MSc Advanced Physics degree

Entry requirements
2:2 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Not available
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,950
International fee
£23,500
Location
Loughborough
Department
Physics
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc physics programme will give you the key skills needed for employment in industry, public service or academic research.

Reflecting the research strengths and specialisms of our Department of Physics, the MSc Advanced Physics programme combines compulsory modules in superconductivity and nanoscience with options that include quantum computing and solid state physics.

Over the course of the programme, you will explore diverse modules which will allow you to apply and communicate your knowledge of materials science. This will culminate in the development of an individual project essay in which you will consider a particular aspect of physics and gain experience in conducting a piece of original applied research. This project will be devoted to one of several topical areas of modern physics, including:

  • high-temperature superconductivity
  • terahertz semiconductor and superconductor electronics
  • quantum computing and quantum metamaterials
  • physics of extreme conditions.

Your studies will be enhanced by our recent investment in state-of-the-art labs, giving you access to a wide variety of experimental facilities including pulsed laser deposition, atomic force microscopy, Raman scattering and x-ray diffraction. In addition, we have a departmental observatory with a 16-inch equatorially-mounted Meade telescope and other astronomical equipment.

Who should study this programme?

This programme is aimed at students who are passionate about physics and seek a master's in the subject to deepen their knowledge. Our MSc physics gives you the opportunity to grow and specialise in your area of interest. You will also be able to conduct an individual project (with academic supervision) in which you can apply your broad understanding of basic principles to the solution of a specific and detailed problem pertinent to an area of current research activity.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • delivered by internationally renowned experts
  • a wide range of experimental facilities
  • acquire specialist knowledge at the cutting-edge of modern physics.

What you'll study

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Mathematical Methods for Interdisciplinary Sciences (15 credits)

This module will help you to develop the mathematical skills needed for your research projects. It will also introduce some of the mathematical methods that can be applied to models in a range of interdisciplinary sciences. Students who complete the module should be able to comprehend an extended range of advanced mathematical methods, including ordinary differential and partial differential equations, integral equations and the use of variational technique.

The module will enable you to have improved skills in solving differential equations and have an enhanced ability to use specific analytical and numerical physical methods. You'll also be able to apply a range of mathematical methods to various interdisciplinary problems.

Topics studied may include:

  • Ordinary and partial differential equations
  • Integral equations
  • Qualitative analysis of differential equations
  • Variational techniques

Research Methods in Physics (15 credits)

In preparation for your research project, this module will introduce you to the application of a research method in modern physics and to the literature on this method.

The skilled, precise and intelligent use of research techniques is the cornerstone of physics. You will learn the principles of operation of appropriate physics research techniques and will be expected to explain their utilisation. This may include theoretical, computational or experimental techniques.

The ability to search literature effectively and to collate and assimilate information on a current research method is an important skill for a research scientist. Under supervision, you will review literature relevant to the chosen research method to gain an appreciation of the underpinning physics and a critical understanding of how the method may be applied.

Topics studied may include:

  • How to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of a research method
  • Explaining the application of this method in your field of research
  • How to describe aspects of current research in your chosen area
  • Employing the research method within your field of study
  • Evaluating the strengths and limitations of the research method
  • How to appraise the literature of the specified area research method
  • Using written and verbal communication to inform an audience about the research method

Optional modules (choose two)

Characterisation Techniques in Solid State Physics (15 credits)

This module will provide you with knowledge and understanding of the range of techniques available for characterisation of bulk and thin films, with an emphasis on functional materials.

At the end of the module you will be able to identify appropriate characterisation techniques for specific research questions, as well as critically discuss the pros and cons of alternative methods. This will be demonstrated with examples of current literature and research methods.

Topics studied may include:

  • structural characterisation techniques:
    • Fourier transforms
    • X-ray and neutron scattering lengths
    • form factors
    • elastic and inelastic scattering
    • reflectometry
    • powder and single crystal diffraction
    • space groups
    • the Rietveld refinement method
  • electric and thermal characterisation techniques:
    • Van der Pauw and magnetoresistance measurements
    • Hall effect
    • quantum Hall effect (and related anomalous and normal)
    • Nernst effect
    • Shubnikov - de Haas effect (and related de Haas - van Alpen and Shubnikov de Haas oscillations)
    • calorimetry and thermal methods
    • Seebeck, Peltier and spin Seebeck effects
  • magnetic characterisation techniques:
    • SQUID
    • VSM
    • magnetic imaging
    • example applications.

