School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Professor Qiuhua Liang DPhil (Oxford, UK); BEng (Dalian University of Technology, China)

Photo of Professor Qiuhua Liang

Professor of Water Engineering

Background:

Qiuhua Liang is currently Professor of Water Engineering in the School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering at Loughborough University. Before joining Loughborough in June 2018, he was a lecturer (2006 – 2011), senior lecturer (2011 – 2013) and Professor of Hydrosystems Modelling (2013 – 2018) at Newcastle University. He received his BEng from Dalian University of Technology, China in 1997 and DPhil from University of Oxford in 2005.

Qualifications:

BEng in port and Waterway Engineering (4-year degree course), Dalian University of Technology, China; DPhil in Computational Hydraulics, University of Oxford, UK

Outline of main research interests:

Prof Liang’s research is focused on computational hydraulics and applications. He has developed high-performance mathematical and numerical models to facilitate sustainable management of hydrosystems interrupted by natural hazards such as floods, tsunamis, debris flows and landslides.

  • Numerical methods: Godunov-type finite volume scheme, discontinuous Galerkin methods (DG methods), smooth particle hydrodynamics, particle-tracking methods, coupled hydrodynamic and discrete element model for floating debris and mass flows, GPU high-performance computing
  • Modelling dynamic processes of extreme natural hazards to support risk assessment and damage estimation
  • High-resolution urban flood modelling and blue-green infrastructure for flood risk mitigation and resilience
  • Real-time flood forecasting
  • Catchment systems modelling (rainfall-runoff, flash flooding, water quality, hydrogeomorphology, landslide, debris flow, floating debris, engineering intervention, etc.) for natural flood management
  • Crowd-sourced data acquisition, agent-based modelling and coupled human and natural systems modelling

Grants and contracts:

Prof Liang has received over £5m research grants as PI and Co-I from UK research councils and other funders since 2008.

  • 2018 – 2021, Co-I, TERSE: Techno-Economic framework for Resilient and Sustainable Electrification, EPSRC GCRF: EP/R030294/1.
  • 2018 – 2020, PI, A Virtual Collaboratory for Flood Forecasting, Flood Warning and Decision-making Under Uncertainty in Urban Flood Management, Royal Academy of Engineering – Newton Fund: UUFRIP\100033.
  • 2017 – 2021, Co-I, Flood-PREPARED: Predicting Rainfall Events by Physical Analytics of REaltime Data, NERC Highlight Project: NE/P017134/1.
  • 2016 – 2017, PI, REMATCH: Building REsilience to Multi-source Flooding in Southeast/South Asia through a Technology-informed Community-based approacH, NERC GCRF: NE/P015476/1
  • 2016 – 2019, Co-I, TENDERLY: Towards END-to End flood forecasting and a tool for ReaL-time catchment susceptibility, NERC Flooding from Intense Rainfall Programme. 

  • 2016 – 2016, PI, Towards the next generation of real-time high-resolution urban flash flood forecasting systems, NERC Flooding from Intense Rainfall Programme Integration Funds.
  • 2014 – 2016, PI, Numerical and laboratory modelling study of meteo-tsunamis and harbour resonance, Royal Society - NSFC International Exchanges 2013: IE131297.
  • 2014 – 2017, PI, Fluid-floating debris-structure interaction under extreme hydraulic conditions, NSFC Regular Grants: 51379074.
  • 2013 – 2017, Co-I, Susceptibility of catchments to INTense RAinfall and flooding (SINATRA), NERC Flooding from Intense Rainfall Programme: NE/K008781/1.
  • 2013 – 2013, PI, Online social networks (OSNs) based system for flood prediction and management, EPSRC Digital Economy Sustainable Society Network+.
  • 2013 – 2015, Co-I, Flood MEMORY: Multi-Event Modelling Of Risk & recoverY, EPSRC Flood Sandpit: EP/K013513/1.
  • 2012 – 2013, PI, Optimal management of water resources and flood risk for hydropower generation, (part of) EPSRC funded GLOBAL SECURE grant.
  • 2012 – 2012, PI, Numerical and Experimental Modelling of Sewage Screening Chamber, Northumbrian Water Limited.
  • 2010 – 2011, Co-I, Impacts and dynamics of volcanically-generated jökulhlaups, Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland, NERC urgency grant: NE/1007628/1.
  • 2008 – 2012, PI, Adaptive mesh simulation of different scale flood inundation, EPSRC first grant: EP/F030177/1.

