Diplomacy, Business and Trade MSc

Entry requirements
2:2 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Up to 4 years
Start date
September 2019
UK / EU fee
£10,550
International fee
£19,000
Location
London

Overview

Our MSc in Diplomacy, Business and Trade provides an extensive overview of the practice and development of international business and economic diplomacy.

The challenges of trading in the global village, multiple communities and markets driving world commerce through new and old trade routes are dissected in our Diplomacy, Business and Trade programme.

You will learn in an environment tailor-made for the development of skills in globalisation and will be supported in acquiring a critical awareness of the current issues involved in the study of relations between diplomacy and international business and trade.

Our Diplomacy, Business and Trade programme will provide specialised, systematic and in-depth knowledge of the study of and the relationship between diplomacy and international business and trade deploying appropriate theories, concepts and methods associated with the specific subject area.

Bryn Proudlove-Wilkes

Hear from Bryn about studying within the The Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance and what postgraduate life is like at Loughborough University London.

What makes this programme different?

  • Academic expertise in Brexit Diplomacy and Multi-Stakeholder negotiations 
  • Discover the latest research affecting global security, extremism and foreign policy
  • Learn in a tailor-made postgraduate learning environment
  • Study in London, home to 163 Embassies and High Commissions

Who should study this programme?

Those who want to acquire a critical awareness of the current issues involved in the study of the relations between diplomacy, international business and trade.

Why you should choose us

What you'll study

You will learn from the most influential thought leaders, pioneering researchers and creative innovators, exposing you to the latest theories and developments from across your discipline.

Modules

Our Diplomacy, Business and Trade MSc covers a wide range of topics; to give you a taster we have expanded on some of the modules affiliated with this programme and the specific assessment methods associated with each module.

Concepts and Controversies in Diplomacy and International Governance

This insightful module will look at the latest controversies and debates affecting diplomacy and international governance, alongside the evolution of the international system. You will develop an understanding of how the Vienna convention influences diplomatic relations, whilst considering the role of institutions and actors in contemporary international governance. Diplomatic negotiation and international bargaining is also a key aspect of this module, as well as the study of international diplomacy and governance in the 21st Century.  

Learning Outcomes 

On completion of this module you should be able to:
 
  • Critically evaluate the concepts and theories of diplomacy as the exercise of political influence that includes strategies, tactics and techniques
  • Critically evaluate the concepts, theories and controversies of contemporary international governance
  • Analyse the processes of diplomatic policy-making including alternative models of how policy evolves
  • Critically evaluate the importance of assessment, advocacy, bargaining and persuasion as dynamic features of the study of diplomacy
  • Critically assess the concepts and ethics of diplomacy in a professional environment
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of diplomacy and international governance
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying diplomacy and international governance
  • Demonstrate oral communication skills appropriate for professional use
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills, as well as enhanced communication and ICT skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of diplomacy

Assessment

  • 100% coursework

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

You will have the choice of three dissertation pathways:

  1. A desk based research project that could be set by an organisation or could be a subject of the student's choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. An Internship within an organisation during which time students will complete a project as part of their role in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you will achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and will produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in more detail.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The importance of project planning;
  • The importance of a clear hypothesis or research question;
  • The ethical implications of research;
  • The relevant empirical data and methodologies for data collection or knowledge assimilation for the subject area;
  • Methods of data analysis and their suitability for the intended data;
  • The areas of expertise or publications of the major individuals or organisations in the subject or business area;
  • The previous research or current knowledge in the specific subject or business area;
  • Theoretical perspectives relevant to your chosen topic;
  • The most effective methods of presentation for data or knowledge;
  • Developing a clear, coherent and original research question, hypothesis or business problem in a suitable subject area;
  • Synthesising relevant sources (e.g. research literature, primary data) to construct a coherent argument in response to your research question, hypothesis or business problem;
  • Analysing primary or secondary data collected by an appropriate method;
  • Critically evaluating data collected in context with previously published knowledge or information;
  • Engaging in critical debate and argumentation in written work;
  • Applying principles of good scholarly practice to your written work;
  • Performing appropriate literature searching/business information searching using library databases or other reputable sources;
  • Planning a research project and producing a realistic gantt chart demonstrating your intended timelines;
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources;
  • Demonstrating rational use of research method tools;
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills;
  • Demonstrating effective project planning skills;
  • Finding and evaluating scholarly sources;
  • Engaging in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation;
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills;
  • Recognising and using resources effectively;
  • Successfully managing a project from idea to completion;
  • Demonstrating commercial awareness or the impact of knowledge transfer in a business or research environment

Assesement

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 20% Literature review
  • 20% Research proposal
  • 60% Dissertation report/essay

Economic Global Governance

The aim of this module to assess the validity of economic factors in international affairs and to understand the development and dynamics of the global economy and global governance.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the role of economic factors in international affairs;
  • Analyse the development and dynamics of the global economy and global governance;
  • Critically demonstrate awareness of the workings of global governance today;
  • Critically assess concepts and practice of global governance ;
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of the global economy and global governance; - formulate research questions and research strategies for studying global governance;
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills;
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience;
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills;
  • Communication and ICT Skills;
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of global economic governance.