Quantum Information (15 credits)

This module will introduce you to current ideas on the relation between quantum mechanics and information theory, including applications to communication. You'll learn how to describe the ideas of information theory and recognise the principles underlying quantum information and its application to communication. You'll gain a deeper understanding of mathematical methods, in particular linear algebra, and you'll evaluate a subject from the literature. You will also learn how to interpret the results of a computer simulation of an experiment.

Topics covered may include:

  • quantum mechanics of two-state systems
  • Bloch sphere representation
  • entanglement
  • EPR experiment
  • Bell and CHSH inequalities
  • entanglement measures
  • multi-partite entanglement
  • density matrices
  • reduced density matrices
  • pure and mixed states
  • information theory
  • Shannon and von Neumann entropy
  • mutual information in classical and quantum systems
  • classical and quantum cryptography
  • quantum key distribution
  • quantum teleportation and other protocols
  • selection of topics from current research (covered in part by the presentations)

Superconductivity and Nanoscience (15 credits)

This module will provide you with an understanding of the principles underlying applied superconductivity and the functioning of superconducting devices.

Topics studied may include:

  • History of superconductivity
  • Type I and Type II superconductors
  • application of superconductors
  • Ginzburg-Landau theory
  • London theory
  • magnetic field quantization
  • vortices in superconductors
  • critical-state model
  • Josephson effect
  • resistively-capacitively shunted junction
  • Quantum description of Josephson junctions
  • Charge qubit
  • flux qubit
  • phase qubit
  • coherent oscillations
  • Josephson junction in magnetic fields
  • sine-Gordon model
  • Josephson plasma waves.

Physics of Complex Systems (15 credits)

This module will give you a broad introduction to the ideas, phenomenology and methods of contemporary theory of physics of complex systems. It will familiarise you with the principal concepts of the field and show universality of these concepts in diverse physics problems.

Topics studied may include:

  • introduction to complex physics
  • discrete dynamical systems:
    • iterative maps
    • orbits
    • fixed and periodic points
    • bifurcations
    • chaos
    • attractors
    • synchronisation
  • introduction to complex systems:
    • definition and models
    • examples of complex systems, including economics and society
  • networks:
    • random and scale free networks
    • connectivity and structure
    • complex networks
    • applications of statistical physics to complex networks
  • complex materials
  • economic and social applications

Quantum Computing (15 credits)

This module will explain the principles, promises and limitations of quantum computers and their possible physical realisations.

Topics covered may include:

  • Theory of computation:
    • Turing machines
    • P and NP complexity classes
    • classical computer architecture
    • logic gates
  • DiVincenzo checklist:
    • Qubits
    • unitary transformations
    • one-bit and two-bit gates
    • decoherence and error correction
  • limited range of algorithms:
    • Deutsch-Jozsa algorithms
    • Shor's factorisation
    • Grover's search algorithm
  • implementation:
    • quantum dots
    • NMR
    • Josephson junctions
    • atom traps
    • ion traps
    • quantum optics
    • adiabatic quantum computing

Research Project (90 credits)

This module will enhance your research skills and enable you to make a contribution to the advancement of your subject. Under the guidance of your supervisor, you will choose a research topic which refers to a field of current interest in physics, building on the skills developed in the Research Methods in Physics module.

Topics covered may include:

  • How to critically discuss an advanced current issue within a specified area of physics
  • How to evaluate and critique methods used in the production of research outputs and, where appropriate, proposing new hypotheses
  • Dealing with complex problems systematically and plan a scientific programme of work including project timelines
  • How to conduct directed research in physics at a level commensurate with a professional physicist
  • Using appropriate theoretical and/or experimental techniques to create and interpret knowledge in specified area of physics, and making appropriate recommendations for future work
  • How to effectively communicate your research findings via report and poster

Optional modules (choose one)

Polymer Properties (15 credits)

The aim of this module is to introduce the principles underlying the properties of polymers in relation to their utilisation in industrial applications. On completion of this module, students should have knowledge and understanding of the mechanical behaviour of viscoelastic solids; principles of fracture mechanics and measurement of fracture toughness; ductile and brittle failure modes and implications for product design; fracture mechanics and principles of fatigue for the prediction of failure in service; dynamic mechanical spectra and the relationship to molecular structure; the effects of polymer structure and additives on polymer properties; Dielectric Thermal Analysis and analogy to Dynamic Mechanical Spectra; dielectric strengths and electrical failures, effects of fillers and relationship to molecular and microscopic structure, and semi-conductive and non-linear behaviour.

