International Management and Emerging Economies MSc

Entry requirements
2:2 (55%) +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Up to 4 years
Start date
September 2019
UK / EU fee
£14,100
International fee
£25,500
Location
London

Overview

New for 2019, our MSc International Management and Emerging Economies programme provides a fascinating insight into the issues facing economies that are becoming increasingly integrated into the global economy.

Our MSc International Management and Emerging Economies will provide you with a comprehensive and integrated understanding of the particular challenges facing firms in emerging economies. Specific issues include the process of economic reform, the pressures of globalisation and the opportunities for internationalisation at firm-level.

The Institute for International Management maintains a research interest in the comparative analysis of countries’ institutional set-ups and how diverse national contexts affect economic activity around the world. This research is fed into the teaching of this programme to ensure you graduate with an understanding of the latest opportunities and pressures facing organisations in emerging economies.

Our inspiring location offers a unique learning environment for anyone who shares a passion for international business. London is one of the world’s leading hubs for global business and trade and is the ideal location for students to expand their knowledge, expertise and networks.

What makes this programme different?

This programme includes insights, collaboration and guest teaching on the issues affecting global organisations and economies in the state of transition towards being fully integrated into the global economy.

Who should study this programme?

This programme will appeal to students from a diverse range of academic and professional backgrounds, including those with an interest in generating new ideas and knowledge of international management procedures and best practice.

Why you should choose us

What you'll study

The modules on our International Management and Emerging Economies MSc programme are designed to deliver a high quality educational experience that develops and sustains your knowledge, skills and aspirations in the further advancement of your career within the business and management sector.

The Collaborative Project

With a multi-talented group of students, you will work on a brief from a real company looking to solve a real social or business problem.

Together with your student team, you will research and build solutions to a business problem, supported by our project tutors, clients and staff. Previous clients include Foster + Partners, Speedo, The London Legacy Development Corporation as well as many other companies, start-ups and charities.

The Collaborative Project provides a means for you to engage in critical enquiry and to be exposed to project-based teamwork in multicultural and interdisciplinary settings. By undertaking this module, you will strengthen your cooperative and collaborative working skills and competencies, whilst raising your awareness and appreciation of cultural and disciplinary diversity and differences.

The Collaborative Project aims to provide you with a hands-on experience of identifying, framing and resolving practice-oriented and real-world based challenges and problems, using creativity and appropriate tools to achieve valuable and relevant solutions. Alongside the collaborative elements of the module, you will be provided with opportunities to network with stakeholders, organisations and corporations, which will give you the experience and skills needed to connect to relevant parties and potentially develop future employment opportunities.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you will be able to:

  • Work effectively in diverse and interdisciplinary teams;
  • Undertake and contribute towards a project-based development process;
  • Apply critical enquiry, reflection, and creative methods to identify, frame, and resolve issues and problems at hand;
  • Identify user and stakeholder needs and value creation opportunities, whilst collecting and applying evidence-based information and knowledge to develop appropriate insights, practices and solutions;
  • Identify, structure, reflect on key issues and propose solutions to problems in creative ways;
  • Enhance your appreciation for diversity and divergent individual and disciplinary perspectives;
  • Be able to provide structured, reflective and critical feedback to peers and other stakeholders;
  • Plan and execute a project plan including scope, resources and timing;
  • Effectively communicate ideas, methods and results to a diverse range of stakeholders;
  • Use multiple, state-of-the-art date media and technologies to communicate with collaborators;
  • Make informed, critical and reflective decisions in time-limited situations.