Assessment

  • 40% Critical Report
  • 60% Presentation

International Business and Trade

Introduction; The role of International Business and Trade in the Global System; Emerging Players and Markets; Trends in International Business and Trade; Trade Investments; Exchange Rates and Exchange Rate Systems; The Role of International Institutions; FDI; The importance of Diplomacy in Promoting Business and Trade; The Role of Governments; Organising Diplomatic and Trade Missions
 
The aim of this module to introduce you to the international perspectives of business, to assess the complex relationship between international business and trade and diplomacy and to understand the role of governments, diplomacy and diplomatic missions in promoting business and trade. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
 
  • Critically evaluate the role of international business and trade
  • Analyse the relationship between international business and diplomacy
  • Critically evaluate the role of governments and diplomatic missions in promoting business and trade
  • Critically assess concepts and practice of international business and trade
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the study of international business and diplomacy
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying international business, diplomacy and governments and diplomatic missions
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills
  • Communication and ICT Skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of international business, diplomacy, and governments and diplomatic missions

Assessment

  • 40% Critical Report
  • 60% Presentation

The Art of Governance: Diplomacy, Negotiation and Lobbying

The aim of the module is to familiarise students with the theory, frameworks and practice of governance in every aspect.

The module will provide you with a thorough overview of all of the different ways, including questions of professional practice, in which governance is undertaken, negotiated and influenced.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the academic concepts and theories of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying as the exercise of political influence that includes strategies, tactics and techniques
  • Analyse and assess the processes of policy-making including alternative models of how policy evolves
  • Critically evaluate the importance of diplomacy, assessment, advocacy, bargaining, negotiation and persuasion as dynamic features of the art of governance
  • Evaluate the best means to approach different real-life, professional situations using the frameworks of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of differing problem-solving skills for differing governance problems
  • Critically assess which concepts and skills from diplomacy, negotiation and/or lobbying are most relevant for specific professional contexts and problem-solving
  • Identify appropriate information sources pertaining to the study of diplomacy, negotiation and lobbying
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for informing diplomatic practice
  • Demonstrate excellent IT and presentation skills
  • Demonstrate understanding of the linkages between academic scholarship and practitioner experience in this field
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills
  • Demonstrate enhanced communication and negotiation skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to all aspects of governance

Assessment

  • Coursework (100%)

The Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students, you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Work effectively in diverse and interdisciplinary teams;
  • Undertake and contribute towards a project-based development process;
  • Apply critical enquiry, reflection, and creative methods to identify, frame, and resolve issues and problems at hand;
  • Identify user and stakeholder needs and value creation opportunities, whilst collecting and applying evidence-based information and knowledge to develop appropriate insights, practices and solutions;
  • Identify, structure, reflect on key issues and propose solutions to problems in creative ways;
  • Enhance your appreciation for diversity and divergent individual and disciplinary perspectives;
  • Be able to provide structured, reflective and critical feedback to peers and other stakeholders;
  • Plan and execute a project plan including scope, resources and timing;
  • Effectively communicate ideas, methods and results to a diverse range of stakeholders;
  • Use multiple, state-of-the-art date media and technologies to communicate with collaborators;
  • Make informed, critical and reflective decisions in time-limited situations.

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 20% Group project proposal
  • 20% Individual reflection
  • 30% Final project report
  • 30% Project deliverables to the client

Students must choose and complete 5 of the 8 optional modules to complete the MSc Cyber Security and Big Data. 2 of these modules must be completed in Semester 1 and 3 in semester 2. 

Please see the Optional Modules tab or email London@lboro.ac.uk for more information.

