MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade degree

Entry requirements
2:2+
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-4 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,900
International fee
£19,600
Location
London
Application status
Open

Overview

Our master's in Diplomacy, Business and Trade provides an extensive overview of the practice and development of international business and economic diplomacy.

The challenges of trading in the global village, multiple communities and markets driving world commerce through new and old trade routes are dissected in our MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade programme.

You will learn in an environment tailor-made for the development of skills in globalisation and will be supported in acquiring a critical awareness of the current issues involved in the study of relations between diplomacy and international business and trade.

Our master's in Diplomacy, Business and Trade will provide specialised, systematic and in-depth knowledge of the study of and the relationship between diplomacy and international business and trade deploying appropriate theories, concepts and methods associated with the specific subject area.

Who should study this programme?

By studying a master's in diplomacy and trade, you will combine the fundamental elements for those working in diplomatic service. Those who want to acquire a critical awareness of the current issues involved in the study of the relations between diplomacy, international business and trade. This master's in Diplomacy, Business and Trade programme is designed for those wishing to pursue a career in diplomatic service for government or intergovernmental organisations, as well as in non-governmental and the commercial sectors.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

Bryn Proudlove-Wilkes

Hear from Bryn about studying within the The Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance and what postgraduate life is like at Loughborough University London.

What makes this programme different?

  • Academic expertise in Brexit Diplomacy and Multi-Stakeholder negotiations 
  • Discover the latest research affecting global security, extremism and foreign policy
  • Learn in a tailor-made postgraduate learning environment
  • Study in London, home to 163 Embassies and High Commissions

What you'll study

You will learn from the most influential thought leaders, pioneering researchers and creative innovators, exposing you to the latest theories and developments from across your discipline.

Modules

Our MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the modules affiliated with this programme and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Work effectively in diverse and interdisciplinary teams
  • Undertake and contribute towards a project-based development process
  • Apply critical enquiry, reflection, and creative methods to identify, frame, and resolve issues and problems at hand
  • Identify user and stakeholder needs and value creation opportunities, whilst collecting and applying evidence-based information and knowledge to develop appropriate insights, practices and solutions
  • Identify, structure, reflect on key issues and propose solutions to problems in creative ways
  • Enhance your appreciation for diversity and divergent individual and disciplinary perspectives
  • Be able to provide structured, reflective and critical feedback to peers and other stakeholders
  • Plan and execute a project plan including scope, resources and timing
  • Effectively communicate ideas, methods and results to a diverse range of stakeholders
  • Use multiple, state-of-the-art date media and technologies to communicate with collaborators
  • Make informed, critical and reflective decisions in time-limited situations.

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • Peer evaluation (5%)
  • Group project report (40%)
  • Individual essay (55%)

Concepts and Controversies in Diplomacy and International Governance

This insightful module will look at the latest controversies and debates affecting diplomacy and international governance, alongside the evolution of the international system. You will develop an understanding of how the Vienna convention influences diplomatic relations, whilst considering the role of institutions and actors in contemporary international governance. Diplomatic negotiation and international bargaining is also a key aspect of this module, as well as the study of international diplomacy and governance in the 21st Century.
 
The aim of this module to introduce students to the concepts, theories and controversies underpinning the study of international diplomacy and international governance.

Learning Outcomes 

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Critically evaluate the concepts and theories of diplomacy as the exercise of political influence that includes strategies, tactics and techniques
  • Critically evaluate the concepts, theories and controversies of contemporary international governance
  • Analyse the processes of diplomatic policy-making including alternative models of how policy evolves
  • Critically evaluate the importance of assessment, advocacy, bargaining and persuasion as dynamic features of the study of diplomacy
  • Critically assess the concepts and ethics of diplomacy in a professional environment
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of diplomacy and international governance
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying diplomacy and international governance
  • Demonstrate oral communication skills appropriate for professional use
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills, as well as enhanced communication and ICT skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of diplomacy.

Assessment

  • Presentation (30%)
  • Coursework (70%)

International Business and Trade

This module will cover: the role of international business and trade in the global system; emerging players and markets; trends in international business and trade; trade investments; exchange rates and exchange rate systems; the role of international institutions; FDI; the importance of diplomacy in promoting business and trade; the role of governments; and organising diplomatic and trade missions.
 
