MSc Renewable Energy Systems Technology (Full-time) degree

Qualifications available: MSc

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
See distance learning listing
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,950
International fee
£23,500
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc in Renewable Energy Systems Technology (REST) is the UK’s longest established master's degree specialising in renewable and sustainable energy engineering. Over the last 25 years, more than 500 students from 30 countries have successfully completed the programme.

Our renewable energy master's is designed to match the demands of employers. You will develop the full range of knowledge and skills needed for a successful career in the global renewable energy sector. Our highly skilled graduates are prized by industry - many now have senior positions in industry, commerce, government and NGOs.

The programme is designed and delivered by experts from the Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST), the UK’s largest sustainable energy engineering research centre. At CREST, we have influential partnerships with industry, policy makers, and researchers across the world. This means the course is always up to date and includes the latest research and thinking in sustainability. All your modules are taught by these leading experts, and you will benefit greatly from their experience.

You will be part of a close group of students from around the world with different technical backgrounds and career stages. You will share your experiences and debate environmental and engineering issues, and work together on practical projects and coursework.

Our MSc Renewable Energy Systems Technology is fully accredited by the major UK engineering institutions (the IET and IMechE),  and Energy Institute, and fulfils the educational requirements for registration as a Chartered Engineer when presented with a CEng accredited Bachelor’s Degree.

Who should study this programme?

Our master's in renewable energy is aimed at individuals looking to understand both the technical and practical aspects of renewable energy engineering. Students join us from a range of science and engineering backgrounds, and many of our graduates have used this programme to successfully move into new careers in renewable and sustainable energy engineering professions.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • All modules are specifically designed for the sustainable energy sector
  • Each module is taught by experts, so you will learn about the latest developments in sustainable energy engineering
  • We have a wide choice of MSc projects, guided and mentored by world leading experts
  • You will have access to CREST’s advanced practical labs, leading-edge modelling & simulation facilities

What you'll study

This is a practical, industry-focused programme. It covers the technical principles and methods behind renewable energy production and distribution. It also covers economic, social and policy aspects involved in creating a low carbon energy future.

Modules

Our Renewable Energy Systems Technology MSc programme covers a wide range of topics. The compulsory modules give a comprehensive overview of the most important technologies across the renewable energy sector. They also examine the key global policy and development aspects.

Our optional modules allow you to match the course to your career aspirations. The research project also allows you focus in depth on your key areas of interest and make sure that your CV stands out from the crowd.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Sustainability and Energy Systems (15 credits)

This module will explore the environmental, technical, political and socio-economic problems associated with world energy use. It will examine policy and other strategic mechanisms designed to mitigate impacts to environmental and socio-economic systems thought to be caused by past and present energy extraction, processing and use.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • world energy use and future energy scenarios
  • environmental and social impacts of energy use
  • energy security
  • external economic costs and value of renewable energy
  • policies and strategies on carbon reduction (Kyoto, CDM, RE, carbon capture, efficiency measures)
  • sustainability

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have a good understanding and be able to compare and contrast, renewable energy resources and be able to integrate, evaluate and use information, data and ideas from a wide range of sources using one or more simple modelling approaches. You will also be able to:

  • explore and describe the holistic issues associated with energy generation and use including the advantages and limitations of renewable and non-renewable energy sources with regard to sustainability (socio-economic and environmental)
  • evaluate and assess policy frameworks relevant to clean energy systems
  • make informed critical value judgements on future energy policy
  • use appropriate methods for analysing a problem, search for and retrieve relevant information, manage a project and produce documentation.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 7 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 11 hours
  • lectures: 12 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • group project: 50%
  • individual data analysis assignment: 50%

Solar Power (15 credits)