Assessment

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 20% Group project proposal
  • 20% Individual reflection
  • 30% Final project report
  • 30% Project deliverables to the client

Management in a Diverse World

This topical module will enable you to make informed assessments of the idiosyncrasies of national economic systems. You will uncover the key elements of national economic systems and how they differ through an in-depth investigation of how they have evolved over time

As a group, we will assess the challenges facing companies that manage across nationally distinct systems, and will take account for the pressures towards convergence and divergence in the nature of managerial work.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Appreciate the ways in which economic activity is embedded in particular national contexts
  • Understand the nature and causes of national variations in the way that ostensibly similar processes are undertaken
  • Critically evaluate a range of aspects of the behaviour of multinational companies
  • Identify which features of organisations are becoming more similar across nations and which continue to differ
  • Develop an approach to comparing phenomena across countries that is sensitive to the ways in which economic activity is embedded in institutional context
  • Evaluate the ways in which comparative analysis is soundly carried out
  • Demonstrate an effective understanding of recommendations for policy and practice underpinned by comparative analysis

Assessment

  • Coursework (100%)

Global Strategy

This programme will provide you with knowledge and understanding of the concepts surrounding global strategy and strategic management.

Environmental analysis and strategic positioning will also be considered, alongside strategy evaluation and implementation. We will analyse the tools required for successful global strategic leadership and assess the aspects of organisational structure and design relevant to strategy. Time will be dedicated to explore the cultural context of global strategic management and change.

Learning Objectives

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Explain the concept of global strategic management and global strategy;
  • Develop meaningful corporate objectives in a global context;
  • Understand resource, knowledge, and institutional-based factors important to the global firm in terms of the headquarters and its subsidiaries;
  • Explain the relationship between the capabilities and competitive advantage of an organisation;
  • Distinguish between strategic options;
  • Recognise the problems and implications of implementing the strategies;
  • Assess the relationship between strategy, environment, capabilities, and stakeholder expectations of an organisation;
  • Evaluate an organisation’s strategies and their adequacy;
  • Analyse the multiplicity of factors and inter-relationships that make up a complex scenario;
  • Demonstrate self-direction and originality in analysing problems

Assessment

  • Coursework (100%)

Dissertation

The Dissertation module will equip you with the relevant skills, knowledge and understanding to embark on your own research project.

You will have the choice of three dissertation pathways:

  1. A desk based research project that could be set by an organisation or could be a subject of the student's choice
  2. A project that involves collection of primary data from within an organisation or based on lab and/or field experiments
  3. An Internship within an organisation during which time students will complete a project as part of their role in agreement with the organisation (subject to a suitable placement position being obtained)

By undertaking a dissertation at master's level, you will achieve a high level of understanding in your chosen subject area and will produce a written thesis or project report which will discuss your research in more detail.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you should be able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  • The importance of project planning;
  • The importance of a clear hypothesis or research question;
  • The ethical implications of research;
  • The relevant empirical data and methodologies for data collection or knowledge assimilation for the subject area;
  • Methods of data analysis and their suitability for the intended data;
  • The areas of expertise or publications of the major individuals or organisations in the subject or business area;
  • The previous research or current knowledge in the specific subject or business area;
  • Theoretical perspectives relevant to your chosen topic;
  • The most effective methods of presentation for data or knowledge;
  • Developing a clear, coherent and original research question, hypothesis or business problem in a suitable subject area;
  • Synthesising relevant sources (e.g. research literature, primary data) to construct a coherent argument in response to your research question, hypothesis or business problem;
  • Analysing primary or secondary data collected by an appropriate method;
  • Critically evaluating data collected in context with previously published knowledge or information;
  • Engaging in critical debate and argumentation in written work;
  • Applying principles of good scholarly practice to your written work;
  • Performing appropriate literature searching/business information searching using library databases or other reputable sources;
  • Planning a research project and producing a realistic gantt chart demonstrating your intended timelines;
  • Synthesising information from appropriate sources;
  • Demonstrating rational use of research method tools;
  • Selecting and using appropriate investigative and research skills;
  • Demonstrating effective project planning skills;
  • Finding and evaluating scholarly sources;
  • Engaging in critical reasoning, debate and argumentation;
  • Demonstrating effective report writing skills;
  • Recognising and using resources effectively;
  • Successfully managing a project from idea to completion;
  • Demonstrating commercial awareness or the impact of knowledge transfer in a business or research environment

Assesement

100% Coursework consisting of:

  • 20% Literature review
  • 20% Research proposal
  • 60% Dissertation report/essay

Corporate Governance and Financial Development

By the end of this module you will be able to critically discuss the main theories in the areas of law and finance as well as alternative explanations of the link between law and financial development. We will critically discuss the notion of ‘quality of law,’ the role that the Rule of Law plays in the economy, as well as different measures of legal shareholder protection.

You will familiarise yourself with alternatives to the legal-rational Western system of economic organisation (including relationship-based systems and clans). This will allow you to understand how corporate governance reforms have been used to promote financial growth and what firm-level consequences result from such reforms, driven by the international financial institutions.

Topics addressed in this module include ‘the Washington Consensus,’ the Law and Finance school, legal reforms and the transplant effect, the impact of shareholder protection on stock market development, and shareholder vs. stakeholder models of corporate governance.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you should be able to:

  • Critically assess theories of corporate governance and the role of law in promoting financial and economic development
  • Demonstrate an awareness of how such theories have been used by development agencies and international financial institutions to promote policy reforms in various countries
  • Explain and critically reflect on limitations of legal reform as an instrument for development
  • Understand and critically evaluate alternative forms of economic organisation to the legal rational system of developed Western economies
  • Critically evaluate key theories in the areas of comparative corporate governance, law and finance, and development studies
  • Critically analyse reform programmes and policies based on these theories and assess their impact on corporate governance systems and firm-level practices
  • Critically analyse and synthesise academic literature and other sources of information

Assessment

  • Assignment (80%)
  • Presentation (20%)

Management and Governance in Emerging Economies

This module will equip students with the necessary academic skills to understand the challenges firms face in different developing countries and assessing different ways in which firms can overcome these challenges. By the end of this module, students will be able to critically use different concepts describing developing countries’ business environments, including institutional voids, institutional distance, state capitalism, hierarchical market economies, embedded autonomy, and predatory states.

Based on these key concepts from international business, comparative political economy, and development studies literature, students will be able to critically analyse what specific challenges arise for firms in such contexts and how different types of firms have reacted to them. Topics addressed in the module include the strength and weaknesses of institutions, the role of the state, rule-based vs. relationship-based systems of governance, business groups, and state-owned enterprises (SOEs).

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module students should be able to:

  • Identify and critically assess institutional specificities in a series of developing countries
  • Be critically aware of how institutional factors shape companies’ organisational structures and practices
  • Critically evaluate a range of contextual factors in developing countries and how firms can react to them
  • Explain and critically reflect on different ways of doing business in different parts of the world
  • Critically evaluate key concepts used to describe the institutional and cultural business context in developing countries
  • Critically analyse companies strategic and organisational reactions to key challenges in developing countries
  • Critically analyse and synthesise academic literature and other sources of information
  • Construct and present convincing, logically coherent arguments orally and in writing
  • Demonstrate effective oral presentation skills

Assessment

  • Assignment (80%)
  • Group presentation (20%)

Political Risk in Emerging Markets

This programme asks the question: what are political risks and how are they defined for emerging markets.

You will uncover the lure of emerging markets and the range of risks that can be associated with such collectives, including geopolitical risks, regulatory risks and international political risks.

Time will also be dedicated to the consideration of emerging markets as nodes in the global market. By the end of the module, you will have a thorough grasp of the political and geographical risks at play for emerging markets, as well as the politics of 'doing business' for particular groups.

