MA Global Communication and Development degree

Entry requirements
2:1+
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
2-4 years
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£10,900
International fee
£19,600
Location
London
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MA in Global Communication and Development will develop your understanding of communications and development in a changing global context, with a particular focus on the Global South.

By studying a global communications master's programme, you will consider major traditions, theories and frameworks of inquiry relevant to the analysis of global communications and development.

Through a series of insightful lectures and seminars, you will investigate the social, economic, political and historical character of global communications and development and learn new communication infrastructures, tools and media practices.

Our global communications master's programme will develop your critical understanding of how the media and creative industries work, along with insights into broader economic, social, and political issues. For example, you will reflect on the impact of the digital age and information capitalism on the Global South, which incorporates communities across Africa, Asia and Latin America.

You will learn from a passionate faculty of leading professionals and academics, offering a vibrant insight into the media and creative industries, through the sharing of specialised knowledge in information science, law, anthropology, political economy, political and social theory, ethnic studies and more.

London is one of the world’s principal communication hubs and a key location for many national and international agencies operating in these sectors. It is also the base for many of the UK’s leading newspapers, including The Guardian, The Financial Times, and The Economist, and is the headquarters of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), which is the world’s oldest national broadcasting organisation, which is why studying a global communications master's programme here has its benefits.

Who should study this programme?

If you're looking to pursue a media, communication and development role within a global public, private or third-sector company or organisation, then this global communications master's programme is for you. Teaching on the impact of media across Africa, Asia and Latin America will prepare you for media and communication roles in the Global South or wider international community.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

Su Yan

Hear from Su Yan about studying within the Institute for Media and Creative Industries and what postgraduate life is like at Loughborough University London.

What makes this programme different?

  • Understand the implications of innovation and technological change for media and creative industries     
  • Learn about media issues and developments across Africa, Asia and Latin America
  • Learn from globally-recognised academics
  • Study with a top 7 UK university for media and film studies (Guardian University Guide, 2020)

What you'll study

You will learn from the most influential thought leaders, pioneering researchers and creative innovators, exposing you to the latest theories and developments from across your discipline.

Modules

You must complete 8x15 credit modules (four core modules in Semester One, and four optional modules in Semester Two). You will also complete a Dissertation worth 60 credits.

The following information is intended as an example only and is based on module information for the 2019/20 year of entry. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes. Updated Programme and Module Specifications are made available ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Work effectively in diverse and interdisciplinary teams
  • Undertake and contribute towards a project-based development process
  • Apply critical enquiry, reflection, and creative methods to identify, frame, and resolve issues and problems at hand
  • Identify user and stakeholder needs and value creation opportunities, whilst collecting and applying evidence-based information and knowledge to develop appropriate insights, practices and solutions
  • Identify, structure, reflect on key issues and propose solutions to problems in creative ways
  • Enhance your appreciation for diversity and divergent individual and disciplinary perspectives
  • Be able to provide structured, reflective and critical feedback to peers and other stakeholders
  • Plan and execute a project plan including scope, resources and timing
  • Effectively communicate ideas, methods and results to a diverse range of stakeholders
  • Use multiple, state-of-the-art date media and technologies to communicate with collaborators
  • Make informed, critical and reflective decisions in time-limited situations.

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • Peer evaluation (5%)
  • Group project report (40%)
  • Individual essay (55%)

Critical Studies in Globalisation, Communication and Social Change

This module introduces theories of social change to critically explore the role of media and communication in a globalised and changing world. Dominant ideas about globalisation and international development will be explored and contrasted with the experiences of people from the Global South, to allow students to explore broader debates on media, communication and social change.