Recent publications:

  1. Xia X, Liang Q (2018) A new efficient implicit scheme for discretising the stiff friction terms in the shallow water equations. Advances in Water Resources, 117: 87-97.
  2. Chen H, Liang Q, Liu Y, Xie S (2018) Hydraulic Correction Method (HCM) to Enhance the Efficiency of SRTM DEM in Flood Modeling. Journal of Hydrology, 559: 56-70.
  3. Wang G, Fu D, Zheng J, Liang Q, Zhang Y (2018) Analytic study on long wave transformation over a seamount with a pit. Ocean Engineering, 154: 167-176.
  4. Xia X, Liang Q (2018) A new depth-averaged model for flow-like landslides over complex terrains with curvatures and steep slopes. Engineering Geology, 234: 174-191.
  5. Wang G, Zheng J, Liang Q (2018) Accuracy of depth-integrated nonhydrostatic wave models. Ocean Engineering, 149: 217-225.

Selected publications:

  1. Xia X, Liang Q (2018) A new efficient implicit scheme for discretising the stiff friction terms in the shallow water equations. Advances in Water Resources, 117: 87-97.
  2. Chen H, Liang Q, Liu Y, Xie S (2018) Hydraulic Correction Method (HCM) to Enhance the Efficiency of SRTM DEM in Flood Modeling. Journal of Hydrology, 559: 56-70.
  3. Wang G, Fu D, Zheng J, Liang Q, Zhang Y (2018) Analytic study on long wave transformation over a seamount with a pit. Ocean Engineering, 154: 167-176.
  4. Xia X, Liang Q (2018) A new depth-averaged model for flow-like landslides over complex terrains with curvatures and steep slopes. Engineering Geology, 234: 174-191.
  5. Wang G, Zheng J, Liang Q (2018) Accuracy of depth-integrated nonhydrostatic wave models. Ocean Engineering, 149: 217-225.
  6. Chen H, Liang Z, Liu Y, Liang Q, Xie S (2017) Integrated remote sensing imagery and two-dimensional hydraulic modeling approach for impact evaluation of flood on crop yields. Journal of Hydrology, 553: 262-275.
  7. Smith L, Liang Q, James P, Wen L (2017) Assessing the utility of social media as a data source for flood risk management using a real-time modelling framework. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 10: 370-380.
  8. Xia X, Liang Q, Ming X, Hou J (2017) An efficient and stable hydrodynamic model with novel source term discretization schemes for overland flow and flood simulations. Water Resources Research, 53: 3730-3759.
  9. Birkinshaw SJ, Guerreiro SB, Nicholson A, Liang Q, Quinn P, Zhang L, He B, Yin J, Fowler H (2017) Climate Change Impacts on Yangtze River Discharge at the Three Gorges Dam. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21: 1911-1927.
  10. Guan M, Liang Q (2017) A two-dimensional hydro-morphological model for river hydraulics and morphology with vegetation. Environmental Modelling & Software, 88: 10-21.
  11. Liang Q, Smith L, Xia X (2016) New prospects for computational hydraulics by leveraging high-performance heterogeneous computing techniques. Journal of Hydrodynamics, 28(6): 977-985.
  12. Amouzgar R, Liang Q, Clarke PJ, Yasuda T, Mase H (2016) Computationally Efficient Tsunami Modelling on Graphics Processing Units (GPU). International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 26(2): 154-160.
  13. Lai X, Liang Q, Huang Q, Jiang J, Lu XX (2016) Numerical evaluation of flow regime changes induced by the Three Gorges Dam in the Middle Yangtze. Hydrology Research, nh2016158.
  14. Liang Q, Chen K, Hou J, Xiong Y, Wang G, Qiang J (2016) Hydrodynamic modelling of flow impact on structures under extreme flow conditions. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B, 28(2): 267-274.
  15. Ferrer-Boix C, Liang Q (2016) A numerical approach for analysing the performance of a sewage screening chamber. Urban Water Journal, 13(4): 360-371.
  16. Xia X, Liang Q (2016) A GPU-accelerated smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) model for the shallow water equations. Environmental Modelling & Software, 75: 28-43.
  17. Liang Q, Hou J, Amouzgar R (2015) Simulation of Tsunami Propagation Using Adaptive Cartesian Grids. Coastal Engineering Journal, 57(4): 1550016 (30 pages).