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module, you should be able to:

  • Discuss diversity of political risks within emerging markets
  • Explain the various factors that make emerging markets important nodes in international business activities
  • Critically evaluate existing literature and understandings of emerging markets.
  • Construct reasoned arguments, synthesise and analyse relevant information and exercise critical judgement
  • Reflect on your own learning and make use of constructive feedback
  • Analyse current events and discuss them in groups as part of an editorial meeting
  • Discuss essay questions as part of a group and plan possible outlines
  • Communicate effectively in speech and writing
  • Use communication and information technology for the retrieval and presentation of information
  • Work individually, demonstrating initiative, self-organisation and time management
  • Explain events as they are reported in media coverage, and examine their contents

Assessment

  • Coursework (100%)

Entrepreneurship and Family Firms in Emerging Markets

This module will enable students to make informed assessments of the implications of family ownership and governance for entrepreneurship within emerging economies.

We will evaluate the constraints and opportunities that family ownership presents, particularly the implications for entrepreneurial behaviour and innovation.

The module will establish the forms of entrepreneurship that characterise firms in emerging markets and consider how these manifest in family-owned firms versus the distinctive characteristics exhibited by family firms.

The module will equip you with an understanding of the distinctive challenges that family-owned firms from emerging markets face, particularly how they respond to economic transition and seize opportunities to grow and internationalise.

On completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the range of strategies that family-owned firms deploy in the context of emerging markets
  • Explore the role of founding families in providing a distinct heritage that shapes the cultures of such firms, including how this varies across different emerging economies
  • Critically evaluate the different capabilities and governance structures that family ownership entails and how this shapes the extent and nature of entrepreneurial activity
  • Identify the internationalisation processes exhibited by entrepreneurial firms from emerging markets and contrast this with those exhibited by the family firm
  • Appraise the ways in which family ownership interacts with entrepreneurship in the context of emerging markets
  • Critically evaluate the opportunities and challenges that family ownership presents, particularly in the context of economic change and globalisation

Assessment

  • Coursework 100%

Human Resources in Emerging Economies

This module will enable students to make informed judgements concerning the factors that create diversity in HR strategies of firms in emerging markets. Together we will evaluate the opportunities available to firms in order to change HR strategies, as their economy becomes more integrated into the global economy. We will also consider some of the constraints that these firms might face, and assess the likely consequences of actioning changes in HR strategy. We will then discuss how these constraints are conditioned by the institutions in which they operate.

The module will deepen your understanding of the ways in which human resources are managed in emerging markets. It will also support your understanding of the distinctive institutional influences that govern the employment relationship in emerging markets, and how these differ from one country to another.

On completion of this module, students will be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the ways in which the management of people is governed by distinct institutions in emerging markets
  • Identify the key rules, regulations and norms that shape the policies of firms concerning HRM in emerging markets
  • Critically evaluate the difference between emerging markets in these respects and whether the countries in this category can be group together into sub-categories
  • Identify changes in the patterns of HR practice among firms in emerging markets as the economies internationalise
  • Appraise the ways in which people are managed in emerging economies and how it is distinctive both from other emerging markets and from developed countries
  • Critically evaluate the outcomes of different firm strategies in relation to HRM, including how these strategies interact with institutional contexts in arriving at these outcomes

Assessment

  • Coursework 80%
  • Group Presentation 20%

The Internationalisation of Firms from Emerging Economies

This module will allow students to make informed assessments of the range of ways in which firms from emerging markets internationalise, critically evaluate the constraints and opportunities that they face in embarking on internationalisation and identify the distinctiveness of these internationalisation processes, both between emerging economies and developed ones.

The module will equip students with an understanding of the distinctive challenges that firms from emerging markets face in seeking to expand into other countries and generate an awareness of the resources on which these firms can draw in expanding internationally. It will also establish the ways in which paths to internationalization, and the role of international operations differ in firms from emerging markets compared with those from developed economies.

