Politics and International Studies


Alexandre Christoyannopoulos BA, MA, PhD, FHEA

Photo of  Alexandre Christoyannopoulos

Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations


Alex is officially French and Greek, grew up in Brussels and has lived in England almost continuously since 1997, so he feels like a foreigner everywhere.

Between 1997 and 2008, he completed his academic studies at the University of Kent, covering disciplines such as Economics (BA), International Relations and European Studies (MA), and Politics and Government with some Theology and Religious Studies (PhD). The only interruption was an internship at the European Commission. ‌

Between January 2005 and 2010, he taught on a broad variety of modules in half a dozen departments both at Kent and (from 2008) at Canterbury Christ Church University. ‌In 2010, he joined the Department of Politics, History and International Relations at Loughborough.

He still cannot decide whether his main discipline is political thought, religion and politics, anarchist studies, international relations or political theology. There may be others. He publishes and teaches in those areas among others (see below).

He has a keen interest in pedagogical innovations and publishes top essays from his students, as well as some lecture notes, on Socratic Hive.

He is fluent in French and English, reasonably fluent in Greek, understands (even if he pretends not to) Spanish and Portuguese, and has studied (and hopes to continue trying to learn) Arabic.

Alex has published on Tolstoy and Christian anarchism in particular, but his broader research interests include:

  • religious (especially Christian) anarchism and pacifism;
  • Leo Tolstoy's political thought;
  • religion and politics (national and international);
  • political violence and non-violence;
  • more generally: political and ethical theory, international political thought, and political theology.

Feel free to contact him to discuss potential research projects and research supervision on any of these themes.

He is also interested in ideas, projects or experience on how to best combine open-access publishing (especially if accompanied by hard-copy availability) with academic rigour (peer-review). He is currently editing a book embracing those principles, and several of his academic publications are openly/freely accessible online (see publications).

Alex has taught on numerous different modules at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. A full list is available on https://sites.google.com/site/christoyannopoulos/teaching. At Loughborough, he has developed a final year module on ‘Politics and Religion’, and taught and developed or significantly redeveloped a final year module on ‘State, Violence and Terrorism’, a postgraduate module on ‘Protest and Resistance’, a postgraduate module on ‘International Politics: Issues and Policies’, as well as the first year ‘Contemporary World Arena’ and ‘Introduction to Academic Studies’ modules.

Politics and Religion

The aim of this final-year module is to develop an understanding of the relation between politics and religion by examining this relation in different contexts, by reflecting on the history of this relation in the West, and by discussing topical contemporary debates on it.

Read more here >>

State, Violence and Terrorism

The aim of this final-year module is to develop a better understanding of terrorism and political violence by examining a variety of past and present case studies, and by discussing definitions of terrorism, causes of political violence, and the roles played by the state and the media in connection to it.

Read more here >>

(ed.), Religious Anarchism: New Perspectives

Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009

Edited: Alexandre J. M. E. Christoyannopoulos

This edited book brings together the contributions to the "Religious Anarchism" panels at the first Anarchist Studies Network (part of the Political Studies Association) conference held in September 2008 at the University of Loughborough.

Read more here >>

(ed.), Religious Anarchism: New Perspectives

Christian Anarchism

A Political Commentary on the Gospel

Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2010

“Christian anarchism has been around for at least as long as “secular” anarchism. The existing literature cites Leo Tolstoy as its most famous (sometimes even as the only) proponent, but there are many others, such as Jacques Ellul, Vernard Eller, Dave Andrews or the people associated with the Catholic Worker movement."

Read more about the publication here >>


Christian Anarchism

Anarchism and Religion

Anarchism and Religion (2017)

Stockholm University Press 

Edited by: Alexandre Christoyannopoulos, Matthew Adams

The first pioneering volume of Essays in Anarchism & Religion comprises eight essays from leading international scholars on topics ranging from the anarchism of the historical Jesus to Zen Buddhism and the philosophies of Max Stirner and Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.

Read more about the publication here >>


Anarchism and Religion

A selection of these is listed below.


  • Leo Tolstoy's Political Thought (Routledge, forthcoming).
  • (ed.), Essays in Anarchism and Religion: Volume I, edited with Matthew S. Adams (Stockholm: Stockholm University Press, 2017). 
  • Christian Anarchism: A Political Commentary on the Gospel (Exeter: Imprint Academic, 2010). [Click here for more information.]
  • (ed.), Religious Anarchism: New Perspectives (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009). [Click here for more information.]

Journal articles

Chapters/entries in edited volume

  • "Anarchism and Religion", co-authored with Lara Apps, in Brill's Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy, edited by Nathan Jun (Leiden: Brill, 2018), 120-151.
  • "The Golden Rule on the Green Stick: Leo Tolstoy's Postsecular International Thought", Towards a Postsecular International Politics: New Forms of Community, Identity, and Power, edited by Luca Mavelli and Fabio Petito (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014), 81-102.
  • "Christian Anarchism: A Revolutionary Reading of the Bible", New Perspectives on Anarchism, part of the Out Sources: Philosophy, Culture, Politics series, edited by Nathan Jun and Shane Wahl (Lanham, MD: Lexington, 2010), 149-167.
  • "Responding to the State: Christian Anarchists on Romans 13, Rendering to Caesar, and Civil Disobedience", Religious Anarchism, New Perspectives, edited by Alexandre J. M. E. Christoyannopoulos (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing: 2009), 106-144.

For a detailed list of publications (including translations into 7 languages), many of which are openly accessible online and some of which have been translated into other languages, visit the link below:

A detailed list of publications >>