This module will introduce the facts governing the nature, availability and characteristics of solar resources and the fundamental concepts of photovoltaics and solar thermal conversion. The conversion technologies will be examined critically in terms of design, efficiency, manufacturing options and costs.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • solar energy resource
  • solar thermal systems
  • photovoltaic devices
  • photovoltaic systems
  • passive solar.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • identify the characteristics of the solar resource and its variability in the context of solar energy systems
  • explain the design principles and components used in photovoltaic systems
  • describe the principles, design and manufacturing concepts behind common semiconductor photovoltaic devices
  • describe the operational principles of flat plate solar thermal collectors
  • explain the principles behind passive solar in buildings
  • explain the fundamental processes taking place in a photovoltaic device
  • assess and describe the solar resource at a specified location given appropriate data
  • differentiate between different semiconductor photovoltaic devices according to performance characteristics
  • calculate the overall performance of solar thermal collectors, including analysis of the radiation gain and heat loss of different designs
  • generate and analyse output performance predictions on various PV system technologies
  • analyse the effects of passive solar elements on buildings
  • design photovoltaic and solar thermal systems for optimal energy conversion at a given location and applications
  • measure, analyse and evaluate the electrical characteristics of a photovoltaic device under different operating conditions
  • analyse experimental data
  • solve subject specific numerical and conceptual problems.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 4 hours
  • tutorials: 12 hours
  • lectures: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 119 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework report based on group work: 15%
  • three-hour exam: 85% 

Wind Power 1 (15 credits)

This module will introduce wind power and the fundamental concepts of wind turbine design including aerodynamics, structure and control. The economic, technical, institutional and environmental aspects of onshore and offshore wind farm development will also be considered.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • wind characteristics
  • wind resource assessment
  • wind turbine aerodynamics
  • wind turbine structure, design and control
  • the economic, technical, institutional and environmental aspects of on-shore and/or off-shore wind farm design and development.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe the physical characteristics of the wind
  • explain how a wind resource estimate is made
  • describe the principles, electrical, operational and control characteristics of a wind turbine
  • describe the design challenges associated with wind turbines
  • explain the fundamental principles of wind turbine aerodynamics and thus how a wind turbine produces power from the wind
  • explain the fundamental principles of wind turbine control and thus how a wind turbine is controlled
  • describe the wind turbine blade design process
  • describe the challenges associated with siting wind turbines onshore and offshormathematically analyse the performance of wind turbines
  • use modelled or real data from given sites at a sufficient level to make general predictions of turbine output
  • estimate the wind turbine performances
  • calculate the cost of energy of a wind turbine
  • use relevant software packages
  • analyse experimental data
  • solve complex, subject specific numerical and conceptual problems
  • work as part of a team
  • write a technical report.

Teaching and learning

 

  • demonstrations: 5 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 5 hours
  • lectures: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 120 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 15%
  • three-hour exam: 85%

 

Water Power (15 credits)

This module will introduce the laws governing the availability of hydro power in its conventional form, as well as in the form of wave and tidal power. The fundamental concepts of water turbines, wave energy devices and tidal power schemes will also be considered.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • review of resource
  • hydrodynamics
  • water turbine types
  • conventional hydropower including micro-hydro
  • wave energy and proposed conversion technologies
  • tidal power
  • air turbines
  • scaling
  • economics.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe the characteristics of the resource for the different water-powered renewables, eg hydro-power, tidal power and wave power
  • explain the hydrodynamic laws underpinning the operation of water-powered technologies
  • describe how the different water-powered technologies work
  • explain the economics of different water-powered technologies are evaluated
  • explain the environmental impact of certain water-powered technologies
  • calculate the expected resource for a particular water-powered scheme
  • calculate the expected performance of a particular water-powered generator
  • design and specify the necessary components for specific water-powered schemes given appropriate background data
  • assess the economics of a particular water-powered scheme given appropriate background data
  • undertake real or virtual laboratory measurements concerning the performance of various water-powered technologies
  • analyse and present experimental data
  • solve numerical and conceptual problems individually and in groups
  • apply mathematical techniques within a new context
  • critically analyse experimental and other data
  • assess performance and economics of a particular technology
  • present data in an appropriate report format.

Teaching and learning

  • demonstrations: 6 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 6 hours
  • lectures: 14 hours
  • guided independent study: 124 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework report: 25%
  • three-hour exam: 75%

Biomass (15 credits)

This module will develop your critical, informed knowledge of a broad range of biomass energy technologies, including combustion and anaerobic digestion.

Module content

You will study topics related to biomass resources and their conversion processes, wuch as:

  • wood energy resources
  • waste
  • anaerobic digestion
  • combustion
  • liquid fuels.