On completion of this modules students will be able to:

  • Critically evaluate the ways in which the opportunities for firms from emerging markets to internationalize are expanding
  • Identify the position of the national economies of emerging markets within the international political economy and how this affects internationalization
  • Critically evaluate the different strategies and capabilities that companies from emerging markets can draw on in expanding into other countries
  • Identify which features of national institutional and political systems give rise to different types of international expansion and to contrasting strategies at the international level
  • Appraise the ways in which the context within which firms from emerging markets is distinctive, both from other emerging markets and from developed economies
  • Critically evaluate different institutional contexts in terms of the constraints that they present and opportunities they afford firms from emerging markets.

Assessment

  • Coursework 100%

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

Modules are assessed by a combination of essays, group exercises, presentations, oral assessments and time constrained assignments. Subject to your choices, there may also be exams. Take a look at our modules to see the type of assessments you can expect to undertake.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Independent study

Your personal and professional development

The Institute for International Management at Loughborough University London is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully into a global management and relations position.

Future career prospects

This programme is suited to individuals who are looking to develop expertise in international management with knowledge of the issues facing economies that are in transition and are becoming increasingly integrated into the global economy.

Your personal development

The careers and employability support on offer at Loughborough University London and has been carefully designed to give you the best possible chance of securing your dream role.

Loughborough University London is the first of its kind to develop a suite of careers-focused activities and support that is positioned as the underpinning of every student’s programme. Opportunities include employability assessments, group projects set by a real businesses and organisations, company site visits and organisation-based dissertation opportunities.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree 2:2 (55% or above) or equivalent overseas qualification recognised by Loughborough University, typically in a non-business field though those with a business background will be considered. A background in the social sciences is desirable (but not essential).

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) 17 15 12.5
Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat 20 20 20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia - honours degree (AQF level 8) First class Upper second, H2A Lower second, 2B
Australia - ordinary degree (AQF level 7) High Distinction 85% Distinction 80% Distinction 75%

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree 1st (70%) 2nd (60%) 2nd (55%)
Other universities 1st (80%) 1st (70%) 2nd - (60%)

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Barbados - letter grading A B (or 75%) C (or 55%)
Barbados - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.0
Licenciatura or Título Profissional A B C

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada - GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.5/85% 3.0/75% 2.8/68%
Canada - out of 9 8 7 5
Canada - out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.5 3.0

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 or Notable 7.0 or 70 or Sufficiente

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6
Título de [subject area] 85% 75% 60%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala - 80% 60%
Private university - 85% 70%

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's - Pass with distinction or GPA 4.0 -

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan - GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon - American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
Lebanon - French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liberia - master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (4.0) 80 (3.0) 75 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 80% (3.0)
Master's degree Master's Master's Master's

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia - classification First Class 2.1 2.2
Malaysia - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nepal - master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 70% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nicaragua - 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan master's (2 or 3 year bachelor's plus master's) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Panama 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines - degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1 or 16/20 or 70% 2:2 or 14/20 or 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
Saudi Arabia GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Senegal - 14/20 or bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Serbia 9 8.25 7.5

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sierra Leone - classification - 2:1 2:2
Sierra Leone - percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Sierra Leone - letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore - classification First Upper second Lower second
Singapore - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
Singapore - GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
South Africa - percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5
Spain - UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria - state universities 85% 75% 65%
Syria - private universities 95% 85% 75%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan - prestigious national universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan - excellent universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan - good universities 88% 83% 80%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Trinidad and Tobago - University of the West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st 2:1 2:2

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 (tres bien) 13 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uruguay 10/12 8/12 or MB or 90% 6.5/12 or B or 80%

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - out of 20 - 16 14
Venezuela - out of 9 - 7 6.5

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zambia - master's - B+ or 3.5 or 70% -

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zimbabwe - 65% 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

The standard University IELTS English language requirement is 6.5 overall with 6.0 in each individual element (reading, writing, listening and speaking).

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£14,100

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£25,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

The fee stated is for a full-time student undertaking a master’s programme of 180 credits. Part-time students should divide the published fee by 180 credits and then multiply by the number of credits they are taking to calculate their tuition fees.

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