gain an understanding and be encouraged to use appropriate systems-based computer tools across all modules. These range from the use of general tools and program environments such as those typified by spreadsheets, MATLAB, and LabView; to more specific software such as System Architect, SysML toolsets, and Triz (the latter is used in product innovation). The software tools are pre-loaded onto machines in specific laboratories which are accessible outside teaching hours.

World-class visualisation facilities and an interaction management wall (comprising six large, integrated monitors) are available should students become involved in research in those areas as part of their individual projects. These facilities are open during normal working hours only (for health and safety reasons).

Our academic team is internationally renowned for their research and industry influence, and bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to each module. Throughout the programme, you will also receive insights from guest lecturers and industry practitioners that provide a real-world perspective to your learning.

The programme is accredited by the Institute of Measurement and Control, the IET and the Royal Aeronautical Society. There are also professional links to INCOSE-UK and the Object Management Group standards body.

Who should study this programme?

Our MSc Systems Engineering is aimed at engineers who have specialised in a traditional discipline but are now expected to understand, operate in, develop and integrate entire systems that are not only increasingly complex but rapidly changing.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • world-class visualisation facilities
  • accredited by the Institute of Measurement and Control, the IET, and the Royal Aeronautical Society.

What you'll study

Key study areas include systems thinking, systems architecture, systems design, verification and validation, and an individual project. You'll have the option to undertake modules in a range of areas, ranging from Holistic Engineering to Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Engineering.

Modules

MSc Systems Engineering covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the core modules affiliated with this programme and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

You will take a total of 105 compulsory credits across semesters 1 and 2 and a further 75 credits of optional modules as follows:

  • 15 or 30 credits from group A
  • 30 to 60 credits from group B
  • no more than 15 credits from group C in place of a module in group B.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Applied Systems Thinking

This module provides a rigorous approach for all engineering students to acquire the principles, concepts and outline applications of systems-based studies.

You will consider the development and operation of systems from an holistic perspective within the ethical, regulatory, economic, commercial, and environmental context in which they must be deployed. 

Topics studied may include:

  • introduction to systems concepts and theory
  • history and principles of the systems approach
  • diagrammatic models (classification and type)
  • interpretive structural modelling
  • hard systems methodology
  • soft systems methodology
  • systems dynamics modelling
  • cybernetics and information feedback
  • open loop and closed loop decision models.

Systems Architecture

This module will enable you to acquire practical knowledge of systems from a model-based and architectural viewpoint, an understanding of system and enterprise architecture frameworks, and knowledge of and practice with software and systems modelling languages, methods, and commercially available tools. It also includes an introduction to model-driven architecture and analysis.

In addition, you will a learn a system definition and architecture design process aligned to ISO/IEC 15288 and how to model the architecture of a system and use it to assess system functionality and behaviour.

This module offers a logical and scientific basis for systems architecture, using models and transformations between models to include:

  • relation between systems architecting and systems engineering, especially system design
  • using the Unified and Systems Modeling Languages (UML) for system development
  • metamodels, modelling system requirements, structure, and behaviour
  • structured analysis and design
  • model driven architecture and analysis
  • system of system architecture, enterprise architecture and frameworks
  • research and advanced methods in the international community.

Group Systems Project

This module is an opportunity to develop expertise in the planning and execution of an extensive systems project, working as a member of a team. It is designed to consolidate knowledge and skills developed in the MSc Systems Engineering. The module will explore the application of systems engineering tools and techniques in an integrated fashion within a project team.

Areas covered may include:

  • stakeholder needs and requirements definition
  • requirements analysis
  • architecture design
  • design definition
  • system analysis implementation
  • integration
  • verification
  • validation
  • project planning
  • project assessment and control
  • decision management
  • risk management
  • configuration management
  • information management
  • measurement
  • human resources management.

Individual Project

This module will enable you to gain skills in and experience of planning and executing an extensive research and/or development project in a specialised area of engineering or science. It will be appropriate to your programme of study and will demonstrate significant complexity.

The project may take any of several forms: it may be hardware- or software-based, largely theoretical or strictly practical. It may be derived from an industrial need that you formulate in collaboration with the Programme Director. You will keep a learning journal in which you record and reflect upon your learning and development.