You will complete a problem-based coursework assignment to assess biogas production: to analyse conflicting, contradictory and variable real data sets.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • estimate the biomass resource in specific authentic situations
  • demonstrate critical evaluation of the conversion processes and equipment needed for optimum biomass
  • determine a critical response to extracting energy from different biological resources
  • select appropriate available technologies according to feedstock characteristics and fuel (gas, liquid, char) desired
  • autonomously design appropriate systems given a range of circumstances
  • critically evaluate the performance of a system
  • work effectively within teams.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 3 hours
  • supervised time in studio/workshop: 5 hours
  • lectures: 8 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 19 hours
  • guided independent study: 115 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 20%
  • in-class test: 30%
  • 1.5-hour exam: 50%

Compulsory

Integration of Renewables (15 credits)

This module will provide you with knowledge and understanding of the electrical engineering associated with renewable-energy systems, and particularly the integration of renewable-energy systems into existing electrical power systems. It is primarily intended to equip designers rather than installers. The module presents internationally applicable principles rather than country-specific regulations and practices.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • power system architecture (transmission and distribution systems)
  • loads, generation and power balance
  • synchronous and induction machines
  • power-electronic converters
  • active, reactive and apparent power
  • three-phase
  • voltage control
  • load flow
  • fault level
  • generators powered by renewable-energy
  • distributed generation and islanding.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have knowledge and understanding of the structure and operation of:

  • electrical power systems (transmission and distribution)
  • electrical machines (conversion of mechanical power to electricity)
  • transformers and power electronic converters
  • renewable-energy systems (electrical aspects)
  • distributed generation.

You will also be able to:

  • outline suitable electrical connection arrangements for a range of renewable-energy system types and sizes
  • identify potential benefits and difficulties regarding the electrical integration of renewables, and set these in perspective
  • perform basic calculations regarding the performance of electrical generators connected to power systems.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 6 hours
  • lectures: 25 hours
  • guided independent study: 119 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 10%
  • three-hour exam: 90%

Optional modules (choose three)

Energy Storage (10 credits)

This module will introduce you to the fundamentals of energy storage, including hydrogen, thermal and electrochemical technologies and the integration of energy storage technologies into low carbon power systems.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • introduction to energy storage
  • energy storage safety
  • grid based applications of energy storage
  • grid interconnection of energy storage
  • practical design considerations and balance of plant
  • different energy storage characteristics and governing theory
    • electrochemical
    • hydrogen
    • pumped storage
    • compressed air
    • mechanical
    • thermal.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe how energy storage can be characterised
  • understand some of the safety implications around energy storage
  • understand how energy storage is used within a low-carbon grid
  • describe the main components of an energy storage
  • describe and evaluate characteristics around the different methods of storing energy including hydrogen, thermal, compressed air, pumped hydro, flywheel and electrochemical
  • calculate the characteristics of a battery energy storage system
  • understand how to design at a high level an energy storage system
  • write a report to industry standard on a hybrid energy storage system.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 3 hours
  • external visits: 4 hours
  • lectures: 16 hours
  • guided independent study: 77 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 25%
  • two-hour exam: 75%

Solar Thermal Systems (10 credits)

This module will introduce the main principles of the solar thermal resource. Solar thermal systems for power generation and direct heating applications will be described and analysed. The importance of solar thermal considerations in the built environment will be discussed and passive building designs for heating and cooling applications introduced. Heat pump systems will also be covered due to their importance for building energy supply.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • concentrating solar power systems
  • solar thermal systems analysis
  • passive solar design
  • heat pump systems.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand the main design principles of the four major types of concentrating solar thermal power systems
  • analyse and predict the performance characteristics of heat pump systems
  • apply the underlying thermal theory of flat plate solar thermal collectors
  • describe and apply the main principles of passive solar design in buildings
  • understand and apply the operational characteristics of CSP systems to evaluate performance
  • calculate the key performance parameters for flat plate solar thermal collectors including the heat removal factor, collector efficiency and solar fraction
  • calculate ideal heat pump performance for specific loads and environmental conditions
  • apply basic analysis of the effect of passive solar elements on buildings
  • design basic solar thermal systems
  • identify factors leading to good performance in heat pump systems
  • analyse solar collector performance data.