Diplomatic Communication

This module is designed to introduce you to the theoretical approaches to the study of language and to develop your competence in effective diplomatic discourse and communication.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate verbal and written diplomatic texts, norms and conventions
  • Analyse diplomatic discourses and diplomatic speech/speech-writing
  • Critically demonstrate awareness of language choices in diplomatic exchanges and dialogue
  • Critically assess diplomatic texts, argumentation and persuasion
  • Identify appropriate sources of diplomatic language, speech and speech-writing and information handling
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying diplomatic discourse
  • Demonstrate excellent oral communication skills
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience
  • Demonstrate research management and self-learning skills, as well as enhanced communication and IT Skills
  • Manage research, resource materials, data and referencing, and research findings relating to the study of diplomatic discourse and communication

Assessment

  • 100% coursework

 

International Security

Critical evaluation of the changing landscape of international security; theories and approaches to the study of international security; emerging trends in contemporary issues and practices; examination and assessment of past and evolving cases of inter-state as well as intra-state security issues.
 
The aim of this module is to examine international security through a variety of traditional and non-traditional frames of reference. The overarching aim of the module is to provide students with a wider understanding of the security context in which politics, trade and conflict occur. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
 
  • Evaluate various approaches to the study of international security
  • Evaluate the causes of international insecurity
  • Assess the utility of 'securitizing' policy issues, and the impact of securitization on public policy responses; - Evaluate the role and behaviours of international organisations and states in the international system
  • Construct reasoned argument that synthesizes and analyses the merits of competing disciplinary, conceptual and theoretical perspectives outlined in the course of the module
  • Recognise established and emergent phenomena in international security and in crises that impact on the international system
  • Critically debate established and emergent security phenomena and crises
  • Apply - in a written submission - a strong understanding of key security concepts, and theories which contribute to the analysis of crises
  • Present critiques of empirically grounded case study materials
  • Reflect on their own learning and make use of constructive feedback
  • Gather and organise evidence, data and information from a variety of secondary and primary sources
  • Work in small groups
  • Translate scholarship into practice

Assessment

  • 40% Policy Brief
  • 60% Coursework

The Politics and Practice of the EU

The aim of this module is for students to understand the institutions and decision-making procedures of the European Union (EU) as well as key policy domains that are of particular interest to diplomacy and diplomatic perspectives. 

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, students should be able to:
 
  • Situate the analysis of European Integration and the European Union (EU)
  • Identify and deploy the key concepts, theories and terminology of European Integration
  • Identify and evaluate key institutions and decision-making procedures of the European Union (EU)
  • Apply this knowledge to selected policy fields
  • Locate studies of European Integration and the European Union (EU) from primary and secondary
  • sources
  • Identify the main approaches to the study of European Integration and the European Union (EU)
  • Critically assess the practical workings of the European Union (EU)
  • Employ critical judgement in relation to case studies of selected EU policy areas
  • Locate and appropriate evidence base in a critical report
  • Reflect on their own learning and use constructive feedback from the module tutor, and peers

Assessment

  • 100% coursework

The BRICS and the Changing World Order

This module will investigate the rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa ("The BRICS") at the turn of the 21st century, and explore how their development has come to challenge the Western-led order in world politics. The module will focus on each of the five BRICS countries, and investigate how the evolution of their domestic and foreign policies has influenced their rise in world politics. An emphasis will be put on foreign policy and diplomacy, together with the tools, capabilities or resources employed by the BRICS in order to project their power in world politics.

Simultaneously, the module will engage with different interpretations of power in world politics, drawing on various theories of international relations. This allows the module to probe into the rise of the BRICS in influencing power shifts in world politics. In broader terms, the module evaluates various policy consequences of emerging power shifts and the (potential) responses of the BRICS and the West.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Summarise and explain the main aspects of the rise of the BRICS since the beginning of the 1990s
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the BRICS and their external relations
  • Link and relate theoretical concepts from international relations and political economy to the empirical analysis of power in world politics, and particularly the role of the BRICS
  • Select, synthesise and critically assess academic and policy texts
  • Devise policy solutions and recommendations for policymakers in the BRICS countries
  • Translate academic knowledge into policy relevant work
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying the role changing nature of the world order
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience

Assessment

  • 100% coursework

Guided Diplomacy: The Hidden Hand of Secret Intelligence and Espionage

This module will introduce you to the opaque world of secret intelligence and the methods exploited by governments throughout the world to better inform both long and short term decision-making across a variety of competing agencies and departments. You will develop a practical understanding of how intelligence is gathered both overtly and covertly (espionage), as well as analysed, protected (counter intelligence), shared (global intelligence communities) and disseminated by policy makers. The module will also explore the limitations of intelligence and critically appraise accusations of failure by investigating several high profile cases. 