Group A

Sensors and Actuators for Control (15 credits)

This module will enable you to understand the options available and the issues related to selection of sensors and actuators for control systems.

Topics studied may include:

  • sensors (sensed quantities, sensor types, uses of sensors, dynamics of sensors, smart sensors, sensor fault detection and redundancy)
  • actuation (basic principles; use in hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems, electrical systems, advanced materials, choice of actuation system, open and closed loop actuation, actuator fault tolerance and redundancy)
  • system design of sensor/actuator/control systems
  • awareness of the application of Matlab/Simulink for analysing control systems and their associated sensors and actuators.

Understanding Complexity (15 credits)

This will introduce you to the problems of complexity (optimisation, reliability, simulation) as the size of a system grows, and to some of the methods used in addressing such problems.

Topics studied may include:

  • aspects of game theory
  • Taylor's theorem and its many uses
  • ordinary and partial differential equations and their numerical solution
  • algorithmic complexity and heuristics
  • system optimisation
  • evolutionary computing and genetic algorithms
  • uses of simple neural networks
  • probability theory
  • reliability theory
  • non-linear dynamics and chaos.

Group B

Systems Design (15 credits)

This modules aims to equip you with practical knowledge of design and requirements engineering from a systems and model based viewpoint; an understanding of the relation between system design, system architecture, and verification and validation (V&V); an introduction to and practice with software and systems modelling languages, methods, and commercially available tools; and an introduction to system modelling and analysis in support of design. You will also learn a system design process aligned to ISO/IEC 15288 and to how model a system for system design and analysis.

The module offers a model based engineering approach to system design to include:

  • system design process and engineering for the life cycle
  • structured analysis and design
  • relation between system design, architecture, and V&V
  • requirements engineering
  • system concept definition and architecture specification
  • system design specification
  • system integration
  • introduction to the Systems Modeling Languages (SysML) for systems
  • introduction to models for system specification
  • a model based approach to Quality Function Deployment and design trades
  • behavioural modelling and analysis
  • non-functional analysis
  • research and advanced methods in the international community.

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Engineering (15 credits)

This module will enable you to understand the relationship between creative management, innovation and enterprise in a learning environment that provides the interactive methods and tools for individual and group success.

Topics studied may include:

  • an overview of design, innovation and entrepreneurship process in engineering and manufacturing industry
  • value proposition and business model innovation
  • the relationship between innovation/entrepreneurship and market analysis, competitor studies, resource management, operations coordination and supply chain management
  • operationalising innovative ideas in practice (developing business plans and writing feasibility studies), funding and sourcing new ideas.

Validation and Verification (15 credits)

This module with provide you with practical knowledge of verification and validation for testing and acceptance of systems from a systems and model based viewpoint. You will develop an understanding of the relation between design and verification and validation with the objective of concurrent verification and validation and design of robust systems. Module content will provide an introduction to hardware and software in the loop testing and to practice with software and systems modelling languages and methods using commercially available tools. You will also learn verification and validation procedures and tests aligned to ISO/IEC 15288 and IEEE 1516 from a systems and model based viewpoint, and how to use verification and validation to influence system design and analysis.

In this module systems modelling and engineering analytics come together to include:

  • verification and validation procedures and tests
  • noise in test measurements
  • reliability and other non-functional testing and evaluation
  • hardware and software in the loop testing
  • verification and validation design and analysis
  • robustness metrics, design of experiments
  • approaches to concurrent system design and verification and validation
  • introduction to the systems modeling languages (SysML) for systems
  • using models for system requirements, structure, and behaviour traceability
  • realisation and capability assessment
  • research and advanced methods in the international community.

Holistic Engineering (15 credits)

This module will enable you to understand the range of challenges thrown up by complex engineering projects and the techniques that can be applied to overcome them. Whilst the nature of the role of engineering has evolved markedly over recent decades, it is your ability to take that role's holistic perspective that this module aims to develop. This perspective can be associated with the role of chief engineer and the course gives a 21st century view of what the role of chief engineer entails.

A range of case studies from the military aircraft domain provides the focus of the module, but the content, the systems approaches taken and the learning achieved are sufficiently transferable to other engineering domains and industrial sectors for any student to benefit from taking this module. The case studies from real programmes will be used to illuminate a range of critical topics including requirements definition, problem analysis, system architecture, the product lifecycle, engineering organisation design etc, which will then be subject to rigorous exploration in the theory and practical sessions.

