Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc

Entry requirements
usually a 2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Start date
September 2019
UK / EU fee
£10,650
International fee
£22,500
Location
Loughborough

Overview

Our Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc programme draws on the world-class research of the school to provide a broad range of subjects for study.

The Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc programme provides a thorough knowledge of the principles and techniques of this exciting field and has been developed in consultation with industry advisors to ensure it is relevant to today’s workplace.

You will be given the opportunity to acquire research skills by taking part in an individual research project. The project will be guided by an academic from the school. You will choose your supervisor and, by negotiation, your project topic within a range of world leading research areas. You will also acquire practical and theoretical skills that are valued in industry.

You will have access to laboratories and industry standard software such as:

  • Altera, Cadence, Mentor Graphics, Xilinx
  • Commercial programming tools (hardware and software) provided by Texas Instrument
  • Full Wave Antenna chambers and microwave test equipment
  • VI visualisation systems
  • State-of-the-art Sports Technology laboratories

What makes this programme different?

  • World-class facilities and industry standard software
  • Develop in consultation with industry advisors

Who should study this programme?

The Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc is suitable for recent graduates and engineers with experience of microelectronics who have good mathematical ability.

Why you should choose us

What you'll study

Our Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc allows you the flexibility to choose between a broad or deep programme of study, over a very wide range of topics, based on your interests.

Modules

The Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc programme runs over one academic year with two semesters (October to June) of taught material. An individual project runs in parallel to the taught material for the two semesters and then continues until the end August. Individual modules run in two week blocks and many have high practical content. There are compulsory modules, including the project, and a number of optional modules to allow students to develop their preferred expertise.

Sensors and Actuators

The aims of this module are for the students to understand the options available and the issues related to the selection of sensors and actuators for control systems.

Teaching will cover:

  • Sensors: Sensed quantities; Sensor types and principles; Uses of Sensors; Dynamics of Sensors; Sensor systems; smart sensors; Sensor fault detection and redundancy.
  • Actuation: Basic principles; Hydraulic systems; Pneumatic systems; Electrical systems; Advanced materials; Choice of actuation system; Open and closed loop actuator; Actuator Fault Tolerance and redundancy.
  • System design of sensor/actuator systems and control systems.

Advanced FPGA Design

The aim of this module is to provide students with an understanding of the state-of-the-art FPGA design tools, methodologies and best engineering practice. A further aim is to teach students complex, Systems-on-Programmable-Chip (SoPC) design on FPGA silicon.

At the end of this module, students should have a very good understanding of advanced concepts in VHDL design for FPGA engineering. These include topics in System FPGAs, Advanced VHDL, System on Programmable Chip design, Advanced Concepts, Behavioural Synthesis and followed by a week-long lab project. During the lab session the students will have access to development boards featuring these FPGA devices

Embedded Software Development

The aims of this module are to understand the need for a systematic approach to embedded software development and to gain experience of such an approach in a practical setting. At the end of the module students should be able to apply a suitable systematic embedded software development approach to the implementation of practical applications; generate a realistic set of requirements and the corresponding test schedule to provide verification of software; implement software that is able to meet requirements and is properly tested, and apply the development approach for professional engineering in general.

MSc Project

The aims of this module are to give postgraduate students the experience of a substantial, individual research project and areas covered by one of the MSc programmes from the School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering and to do this in a manner which illustrates insight into, and training of, appropriate research methods. On completion of the module, students should be able to critically evaluate existing methodologies and propose new ones as appropriate; critically review current research in the project area; evaluate complex and possibly conflicting issues in the project area, and critically analyse experimental or simulated data.

Fundamentals of Digital Signal Processing

To develop critical understanding of the fundamentals of digital signal processing, as applied to numerous and commonplace digital systems, with the use of computer simulation based tools.

At the end of the module, students will be able to:

  • Explain sampling theorem and the consequences of aliasing and quantisation distortion
  • Explain z-transform and Fourier transform and their properties; and relate them to the impulse response and transfer function of a digital filter
  • Evaluate critically different structures available for the realisation of finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) digital filters
  • Describe ideal filter approximation functions, and the basics of real-time processing

Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC) Engineering

The aim of the module is to teach students tools and methodologies for designing complex Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), using both VHDL/RTL and C (via ESL Synthesis) for design entry and the CADENCE software for synthesis and back-end design. A second aim is to help students understand the various levels of abstraction in ASIC design and to appreciate the complexity of designing state-of-the-art VLSI chips.

