Mathematical Properties of Twisted Bilayer Graphene
Hosted by Simon Becker (Courant, NYU)
Abstract: Twistronics is the study of how the angle (the twist) between layers of two-dimensional materials can change their electronic structure. When two sheets of graphene are twisted by those angles the resulting material exhibits flat bands which, as argued in the physics literature, is related to superconductivity, ferromagnetism, and Mott-insulators. I will start with a very simple operator whose spectral properties are supposed to determine which angles are magical and describe some of the mathematical challenges and results. Then, I will introduce a method to study the response of this material to an external magnetic field in a regime of large magnetic fields and explain some of the phenomena. Finally, I will move on to even simpler one-dimensional models that naturally appear when strain is applied in one direction of the van der Waals material to make it periodic in one spatial direction, which allow for a more refined mathematical analysis (Cantor spectrum and metal/insulator transitions).
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