Modelling, Simulation and Visualisation for Engineering (15 credits)

This module will provide an overview of the role of modelling, simulation and visualisation in engineering and manufacturing. It will introduce important modelling and simulation paradigms, including model-based engineering methods, Industry 4.0, Digital Twin and data analytics, and will introduce different simulation techniques along with their pros and cons. You will explore the scope for making assumptions and approximations in order to become aware of the limitations and utility of modelling and simulation, the different visualisation techniques in order to understand outputs from a simulation, and the emergent behaviours that may arise in modelling and simulation. Module content will consolidate your understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of modelling, simulation and visualisation through case studies and examples. You will understand the importance of performing verification and validation of modelling, simulation and visualisation, and you will gain some practical experience of modelling, simulation and visualisation through the use of tools.

Engineering and Managing Capability (15 credits)

This two-week module explores the complicated nature of sophisticated technology within the social, political, and commercial environment to consider the practical aspects of managing large-scale, complex systems.

The module will provide you with an understanding of capability provision and the systems of systems concepts that underpin it, as well as the challenges of capability management and the business transformation they imply. Case studies and group project work will give you an insight into the systems of systems engineering through which suppliers and users provide and support capability.

Topics studied may include:

  • agility and agile systems
  • interoperability
  • through life systems
  • life cycles
  • product-service systems and service support
  • logistics
  • obsolescence management and through-life costs
  • risk and risk ownership
  • network enablement
  • modelling and simulation
  • the role of enterprise architecting
  • systems of systems engineering
  • cyber-physical systems.

Group C

Engineering for Sustainable Development (15 credits)

This module will provide you with an understanding of the principles and practices of sustainable devlopment and of how engineers can help manufacturing buisnesses develop into more sustainable enterprises.

Topics studied may include:

  • principles of sustainability
  • climate change and global development
  • sustainable design
  • materials resource efficiency
  • energy use and management
  • renewable energy
  • product service systems
  • waste minimisation
  • environmental legislation
  • product recovery
  • environmental management systems
  • sustainable consumption.

A range of case studies will be used to demonstrate sustainable manufacturing practices and these will be drawn from topics that include the automotive industry, food manufacturing, waste management, and electrical and electronic products.

Manufacturing Processes and Automation (15 credits)

This module will enable you to understand the concepts and state-of-the-art on a range of manufacturing techniques available to the current and future manufacturing engineer.

This module is split into three complementary topics:

  • automation: industrial automation systems, industrial robots, sensing technologies, collaborative systems, the business of automation
  • computer numerical control: major components of a CNC system, co-ordinate systems and G-code
  • laser processing: principles of lasers and modern laser devices, laser processing and safety, laser drilling, laser cutting, laser welding.

Additive Manufacturing (15 credits)

The module will introduce and develop the concepts of Additive Manufacturing (AM) and demonstrate the different AM techniques available at Loughborough. This course will teach the various processes in relation to the seven ASTM F42 standards in order to easily categorise the different processes and overcome issues with the technology classifications. Emphasis will be placed on the strengths and weaknesses of the various technologies and applications and case studies from the AM industry will be highlighted. AM for use in production development, rapid tooling and Reverse Engineering with case examples from a range of industrial sectors will also be covered throughout the duration of the course.

Additionally, the module will encompass various interactive lectures, hands-on tutorials using 3D printing equipment and demonstrations using the various AM equipment available at Loughborough University.

Computer Aided Engineering (15 credits)

This module will enable you to evaluate, choose and implement computer aided engineering (CAE) systems. You will explore best practice and new techniques in CAE and related computer analysis, management and people centred issues relating to CAE, and issues relating to hardware systems and software implementation. Module content will also consider cost-benefit issues, evaluation and choice of suitable CAE systems.

Topics studied may include:

  • management of CAE systems
  • application of 2D draughting
  • 3D modelling
  • finite element analysis
  • NC programming and machining
  • mechanism analysis
  • optimisation.

Engineering Design Methods (15 credits)

This module will provide you with a working understanding of some of the main methods employed in the design of products and systems.