The aim of this module to introduce you to the international perspectives of business, to assess the complex relationship between international business and trade and diplomacy and to understand the role of governments, diplomacy and diplomatic missions in promoting business and trade. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Critically evaluate the role of international business and trade
  • Analyse the relationship between international business and diplomacy
  • Critically evaluate the role of governments and diplomatic missions in promoting business and trade
  • Critically assess concepts and practice of international business and trade
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of international business and diplomacy
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying international business, diplomacy and governments and diplomatic missions
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills
  • Communication and ICT Skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of international business, diplomacy, and governments and diplomatic missions.

Assessment

  • Group Presentation (15%)
  • Seminar Attendance and Participation (15%)
  • Essay (70%)

The Art of Governance: Diplomacy, Negotiation and Lobbying

The aim of the module is to familiarise students with the theory, frameworks and practice of governance in every aspect.

The module will provide you with a thorough overview of all of the different ways, including questions of professional practice, in which governance is undertaken, negotiated and influenced.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the academic concepts and theories of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying as the exercise of political influence that includes strategies, tactics and techniques
  • Analyse and assess the processes of policy-making including alternative models of how policy evolves
  • Critically evaluate the importance of diplomacy, assessment, advocacy, bargaining, negotiation and persuasion as dynamic features of the art of governance
  • Evaluate the best means to approach different real-life, professional situations using the frameworks of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of differing problem-solving skills for differing governance problems
  • Critically assess which concepts and skills from diplomacy, negotiation and/or lobbying are most relevant for specific professional contexts and problem-solving
  • Identify appropriate information sources pertaining to the study of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for informing diplomatic practice
  • Demonstrate excellent IT and presentation skills
  • Demonstrate understanding of the linkages between academic scholarship and practitioner experience in this field
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills
  • Demonstrate enhanced communication and negotiation skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to all aspects of governance.

Assessment

  • Critical self-reflection (40%)
  • Case study report (60%)

Global Economic Governance

The aim of this module to assess the validity of economic factors in international affairs and to understand the development and dynamics of the global economy and global governance.

The module will cover: understanding the global economy; Global Governance and Global Economic Governance; The Workings of Global Governance; Issues and Challenges; The global financial system; The Challenges of Interdependence; Public Policy; Corporate Actions and the Global Economy; Diplomacy and Global Governance.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the role of economic factors in international affairs
  • Analyse the development and dynamics of the global economy and global governance
  • Critically demonstrate awareness of the workings of global governance today
  • Critically assess concepts and practice of global governance
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of the global economy and global governance; - formulate research questions and research strategies for studying global governance
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills
  • Untilise communication and ICT Skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of global economic governance.

Assessment

  • Country review (10%)
  • Timed essay (90%)

Diplomatic Communication

This module is designed to introduce you to the theoretical approaches to the study of language and to develop your competence in effective diplomatic discourse and communication.

The module will cover: diplomatic language; genres and registers; diplomatic drafting; speech act theory; framing/reframing; persuasion; creative ambiguity; meta-communication; and speech analysis/writing.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate verbal and written diplomatic texts, norms and conventions
  • Analyse diplomatic discourses and diplomatic speech/speech-writing
  • Critically demonstrate awareness of language choices in diplomatic exchanges and dialogue
  • Critically assess diplomatic texts, argumentation and persuasion
  • Identify appropriate sources of diplomatic language, speech and speech-writing and information handling
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying diplomatic discourse
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills, as well as enhanced communication and IT Skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of diplomatic discourse and communication

Assessment

  • Speech analysis (40%)
  • Presentation (60%)

 

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

You will have the choice of three dissertation pathways:

  1. A desk based research project that could be set by an organisation or could be a subject of the student's choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. A professional placement within an organisation during which time students will complete a project as part of their role in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you will achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and will produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in depth and with rigour.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The importance of project planning
  • The importance of a clear hypothesis or research question
  • The ethical implications of research
  • The relevant empirical data and methodologies for data collection or knowledge assimilation for the subject area
  • Methods of data analysis and their suitability for the intended data
  • The areas of expertise or publications of the major individuals or organisations in the subject or business area
  • The previous research or current knowledge in the specific subject or business area
  • Theoretical perspectives relevant to your chosen topic
  • The most effective methods of presentation for data or knowledge
  • Developing a clear, coherent and original research question, hypothesis or business problem in a suitable subject area
  • Synthesising relevant sources (e.g. research literature, primary data) to construct a coherent argument in response to your research question, hypothesis or business problem
  • Analysing primary or secondary data collected by an appropriate method
  • Critically evaluating data collected in context with previously published knowledge or information
  • Engaging in critical debate and argumentation in written work
  • Applying principles of good scholarly practice to your written work
  • Performing appropriate literature searching/business information searching using library databases or other reputable sources
  • Planning a research project and producing a realistic gantt chart demonstrating your intended timelines
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources
  • Demonstrating rational use of research method tools
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Demonstrating effective project planning skills
  • Finding and evaluating scholarly sources
  • Engaging in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills
  • Recognising and using resources effectively
  • Successfully managing a project from idea to completion
  • Demonstrating commercial awareness or the impact of knowledge transfer in a business or research environment.

Assesement

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Research proposal (10%)
  • Dissertation report/essay (90%)

Semester One

Foreign Policy Analysis

This module will explore a number of contemporary foreign policy topics, such as: foreign policy: the system level; foreign policy: the state level (bureaucracy); foreign policy: the state level (public opinion, media, interest groups); foreign policy: the level of the individual decision-maker; and the role of ideas and identities in foreign policy. In addition, a number of case studies will be explored as part of the learning, including: US foreign policy, UK foreign policy, and China's foreign policy.

The aim of this module is to the aim of this module is for you to understand the conceptual tools of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA), acquire specific knowledge relevant to an understanding of the foreign policies of key state actors in the global arena, and develop awareness of the issues and policy contexts that shape these policies.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Situate the analysis of foreign policy within the field of International Relations
  • Identify and deploy the key concepts and terminology of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA)
  • Identify and evaluate key issues shaping the formulation and implementation of foreign policy
  • Apply this knowledge to specific cases of foreign policy decision-making and compare these cases in a systematic manner
  • Locate FPA information and evidence from primary and secondary sources
  • Identify the main approaches to the study of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA) and Comparative Foreign Policy (CFP)
  • Critically assess foreign policy practice
  • Employ critical judgement in relation to case studies of US and UK foreign policy
  • Locate and use appropriate evidence base in a critical essay
  • Reflect on their own learning and use constructive feedback from the module tutor, and peers.

Assessment

  • In-Class Test (30%)
  • Essay (70%)

Peace-Building

This module will cover: historical evolution of peace-building; main institutions and actors involved in peace-building; competing theoretical and practitioner approaches to and frameworks of contemporary peace-building; key critiques of the Liberal peace-building model, and recent re-visions and advancements in scholarship and practice; and will cover a number of case studies.
 
The module aims to introduce, discuss and contrast orthodox and emancipatory approaches to the building of peace after war, via empirical case studies as a means of testing competing theories that explain the intervention, success and failure of contemporary (post-Cold War) peacebuilding. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
 
  • Evaluate the rise of Liberal peacebuilding
  • Evaluate key forces, processes and institutions involved in international peacebuilding
  • Assess competing and complementary critiques and advancements of post-liberal peace-building in scholarship and in practice
  • Apply conventional and critical frameworks of peace-building to contemporary case studies
  • Evaluate the wider implications of success/failure of peace-building for global security and governance.
  • Discern between orthodox and emancipatory peacebuilding
  • Evaluate literature and sources that critically examine the rise and praxis of Liberal peacebuilding
  • Apply competing theories of peace and conflict studies to contemporary cases
  • Plan and execute tasks within a specific timescale and framework
  • Show evidence of independent, critical thinking in problem solving and analysis
  • Engage in debate and present complex ideas and sustained arguments, in a clear and fluent form
  • Work in an independent and self-reliant manner
  • Deploy a range of IT skills common in the workplace.

Assessment

Assessment consists of a critical essay of 3,000 words in length (100%).