Students will become familiar with the various levels of abstraction in ASIC VLSI design and appreciate the differences across the algorithmic level (C-language), logical level (RTL/VHDL design) and the final ASIC blueprint (the final GDS2 file). They will understand how this hierarchy of levels abstracts and thus, simplifies the design of complex VLSI systems.

Communication Networks

The aim of the module is to present students with the basic principles of networked digital communications. Students will be provided with a sound knowledge of the theory and methodologies used in designing and analysing the performance of communication and computer networks.

At the end of the module, students should be able to analyse the behaviour of a communication network protocol and predict how it would support different types of offered traffic, including an understanding of how to calculate delay across a network in simple cases. Students will also be able to evaluate real-time performance of a working network and design suitable protocols for certain conditions.

Solar Power

The aim of this module is to introduce the facts governing the nature, availability and characteristics of the solar resources and the fundamental concepts of photovoltaics and solar thermal conversion. The conversion technologies are examined critically in terms of design, efficiency, manufacturing options and costs.

At the completion of the module, students should be able to:

  • Identify the characteristics of the solar resource and its variability in the context of solar energy systems.
  • Explain the design principles and components used in photovoltaic systems.
  • Describe the principles, design and manufacturing concepts behind common semiconductor photovoltaic devices.
  • Describe the operational principles of flat plate solar thermal collectors.
  • Explain the principles behind passive solar in buildings.
  • Explain the fundamental processes taking place in a photovoltaic device.

Wind Power

The aim of this module is to introduce wind power and the fundamental concepts of wind turbine design including aerodynamics and control. The economic, technical, institutional and environmental aspects of onshore and offshore wind farm development are also considered.

On completion of the module, students should be able to:

  • Describe the physical characteristics of the wind;
  • Explain how a wind resource estimate is made;
  • Describe the principles, electrical, operational and control characteristics of a wind turbine;
  • Describe the design challenges associated with wind turbines;
  • Explain the fundamental principles of wind turbine aerodynamics and thus how a wind turbine produces power from the wind;
  • Describe the challenges associated with siting wind turbines onshore and offshore.

Digital Signal Processing for Software Defined Radio

To produce a level of competency in the theory and implementation of digital signal processing, for software defined radio.

At the end of the module the students should be able to implement and assess key digital signal processing algorithms for software defined radio in MATLAB and have an appreciation of their application and realisation in industrial and research contexts.

Mobile Network Technologies

The aims of this module are to introduce students to the principals and practicalities of mobile telecommunication systems and prepare the students for future employment in telecommunications industry at an advanced technical level. Students will discover the constraints and suggest ways that these constraints are countered. We will introduce students to mobile network technology evolution and to the state-of-the-art mobile telecommunication technologies.

Antennas

The aims of this module are to provide a comprehensive introduction to antennas and their functioning and develop students' practical experience in the design and measurement of antennas.

Teaching will cover:

  • Antenna fundamentals
  • Transmission lines
  • Monopole and Dipoles
  • Analytical design of microstrip antennas
  • Practical design guidelines for microstrip antennas
  • Antenna Arrays
  • Feeding networks
  • Use of CAD software to simulate and inform design of antennas
  • Construction and measurement of antennas

Radio Frequency and Microwave Integrated Circuit Design

The aims of this module are to enhance students' understanding of the principles of Radio Frequency (RF) and Microwave Integrated Circuit Design using CAD software simulation tools and measurement techniques.

On completion of this module, students should be able to:

  • Describe design considerations of RF components and circuits.
  • Provide design information in the form of equations, tabular data and graphs.
  • Identify and design practical RF and microwave circuits.
  • Apply RF and microwave circuit principles.
  • Predict operational characteristics of RF and microwave circuits using CAD software.
  • Analyse theoretical and measured data.
  • Evaluate errors and uncertainties.
  • Calculate losses and mismatch uncertainty.
  • Derive S-parameters and impedance measurements.
  • Derive lumped-element equivalent circuit (EC) models.
  • Compare equivalent circuit (EC) and electromagnetic (EM) models.
  • Use CAD tools to design practical RF and microwave circuits.
  • Produce optimised printed circuit board designs.
  • Use laboratory measuring equipment and evaluate hardware performance.
  • Systematic approach to RF and Microwave Integrated Circuit design.
  • Use CAD to analyse RF circuit problems.
  • Solve numerical problems.
  • Disseminate technical data.

How you'll be assessed

Examinations are held in January and May, with coursework and group work assessments throughout the programme. The high practical content of this course is reflected in the inclusion of laboratory assessments and practical examinations. The individual research project is assessed by written report and viva voce in September.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Consultation with industry to craft the syllabus ensures that you will have an advantage in the job market. The in-depth knowledge acquired can be applied wherever embedded electronic systems are found, including mobile phones (4/5G), acoustics, defence, medical instrumentation, radio and satellite communication and networked systems, control engineering, instrumentation, signal processing and telecommunications engineering.