Teaching and learning

  • project supervision: 1 hour
  • tutorials: 5 hours
  • lectures: 16 hours
  • guided independent study: 78 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 20%
  • two-hour exam: 80%

Advanced Photovoltaics (10 credits)

This module will enable you to develop specialist knowledge of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies, blending the fundamental underlying science with practical implementation. You will be exposed to advanced knowledge of PV from current research into cell materials to the design, implementation and performance assessment of full systems. Techniques for characterisation and performance modelling will equip you with the skills to assess different PV technologies and optimise system designs. The module will also be useful if you are seeking a technologist, designer or consultant role in the field of PV or general renewable energies.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • physics of PV cells
  • thin film PV design and manufacturing
  • PV materials analysis (structural, optical and electrical)
  • characterisation of large-scale PV devices
  • PV system design, optimisation, performance assessment and modelling.

The physical limits to efficiency of established PV technologies will be explored. State-of-the-art commercial devices, current research devices and different research avenues being explored to exceed the limitations of established technology will be described. PV system design, performance assessment and energy yield estimation will be covered through lectures and system design coursework.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain the origin of efficiency limitations in different types of solar cell and methods to overcome them
  • explain differences in design, optimisation and manufacturing techniques for crystalline silicon and thin-film devices
  • list and define the key performance indicators for photovoltaic systems and components
  • describe the structure of models used to predict PV module and system energy yield
  • select an appropriate PV technology for different situations based on their technical and economic aspects
  • analyse the limiting factors affecting efficiency in PV devices to make design optimisation decisions
  • appraise the likely field performance of a PV device beyond the datasheet description
  • appropriately size key components in PV systems based on design calculations
  • demonstrate how different principles and considerations are used in photovoltaic system design
  • design solar PV systems using commercial software, incorporating energy yield and financial performance analysis
  • reduce uncertainty in PV system energy yield prediction through the use of additional data
  • determine key parameters of thin film solar cells (such as band-gap, carrier concentration, depletion region width)
  • analyse different types of data (from datasheets, system and meteorology monitoring)
  • work in small groups to solve subject specific numerical and conceptual problems
  • deliver technical system design reports to a schedule.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 3 hours
  • lectures: 9 hours
  • demonstrations: 9 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 9 hours
  • guided independent study: 70 hours

Assessment

  • individual coursework assignment: 40%
  • two-hour exam: 60%

Wind Power 2 (10 credits)

This module will cover in-depth the wind turbine design process, wind turbine dynamics and loads, and wind turbine wake effects. More advanced wind turbine aerodynamics, structure dynamics, wind turbine structural design will also be considered.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • advanced wind turbine aerodynamics
  • wind turbine structure design
  • wind turbine scaling
  • wind turbine loads and dynamics
  • wind turbine wake effects.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe some of the more detailed aspects of wind turbine aerodynamics
  • explain the dynamic response of wind turbines in operation
  • explain the structure and modelling of wind turbine wakes
  • describe the detailed aspects of wind turbine design in connection with aerodynamic, structure, load and its dynamics aspects
  • describe the main source of wind turbine loads
  • provide an overview of how wind turbine can be scaled
  • recall the types and frequencies of wind turbine failures observed in the field
  • analyse data to evaluate wind turbine responses during operation
  • design a wind turbine blade and evaluate its performance
  • use relevant information to be able to calculate the dynamic response of a wind turbine tower and blade
  • calculate the designed wind turbine performances such as power and thrust
  • interpret and use relevant formulae to calculate the effect of wind turbine wakes and loads.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 4 hours
  • lectures: 16 hours
  • guided independent study: 80 hours

Assessment

  • group coursework report: 25%
  • two-hour exam: 75%

Energy System Investment and Risk (10 credits)

This module will provide a solid grounding in the knowledge and skills required for effective whole life cycle investment decision making and risk management in the energy generation, transmission and distribution sectors.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • energy economics
  • due diligence and risk
  • quantitative methods (including statistical and stochastic modelling)
  • systems modelling
  • systems lifecycle management
  • investment modelling/management
  • policy, regulation and socio-economics
  • renewables
  • nuclear
  • fossil (including carbon capture and storage)
  • electricity transmission and distribution
  • heat/gas networks
  • energy demand and storage
  • case studies (options include in-depth study of specific technology sectors, such as offshore wind).