  18. Hou J, Liang Q, Li Z, Wang S, Hinkelmann R (2015) Numerical error control for second-order explicit TVD scheme with limiters in advection simulation. Computers & Mathematics with Applications, 70(9): 2197-2209.
  19. Wang G, Zheng JH, Liang QH, Zhang W, Huang C (2015) Theoretical analysis of harbor resonance in harbor with an exponential bottom profile. China Ocean Engineering, 29: 821-834.
  20. Liang Q, Xia X, Hou J (2015) Efficient urban flood simulation using a GPU-accelerated SPH model. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(11): 7285-7294.
  21. Hou J, Liang Q, Xia X (2015) Robust absorbing boundary conditions for shallow water flow models. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(11): 7407-7422.
  22. Xia X, Huang R, Liang Q, Yu B (2015) A New Physically-Based Simulation Framework for Modelling Flow-Like Landslides. International Journal of Geohazards and Environment, 1(3): 94-100.
  23. Liang Q, Hou J, Xia X (2015) Contradiction between the C-property and mass conservation in adaptive grid based shallow flow models: cause and solution. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 78(1): 17-36.
  24. Liang Q, Smith LS (2015) A high-performance integrated hydrodynamic modelling system for urban flood simulations. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 17(4): 518-533.
  25. Zhang L, Liang Q, Wang Y, Yin J (2015) A Robust Coupled Model for Solute Transport Driven by Severe Flow Conditions. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 9: 49-60.
  26. Hou J, Liang Q, Zhang H, Hinkelmann R (2015) An efficient unstructured MUSCL scheme for solving the 2D shallow water equations. Environmental Modelling & Software, 66: 131-152.
  27. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2015) RKDG2 shallow-water solver on non-uniform grids with local time steps: application to 1D and 2D hydrodynamics. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 39(3-4): 1317-1340.
  28. Smith LS, Liang Q, Quinn PF (2015) Towards a hydrodynamic modelling framework appropriate for applications in urban flood assessment and mitigation using heterogeneous computing. Urban Water Journal, 12(1): 67-78.
  29. Lai X, Liang Q, Jiang J, Huang Q (2014) Impoundment Effects of the Three-Gorges-Dam on Flow Regimes in Two China’s Largest Freshwater Lakes. Water Resources Management, 28(14): 5111-5124.
  30. Hou J, Liang Q, Zhang H, Hinkelmann R (2014) Multislope MUSCL method applied to solve shallow water equations. Computer and Mathematics with Applications, 68(12): 2012-2027.
  31. Lu D, Wang B, Wang Y, Zhou H, Liang Q, Peng Y, Roskilly AP (2014) Optimal operation of cascade hydropower stations using hydrogen as storage medium. Applied Energy, 137: 56-63.
  32. Lai X, Liang Q, Yesou H, Daillet S (2014) Variational assimilation of remotely sensed flood extents using a two-dimensional flood model. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18: 4325-4339.
  33. Zhang H, Wang Y, Liang Q, Smith LS, Kilsby CG (2014) Non-negative depth reconstruction for a two-dimensional partial inertial inundation model. Journal of Hydroinformatics, 16(5): 1158-1177.
  34. Amouzgar R, Liang Q, Smith L (2014) A GPU-accelerated shallow flow model for tsunami simulations. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Engineering and Computational Mechanics, 167(3): 117-125.
  35. Hou J, Simons F, Liang Q, Hinkelmann R (2014) An improved hydrostatic reconstruction method for shallow water model. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 52(3): 432-439.
  36. Wang G, Zheng J, Liang Q, Zheng Y (2014) Analytical solutions for oscillations in a harbor with a hyperbolic-cosine squared bottom. Ocean Engineering, 83: 16-23.
  37. Smith LS, Liang Q (2013) Towards a generalised GPU/CPU shallow-flow modelling tool. Computers & Fluids, 88: 334-343.
  38. Lai X, Jiang J, Liang Q, Huang Q (2013) Large-scale hydrodynamic modeling of the middle Yangtze River Basin with complex river–lake interactions. Journal of Hydrology, 492: 228-243.
  39. Xia X, Liang Q, Pastor M, Zou W, Zhuang Y-F (2013) Balancing the source terms in a SPH model for solving the shallow water equations. Advances in Water Resources, 59: 25-38.
