School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering


daylight space

Smart buildings, communities, and cities

To manage the transition to low carbon cities, systems, and societies, we need to develop urban modelling approaches that enable us to quantify the impacts of energy efficiency measures in the building stock and how to intelligently control them to maintain energy efficiency and operate flexibly.


FlexTECC: Flexible Timing of Energy Consumption in Communities

EPSRC Innovation fellowship: decentralised control of urban energy systems, to enable buildings to operate efficiently and provide demand response services to the broader energy system.

Find out more here.

IEA EBC Annex 82

Energy Flexible Buildings Towards Resilient Low Carbon Energy Systems.

Find out more here.

Active Building Centre (ABC)

The Active Building Centre’s vision is to transform the UK construction and energy sectors through the deployment of Active Buildings contributing to more efficient energy use and decarbonisation.

Find out more here.

Low carbon climate-responsive Heating and Cooling of Cities (LoHCool)

LoHCool focuses on 'Delivering economic and energy-efficient heating and cooling to city areas of different population densities and climates'.

Find out more here.


Building life-cycle evolutionary design methodology able to create energy-efficient buildings flexibly connected with the neighbourhood energy system.

Sustainable Community Energy Networks (SCENe)

Accelerating the adoption of Community Energy Systems at Nottingham’s Trent Basin housing development.

Find out more about SCENe here.

SECURE: SElf Conserving URban Environments

Developing a regional model of housing energy demand as part of a large EPSRC-funded consortium project.

Find out more here.

4M: An Evidence-Based Methodology for Understanding and Shrinking the Urban Carbon Footprint

An EPSRC-funded study investigating the urban carbon footprint carried out by five universities: Loughborough University, De Montfort University, Newcastle University, the University of Sheffield and the University of Leeds.

Find out more about 4M here.


Dr Bianca Howard

Bianca's research expertise lies at the intersection of buildings and the energy system. She develops techniques for urban building energy modelling in the planning, design, and operational domains. She uses applied control theory, system identification, optimization, times series analysis and machine learning techniques to develop new analytical techniques.

Dr Bianca Howard

Athena Swan Bronze award

Contact us

+44 (0)1509 222637

School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
Loughborough University
LE11 3TU