The module will explore: perspectives on key concepts and terms; critiques of 'globalisation', 'media', 'development'; key approaches to media, communication, development and social change; applications and approaches: ethnography and development; participatory development: social movements and social mobilization; and social accountability and the global development agenda.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Critically evaluate the main theoretical approaches and trends for exploring globalization, media, communication, development and social change
  • Appraise the role of media and communication in development and social change from both 'bottom up' and 'top down' perspectives alike
  • Critically assess the role and significance of media and communication within the global development agenda
  • Concepts, debates and case studies related to globalization, media, communication and social change
  • A selected range of critical concepts with application to the analysis of media and communication in a globalized and changing world
  • The impact of media and communication on practices and experiences of social change and their role in the global development agenda
  • Use critical perspectives to analyse emerging trends in global media, communication, development and social change
  • Demonstrate a depth of critical and analytical thinking in relation to global media, communication, development and social change
  • Critically evaluate complex problems and apply reasoned thinking and ideas.

Assessment

Assessment consists of a 100% essay of 3,000 words.

Critical Studies of the Global South

This module aims to broaden students' knowledge and understanding of the key issues in the global South such as anti colonisation, globalisation, poverty, capitalism, solidarity and intergovernmental development organisations. Dominant ideas about around decolonization, communication media, politics of development will be explored and examined with the experiences of people from the Global South, to allow students to explore broader debates on development, politics and the media. As an area studies module it will be offer comparative perspectives on areas such as South Asia, MENA, Africa, South East Asia and Latin America.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module, students should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • Concepts, debates and case studies related to area studies and the global south
  • A selected range of critical approaches to global south studies and implications for broader social and historical contexts

On successful completion of the module, students should be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the main theoretical approaches and trends in global south studies
  • Appraise the role of media and communication in development from both 'bottom up' and 'top down' perspectives alike
  • Critically assess the role and significance of media and communication within development politics in the global South
  • Analyse emerging communication and development initiatives in the global South
  • Critique key scholarship in global south
  • Demonstrate a depth of critical and analytical thinking in relation to communication and development.
  • Critically evaluate different contexts of communication and development and its implications in the global South
  • Evaluate and understand the academic literature on global South and area studies
  • Critically assess development and communication discourses emerging from policy papers
  • Articulate complex ideas at an advanced level in written format
  • Communicate clearly and effectively in writing and oral presentations to academic and non academic audiences
  • Apply robust evidence for understanding issues in the global South
  • Ability to work independently and collaboratively within a team.

Assessment

Assessment consists of 1 x 3,000 word essay (100%).

Researching Media Industries

The aim of this module is to familiarise all students with a range of methodologies for the analysis of structure, operation and output of media and cultural industries. Lectures will include teaching on topics such as:

  • Approaches to media and creative industries research
  • Standardised questionnaire design
  • Methods of sampling
  • Document-based research
  • Conducting qualitative interviews
  • Analysing quantitative data using SPSS
  • Analysing qualitative data through thematic analysis
  • Developing multi method research strategies

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Analyse a range of methods applicable to the study of media and creative industries, cultural texts and reception
  • Situate particular social, textual and industry research methods in relation to other research practices
  • Show through explanation and/or discussion the tensions that divide particular research methods and the benefits that can be derived from their combination
  • Evaluate qualitative and quantitative data to appraise their wider analytical value and significance
  • Link empirical findings to wider theoretical debates concerning creative industries, media production and reception
  • Understand how to collect primary data
  • Understand how to analyse data
  • Know how to find and evaluate scholarly sources
  • Be able to communicate effectively in speech and writing
  • Synthesise scholarly and primary sources for use in argument
  • Understand the relevance of research to media and creative industries
  • Be able to conduct primary research relevant to media and creative industries
  • Demonstrate skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field (e.g. report writing)
  • Be able to plan, organise and manage a self-directed piece of research, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

  • 100% Coursework 

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

You will have the choice of three dissertation pathways:

  1. A desk based research project that could be set by an organisation or could be a subject of the student's choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. A professional placement within an organisation during which time students will complete a project as part of their role in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you will achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and will produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in depth and with rigour.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The importance of project planning
  • The importance of a clear hypothesis or research question
  • The ethical implications of research
  • The relevant empirical data and methodologies for data collection or knowledge assimilation for the subject area
  • Methods of data analysis and their suitability for the intended data
  • The areas of expertise or publications of the major individuals or organisations in the subject or business area
  • The previous research or current knowledge in the specific subject or business area
  • Theoretical perspectives relevant to your chosen topic
  • The most effective methods of presentation for data or knowledge
  • Developing a clear, coherent and original research question, hypothesis or business problem in a suitable subject area
  • Synthesising relevant sources (e.g. research literature, primary data) to construct a coherent argument in response to your research question, hypothesis or business problem
  • Analysing primary or secondary data collected by an appropriate method
  • Critically evaluating data collected in context with previously published knowledge or information
  • Engaging in critical debate and argumentation in written work
  • Applying principles of good scholarly practice to your written work
  • Performing appropriate literature searching/business information searching using library databases or other reputable sources
  • Planning a research project and producing a realistic gantt chart demonstrating your intended timelines
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources
  • Demonstrating rational use of research method tools
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills
  • Demonstrating effective project planning skills
  • Finding and evaluating scholarly sources
  • Engaging in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills
  • Recognising and using resources effectively
  • Successfully managing a project from idea to completion
  • Demonstrating commercial awareness or the impact of knowledge transfer in a business or research environment.

Assesement

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Research proposal (10%)
  • Dissertation report/essay (90%)

Media Audiences and Users

Our Media Audiences and Users module will cover a range of approaches to studying media audiences, users and markets, developed both within academic research and in the media and creative industries. Content will include: public debates about media audiences, users and markets; key theoretical paradigms in media audience research; the history of research and debate on media audiences; methodological and ethical issues in research design and analysis; the implications of new digital media for audience behaviour and for research; practices of market research within the media and creative industries.

The aim of this module is to introduce you to the major theoretical and methodological issues at stake in researching people's engagement with media, as audiences, users and consumers. The module examines the historical evolution of audience research; the key theoretical paradigms in the field; the practice of market research, and how it is employed within the media and creative industries; methodological and ethical dimensions of research; and the implications of new media technologies, both for the experience of audiences/users/consumers and for the practice of research. Case studies will be presented by visiting speakers from relevant organisations in the media and creative industries.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Understand the major research trends in the academic study of media audiences, including social-psychological and Cultural Studies perspectives
  • Understand the aims, methods and practices of market and consumer research within the media and creative industries
  • Understand the methodological choices entailed in studying media audiences, and their implications and consequences for research findings
  • Understand the implications of new media technologies for audience/user behaviour, and for the practice of audience and market research
  • Identify and debate relevant theoretical perspectives on media audiences, users and markets
  • Describe and evaluate methodological procedures and practices used in this field
  • Systematically assess the implicit theoretical assumptions and methodologies employed in specific research studies
  • Analyse emerging trends and critically evaluate received wisdom in the field
  • Gather, process, analyse and evaluate primary data
  • Locate and critique relevant academic and non-academic sources
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Understand the working practices and methods employed in relevant sectors of the media and creative industries (e.g. market research)
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field (e.g. report writing)
  • Plan, organise and manage a self-directed research case study, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

Assessment is made up of 1x 3,000 word Essay (100%).

Global Cities, Media and Communication

The module content will include teaching on different theories of globalization, global and ordinary cities and place-identity, as well as key themes for urban communication;.These will be explored through specific examples and case studies such as: electronic spaces, place-making, urban regeneration, migrant and ethnic economies, fortress city, cities as texts, representation of cities in different media formats and consumption practices in cities.
 
This module explores the relationship between media, communication and the city by focusing on a variety of scenarios and case studies. These case studies will be framed within contemporary theories in sociological media and cultural analysis (specifically globalization, cities and places). The aim of this module is to invite you to critically reflect about the centrality of media in urban life. It will explore cultural production, representation and consumption practices in urban contexts; and representations of urban settings in different media texts and formats. 

