Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) MSc

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2 years
Start date
September 2019
UK / EU fee
£8,950
International fee
£18,250
Location
Loughborough

Overview

Our MSc Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) programme will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the key methodological and philosophical debates that shape the social sciences, and equip you with the specialised research tools and skills that useful in business and management.

Accredited by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), our prestigious Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) MSc degree is designed for those of you who wish to be able to conduct management and business research to MSc level, either in a professional capacity or as a route to further study at PhD level.

On completion of our Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies), you will have met the training requirements for PhD funding from the ESRC, opening up the possibility of securing PhD funding from the ESRC.

You will be taught by experienced and internationally recognised researchers. The strong emphasis on applying qualitative and quantitative skills to tackle research problems – as well as a focus on developing critical thinking skills – will provide a robust foundation for more advanced academic study or research, whilst sharpening the applied research skills of current or aspiring business and management practitioners.

If you choose to study Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies), you will be based at a school that is a leading international player in research and teaching across the business, management, and finance disciplines.

The School of Business and Economics is a triple-accredited (AACBS, EQUIS, AMBA) business school. It is consistently rated as a Top-10 UK business school by national league tables and develops well-rounded, highly employable graduates at undergraduate, postgraduate, MBA, executive and doctoral level.

The School’s research is comprehensive in scope and very highly regarded by academics and practitioners alike, with 75% of our output considered ‘world-leading’ or 'internationally relevant' (and 100% of our Information Management research rated 'world leading' or 'internationally excellent'), according to the most recent Research Excellence Framework (REF 2014). As such, the School of Business and Economics provides a dynamic and inspiring environment to undertake the MSc Social Science Research.

What makes this programme different?

  • Taught by internationally recognised researchers
  • Opportunity to open up the possibility of PhD funding from ESRC

Who should study this programme?

Our MSc Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) programme is designed for graduates wishing to pursue a career in academia; practitioners in management and business, who wish to both develop and strengthen their applied research skills; or those wishing to conduct research in non-academic public and private sector roles, such as think-tanks.

Why you should choose us

What you'll study

Our Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) MSc programmes are designed to enable you to develop rigorous research and analytical skills, who are well equipped to progress onto being high level researchers in their chosen field of study.

Philosophy of social science (20 credits)

This module introduces students to the philosophical foundations of social science research. It provides an overview of the different ontological and epistemological bases of social scientific research methods and theories.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Quantitative research methods (20 credits)

This module provides advances training in quantitative research methods, developing students’ skills of collecting, cleaning, and analysing quantitative data, using specialist software.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Research design and practice (20 credits)

This module introduces students to research methodologies, enabling them to develop essential skills for planning a realistic research design for their dissertation.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Quantitative research methods (20 credits)

This module advances students qualitative research skills, providing training in a range of qualitative and interpretative methods. It also develops students’ critical thinking about measurement in social science research and about the appropriate representation of research findings.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 75% coursework and 25% oral poster presentation, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Dissertation (60 credits)

In this module students will design, conduct, analyse and report an original empirical study within the field of business and management.

Students will need to select one of the two compulsory modules listed below:

Specialist research methods (business and management): Business and management research (20 credits)

This module develops students’ critical thinking and evaluation of business and management studies, particularly their theoretical frameworks, research design, and ethical issues.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Specialist research methods (business and management): Research in finance (20 credits)

This module develops students’ knowledge and critical evaluation of theories and research methods employed in the study of finance and financial markets.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Advanced research methods 1: Doing research with young people in their socio-spatial contexts (10 credits)

This module introduces students to the specific theoretical and practical requirements associated with doing research with young people.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Advanced research methods 2: Advanced content analysis (10 credits)

This module advances students’ skills of doing computer-assisted content analysis and students’ knowledge of statistical textual analysis.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Advanced research methods 3: Methodological advances in applied ethnography (10 credits)

This module advances students’ ethnographic skills by discussing innovations in ethnography, its interdisciplinary use, and its adaptation to contemporary challenges.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Advanced research methods 4: Applied conversation analysis (10 credits)

This module develops students’ skills in using conversation analysis, a novel research method for analysing talk in a range of institutional settings, which generates findings that help to improve communication.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Advanced methods 5: Methodological implications of critical realism (10 credits)

This module introduces students to the ontological foundations of critical realism and develops their understanding of a critical realist research design.