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • recognise and describe the domain role of systems lifecycle management and its relevance to energy system investment
  • describe the relevance of policy, regulation and socio-economics in the context of energy system investment and risk
  • evaluate factors such as policy, regulation and socio-economics to specific energy projects
  • characterise and quantify the relationship between technologies, their technical risk profile and investment returns
  • evaluate objectively concepts and approaches related to investment modelling and assessment
  • assess comparative fixed and variable costs of energy generation within the context of competitive electricity markets
  • apply abstract or non-quantitive parameters in the context of investment, risk and return
  • implement quantitative methods (including simple statistical modelling)
  • produce investment and risk modelling analyses
  • engage in energy systems analysis activities both in groups and individually
  • produce an energy systems feasibility study based on acquired skills and knowledge
  • evaluate data from various sources
  • work effectively in a group
  • conduct group negotiations and brokering.

Teaching and learning

  • tutorials: 3 hours
  • seminars: 4 hours
  • lectures: 17 hours
  • guided independent study: 76 hours

Assessment

  • 1.5-hour exam: 40%
  • individual coursework assignment: 60%

Research Project (60 credits)

This module will provide you with the opportunity to conduct research on a topic of relevance to the sustainable and renewable energy sector.

Module content

The project may take any of several forms: it may be hardware or software based, largely theoretical or mainly practical. It should be predominantly of a research nature and aim to make a limited but unique contribution to the chosen subject area.

Learning outcomes

At the end of the module you will have gained knowledge and understanding of the general engineering principles and the particular problems of application in your chosen subject area.

You will also be able to:

  • understand the needs to formulate aims and objectives
  • critically evaluate, via literature review, the current state of the art in the chosen area
  • plan adequately in terms of both research methods and use of time
  • carry out the project to a successful conclusion using a range of techniques as appropriate, while working in the process with providers of hardware, software and information, along with internal support staff
  • analyse experimental data, solve specific numerical and conceptual problems and work with various personnel to achieve smooth and timely progression of the project.
  • use published information and search engines to identify the state of the art in the chosen subject area.

Teaching and learning

  • seminars: 10 hours
  • lectures: 20 hours
  • project supervision: 30 hours
  • guided independent study: 540 hours

Assessment

  • project proposal: 5%
  • interim report: 10%
  • presentation: 10%
  • progress, time management and effort: 15%
  • final dissertation: 60%

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed through exams, group work and coursework. For full details, please see the module descriptions above.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work

Your personal and professional development

The School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Our graduates work world-wide in senior posts across fields as diverse as research and manufacturing, project development, consultancy, finance, policy and international development.

Graduate destinations

Graduate destinations include:

  • EDF Energy
  • E.ON
  • SSE
  • RWE
  • RES
  • DNV GL
  • Mott MacDonald
  • Nordex
  • Vestas
  • Arup
  • PricewaterhouseCoopers Siemens AG
  • EDF France
  • M-Solv
  • OST Energy
  • Parsons Brinckerhoff
  • Petrocon Brunei
  • Statnett SF

Your personal development

On successful completion of our master's in renewable energy, you will be able to:

  • manipulate, sort and present data in a range of forms
  • use evidence based methods in the solution of complex problems
  • work with limited, incomplete and/or contradictory information in the solution of unfamiliar problems
  • use an engineering approach to the solution of problems in unfamiliar situations
  • be creative and innovative in problem solving
  • work effectively as part of a team
  • use a wide range of information and communications technology
  • manage time and resources
  • communicate effectively orally, visually and in writing at an appropriate level
  • learn effectively, continuously and independently in a variety of environments.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in a relevant science, technology, engineering or maths discipline.

Applicants with qualifications slightly below this level, alternative qualifications and/or professional experience will also be considered.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£23,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Find out more about master's degree funding

Our students and academics

Brian Boehm

MSc Renewable Energy Systems Technology Graduate

The lecturers are clearly passionate about their work and committed to solving today’s energy challenges.

Luke Rieman

MSc Renewable Energy Systems Technology Graduate

I am especially interested in pursuing a career in wind energy engineering. A draw for me was that there were two modules on wind power.