Protecting people: Optimising safety, effectiveness and comfort of work, clothing and built environments
Our research into human temperature regulation spans clothing comfort to the analysis of deaths due to heat stroke.
It has impacted policy and practice across a range of sectors including the military, sports, car manufacturing and building design. In addition, our novel approach to body mapping is now widely used within the scientific community.
Improved human simulation models
- Simulation models used for designing thermally comfortable cars, clothing and buildings were improved by adding a sophisticated model of human responses to the climate
Improved the applicability of indoor-climate design and evaluation standards
- The global reach of the most used indoor-climate design and evaluation standard (ASHRAE 55 & ISO 7730) was expanded by providing data for clothing worn outside Europe and USA, for example in Africa and Asia
Underpinning evidence-based clothing design
- Our body mapping data informs the clothing design of world-leading clothing manufacturers
Prevention of heat-related deaths
- Expert witness testimony changed military heat illness prevention procedures
Heat Illness during SAS training
This film describes heat illness cases during military selection exercises in the UK
Our pioneering interdisciplinary work draws together expertise in sports science, ergonomics, textile science, and sport and protective clothing design – and has had wide ranging impact.
We have developed a significant body of knowledge in heat transfer from the human body through clothing, and advanced the areas of body mapping and thermoregulatory processes, including the interactions between clothing and thermoregulation.
We developed an understanding of the factors that determine whether we feel comfortable, hot or cold, dry or wet, and how we experience clothing and climates in this respect.
Our work has also enhanced the thermal manikins used to analyse the impacts of temperature on the human body spanning comfort to stressful experiences, both indoors and out.
Key recent developments include novel work focusing on how temperature impacts different population cohorts for example the sexes, various age groups as well as people with Multiple Sclerosis and spinal cord injuries.
Another significant aspect of our work has been around heat stress and heat related deaths within the Armed Forces, particularly during training exercises. Our findings have effected changes to safeguard against future fatalities.
- European Union
Meet the experts
Now at the University of Southampton