MSc Electronic and Electrical Engineering degree

Qualifications available: MSc

Entry requirements
2:2 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Not available
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,950
International fee
£23,500
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc electrical engineering programme draws on the world-class research of the school to provide a broad range of subjects for study.

The programme provides a thorough knowledge of the principles and techniques of this exciting field and has been developed in consultation with industry advisors to ensure it is relevant to today’s workplace.

You will be given the opportunity to acquire research skills by taking part in an individual research project. The project will be guided by an academic from the school. You will choose your supervisor and, by negotiation, your project topic within a range of world leading research areas. You will also acquire practical and theoretical skills that are valued in industry.

You will have access to laboratories and industry standard software such as:

  • Altera, Cadence, Mentor Graphics, Xilinx
  • commercial programming tools (hardware and software) provided by Texas Instruments
  • full wave antenna chambers and microwave test equipment
  • VI visualisation systems
  • state-of-the-art sports technology laboratories.

Who should study this programme?

Our MSc Electronic and Electrical Engineering programme is suitable for recent graduates and engineers with strong mathematical skills and experience of microelectronics.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • world-class facilities and industry standard software
  • develop in consultation with industry advisors.

What you'll study

Our Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc allows you the flexibility to choose between a broad or deep programme of study, over a very wide range of topics, based on your interests.

Modules

The programme runs over one academic year with two semesters (October to June) of taught material. An individual project runs in parallel to the taught material for the two semesters and then continues until the end August. Individual modules run in two week blocks and many have high practical content. There are compulsory modules, including the project, and a number of optional modules to allow students to develop their preferred expertise.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Semester one

Sensors and Actuators for Control

The aims of this module are for the students to understand the options available and the issues related to selection of sensors and actuators for control systems.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module the students should be able to:
- Explain the key issues related to selection of actuators and sensors as part of a control system
- Describe the range of sensor and actuator types and technologies
- Appraise a range of sensor and actuator types and technologies
- Describe the dynamic properties of commonly used sensors and actuators
- Select a sensor for a given application
- Select and undertake fundamental sizing of an actuator for a given application
- Develop dynamic models of commonly used sensors and actuators
- Propose a closed-loop control solution with sensors and actuators included in the analysis
- Propose redundancy schemes for fault tolerance in sensor and actuator applications
- Contribute to a group presentation
- Write a report in a simple, clear, accurate manner, which incorporates all relevant information and is submitted on the specified deadline
- Develop information search and retrieval skills from all available sources including library, manufacturers, data-bases and internet.

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Group exercise with presentation
  • Report

Programming Multi/many-core Systems

The aim of this module is to develop the theory and practice of multi/many-core programming in an engineering context.

Intended leaning outcomes

At the end of the module the students should be able to:
- Write, test and document parallel programs written in C language considering different parallel programming libraries and models, highly adopted in high-performance computing (HPC) and embedded systems
- Explain the main challenges inherent to multi/many-core systems
- Demonstrate an ability to write, clear and understandable parallel solutions
- Exploit features of different parallel programming models

At the end of the module students should have a good understanding of tools and parallel programming practices targeting emerging multi/many-core systems and have hands-on experience in Pthreads and OpenMP programming.

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Lab-based project 1 (40%)
  • Lab-based project 2 (60%)

Semester two

Advanced Electronic Engineering Applications

The aims of this module are to: (a) provide an understanding of advanced electronic engineering applications and (b) provide insight into the practicalities of biomedical and ultrasonic systems.

Intended learning outcomes 

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Understand the key issues related to selection of transducer drivers in electronic systems
- Explain the factors which affect measurements and signals within real environments
- Manipulate measurement and signal data
- Understand the principles and arrangement of transducer/sensor drivers in electronic systems
- Understand the properties of commonly used optical, electrical and acoustic sensor drivers
- Compare the properties of commonly used optical, electrical and acoustic sensor drivers
- Distinguish between signal processing methods and how these can be implemented in engineering applications
- Select an acoustic, electric or optical sensor driver for a given application
- Undertake fundamental circuit design of a sensor driver for a given application
- Develop engineering dynamic models of commonly used sensor drivers
- Propose an engineering solution together with the selection of sensor driver and associated signal processing methods for biomedical monitoring
- Work effectively as part of a group to produce an oral presentation
- Communicate complex ideas in a coherent written format
- Evaluate current research in electronic engineering applications.

Assessment 

  • Coursework (45%)
  • Exam (55%)

Project

The aims of this module are to give postgraduate students the experience of a substantial, individual research project an areas covered by one of the MSc programmes from the School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering and to do this in a manner which illustrates insight into, and training of, appropriate research methods.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the relevant area
- Critically evaluate existing methodologies and propose new one as appropriate
- Critically review current research in the project area
- Evaluate complex and possibly conflicting issues in the project area
- Critically analyse experimental or simulated data
- Maintain an informed approach to the interpretation of data
- Present data in a manner to elucidate an argument
- Draw appropriate conclusions from current research and data obtained
- Assess risks and take appropriate initiatives in risk management
- Use a range of established research tools, techniques and equipment, and/or software as appropriate to the particular individual project
- Communicate complex ideas effectively, both orally and written
- Demonstrate the independent learning ability necessary for continuing professional development
- Analyse problems and formulate solutions
- Demonstrate self-discipline and self-motivation.

 

Assessment 

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Intermediate Progress Report (10%)
  • Application and Effort (20%)
  • Final Report (35%)
  • Viva-Voce Examination (35%)

Semester one

Digital Signal Processing

To develop critical understanding of the fundamentals of digital signal processing, as applied to numerous and commonplace digital systems, with the use of computer simulation based tools.

Intended learning outcomes

At the end of the module students will be able to:
- Explain sampling theorem and the consequences of aliasing and quantisation distortion
- Explain z-transform and Fourier transform and their properties; and relate them to the impulse response and transfer function of a digital filter
- Evaluate critically different structures available for the realisation of finite impulse response (FIR) and infinite impulse response (IIR) digital filters
- Describe ideal filter approximation functions, and the basics of real-time processing
- Critically analyse various signal processing methodologies including the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) and its fast form (FFT) to perform signal analysis, explain their limitations and propose new approaches
- Design linear phase FIR and IIR filters to meet prescribed specifications
- Develop codes in TI 6713 environment
- Solve complex numerical problems.

Assessment

  • Digital filter design (15%)
  • General DSP (15%)
  • Examination (70%)

Communication Networks

The aim of this module is to develop understanding of the principles of networked digital communications.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Explain the theory and methodologies used in modern computer networks
- Analyse the behaviours of computer network protocols
- Calculate delay across a network
- Evaluate the transmission efficiency
- Use a network analyser and evaluate real-time performance of a working network
- Communicate effectively through report writing.

Assessment

  • Coursework (30%)
  • Examination (70%)

Solar Power

The aim of this module is to introduce the facts governing the nature, availability and characteristics of the solar resources and the fundamental concepts of photovoltaics and solar thermal conversion. The conversion technologies are examined critically in terms of design, efficiency, manufacturing options and costs.

Intended learning outcomes 

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Identify the characteristics of the solar resource and its variability in the context of solar energy systems
- Explain the design principles and components used in photovoltaic systems
- Describe the principles, design and manufacturing concepts behind common semiconductor photovoltaic devices
- Describe the operational principles of flat plate solar thermal collectors
- Explain the principles behind passive solar in buildings
- Explain the fundamental processes taking place in a photovoltaic device
- Assess and describe the solar resource at a specified location given appropriate data
- Differentiate between different semiconductor photovoltaic devices according to performance characteristics
- Calculate the overall performance of solar thermal collectors, including analysis of the radiation gain and heat loss of different designs
- Generate and analyse output performance predictions on various PV system technologies
- Analyse the effects of passive solar elements on buildings
- Design photovoltaic and solar thermal systems for optimal energy conversion at a given location and applications
- Measure, analyse and evaluate the electrical characteristics of a photovoltaic device under different operating conditions
- Analyse experimental data
- Solve subject specific numerical and conceptual problems.

Assessment 

  • Coursework (15%)
  • Examination (85%)

Wind Power 1

The aim of this module is to introduce wind power and the fundamental concepts of wind turbine design including aerodynamics, structure and control. The economic, technical, institutional and environmental aspects of onshore and offshore wind farm development are also considered.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Describe the physical characteristics of the wind
- Explain how a wind resource estimate is made
- Describe the principles, electrical, operational and control characteristics of a wind turbine
- Describe the design challenges associated with wind turbines
- Explain the fundamental principles of wind turbine aerodynamics and thus how a wind turbine produces power from the wind
- Explain the fundamental principles of wind turbine control and thus how a wind turbine is controlled
- Describe the wind turbine blade design process
- Describe the challenges associated with siting wind turbines onshore and offshore
- Mathematically analyse the performance of wind turbines
- Use modelled or real data from given sites at a sufficient level to make general predictions of turbine output
- Estimate the wind turbine performances
- Calculate the cost of energy of a wind turbine
- Use relevant software packages
- Analyse experimental data
- Solve complex, subject specific numerical and conceptual problems
- Work as part of a team
- Write a technical report.

Assessment

  • Coursework (15%)
  • Examination (85%)

Semester two

Digital Signal Processing for Software Defined Radio

To develop knowledge and critical understanding in the theory and implementation of digital signal processing, for software defined radio.

Intended learning outcomes 

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Explain software defined radio principles and their implementations in modern communications systems
- Explore and analyse key digital signal processing algorithms for software defined radio
- Implement digital signal processing techniques in software defined radio systems in Matlab
- Generate effectively through report writing
- Analyse and solve subject specific problems
- Communicate effectively through report writing.

Assessment 

  • Coursework (30%)
  • Examination (70%)

Mobile Network Technologies

The aims of this module are to: (a) introduce students to the principals and practicalities of mobile telecommunication systems and prepare the students for future employment in telecommunications industry at an advanced technical level; (b) introduce the constraints and suggest ways that these constraints are countered and (c) present mobile network technology evolution and introduce students to the state-of-the-art mobile telecommunication technologies.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Demonstrate their understanding of mobile network technologies, their operations, networks architectures, multiple access techniques, radio resource management methods
- Recognize the complexities and identify issues associated with mobile communication systems
- Compare various mobile network technologies (2G/3G/4G) and critically analyse their suitability for different applications as well as their associated limitations
- Design multiple access techniques and radio resource management algorithms
- Analyse network design problems with reference to infrastructure, network capacity, security and geographical location
- Manage time effectively
- Work independently and also collaboratively in a group
- Apply their knowledge about mobile network technology when working in industry
- Practise social implications of the mobile communications industry
- Present themselves competitively to R&D jobs in the telecommunications sector.

Assessment 

100% Examination 

Elements of Pulsed Power Technology

This module aims to provide an overview of the basic theory and the techniques involved in pulsed power systems used in many modern and important engineering applications.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module students should understand:
- How various pulsed power generators function
- How fast transient sensors are constructed and appreciate their correct usage in electrical engineering applications and experimentation

On completion of the module students should be able to:
- Analyse transient electrical systems and to select the correct instrumentation for use in measuring the effective parameters of the system
- Analyse a new application and to select the correct sensors for the safe and accurate recording of signals on expensive fast digital recording equipment
- Gain experience in the use of systematic approaches in estimating the required performances of a pulsed generator and sensor and the principal methods of analysing and interpreting the recorded data provided by the sensor.

Assessment 

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Exercise 1 (40%)
  • Exercise 2 (60%)

Radio Frequency and Microwave Integrated Circuit Design

The aims of this module are to enhance the understanding of the principles of Radio Frequency (RF) and Microwave Integrated Circuit/System Design using CAD software simulation tools and measurement techniques.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:
- Describe design considerations of RF components and circuits
- Provide design information in the form of EM equivalent circuits, equations, tabular data and graphs
- Identify and design practical RF and microwave circuits
- Apply RF and microwave circuit principles and analysis
- Predict operational characteristics of RF and microwave circuits using CAD software
- Analyse theoretical and measured data
- Evaluate errors and uncertainties
- Calculate losses and mismatch uncertainty
- Derive S-parameters and impedance measurements
- Derive lumped-element equivalent circuit (EC) models
- Compare equivalent circuit (EC) and electromagnetic (EM) models
- Use CAD tools to design practical RF and microwave circuits
- Produce optimised printed circuit board designs
- Use laboratory measuring equipment and evaluate hardware performance
- Apply systematic approach to RF and Microwave Integrated Circuit design
- Use CAD to analyse RF circuit problems
- Solve numerical problems
- Disseminate technical data.

Assessment

  • Coursework (20%)
  • Examination (80%)

How you'll be assessed

Examinations are held in January and May, with coursework and group work assessments throughout the programme. The high practical content of this course is reflected in the inclusion of laboratory assessments and practical examinations. The individual research project is assessed by written report and viva voce in September.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Consultation with industry to craft the syllabus ensures that you will have an advantage in the job market. The in-depth knowledge acquired can be applied wherever embedded electronic systems are found, including:

  • mobile phones (4/5G)
  • acoustics
  • defence
  • medical instrumentation
  • radio and satellite communication and networked systems
  • control engineering
  • instrumentation
  • signal processing and telecommunications engineering.

Your personal development

Our MSc Electronic and Electrical Engineering will support you to be creative and innovative in problem solving, to manage time and resources appropriately and to learn effectively, continuously and independently in a variety of environments.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A good 2:2 honours degree with a minimum of 55% (or equivalent international qualification) in a relevant science, technology, engineering or maths discipline.

Applicants with qualifications slightly below this level, alternative qualifications and/or professional experience will also be considered.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£23,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Find out more about master's degree funding

Our students and academics

Bolutife Yinusa

Electronic and Electrical Engineering MSc

The academics are experts in their field, which makes the quality of teaching very high