Political Risk in Emerging Markets

The module is likely to discuss: what are Political Risks?; the lure of emerging markets; the political and economic geography of emerging markets; varieties of geopolitical risks; international political risks in the emerging markets; governance structures in emerging markets; lobbying; regulatory risks; and emerging markets as nodes in the global market.

The module aims to understand the various dimensions of political risks that affect the business climate in emerging markets; enable students to demonstrate an appreciation of the varieties of political risks in emerging markets; and ensure students are attuned to the politics of 'doing business' in emerging markets.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Discuss diversity of political risks within emerging markets
  • Explain the various factors that make emerging markets important nodes in international business activities
  • Critically evaluate existing literature and understandings of emerging markets
  • Construct reasoned argument, synthesize and analyse relevant information and exercise critical judgement
  • Reflect on their own learning and make use of constructive feedback
  • Analyse current events and discuss them in groups as part of an editorial meeting
  • Discuss essay questions as part of a group and plan possible outlines
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing
  • Use communication and information technology for the retrieval and presentation of information
  • Work individually, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management
  • Explain events as they are reported in media coverage, and examine their contents.

Assessment

One individual assignment in the form of an investor report of up to 4,000 words (100%).

Semester Two

International Security

Critical evaluation of the changing landscape of international security; theories and approaches to the study of international security; emerging trends in contemporary issues and practices; examination and assessment of past and evolving cases of inter-state as well as intra-state security issues.
 
The aim of this module is to examine international security through a variety of traditional and non-traditional frames of reference. The overarching aim of the module is to provide students with a wider understanding of security as it has evolved historically, and the role it plays in contemporary societies and in global politics.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Evaluate various approaches to the study of international security
  • Evaluate the causes of international insecurity
  • Assess the utility of 'securitizing' policy issues, and the impact of securitization on public policy responses; - Evaluate the role and behaviours of international organisations and states in the international system
  • Construct reasoned argument that synthesizes and analyses the merits of competing disciplinary, conceptual and theoretical perspectives outlined in the course of the module
  • Recognise established and emergent phenomena in international security and in crises that impact on the international system
  • Critically debate established and emergent security phenomena and crises
  • Apply - in a written submission - a strong understanding of key security concepts, and theories which contribute to the analysis of crises
  • Present critiques of empirically grounded case study materials
  • Reflect on their own learning and make use of constructive feedback
  • Gather and organise evidence, data and information from a variety of secondary and primary sources
  • Work in small groups
  • Translate scholarship into practice

Assessment

  • Policy Brief (40%)
  • Coursework (60%)

The BRICS and the Changing World Order

This module will investigate the rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa ("The BRICS") at the turn of the 21st century, and explore how their development has come to challenge the Western-led order in world politics. The module will focus on each of the five BRICS countries, and investigate how the evolution of their domestic and foreign policies has influenced their rise in world politics. An emphasis will be put on foreign policy and diplomacy, together with the tools, capabilities or resources employed by the BRICS in order to project their power in world politics.

Simultaneously, the module will engage with different interpretations of power in world politics, drawing on various theories of international relations. This allows the module to probe into the rise of the BRICS in influencing power shifts in world politics. In broader terms, the module evaluates various policy consequences of emerging power shifts and the (potential) responses of the BRICS and the West.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Summarise and explain the main aspects of the rise of the BRICS since the beginning of the 1990s
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the BRICS and their external relations
  • Link and relate theoretical concepts from international relations and political economy to the empirical analysis of power in world politics, and particularly the role of the BRICS
  • Select, synthesise and critically assess academic and policy texts
  • Devise policy solutions and recommendations for policymakers in the BRICS countries
  • Translate academic knowledge into policy relevant work
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying the role changing nature of the world order
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Essay (50%)
  • Policy report (50%)

London as a Global City

The past twenty years has witnessed an unprecedented growth in global cities in both the developed and developing world. This module will introduce students to the politics, economics, society and international relations of London as the main case study through which to examine some of the key debates and controversies surrounding global cities and their place in the world.

