Professor Wen-Feng Lin BSc, MSc, PhD, FRSC
Professor of Chemical Engineering
Research Director for Chemical Engineering
Professor Lin has particular expertise in physical chemistry, electrochemistry and electrochemical engineering. The primary themes of his research are related to energy, the environment, and water. He collaborates internationally and has led a significant number of externally funded projects, ranging from fundamental understanding of electro-catalysis at the atomic and molecular levels to applied R&D in energy materials, fuel cells, batteries, and the generation of ozone from water for water treatment and advanced oxidation technologies; resulting in an output of over 160 publications, 6 patents and contributions to 2 spin-outs.
After obtaining his BSc, MSc and PhD from Xiamen University, he was appointed as a Lecturer and then an Associate Professor at the same University, before embarking on his true international academic adventure. He was a Senior Visiting Scholar at Hong Kong University and Case Western Reserve University; and held two Research Fellowships awarded by the prestigious Humboldt-Foundation and Max-Planck-Society, working with Nobel Laureate Prof. Ertl in the Fritz-Haber-Institute in Berlin. In the UK, he was a Research Fellow (funded by EPSRC), Visiting Lecturer, Senior Research Fellow and a Founding Director of two spin-outs at Newcastle University; and was a Lecturer (2009-2012) and then promoted to a Reader (2013-2015) at Queen’s University Belfast (QUB). He joined Loughborough University in December 2015, taking up the post of Professor of Chemical Engineering. He holds 4 Visiting Professorships at four leading universities in China and is a Visiting Research Professor at QUB.
- BSc, MSc, PhD
- Fellow of The Royal Society of Chemistry (Since 2014)
- Member of The International Society of Electrochemistry
- Science and Technology Advance Prizes of State Educational Commission, China, 1992, 1996.
- Outstanding Scientific Research Prize of Xiamen University, China. 1994.
- Research Fellowship, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany, 1997-1998.
- Research Fellowship, Max-Planck-Society, Germany, 1998-1999.
- Research Fellowship, EPSRC, UK, 2002-2003.
- Principal Investigator and Co-Investigator of Major Research Grants Awards, EPSRC, UK, 2010-13, 2011-14, 2012-13; NSFC and MOST, China, 1994-1997, 2011-2014 (International Cooperation Platform Grant). Royal Society Newton Advanced Fellowship award (2019-2022).
Current teaching responsibilities:
- Clean Chemical Energy and Sustainability (Module Leader)
(CGD070 for Part D MEng students and CGP070 for MSc students)
- Chemical Product Design (Module Leader)
(CGD059 for Part D MEng students and CGP059 for MSc students)
- Chemical Engineering Individual Process Design Project (CGD045 for Part D )
- Chemical Engineering Team Process Design Project (CGD046 for Part D)
- Dissertation (CGC037 for Part C MEng)
- BEng R&D supervision (CGC033 for Part C)
- Process Design & Safety (CGB001 for Part B MEng/BEng)
- Chemical Engineering Laboratory (CGA004 for Part A)
- MSc Project (CGP056)
- MEng PDP Project
Current administrative responsibilities:
- Research Director for Department of Chemical Engineering
- Impact Lead for Department of Chemical Engineering
- Member of Research Committee of School of Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Member of Enterprise Committee of School of Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
Outline of main research interests:
My research seeks to tackle scientific problems of fundamental social and economic significance that have strong electrochemical and engineering aspects, and ranges from the development of novel energy-saving and environmentally friendly ozone generators and photo-electrochemical reactors for disinfection and detoxification of water, to the development of new advanced direct and indirect fuel cells as a future clean energy technology with a focus on using renewable biofuels/biofeedstocks as energy sources.