Your personal development

Use an engineering approach to the solution of problems in unfamiliar situations

Our Electrical and Electronic Engineering MSc will support you to be creative and innovative in problem solving, to manage time and resources appropriately, and to learn effectively, continuously and independently in a variety of environments.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (normally at 2:1 or above) or equivalent overseas qualification in an appropriate STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) subject area.

Applicants with qualifications slightly below this level, alternative qualifications and/or professional experience will also be considered.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Afghanistan 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Albania 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Algeria 17/20 15/20 12.5/20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Armenia - percentage 90% 80% 70%
Armenia - GPA 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia - honours degree (AQF level 8) First class Upper second, H2A Lower second, 2B
Australia - ordinary degree (AQF level 7) High Distinction 85% Distinction 80% Distinction 75%

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Austria A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Azerbaijan 4.5 or 90% 4 or 80% 3.5 or 70%

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bahrain - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree 1st (70%) 2nd (60%) 2nd (55%)
Other universities 1st (80%) 1st (70%) 2nd - (60%)

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Barbados - letter grading A B (or 75%) C (or 55%)
Barbados - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belarus 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belgium 80% (Magna Cum Laude)/17 70% (Cum Laude)/14 60%/12

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Benin 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bolivia 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Botswana - master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil 8.5/A 7.5/B 6.0/C

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bulgaria 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cameroon 1st or 15/20 or GPA 3.7 2:1 or 14/20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 2:2 or 12.5/20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada - GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.5/85% 3.0/75% 2.8/68%
Canada - out of 9 8 7 5
Canada - out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Chile 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
ShanghaiRanking 1-250 85% 80% 77%
ShanghaiRanking 251 - 500 89% 83% 80%
ShanghaiRanking 501+ 92% 86% 82%

Further information

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Colombia 4.5 3.5 3.0

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Costa Rica 9 8 or 80 or Notable 7.0 or 70 or Sufficiente

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Croatia 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cuba 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Czech Republic 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Denmark 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dominican Republic 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 or 85% Cum Laude 3.2 or 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ecuador 8.5 (85%) 7.5 (75%) 6 (60%)

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
El Salvador 8.5 or 85% 7.5 or 75% or Muy Bueno 6.5 or 65% or Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Estonia 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ethiopia - master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Finland - out of 3 3 2 1
Finland - out of 5 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
France 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Georgia 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Germany 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - letter grading A B or 75% C or 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Guatemala - Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala - 80% 60%
Guatemala - private university - 85% 70%

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Guyana - master's - Pass with distinction or GPA 4.0 -

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hungary 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iceland 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Indonesia 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Israel 90% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Italy 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ivory Coast 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jamaica - the University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan - GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon - American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
Lebanon - French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liberia - master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (4.0) 80 (3.0) 75 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 80% (3.0)
Master's degree Master's Master's Master's

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia - classification First Class 2.1 2.2
Malaysia - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nepal - master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 70% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nicaragua - 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan master's (2 or 3 year bachelor's plus master's) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Panama 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines - degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1 or 16/20 or 70% 2:2 or 14/20 or 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
Saudi Arabia GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Senegal - 14/20 or bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Serbia 9 8.25 7.5

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sierra Leone - classification - 2:1 2:2
Sierra Leone - percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Sierra Leone - letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore - classification First Upper second Lower second
Singapore - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
Singapore - GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
South Africa - percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5
Spain - UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria - state universities 85% 75% 65%
Syria - private universities 95% 85% 75%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan - prestigious national universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan - excellent universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan - good universities 88% 83% 80%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Trinidad and Tobago - University of the West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st 2:1 2:2

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 (tres bien) 13 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uruguay 10/12 8/12 or MB or 90% 6.5/12 or B or 80%

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - out of 20 - 16 14
Venezuela - out of 9 - 7 6.5

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zambia - master's - B+ or 3.5 or 70% -

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zimbabwe - 65% 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

All applicants for admission to Loughborough University must have a qualification in English Language before they can be admitted to any course or programme, whether their first language is English or not.

IELTS: 6.5 with a minimum score of 6.0 in all elements.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,650

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£22,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Student loans Scholarships Career Development Loans External charities and loans Alumni bursary

Our students

Bolutife Yinusa

Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc

The academics are experts in their field, which makes the quality of teaching very high