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module, you should be able to: 
  • Gather, process, analyse and evaluate primary data
  • Understand and evaluate complex arguments
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Communicate clearly and effectively in writing and oral presentations to academic and non academic audiences
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Understand the role of media in modern urban life
  • Understand emerging trends in urban communication
  • Apply knowledge and understanding of main debates to a particular setting
  • Be able to plan and organise material in a timely manner, demonstrating independence, initiative and ability to work collaboratively
  • Carry out independent observations on contemporary urban environments and feedback into the classroom with the aim of critically reflecting upon the conceptual material
  • Theoretical approaches relevant in the analysis of media and cities
  • The links between media and cities in different cultural contexts
  • The importance of media in shaping and representing cities
  • Assess material gathered from a range of academic and non-academic sources in order to develop a critical understanding of theories and practices
  • Use material presented in teaching sessions, along with other sources, to produce an in-depth evaluation of an existing case study
  • Use critical perspectives to analyse emerging trends in media and cities
  • Design, implement and evaluate an original study in a topic relevant to the field
  • Engage with major thinkers, debates and intellectual paradigms within the fields of media, communication and cities, critiquing and synthesising the insights gained in your own analytical work
  • Analyse new and emerging trends and interrogate both common sense understanding and received wisdom in relevant areas of inquiry
  • Analyse how media is produced, represented and consumed
  • Discuss and evaluate transformations in urban environments in different cultural contexts and relate to theories of globalisation, place and identity
  • Discuss self-designed research and the issues it raises reflexively.

Assessment

  • Presentation (20%)
  • Coursework (80%)

Social Identities and Media

Combining key theories from critical theory, cultural studies, film, gender studies and communication studies, the module will explore processes and practices of production and re-production of social identities making emphasis on said productions on digital media, paying special attention to questions of racism, colonialism and capitalism.

The aim of this module is to examine media representations of social identities with particular focus on gender, race, class and sexuality and its intersections.

Learning Outcomes

By the conclusion of the course, we hope that students will understand the impact of digital technologies in the shaping of society and the socio-cultural mechanism that produce, re-create and circulate the individual and collective notions of identity.

On successful completion of this module students should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The ways gender, race, class and sexuality identities are shaped by and shape digital media
  • The critical theories and approaches with which to evaluate media in terms of race/ethnicity, nationality, gender, class, age, sexuality, and/or ability
  • How the complexities of power relations and social justice influence how race, class, gender and sexuality and depicted, built and sustained in digital media
  • Critical awareness and cultural sensitivity as it relates to professional media practices and with which to build community, civic engagement, and character in everyday life
  • Media depictions of race, class, gender and sex from a multidisciplinary perspective while demonstrating an understanding of how these images can significantly impact individuals, society and culture
  • The complexities of power relations and social justice influence media depictions of race, class, gender and sex
  • Identify and debate relevant theoretical perspectives on the construction of social identities in context of digital media
  • Describe and evaluate impact of digital technology on the production, re-production and circulation of social identities
  • Apply and evaluate the impact of media images in the formation of personal identity and how we view others
  • Analyse how the complexities of power relations and social justice influence how race, class, gender and sexuality and depicted in media
  • Systematically assess the aims, motivations and effectiveness of the social and political uses of digital media
  • Analyse emerging trends and critically evaluate received wisdom in the field
  • Assess material gathered from a range of academic and non-academic sources in order to develop a critical understanding of theories and practices
  • Use material presented in teaching sessions, along with other sources, to produce an in-depth evaluation of an existing research study
  • Evaluate methodologies used in both academic and market research, and develop new research questions or hypotheses for investigation
  • Design, implement and evaluate an original study in a topic relevant to the field
  • Gather, process, analyse and evaluate primary data
  • Locate and critique relevant academic and non-academic sources
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field (e.g. report writing)
  • Be able to plan, organise and manage a self-directed research case study, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Report (30%)
  • Essay (70%)

Cultural industries and Creative Labour/Cultural Work

The module will cover the definitions of labour and work; theoretical approaches to understanding labour and work; definitions of creative labour and work; the emergence of media and creative work; continuities and changes in media and creative work; comparisons of media and creative work in different industries and in different countries; factors affecting contemporary wages, terms and conditions in the media and creative industries.