Assessment

Typically this module is assessed by 100% coursework, although the university reserves the right to alter this.

Choose two of the following optional modules:

Semester 1

Doing Research with Young People in their Socio-Spatial Contexts (10 credits)

This module will analyse the theoretical and practical aspects of conducting research with young people, paying attention to their social and spatial contexts.

Module content

The module is divided into two key blocks. The first focuses on theoretical, epistemological, methodological and ethical considerations of researching with young people, including hard to reach groups, such as those with disabilities, and also relationally with young people in their families or institutional contexts, in the global north and south. The second block provides practical hands-on experience of the methods used to research with young people, such as participatory videoing, practical and visual techniques.

Learning outcomes

By the end of this module you will be able to:

  • critically assess conceptual and theoretical debates about including young people in research
  • critically evaluate different methodological approaches to researching with young people
  • apply the theories and concepts of doing research with young people to specific research problems
  • critically evaluate how different groups of young people can be represented in research, including more marginalised groups
  • assess the importance of exploring young people's experiences in different, yet connected, spatial contexts (eg global north/south, regional differences and rural/urban)
  • critically evaluate conceptual and theoretical debates about researching with young people
  • critically apply these knowledges and literatures to the practice of researching with children and young people
  • critically apply the concepts, theories and methodological practices of researching with young people in socio-spatial contexts to specific research problems
  • develop your individual study and group learning skills
  • demonstrate an ability to think critically, and to communicate this critical thinking in both written and oral forms
  • reflect critically on ethical considerations of researching with children and young people.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 2 hours
  • seminars: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 83 hours

Assessment

  • 2,000-word coursework assignment: 100%

Applied Conversation Analysis (10 credits)

This module will:

  1. train you in the perspective and methods of conversation analysis (CA)
  2. demonstrate how CA can be applied to the study of interactions in medical, legal and social welfare settings
  3. demonstrate how CA can be used to improve the effectiveness of communication in such settings.

Module content

Topics covered may include:

  • the principles and practice of CA's methodology, focusing on the connections between social action>turn design>sequence patterns
  • CA studies of institutional interactions in medical, legal (including emergency calls to the police), social welfare, and media interviews
  • the patterns of interactions in such settings, especially those associated with questioning (eg doctors' questions to patients, media interviewers' questions to interviewees, police questions in interviews with suspects)
  • combining qualitative and quantitative techniques
  • how to assess the effectiveness of such interactions
  • how to work with stakeholders in recommending practices designed to improve effectiveness.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • critically assess the principles of CA's perspective and methodology;
  • appraise how CA's essentially qualitative methodology can usefully be combined with statistical techniques, where appropriate;
  • be able to conduct the study and analysis of interactions in an institutional setting and critically assess whether CA's methodology can be applied to improve the effectiveness of communication in that setting
  • propose a methodology for evaluating the improvement of effectiveness suggested, having understood the challenges involved in evaluating effectiveness
  • evaluate the principles and working methods of CA, and its connections with other qualitative methods
  • critically appraise its appropriate use and strengths and limitations
  • engage critically with the existing research literature in applied studies, to assess how CA is being utilised in a range of diverse practical interdisciplinary settings, especially in medical settings
  • apply CA to interactions in an applied setting, through practical small-scale project work
  • evaluate the importance of engaging stakeholders such as (medical) professionals, patient groups, management etc. in the design and conduct of applied CA research
  • critically assess the relevance of applied CA methods for their own individual research projects, and the challenges and benefits of this method, demonstrated through class discussion and coursework
  • understand abstract ideas and apply them to concrete topics and issues
  • think reflexively about your own research and the issues it raises
  • demonstrate well-developed writing and interpersonal communication abilities
  • work flexibly, creatively, independently, and in groups.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 2 hours
  • seminars: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 83 hours

Assessment

  • mini-project (practical work) and report: 100%

Semester 2

Advanced Content Analysis (10 credits)

This module will consider advanced approaches to quantitative content analysis, in particular assessing the extent to which computer-assisted analysis can extend the reach and rigour of statistical textual analysis.