Learning Outcomes 

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Explain the evolution, limitations and significance of secret intelligence
  • Identify the central conceptual and theoretical issues needed to understand and explain secret intelligence processes including their role in contemporary governance 
  • Explain the intelligence cycle in terms of direction, planning and collection through various methods including human, signals and imagery 
  • Explain how intelligence is processed and disseminated to appropriate stakeholders and understand the challenges faced by policy makers in appropriately exploiting intelligence products 
  • Identify the dominant secret intelligence agencies around the world and the extent to which they co-operate and share intelligence on terrorist and organised criminal networks 
  • Appreciate the limitations of intelligence and why accountants suggest it has at times dramatically failed in certain high profile cases 
  • Understand and explain why counter intelligence is becoming increasingly difficult in a technological age of smart phones and social media 

Assessment

60% coursework and 40% timed examination

Second subject modules (your choice of one)

Peace-Building

Frameworks of contemporary peace-building; key approaches and critiques; case studies; The Nature of Peace-building in a Liberal World, what role for diplomacy in peace-building; diplomatic strategies, outcomes and failures.
 
The module aims to introduce, discuss and contrast orthodox and emancipatory approaches to the building of peace after war, via empirical case studies as a means of testing competing theories that explain the intervention, success and failure of contemporary (post-Cold War) peacebuilding. 

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
 
  • Explain the rise of Liberal peacebuilding
  • Discuss key forces, processes and institutions involved international peacebuilding
  • Apply systemic theories of intervention in the post-Cold War Era to contemporary phenomena of international peacebuilding
  • Discern between orthodox and emancipatory peacebuilding
  • Discuss literature and sources that critically examine the rise and praxis of Liberal peacebuilding; - apply contemporary case studies to a range of theories of peace and conflict studies
  • Take responsibility for planning and executing tasks within a specific timescale and framework
  • Show evidence of independent, critical thinking in problem solving and analysis
  • Engage in debate and present complex ideas and sustained arguments, in a clear and fluent form; - work in an independent and self-reliant manner
  • Deploy a range of IT skills common in the workplace

Assessment

  • 100% Coursework

Foreign Policy Analysis

Introduction: What is foreign policy analysis? Explaining foreign policy: the system level. Explaining foreign policy: the nation-state level. Explaining foreign policy: the level of the individual decision-maker. Interests, norms and ethics: the critical evaluation of foreign policy. Case 1. US foreign policy. Case 2. UK foreign policy. Case 3. Russia foreign policy. Case 4. China foreign policy. The Future of Foreign Policy Analysis I: Resilience and International Crisis Management. The Future of Foreign Policy Analysis II: Interplay of International Institutions and Global Arena.

The aim of this module is to the aim of this module is for you to understand the conceptual tools of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA), acquire specific knowledge relevant to an understanding of the foreign policies of key state actors in the global arena, and develop awareness of the issues and policy contexts that shape these policies.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Situate the analysis of foreign policy within the field of International Relations
  • Identify and deploy the key concepts and terminology of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA)
  • Identify and evaluate key issues shaping the formulation and implementation of foreign policy
  • Apply this knowledge to specific cases of foreign policy decision-making and compare these cases in a systematic manner
  • Locate FPA information and evidence from primary and secondary sources
  • Identify the main approaches to the study of Foreign Policy Analysis (FPA) and Comparative Foreign Policy (CFP)
  • Critically assess foreign policy practice
  • Employ critical judgement in relation to case studies of US and UK foreign policy
  • Locate and use appropriate evidence base in a critical essay
  • Reflect on their own learning and use constructive feedback from the module tutor, and peers

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 40% Essay 1
  • 60% Essay 2

Organisational Behaviour in the Sport Industry

The aims of this module are to:
 
Apply organisational behaviour theory to the business and sporting context. 
Critically analyse the factors influencing individual and group behaviour in sport organisations. 
Identify and analyse trends in organisational behaviour in sport organisations. 

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the unit, students should be able to: 
  • Explain the nature of Organisational Behaviour and individual behaviour within the context of the sports industry
  • Reflect on organisational behaviour theory in the sports industry
  • Take responsibility for planning and managing own learning
 
Key/transferable skills 
  • Manage their own learning
  • Express their ideas in an effective manner both in writing and orally
  • Read critically 

Assessment  

  • 50% Essay
  • 30% Report
  • 20% Presentation

Principles of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management

The theory of entrepreneurship and the importance of entrepreneurial action to the innovation process; the contemporary business environment; micro and macro environments; intellectual property; funding & finance; project management; corporate responsibility & sustainability; governance; ethics; business planning; strategy; risk analysis and failure.