  40. Hou J, Liang Q, Simons F, Hinkelmann R (2013) A stable 2D unstructured shallow flow model for simulations of wetting and drying over rough terrains. Computers & Fluids, 82: 132-147.
  41. Li G, Gao J, Liang Q (2013) A well-balanced weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for pollutant transport in shallow water. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 71: 1566-1587.
  42. Duran A, Liang Q, Marche F (2013) On the well-balanced numerical discretization of shallow water equations on unstructured meshes. Journal of Computational Physics, 235: 565-586.
  43. Hou J, Liang Q, Simons F, Hinkelmann R (2013) A 2D well-balanced shallow flow model for unstructured grids with novel slope source term treatment. Advances in Water Resources, 52: 107-131.
  44. Zhang C, Liang Q, Yin J(2013) A first-order adaptive solution to rapidly spreading flood waves. Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics, 13(1): 1-10.­
  45. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2012) Influence of Total-Variation-Diminishing Slope Limiting on Local Discontinuous Galerkin Solutions of the Shallow Water Equations. ASCE-Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 138(2): 216-222.
  46. Liang Q (2012) A simplified adaptive Cartesian grid system for solving the 2D shallow water equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 69(2): 442-458.
  47. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2012) Locally Limited and Fully Conserved RKDG2 Shallow Water Solutions with Wetting and Drying. Journal of Scientific Computing, 50:120-144.
  48. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2012) Dynamically adaptive grid based discontinuous Galerkin shallow water model. Advances in Water Resources, 37: 23-39.
  49. Liang Q (2011) A coupled morphodynamic model for applications involving wetting and drying. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B, 23(3): 273-281.
  50. Wang Y, Liang Q, Kesserwani G, Hall JW (2011) A 2D shallow flow model for practical dam-break simulations. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 49(3): 307-316.
  51. Liang Q (2011) A Structured but Non-Uniform Cartesian Grid-Based Model for the Shallow Water Equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 66: 537-554.
  52. Wang Y, Liang Q, Kesserwani G, Hall J(2011) A positivity-preserving zero-inertia model for flood simulation. Computers & Fluids, 46: 505-511.
  53. Alias NA, Liang Q, Kesserwani G(2011) A Godunov-Type Scheme for Modelling 1D Channel Flow with Varying Width and Bed Topography. Computers & Fluids, 46: 88-93.
  54. Wang J-P, Liang Q (2011) Testing a new adaptive grid-based shallow flow model for different types of flood simulations. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 4: 96-103.
  55. Liang Q (2011) Dynamically Adaptive Simulation of Coastal Hydrodynamics. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 21(1): 1-6.
  56. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2011) A conservative high-order discontinuous Galerkin method for the shallow water equations with arbitrary topography. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 86: 47-69.
  57. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2010) A discontinuous Galerkin algorithm for the two-dimensional shallow water equations. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 199: 3356-3368.
  58. Ren M, Wang B, Liang Q, Fu G (2010) Classified real-time flood forecasting by coupling fuzzy clustering and neural network. International Journal of Sediment Research,25(2): 134-148.
  59. Liang Q (2010) Flood Simulation Using a Well-Balanced Shallow Flow Model. ASCE - Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 136(9): 669-675.
  60. Kesserwani G, Vazquez J, Rivière N, Liang Q, Travin G, Mosé R (2010) New Approach for Predicting Flow Bifurcation at Right-Angled Open-Channel Junction. ASCE - Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 136(9): 662-668.
  61. Liang Q (2010) A Well-Balanced and Non-Negative Numerical Scheme for Solving the Integrated Shallow Water and Solute Transport Equations. Communications in Computational Physics, 7(5): 1049-1075.