Topics studied may include:

  • Mechanics of Polymers: Linear viscoelastic behaviour
  • Descriptions for creep, stress relaxation, and dynamic mechanical spectra
  • Time-temperature superposition
  • Rubber elasticity, yielding and crazing
  • Fracture mechanics
  • Principles and measurements of environmental effects
  • Physical Properties: Relationships between structure and properties of polymers and modifications by means of additives
  • Polymers as insulators or in capacitors
  • Conductive polymer composites
  • Intrinsically conductive polymers
  • Viscoelasticity in relation to design methods for stiffness
  • Ductile and brittle failure modes and applications for product design
  • Fracture mechanics and principles of other mechanical failure mechanisms for polymer products in service
  • Laboratory experiments covering a range of mechanical properties

Simulation of Advanced Materials and Processes (15 credits)

The aim of this module is to introduce students to the concepts in numerical simulation of advanced materials and processes. You'll also gain theoretical and practical experience in simulating mechanical behaviour of advanced materials and modelling processes related to these materials using finite element modelling techniques.

We'll help to develop your knowledge and understanding of:

  • Basic principles of non-linear finite element analysis
  • Theoretical background of modelling non-linear problems
  • Implementation of advanced material behaviour
  • Boundary conditions for simulating process circumstances
  • Fundamental applications of non-linear finite element modelling
  • Understanding the necessity of simulating processes for design and optimization of products and processs.

Topics studied may include:

  • Introduction to non-linear finite element analysis
  • Modelling non-linear material behaviour
  • Modelling large deformation
  • Fundamentals of contact analysis
  • Definition of material properties in finite element analysis
  • Damage criteria and their implementations
  • Fundamentals of element types
  • Introduction to time-dependent boundary conditions
  • Fundamentals of process modelling with finite element analysis
  • Intellectual modelling approach in finite element software

Materials Modelling (15 credits)

The aims of this module are to teach students the basic principles associated with the modelling of materials, materials systems and processing of materials. You'll learn about the basic principles of numerical and analytical techniques used for modelling materials systems, and uncover specific software tools used for materials modelling.

By studying this module, you'll learn more about how to:

  • identify the appropriate modelling technique to solve specific materials problems;
  • apply mechanistic understanding of materials behaviour to develop suitable models;
  • appreciate the importance of validation and sensitivity analysis in any modelling exercise;
  • use software to perform various materials modelling tasks;
  • utilise graphics and materials data packages in the modelling environment;
  • identify modelling approaches to materials problems;
  • understand and use appropriate materials and graphics software packages.


Topics studied may include:

  • Overview of modelling: empirical methods, 'curve fitting', error estimation
  • Machine learning methods: Neural network modelling
  • Quantum-mechanical methods: density-functional theory
  • Atomistic simulations: Molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo techniques
  • Kinetic Monte Carlo and diffusion constants
  • Finite-element modelling and modelling mechanical properties

How you'll be assessed

Modules are assessed by a combination of exams, coursework and group work. For full details, please see the module information above.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

The Department of Physics is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Our physics graduates are highly sought after and work in a range of industries and roles.

Graduate destinations

Employers of choice for our graduates include the Ministry of Defence, DSTL, BAE Systems, BP, Rolls Royce and Intelligent Energy in roles such as Business Analyst, Physicist, Technical Manager and Financial Trader. Other students have gone on to study at PhD level.

Your personal development

Our master's in physics will see you develop the following advanced skills:

  • problem-solving
  • experimental, mathematical or computational techniques
  • scientific report writing and presentation skills
  • obtaining and understanding information from the scientific literature
  • the collection and analysis of data or the development of theoretical models.

We aim to provide an environment that gives you opportunities to develop your own interests, self-reliance and career aspirations.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:2 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in science or engineering, or appropriate professional experience.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,950

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£23,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Find out more about master's degree funding