Topics studied may include:

  • an overview of design methods
  • principles of marketing
  • quality function deployment (QFD)
  • product design specifications (PDS)
  • creative techniques
  • design evaluation
  • graphical techniques
  • design for manufacture and assembly (DFMA)
  • failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA).

Digital Signal Processing (15 credits)

This module will enable you to develop a critical understanding of the fundamentals of digital signal processing, as applied to numerous and commonplace digital systems, with the use of computer simulation based tools.

Topics studied may include:

  • characterisation and classification of digital signals
  • digital processing of continuous-time signals: sampling, aliasing, quantization and reconstruction
  • the z-transform, regions of convergence, inverse and properties
  • linear time invariant (LTI) discrete-time systems, input/output convolution, impulse response sequence and transfer function based upon the discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT), poles and zeros, magnitude and phase characteristics
  • digital filter structures, recursive and non-recursive
  • methods for digital filter design
  • spectral analysis with the DFT and FFT
  • digital mulitrate signal processing, decimation and interpolation, polyphase decomposition and applications
  • real-time DSP on TI 6713.

Communication Networks (15 credits)

This module will enable you to develop your understanding of the principles of networked digital communications.

Topics studied may include:

  • introduction to computer networks
  • network structure
  • the physical layer
  • the queuing theory
  • the data link layer
  • wireless LAN
  • the network layer
  • the transport layer
  • efficiency of protocols.

Lean and Agile Manufacture (15 credits)

This module will enable you to gain an understanding of lean and agile concepts in the manufacturing business, including its distribution chains.

Content taught on this module will be split into two parts:

  • part 1: lean manufacture
    • the essential characteristics of lean manufacture, including the lean toolbox
    • the underpinning cultural values at Toyota to enable lean manufacture
    • lean planning and scheduling
    • lean cell design and motivational issues in lean systems.
  • part 2: agile and virtual systems
    • definition of agility
    • examples of virtual and agile systems
    • mixing lean and agile systems to achieve responsiveness
    • core competence issues and building the knowledge network
    • postponement strategies, organisation of responsive and lean distribution chains, demand smoothing, aligned distribution chains and global distribution
    • the lean game.

Telecommunications Network Security (15 credits)

This module will provide you with a broad view of security issues, threats and challenges, as well as countermeasures developed in networked systems, with a focus on telecommunications networks.

Topics studied may include:

  • introduction to telecommunications network security: review of different types of threats and attacks, and security services and mechanisms in telecommunications systems
  • classical cryptography and authentication: the DES and RSA algorithms, message authentication, secure Hash algorithms, digital signatures, key distribution and management
  • intrusion detection: types of network attacks and network anomalies, packet inspection, honeypot, anomaly detection based on signal processing and machine learning techniques
  • security protocols: IP SEC, SSL/TLS, VPN.
  • physical layer security: information-theoretical security, physical-layer key generation.

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed via a variety of different methods, including coursework, written reports and project presentations.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Field trips
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Graduates of our Systems Engineering master's will gain capabilities that are in global demand across a range of sectors and which can be applied to the challenges and issues posed by any complex system design and operation. Promotion within their company for sponsored students is common since the programme enables them to match higher job expectations and demands. Employed students often bring a work-relevant topic to their individual project giving the opportunity to display newly acquired skills.

Your personal development

The programme's curriculum stimulates thinking and extends the capabilities of technical managers and engineers to handle complexity and remain effective in the workplace by providing:

  • an integrated systems engineering view of inter-related technologies, processes, tools, techniques and their effective use
  • essential systems skills such as model-based systems architecture and design, against a background of the need for traceability in managing complex projects
  • knowledge and technical expertise in a range of systems technologies
  • experience of the importance to ultimate success of effective, integrated, multi-skilled project teams working in extended enterprises beyond the confines of any particular organisation
  • increased depth of technical and management knowledge through elective modules
  • the ability to transfer systems skills and knowledge into the workplace through an individual project.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in a relevant science, technology, engineering or maths discipline.

Applicants with qualifications slightly below this level, alternative qualifications and/or professional experience will also be considered.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English language requirements. Further details are available on the international website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£23,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Fees are reviewed annually and are likely to increase to take into account inflationary pressures.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding