Duncan Cramer

Professor Duncan Cramer

BSc, PhD London

  • Emeritus Professor of Psychological Health

After graduating from University College London in 1969 in Psychology, I completed my PhD in 1973 with Hans Eysenck at the Institute of Psychiatry in London. I lectured for three years in the Psychology Department at Queen's University Belfast before coming to Loughborough in 1977 and retiring in 2013.

I am a Consulting Editor of The Journal of Psychology (2004-) and on the Editorial Boards of Personal Relationships (2001-) and Interpersona: An international journal on personal relationships (2006-). I have been a past Joint Editor (1995-2000) and Associate Editor (1993-1995, 2000-2001) of the British Journal of Medical Psychology and its successor Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice (2001-2010) as well as Associate Editor of the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2004-2009). I have been a Consulting Editor of Individual Differences Research(2003-2014) and on the Editorial Boards of the British Journal of Medical Psychology (1986-1993), the Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology (1993-2003), the British Journal of Social Psychology (1990-1994), Sexualities, Evolution and Gender (2003-2005), the Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (2006-2012) and the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships (2011-). I have been Chair of the Books and Special Projects Group of The British Psychological Society (1998-2001) as well as a member of the group (1995-1998). I have also been a member of the BPS Journals Committee (1995-2000).

My research interests and publications have included such topics as mental health, personality, personal relationships, organizational commitment, psychotherapy and counselling. For example, one of my research interests was in exploring what behaviours couples find helpful in talking about distressing personal problems and how these behaviours may affect their relationship and mental health.

For many years I largely taught two second year compulsory social psychology undergraduate courses. These were Individual Differences and Personality (SSB135) and the Quantitative Research Methods and Statistics component of Methods and Ideas in Psychology (SSB101C). I also supervised third year social psychology undergraduate dissertations, Media and Cultural Analysis MA dissertations and social psychology PhDs.



  • Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2020) Understanding Statistics in psychology with SPSS (8th ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall. 717 pp. ISBN: 978-1-292-28230-5 (pb) 978-1-292-28232-9 (ePub) 978-1-292-28233-6 (PDF) (WOS = ; Psycinfo = ; Google = )
  • Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2020). Research methods in psychology (6th ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall. 570 pp. ISBN: 978-1-292-27670-0 (pb) 978-1-292-27671-4 (ePub) 978-1-292-27672-4 (PDF) (WOS = ; Psycinfo = ; Google = )  
  • Cramer, D. (2017). An introduction to quantitative research in counselling psychology. In Murphy, D. (Ed.), Counselling Psychology: A textbook for study and practice (pp. 408-424). Leicester: British Psychological Society and Chichester: John Wiley and Sons. ISBN: 9781119106852 (hb) 9781119106869 (pb) 9781119106838 (epub) 9781119106845 (PDF)
  • Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2017). Research methods in psychology (5th ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall.
  • Postăvaru, G.-I. & Cramer, D. (2016). A case of methodological premises underlying literature reviews. In SAGE Research Methods Cases. London: Sage. doi: 10.4135/978144627305015595385  
  • Murphy, D. & Cramer, D. (2014). Mutuality of Rogers’ therapeutic conditions and outcome in the first three therapy sessions. Psychotherapy Research24(6), 651-661.
  • Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2014). Introduction to SPSS in psychology: For version 22 and earlier (6th ed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall.
  • Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2014). Introduction to statistics in psychology (6thed.). Harlow: Prentice Hall.
  • Hojjat, M., & Cramer, D. (2013). (Eds.). Positive psychology of love. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Murphy, D., Cramer, D. & Joseph, S. (2012). Mutuality in person-centered therapy: A new agenda for research and practice. Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 11 (2), 109-123.
  • Norris, G., Qureshi, F., Howitt, D. & Cramer, D. (2012). Introduction tostatistics with SPSS for social scientists. Harlow: Pearson.
  • Bryman, A. & Cramer, D. (2011). Quantitative data analysis with IBM SPSS Statistics 17, 18 and 19: A guide for social scientists. Hove: Routledge.