The aim of this module is to understand the continuities and changes in work and employment in the media and creative industries internationally.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Understand the theoretical frameworks for understanding work and labour in media and creative industries
  • Understand the definitions of creativity
  • Understand the major trends in employment internationally in the media and creative industries
  • Understand the continuities and changes in the wages, terms and conditions of those working in media and creative industries
  • Identify, debate and evaluate relevant theoretical on media and creative labour and work
  • Understand the development of media and creative work historically through applying these frameworks
  • Use these frameworks to analyse emerging trends in media and creative work
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Assess the empirical validity of competing perspectives
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Understand the behaviour of media and creative workers
  • Understand emerging trends in media and creative work
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field
  • Plan, organise and manage coursework assignments, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality.

Assessment

  • Presentation (20%)
  • Essay (80%)

Media and Social Movements

Our Media and Social Movements module will include teaching on the theories on "new" media, global media systems, legal and governmental frameworks, surveillance, social-movement, alternative media practices, and transnational capitalism.

The module introduces the issues around media and social movements, by tracing the theoretical evolution of media and social movements, understanding media within broader social movements in historical processes rather than merely focusing on media technologies or impact media. The model seeks to cover topics on control of media systems on different regions of the world, alternative media practices, anti-imperial protest, non-aligned movements and media and national sovereignty.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of the module, you should be able to:

  • Identify the theories and trends surrounding media and social movements
  • Contextualise media within specific historical and political conditions
  • Interrogate media systems in different regions of the word and their connection to people’s democratic struggles
  • Understand debates surrounding new information technologies including social media and their relation to social change
  • Explain how media systems are organised and structured
  • Identify the links between current environmental and social issues and media technologies
  • Understand the importance of media in geopolitical conflicts
  • Identify and evaluate alternative media systems
  • Assess material gathered from a range of academic and non-academic sources in order to develop a critical understanding of theories and practices
  • Use material presented in teaching sessions, along with other sources, to produce an in-depth evaluation of an existing research study
  • Evaluate methodologies used in academic research to develop new research questions or hypotheses for investigation
  • Use critical perspectives to analyse emerging trends in media and social movements
  • Design, implement and evaluate an original study in a topic relevant to the field
  • Engage with major thinkers, debates and intellectual paradigms within the fields of media, communication and culture, critiquing and synthesising the insights gained in your own analytical work
  • Analyse new and emerging trends and interrogate both common sense understanding and received wisdom in relevant areas of inquiry
  • Discuss and evaluate transformations in digital media and their social, political, economic and cultural contexts and wield this understanding in appraising current patterns of development, such as cultural globalisation and media convergence
  • Discuss their self-designed research and the issues it raises reflexively
  • Gather, process, analyse and evaluate primary data
  • Locate and critique relevant academic and non-academic sources
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing, with academic and non-academic audiences
  • Engage in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation
  • Manage time and resources effectively
  • Synthesise different sources of data and identify key arguments and issues at stake in particular fields of practice
  • Understand the impact of digital media on culture
  • Understand emerging trends in digital media
  • Apply skills in written and verbal communication that are relevant to this field
  • Be able to plan, organise and manage coursework assignments, demonstrating independence, initiative and originality

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Report (30%)
  • Essay (70%)

Media Law and Policy

This module provides an introduction to principal issues in media law and policy, including the sources of law, intellectual property, the creation and transfer of intellectual property rights, media finance, free speech, privacy and defamation, content and spectrum regulation, competition law and international regulation.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should have an undertanding of:

  • The fundamental legal concepts underpinning the media industries
  • The creation, role and use of intellectual property in media
  • The significance of the trade in media rights
  • How media rights are transferred
  • How media rights are used to drive the financing of media projects
  • The key debates in content regulation over free speech, privacy, defamation, hate speech, blasphemy and other forms of control
  • The way in which the regulation of access to media remains important even in the internet age
  • The role of competition law and regulation
  • The role of international organisations, laws and treaties in regulating the media

Assessment

Assessment consists of 1 x 100% essay (3,000 words).