  62. Kesserwani G, Liang Q (2010) Well-balanced RKDG2 solutions to the shallow water equations over irregular domains with wetting and drying. Computers & Fluids, 39: 2040-2050.
  63. Kesserwani G, Liang Q, Vazquez J, Mosé R (2010) Well-Balancing Issues Related to the RKDG2 Scheme for the Shallow Water Equations. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids,62: 428-448.
  64. Liang Q, Wang Y, Archetti R (2010) A Well-Balanced Shallow Flow Solver for Coastal Simulations. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 20(1): 41-47.
  65. Liang Q, Marche F (2009) Numerical Resolution of Well-Balanced Shallow Water Equations with Complex Source Terms. Advances in Water Resources, 32: 873-884.
  66. Liang Q, Taylor PH, Borthwick AGL (2009) Particle Mixing and Reactive Front Motions in Chaotic but Closed Shallow Flows. Computers & Fluids,38(2): 382-392.
  67. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL (2009) Adaptive Quadtree Simulation of Shallow Flows with Wet-Dry Fronts over Complex Topography. Computers & Fluids, 38(2): 221-234.
  68. Liang Q, Du G, Hall JW, Borthwick AGL (2008) Flood Inundation Modelling with an Adaptive Quadtree Grid Shallow Water Equation Solver. ASCE - Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 134(11): 1603-1610.
  69. Ning DZ,Zang J, Liang Q, Taylor PH, Borthwick AGL (2008) Boussinesq Cut-Cell Model for Non-Linear Wave Interaction with Coastal Structures. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 57: 1459-1483.
  70. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL (2008) Simple treatment of non-aligned boundaries in a Cartesian grid shallow flow model. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 56(11): 2091-2110.
  71. Liang Q (2008) Simulation of Shallow Flows in Nonuniform Open Channels. ASME – Journal of Fluids Engineering,130(1): 011205-1-9.
  72. Zang J, Ning DZ, Liu S, Liang Q, Taylor PH, Eatock Taylor R, Borthwick AGL (2007) Boussinesq Cut-cell Model for Wave Scattering from Cylinder in Shallow Water. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering,17(4): 266-269.
  73. Liang Q, Zang J, Borthwick AGL, Taylor PH (2007) Shallow Flow Simulation on Dynamically Adaptive Cut Cell Quadtree Grids. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 53(12): 1777-1799.
  74. Liang Q, Taylor PH, Borthwick AGL (2007) Particle mixing and reactive front motion in unsteady open shallow flow – Modelled using singular value decomposition. Computers & Fluids,36: 248-258.
  75. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL, Taylor PH (2006) Wind-induced Chaotic Advection in Shallow Flow Geometries. Part II: Non-circular Basins. Journal of Hydraulic Research,44: 180-188.
  76. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL, Taylor PH (2006) Wind-induced Chaotic Advection in Shallow Flow Geometries. Part I: Circular Basins. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 44: 170-179.
  77. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL, Taylor PH (2005) Chaotic Mixing in a Basin due to a Sinusoidal Wind Field. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids,47: 871-877.
  78. Liang Q, Borthwick AGL, Stelling G (2004) Simulation of Dam and Dyke-break Hydrodynamics on Dynamically Adaptive Quadtree Grids. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 46: 127-162.

http://publications.lboro.ac.uk/publications/all/collated/cvql2.html 

External roles and appointments:

  • Vice Chair, IAHR/IWA Joint Committee on Hydroinformatics
  • Editor / Editorial board: Journal of Hydrology, Advances in Water Resources, ICE-Water Management, Journal of Hydrodynamics, Geoenvironmental Disasters
  • Visiting/guess professor at Kyoto University (DPRI), and Kobe university, Japan; Wuhan University, Hohai University, Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research (IWHR), Heibei University of Engineering, and Xi’an University of Technology, China
  • Technical Program Committee (TPC), International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineering (ISOPE)