This module will explore such issues as how to define global cities, the history of global cities, the social, infrastructure, economic and governance pressures facing global cities, the role of cities in international relations (for example, the concept of paradiplomacy) and the effect of Brexit on London. This course will allow students to understand the role of cities in global politics, not least their importance to the states that still shape international affairs. The course will also allow students to better understand the global city they have chosen to study in.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Summarise/explain the main aspects of a global city and how London fits or does not fit with these
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to global cities, especially London
  • Link and relate theoretical concepts from international relations and political economy to the empirical analysis of London as a global city
  • Devise policy solutions and recommendations for policymakers in London and other global cities
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying the role of global cities in world affairs
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Essay (60%)
  • Book review (40%)

International Organisations

This module will explore:

  • What is an International Organization (IO)?
  • What is an International Governmental Organization (IGO) and what is an International Non-Governmental Organization (INGO)?
  • What do IGOs do? What functions do they have? How effective are they? What is enforcement and compliance?

You will also look at international organisations in practice, studying organizations such as the UN Security Council, the European Union, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and Medecins Sans Frontieres. You will assess how they function, how they work in practice, how well they accomplish their goals, do they achieve results, and what are the current challenges for these organizations?

The aim of this module is to understand the functions, workings and practices of international organisations.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Understand what international organisations are and how they operate
  • Understand what role international organisations play in the making of international rules
  • Apply this knowledge to specific cases of international organisations and international decision-making
  • Locate information and evidence on international organisations from primary and secondary sources
  • Critically assess the workings of international organisations
  • Learn practical aspects of international advocacy
  • Apply critical evidence to produce convincing arguments
  • Reflect on own learning and practices
  • Practice problem-solving skills
  • Practice modalities of working together.

Assessment

  • Coursework (70%)
  • In-class coursework exercise (30%)

Institutional Foundations of Capitalism and Entrepreneurship

By studying Institutional Foundations of Capitalism and Entrepreneurship, you will understand the nature the institutions that structure modern market economies. You will appreciate how key institutions interlock together to create circumstances for innovation, entrepreneurship and growth, alonside appreciating the importance of institutional analysis for economic and business policy-making.

This module aims to: provide students with an understanding of the institutions underlying modern market economies and of the institutional conditions that enable finance, innovation and entrepreneurship; introduce students to prominent multi-disciplinary approaches to the analysis of economic institutions; and introduce students to some key methods used for theoretical and empirical research in this area.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Explain the general nature of institutions and organizations and their role in modern market economies
  • Describe the particular institutional features of property, markets, finance, corporations and states, and their functions in modern market economies
  • Compare and contrast the diverse and uneven evolution of these institutions in different countries
  • Critically evaluate some prominent but different approaches to the analysis of economic institutions
  • Identify the drivers of economic and business activity in modern market economies
  • Summarise the key roles of different institutions in modern market economies
  • Critically evaluate different theoretical approaches in the area
  • Grasp abstract concepts and deploy them in complex empirical circumstances
  • Develop some capacity for interdisciplinary research
  • Critically evaluate theories and methods used to analyse economic and business activity.

Assessment

Assessment consists of 100% coursework, broken down into two assignments (3,000 words in total).

Diversity in Global Organisations

This module will address diversity management in multinational organisations. It will provide an understand the dimensions of diversity within organisations operating across borders and their implications for management of organisations, careers and teams. It will identify differences and complementarities between cultural and institutional framework. The module will teach students to assess the ways in which diversity affects micro-level managerial and team behaviour and to critically assess the extent to which approaches to diversity management are shaped by organisations and external forces. It will introduce debates and theories on how diversity and cross-cultural differences relate to corporate social responsibility and international human resource management practices and organizational performance.

The aims of this module are to:

  • Equip students with the ability to critically assess the implications of diversity in cross-border settings
  • Generate an awareness of how these differences are shaped by organisational and national contexts.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Critically assess theoretical frameworks underpinning diversity and inter-cultural management
  • Assess the ways in which diversity shapes organisational behaviour at individual and group level, including leadership, motivation and team processes
  • Identify the differences in formal and informal national institutions that shape diversity in global organisations and their implications for organisational policy and practice
  • Explain the implications of diversity and cross-cultural management for corporate social responsibility and international human resource management
  • Critically assess the implications, limitations and complementarity of key theories of diversity management
  • Critically reflect upon the challenges and opportunities associated with managing a diverse workforce with implications for organisational performance
  • Critically analyse organizational practice and managerial behavior in diverse, cross-national contexts
  • Assess the effectiveness of relevant national regulations and corporate codes of conduct
  • Critically evaluate recommendations for corporate policy.