Module content

The module will examine:

  • the origins of quantitative content analysis, its historical uses and its new challenges
  • identifying and using digital repositories for the gathering traditional media content (Box of Broadcasts, Nexis, Gale Group and ProQuest)
  • the use of computer software for the harvesting and storage of on-line content (websites and social media) (Httrack & Mozdeh)
  • the principles and procedures involved in measuring inter-coder reliability (including computer assisted calculation procedures)
  • practical tasks related to the design and piloting of a coding schedule
  • computer-aided data analysis using SPSS and NVIVO.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • identify and understand the various methodological debates and theories relating to content analysis
  • critically evaluate the methodological strengths and weaknesses of content analysis
  • understand and apply quantitative content analysis to a range of research contexts and settings
  • understand the benefits of, and limitations to, the 'computational turn' in content analysis
  • design a valid and reliable content analysis coding schedule
  • design a rigorous sample strategy
  • understand the principles and procedures of inter-coder reliability
  • use a range of digital data bases and software packages to retrieve and store traditional, online and social media content
  • use qualitative and quantitative software packages to assist in the analysis of large corpuses of media content
  • use a range of digital media archives and software for the identification and storage of relevant media content
  • use a variety of software packages for the analysis of content
  • understand abstract ideas and apply them to concrete topics and issues
  • think reflexively about your own research and the issues it raises
  • demonstrate well-developed writing and interpersonal communication abilities
  • work flexibly, creatively, independently, and in groups.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 2 hours
  • seminars: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 83 hours

Assessment

  • 2,000-word research project: 100%

Methodological Advances in Applied Ethnography (10 credits)

This module will consider advanced approaches to doing ethnographic research in a range of settings and interdisciplinary contexts, including innovations in ethnography and practical sessions on adapting ethnography for contemporary challenges and applied settings.

Module content

Topics covered may include:

  • ethnographic studies in anthropology
  • the Chicago School
  • reflexivity in ethnographic research
  • applied ethnography
  • virtual, visual and arts-based approaches to ethnography
  • communicating ethnographic research to diverse audiences
  • dissemination, impact and outputs.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • identify and critically assess the various methodological debates and theories relating to ethnography
  • critically evaluate the methodological strengths and weaknesses of ethnographic methods
  • critically assess and apply ethnographic methods to a range of research contexts and settings
  • critically assess the challenges and benefits of using ethnography as method in applied settings
  • critically assess the development of ethnography as a method in the social sciences, through class discussion and coursework that requires you to summarise and criticise academic literature and empirical studies, and to illustrate concepts and methods used in your discussion and coursework with relevant examples
  • critically assess how ethnographic methods have, and can be, used in a range of diverse interdisciplinary settings through class discussion and coursework that requires you to summarise and criticise academic literature and empirical studies, and to illustrate concepts and methods used in your discussion and coursework with relevant examples
  • demonstrate awareness and understanding of how ethnography can be conducted in digital and online settings through class discussions
  • critically assess how ethnography can be used in applied settings in research with engages with various stakeholders and user groups, and the challenges that this might present through class debates
  • critically assess the relevance of ethnography methods for your own individual research projects and the challenges and benefits of this method, demonstrated through class discussion and coursework
  • critically assess abstract ideas and apply them to concrete topics and issues
  • think reflexively about your own research and the issues it raises
  • demonstrate well-developed writing and interpersonal communication abilities
  • work flexibly, creatively, independently, and in groups.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 2 hours
  • Seminar: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 83 hours

Assessment

  • 2,000-word coursework assignment: 100%

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

Modules are assessed by a combination of examinations, coursework and group work.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Business and Economics is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Accredited by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), this prestigious MSc degree in Social Science Research (Business and Management Studies) is designed for those who wish to be able to conduct management and business research to MSc level, either in a professional capacity or as a route to further study at PhD level.

Your personal development

The strong emphasis on applying qualitative and quantitative skills to tackle research problems – as well as a focus on developing critical thinking skills – will provide a robust foundation for more advanced academic study or research, whilst sharpening the applied research skills of current or aspiring business and management practitioners.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (2:1 or above) or equivalent overseas qualification in a wide range of subjects.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 60% (public university) / 85% (private university) 70% (public university) / 95% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£8,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£18,250

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

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