The BRICS and the Changing World Order

This module will investigate the rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa ("The BRICS") at the turn of the 21st century, and explore how their development has come to challenge the Western-led order in world politics. The module will focus on each of the five BRICS countries, and investigate how the evolution of their domestic and foreign policies has influenced their rise in world politics. An emphasis will be put on foreign policy and diplomacy, together with the tools, capabilities or resources employed by the BRICS in order to project their power in world politics.

Simultaneously, the module will engage with different interpretations of power in world politics, drawing on various theories of international relations. This allows the module to probe into the rise of the BRICS in influencing power shifts in world politics. In broader terms, the module evaluates various policy consequences of emerging power shifts and the (potential) responses of the BRICS and the West.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:
  • Summarise and explain the main aspects of the rise of the BRICS since the beginning of the 1990s
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to the BRICS and their external relations
  • Link and relate theoretical concepts from international relations and political economy to the empirical analysis of power in world politics, and particularly the role of the BRICS
  • Select, synthesise and critically assess academic and policy texts
  • Devise policy solutions and recommendations for policymakers in the BRICS countries
  • Translate academic knowledge into policy relevant work
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying the role changing nature of the world order
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Essay (50%)
  • Policy report (50%)

London as a Global City

The past twenty years has witnessed an unprecedented growth in global cities in both the developed and developing world. This module will introduce students to the politics, economics, society and international relations of London as the main case study through which to examine some of the key debates and controversies surrounding global cities and their place in the world.

This module will explore such issues as how to define global cities, the history of global cities, the social, infrastructure, economic and governance pressures facing global cities, the role of cities in international relations (for example, the concept of paradiplomacy) and the effect of Brexit on London. This course will allow students to understand the role of cities in global politics, not least their importance to the states that still shape international affairs. The course will also allow students to better understand the global city they have chosen to study in.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Summarise/explain the main aspects of a global city and how London fits or does not fit with these
  • Identify appropriate sources pertaining to global cities, especially London
  • Link and relate theoretical concepts from international relations and political economy to the empirical analysis of London as a global city
  • Devise policy solutions and recommendations for policymakers in London and other global cities
  • Formulate research questions and research strategies for studying the role of global cities in world affairs
  • Apply scholarship to communicate research findings to practitioner audience

Assessment

100% coursework consisting of:

  • Essay (60%)
  • Book review (40%)

How you'll be assessed

You will complete a combination of written and practical assessments, which may vary depending on the module choices you make. You can expect to complete essays and reports of varying lengths, as well as presentations, proposals and pitches in some cases. For information about the assessments you will be expected to complete for each module, please see the module lists for this programme.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

The Institute for Media and Creative Industries at Loughborough University London is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Graduates from our MA Global Communication and Development programme are highly-qualified to work in a variety of communication and development roles across a range of sectors, including tourism, the media and the government.

Teaching of global communication trends means graduates of this programme will be well placed to influence communications and practices in roles across the world, especially in the Global South.

Graduates will also have the opportunity to enhance their knowledge and career prospects further by undertaking an MPhil or PhD programme in a media or a creative discipline.

Your personal development

The careers and employability support on offer at Loughborough University London and has been carefully designed to give you the best possible chance of securing your dream role.

Loughborough University London is the first of its kind to develop a suite of careers-focused activities and support that is positioned as the underpinning of every student’s programme. Opportunities include employability assessments, group projects set by a real businesses and organisations, company site visits and organisation-based dissertation opportunities.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

A 2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification).

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,900

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£19,600

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

Find out more about master's degree funding