The aim of this module is to equip you with an in depth knowledge of the innovation process, its importance to the economy and an understanding of all of the various factors affecting its success including intellectual property, funding and strategy. We will introduce the academic theories of entrepreneurship and analyse the personality traits and behaviours associated with entrepreneurs.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Innovation as a process
  • Identify the academic theories of entrepreneurship
  • Identify the factors influencing the success of organisations
  • Relate innovation theory to the performance of organisations
  • Use investigative and research skills
  • Demonstrate effective report writing skills
  • Demonstrate commercial awareness

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 50% Report 1
  • 50% Report 2

The Key Topics in Media and Creative Industries

The module content will include: defining media and creative industries; ownership, concentration and control in media and creative industries; innovation and technological change; media and creative markets; business models in media and creative industries; copyright; global media cities; clustering of media and creative industries; media and cultural policy.

The aim of this module is to introduce you to key critical debates relating to the economics of media and creative industries and their social, cultural and political implications.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Understand how and why the media and creative industries have been defined
  • Understand the importance of industrial structure in media and creative industries
  • Understand the implications of innovation and technological change for media and creative industries
  • Understand changing business models in media and creative industries
  • Understand the importance of copyright and how this is affected by technological change
  • Understand why media and creative industries cluster in particular spaces and cities
  • Understand the globalisation of media and creative industries
  • Understand media and cultural policy
  • Identify, debate and evaluate relevant critical perspectives on media and creative industries
  • Systematically assess the implicit theoretical assumptions of contrasting perspectives
  • Use critical perspectives to analyse emerging trends in media and creative industries
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Assess the empirical validity of competing perspectives
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Understand the behaviour of firms in media and creative industries
  • Understand emerging trends in media and creative industries
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field
  • Be able to plan, organise and manage coursework assignments, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

  • 100% Coursework

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

You will complete a combination of written and practical assessments, which may vary depending on the module choices you make. You can expect to complete essays and reports of varying lengths, as well as presentations, proposals and pitches in some cases. For information about the assessments you will be expected to complete for each module, please see the compulsory and optional module lists for this programme.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study

Your personal and professional development

Loughborough University London prides itself on the high calibre of graduates it produces, and provides great opportunities for you to develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Our MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade masters will prepare you for a career in business and trade, by giving you an understanding of the function and purpose of diplomacy in international business development.

Graduates of MSc Diplomacy, Business and Trade will be equipped with the advanced skills and expertise enabling them to pursue a career in diplomatic service for government or intergovernmental organisations, as well as those operating in the non-governmental and the commercial sectors.

Your personal development

The Institute for Diplomacy and International Governance offers high-quality masters programmes taught by outstanding teaching staff and professionals that are well connected within their field. You will benefit from the guidance and tuition of an academic team with an unrivalled track record in the teaching of Diplomacy and other related disciplines.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (2:2 or above) or equivalent overseas qualification in a social sciences, humanities or associated subject.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) 17 15 12.5
Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat 20 20 20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia - honours degree (AQF level 8) First class Upper second, H2A Lower second, 2B
Australia - ordinary degree (AQF level 7) High Distinction 85% Distinction 80% Distinction 75%

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree 1st (70%) 2nd (60%) 2nd (55%)
Other universities 1st (80%) 1st (70%) 2nd - (60%)

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Barbados - letter grading A B (or 75%) C (or 55%)
Barbados - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.0
Licenciatura or Título Profissional A B C

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada - GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.5/85% 3.0/75% 2.8/68%
Canada - out of 9 8 7 5
Canada - out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.5 3.0

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 or Notable 7.0 or 70 or Sufficiente

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6
Título de [subject area] 85% 75% 60%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala - 80% 60%
Private university - 85% 70%

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's - Pass with distinction or GPA 4.0 -

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan - GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon - American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
Lebanon - French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liberia - master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (4.0) 80 (3.0) 75 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 80% (3.0)
Master's degree Master's Master's Master's

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia - classification First Class 2.1 2.2
Malaysia - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nepal - master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 70% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nicaragua - 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan master's (2 or 3 year bachelor's plus master's) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Panama 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines - degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1 or 16/20 or 70% 2:2 or 14/20 or 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
Saudi Arabia GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Senegal - 14/20 or bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Serbia 9 8.25 7.5

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sierra Leone - classification - 2:1 2:2
Sierra Leone - percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Sierra Leone - letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore - classification First Upper second Lower second
Singapore - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
Singapore - GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
South Africa - percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5
Spain - UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria - state universities 85% 75% 65%
Syria - private universities 95% 85% 75%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan - prestigious national universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan - excellent universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan - good universities 88% 83% 80%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Trinidad and Tobago - University of the West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st 2:1 2:2

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 (tres bien) 13 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uruguay 10/12 8/12 or MB or 90% 6.5/12 or B or 80%

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - out of 20 - 16 14
Venezuela - out of 9 - 7 6.5

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zambia - master's - B+ or 3.5 or 70% -

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zimbabwe - 65% 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,550

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£19,000

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

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