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Exercise significantly reduces alcohol cravings – new study

Exercise has been found to significantly reduce alcohol craving in university students, according to a new study.

Researchers recruited 60 male and female participants, aged 18 to 25-years-old, from the Midlands.

The group took part in a short discussion where members were asked to think about and describe their favourite drinks and drinking habits. They were also shown a video about cocktail making.

They were then split into three groups:

Exercise

The active intervention condition included participation in a five-minute exercise routine consisting of squats, mountain climbers, push-ups, jumping jacks, heel kicks, and sit-ups. Each exercise was performed for 45 seconds in a typical continuous circuit formation.

Distraction

The distraction (active control) condition involved sitting and colouring in a picture book for five minutes.

Control

The passive control condition involved sitting silently doing nothing in the laboratory for five minutes, with only the research assistant present.

Following the groups, all the students completed a series of questionnaires about drinking, cravings and their mood.

The analysis showed that those in the exercise group had significantly reduced alcohol craving when compared with those in the control group.

Researchers also found that positive mood increased, and anxiety and negative mood decreased for the exercisers.

The colouring group did not significantly reduce craving. However, they did report increased mood and reduced anxiety.

The participants also completed an online programme which provided information and education on alcohol abuse.

However, the team found that this only worsened negative mood and anxiety and did not change alcohol craving.

PhD student Aleksandra Gawor, of Loughborough’s School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, who led the study, said: “Alcohol abuse is associated with chronic disabling disease, such as cancer, heart disease, dementia and diabetes and has high human and economic costs.

“It often starts in young adults, especially students – and we found that misuse in this group has increased over the years.

“One of the vital contributors to the onset and maintenance of alcohol abuse is craving.

“But our experiments found that a short exercise circuit helps reduce alcohol craving and improves mood in students.

“This knowledge base will aid in our ability to potentially utilise exercise as a therapeutic tool to assist reduction of alcohol craving, as well as develop greater understanding in the mechanisms that may underlie hazardous alcohol use and addictive behaviour.”

The full paper is available in the journal Addictive Behaviours.

ENDS

Notes for editors

Press release reference number: 21/227

Loughborough is one of the country’s leading universities, with an international reputation for research that matters, excellence in teaching, strong links with industry, and unrivalled achievement in sport and its underpinning academic disciplines.

It has been awarded five stars in the independent QS Stars university rating scheme, named the best university in the world for sports-related subjects in the 2021 QS World University Rankings and University of the Year for Sport by The Times and Sunday Times University Guide 2022.

Loughborough is in the top 10 of every national league table, being ranked 7th in The UK Complete University Guide 2022, and 10th in both the Guardian University League Table 2022 and the Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2022.

Loughborough is consistently ranked in the top twenty of UK universities in the Times Higher Education’s ‘table of tables’ and is in the top 10 in England for research intensity. In recognition of its contribution to the sector, Loughborough has been awarded seven Queen's Anniversary Prizes

The Loughborough University London campus is based on the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park and offers postgraduate and executive-level education, as well as research and enterprise opportunities. It is home to influential thought leaders, pioneering researchers and creative innovators who provide students with the highest quality of teaching and the very latest in modern thinking.

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