Assessment

  • Time-limited take home exam (80%)
  • Group Presentation (20%)

Media and Social Movements

Our Media and Social Movements module will include teaching on the theories on "new" media, global media systems, legal and governmental frameworks, surveillance, social-movement, alternative media practices, and transnational capitalism.

The module introduces the issues around media and social movements, by tracing the theoretical evolution of media and social movements, understanding media within broader social movements in historical processes rather than merely focusing on media technologies or impact media. The model seeks to cover topics on control of media systems on different regions of the world, alternative media practices, anti-imperial protest, non-aligned movements and media and national sovereignty.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module, you should be able to:

  • Identify the theories and trends surrounding media and social movements
  • Contextualise media within specific historical and political conditions
  • Interrogate media systems in different regions of the word and their connection to people’s democratic struggles
  • Understand debates surrounding new information technologies including social media and their relation to social change
  • Explain how media systems are organised and structured
  • Identify the links between current environmental and social issues and media technologies
  • Understand the importance of media in geopolitical conflicts
  • Identify and evaluate alternative media systems
  • Assess material gathered from a range of academic and non-academic sources in order to develop a critical understanding of theories and practices
  • Use material presented in teaching sessions, along with other sources, to produce an in-depth evaluation of an existing research study
  • Evaluate methodologies used in academic research to develop new research questions or hypotheses for investigation
  • Use critical perspectives to analyse emerging trends in media and social movements
  • Design, implement and evaluate an original study in a topic relevant to the field
  • Engage with major thinkers, debates and intellectual paradigms within the fields of media, communication and culture, critiquing and synthesising the insights gained in your own analytical work
  • Analyse new and emerging trends and interrogate both common sense understanding and received wisdom in relevant areas of inquiry
  • Discuss and evaluate transformations in digital media and their social, political, economic and cultural contexts and wield this understanding in appraising current patterns of development, such as cultural globalisation and media convergence
  • Discuss their self-designed research and the issues it raises reflexively
  • Gather, process, analyse and evaluate primary data
  • Locate and critique relevant academic and non-academic sources
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Understand the impact of digital media on culture
  • Understand emerging trends in digital media
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field
  • Be able to plan, organise and manage coursework assignments, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Report (30%)
  • Essay (70%)

Students must choose and complete one of the three optional modules in Semester One, and complete one of the seven optional modules in Semester Two to complete the MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade.

How you'll be assessed

You will complete a combination of written and practical assessments, which may vary depending on the module choices you make. You can expect to complete essays and reports of varying lengths, as well as presentations, proposals and pitches in some cases. For information about the assessments you will be expected to complete for each module, please see the module lists for this programme.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

Loughborough University London prides itself on the high calibre of graduates it produces, and provides great opportunities for you to develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Our MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade programme will prepare you for a career in business and trade, by giving you an understanding of the function and purpose of diplomacy in international business development.

Graduates of MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade will be equipped with the advanced skills and expertise enabling them to pursue a career in diplomatic service for government or intergovernmental organisations, as well as those operating in the non-governmental and the commercial sectors.

Graduates will also have the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and career prospects further by undertaking an MPhil or PhD programme.

Your personal development

The Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance offers high-quality masters programmes taught by outstanding teaching staff and professionals that are well connected within their field. You will benefit from the guidance and tuition of an academic team with an unrivalled track record in the teaching of Diplomacy and other related disciplines.

The careers and employability support on offer at Loughborough University London and has been carefully designed to give you the best possible chance of securing your dream role.

Loughborough University London is the first of its kind to develop a suite of careers-focused activities and support that is positioned as the underpinning of every student’s programme. Opportunities include employability assessments, group projects set by a real businesses and organisations, company site visits and organisation-based dissertation opportunities.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:2 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in a wide range of subjects.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,900

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£19,600

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding