Dirk Hundertmark (KIT) - Counting bound states with maximal Fourier multipliers
Presented by Dirk Hundertmark (KIT)
Abstract: There are several proofs by now for the famous Cwikel--Lieb--Rozenblum (CLR) bound, which is a semiclassical bound on the number of bound states for a Schr\"odinger operator, proven in the 1970s.
Of the rather distinct proofs by Cwikel, Lieb, and Rozenblum, the one by Lieb gives the best constant, the one by Rozenblum does not seem to yield any reasonable estimate for the constants, and Cwikel's proof is said to give a constant which is at least about 2 orders of magnitude off the truth. This situation did not change much during the last 40+ years.
It turns out that this common belief, i.e, Cwikel's approach yields bad constants, is not set in stone:
We give a substantial refinement of Cwikel's original approach which highlights a natural but overlooked connection of the CLR bound with bounds for maximal Fourier multipliers from harmonic analysis.
Moreover, it gives an astonishingly good bound for the constant in the CLR inequality.
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