Current projects are multidisciplinary in the fields of materials, chemistry, chemical engineering and bioengineering, and maintain collaborations with a wide range of engineers and scientists worldwide. Research activities include low temperature PEM and alkaline fuel cells, direct alcohol fuel cells, microbial fuel cells, metal-air batteries, lithium-ion and hybrid batteries, redox flow batteries, supercapacitors, photo-electro-chemical hydrogen production, CO2 conversion to liquid fuels, and catalytic ozone generation from water for water treatment and advanced oxidation technologies.
The interdisciplinary nature of the research requires both fundamental understanding of the underpinning basic sciences and engineering and application-led system development, ranges from materials synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, mechanisms and electro-catalysis studies, to novel cell and stack design and fabrication.
The advancement of research is achieved by two parallel research approaches:
- Development and application of novel techniques such as electrochemical in-situ FTIR, ex-situ electron diffraction and DFT atomistic modelling capable of providing molecular information on a range of catalytic and electrocatalytic reactions, from steady state to intrinsic kinetics.
- Incorporation of this information into the design of improved materials (catalysts, in particular shape- and size-controllable nanocatalysts supported on a range of nanostructured carbon, oxide and carbides), components, reactors, devices and integrated systems, e.g., fit-for-purpose fuel cell stacks for portable power and transportation, and for combined heat and power for buildings.
Grants and contracts:
- The Royal Society Newton Advanced Fellowship award of £111k (2019-2022) Development of next generation fit-for-purpose high performance low cost alkaline direct fuel cells.
- The UK Catalysis Hub – energy theme, EPSRC, £3M (2013-2018, Collaborator, with main contribution to the fuel cell project which is one of the three energy projects in it).
- Low Cost High Performance Novel Catalysts for Direct Alcohol Alkaline Fuel Cells using anion exchange membrane and bio-fuels, EPSRC, £536K (2011-2014, PI).
- High Performance Low Temperature Direct Ethanol Fuel Cells, EPSRC and TSB, £504K (2010-2013, Co-I, wrote the proposal and run the project).
- Green Electro-catalytic Ozone and Hydrogen Technologies - An Energy-efficient, Cost-effective and Sustainable Solution for Water/Waste Treatments and Clean Fuel Production, NI Water Ltd and Modern Water Ltd, £89K (2010-2014, PI)
- Small Items of Research Equipment, EPSRC, £358K (2012-2013; Co-I).
- Novel Tungsten Carbide based Materials for Fuel Cell Applications, Ministry of Science and Technology of China (International cooperation platform grant), RMB 5.10M = £510K, 2011-2014, Co-PI for UK team)
- Fuel Cell Catalysis at Atomic and Molecular Level, State Key Laboratory of Physical Chemistry of Solid Surfaces at Xiamen, China, RMB 1.85M = £180K (2012-2015, Co-PI for UK team)
- Advanced Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells, Department of Education and Learning of Northern Ireland, £96K (2010-2012, PI).
- Fit-for-Purpose Shape Flexible Fuel Cells, Department of Education and Learning of Northern Ireland, £62K (2011-2014, PI).
- Development of a Capillary Fuel Cell and Exploitation of Novel Catalysis, Whitefox Technologies Ltd, £265K (2006-2008, Co-PI).
- Research and Development of a Novel Fuel Cell Cathode Configuration, Acal Energy Ltd, £141K (2005-2007, Co-PI).
- Capillary Ethanol Fuel Cell, Carbon Trust, £170K, (2005-2007, Co-I).
- Capillary Direct Methanol Fuel Cell, EU CRAFT F5, €1.32M (2002-2004, Co-I).
Zhou, Y.-W., Chen, Y.-F., Jiang, K., Liu, Z., Mao, Z.-J., Zhang, W.-Y., Lin, W.-F., Cai, W.-B. (2021) Probing the enhanced methanol electrooxidation mechanism on platinum-metal oxide catalyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2020.119393
Zhang, G., Jia, Y., Zhang, C., Xiong, X., Sun, K., Chen, R., Chen, W., Kuang, Y., Zheng, L., Tang, H., Liu, W., Liu, J., Sun, X., Lin, W.-F., Dai, H. (2019) A general route via formamide condensation to prepare atomically dispersed metal-nitrogen-carbon electrocatalysts for energy technologies. Energy and Environmental Science, 12(4). https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ee00162j
Wang, J., Wu, G., Wang, W., Xuan, W., Jiang, J., Wang, J., Li, L., Lin, W.-F., Ding, W., Wei, Z. (2019) A neural-network-like catalyst structure for the oxygen reduction reaction: Carbon nanotube bridged hollow PtCo alloy nanoparticles in a MOF-like matrix for energy technologies. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 7(34). https://doi.org/10.1039/c9ta06712d
Yu, N.-F., Tian, N., Zhou, Z.-Y., Sheng, T., Lin, W.-F., Ye, J.-Y., Liu, S., Ma, H.-B., Sun, S.-G. (2019) Pd Nanocrystals with Continuously Tunable High-Index Facets as a Model Nanocatalyst. ACS Catalysis, 9(4). https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b04741
Sheng, T., Qi, Y.-J., Lin, X., Hu, P., Sun, S.-G., Lin, W.-F. (2016) Insights into the mechanism of nitrobenzene reduction to aniline over Pt catalyst and the significance of the adsorption of phenyl group on kinetics. Chemical Engineering Journal, 293. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.02.066
Sheng, T., Lin, W.-F., Hardacre, C., Hu, P. (2014) Role of water and adsorbed hydroxyls on ethanol electrochemistry on Pd: New mechanism, active centers, and energetics for direct ethanol fuel cell running in alkaline medium. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 118(11). https://doi.org/10.1021/jp407978h
Jin, J.-M., Sheng, T., Lin, X., Kavanagh, R., Hamer, P., Hu, P., Hardacre, C., Martinez-Bonastre, A., Sharman, J., Thompsett, D., Lin, W.-F. (2014) The origin of high activity but low CO2 selectivity on binary PtSn in the direct ethanol fuel cell. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16(20). https://doi.org/10.1039/c4cp00859f
- Johnson Matthey Technology Centre
- Manchester University
- Queen’s University of Belfast
- Fritz-Haber Institution of Max-Plank Society
- Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Xiamen University
- Fudan University
- Shandong University
- Beijing University of Chemical Technology
- Zhejiang University of Technology
External roles and appointments:
- Editorial board of Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology (since 2011)
- Panel of EPSRC energy program (since 2011)
- EPSRC College member
- Science Board of UK Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Research Hub
- Symposium Organizer and Chairman (e.g., 243rd American Chemical Society, Division of Fuel Chemistry, Symposium on Materials and Catalysis in Fuel Cells, March 2012)
- International committee (e.g., the 2nd international Symposium on Sustainable Chemical Product and Process Engineering)
- Section Chair for international conferences (e.g., annual meetings of the International Society of Electrochemistry, etc.)
- Regular reviewer for major research proposals for EPSRC, Leverhulme Trust, Department of Energy (DOE)/USA, National Natural Science Foundation of China
- Regular referee for leading journals (e.g., Nature, Nature Communication, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed, JACS, JPC, Chem. Comm., EES, PCCP, Nano Energy, Chemical Engineering Journal and many others in Electrochemistry, Catalysis, Surface Sciences and Engineering areas)
- External Examiner for PhD for the University of Manchester (since 2011), University of Sussex (since 2013), University of Nottingham (since 2015), Newcastle University (since 2016), The University of Hong Kong (2010 -) and Xiamen University (2009 -).
- Electrochemistry and Electrochemical Engineering
- Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion (Fuel Cells, Batteries)
- Electrochemical Environmental Systems and Engineering (Ozone and Advanced Oxidation Technologies, Photo-electrochemistry and Photo-electro-catalysis)
- Water Treatment and Disinfection
- Electrochemical Nano-materials and Nano-technologies
- Surface Sciences, Technologies and Engineering
- Electrochemical and Photo-electrochemical in-situ FTIR Spectroscopy