Professor Mark King discusses his research with the England and Wales Cricket Board, looking at their elite performers, the injuries they sustain & how they can be avoided.
Professor Mark King Bsc, PhD
Professor of Sports Biomechanics
Associate Dean (Enterprise)
Mark did his degree (Mathematics and Sports Science, 1993) and PhD (subject-specific computer simulation of dynamic jumping, 1998) at Loughborough. Mark was appointed as Lecturer in Sports Biomechanics in 1999, promoted to Senior Lecturer in Sports Biomechanics in 2006 and then Reader in Sports Biomechanics in 2012. Mark is currently Associate Dean for Enterprise within the School as well as Director of Placements, Programme Director for the Masters in Sports Biomechanics and Deputy Lead for the Sport Performance Research Theme. Mark has also been Warden of Royce Hall since 1999 and is responsible for the welfare of 375 students.
Mark has strong links with the England and Wales Cricket Board and the International Cricket Council. Mark is accredited as a Human Movement Specialist for both the ECB and ICC and Loughborough is accredited as an ICC testing centre for suspected illegal bowling actions.
Sport wise, Mark is currently Senior County Captain for Leicestershire Badminton having represented Leicestershire 1st team over 100 times, was English National Champion for the Over 40’s Men Doubles in 2013 and All England Champion for the Over 40’s Mens Doubles in 2015.
Mark's main research interests revolve around optimal performance and the factors that limit optimal performance in sport, with particular interests in racket sports,cricket and dynamic jumping movements. Mark uses both experimental and theoretical methods to investigate optimal performance. Mark has identified the key technique factors that affect optimum performance in a variety of sports. One of Mark’s key research methodologies is developing subject-specific computer simulation models in order to understand the dynamics of human movement. Fundamental to this are the methods developed for determining subject-specific strength parameters and he continues to research in this area.
In 1997 Mark was awarded first prize in the Young Investigators award at the 2nd Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences for his work on computer simulation of vaulting. Since then Mark has continued his research into using subject-specific computer simulation models for a variety of dynamic jumping activities including vaulting, tumbling, triple jump, springboard diving, long jumping and jumping for height. In addition Mark has developed simulation models to investigate loading on the arm in tennis and fast bowling performance in cricket.
In 2005 Mark was elected onto the Executive Board for the International Society of Biomechanics Technical Group on Computer Simulation and is currently the Chairperson of the group.
Selected Research Projects and Sources of Funding
- Technical excellence project – fast bowling in cricket. England and Wales Cricket Board, £40,000. 2014-2016.
- Optimum performance in the badminton smash. Badminton World Federation. £8,000. 2014-2015.
- Investigating appropriate pitch length for junior age group cricket. England and Wales Cricket Board, £30,000. 2014-2017.
- Maximising spin rate for finger spinners and wrist spinners in cricket. England and Wales Cricket Board, £23,000. 2010-2015.
- Technique and performance in batting against short pitch bowling. England and Wales Cricket Board, £20,000. 2011-2015.
- Optimising Fast Bowling Performance in Cricket. England and Wales Cricket Board, £80,000. 2010-2014.
- Bowling Action Research - ICC Project. International Cricket Council, £4,500. 2009-2010.
- Fast bowling: performance and injuries. England and Wales Cricket Board, £80,000. 2006-2010.
- Investigating feel fatigue and injury in tennis. EPSRC (IMRC) and Head sport, £222,000. 2002-2007.
- Chair of the International Society of Biomechanics Technical Group on Computer Simulation, 2010 -
- Executive Board of the ISB Technical Group on Computer Simulation, 2005-2010
- Co-Chairperson for the XIV International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, 2013
- Chairperson for the XI International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics, 2009
- Human Movement Specialist, U19 Cricket World Cup, Dubai, 2014
- Human Movement Specialist, ICC 2007 -
- Human Movement Specialist, ECB, 2005 -
- Elite Fast Bowling Group, ECB, 2006 -
- Visiting Professor, University of Vienna, 2012
Selected Invited Conference Keynote and Speaker Presentations
- 2015, ECB Coaches association National Conference, Warwick, UK
- 2012, Sports Video Analysis and Computation, Swansea
- 2011, International Society of Biomechanics in Sport, Portugal
- 2009, British Science Festival
- 2009, 11th ICHPER Europe Regional Congress, Turkey
- 2008, Pre-Olympic Congress, Nanjing, China
- 2008, LTA Sports Science and Sports Medicine Conference, London
- 2015, 6th International Sports Medicine and Sports Science Conference, Putrajaya,Malaysia
- 2015, England Performance Programme, National Cricket Performance Centre, ECB, Loughborough
- 2015, Sports Science Summit, O2 Arena, London
- 2014, High Performance Programme, ICC, Dunkeld, Scotland
- 2014, Movement profiling, National Cricket Performance Centre, ECB, Loughborough.
- 2012, ASME: Bioengineering conference, Puerto Rico
- 2010, IUTAM conference, Belgium
- 2009, 10th US National Congress on Computational Mechanics, USA
- 2008, 8th World Congress on Computational Mechanics WCCM8
- 2007, 1st IMA Conference on Mathematics in Sports, UK
- 2006, 5th World Congress of Biomechanics, Germany
- McErlain-Naylor, S.A., King, M.A., Pain, M.T.G. 2014. Determinants of countermovement jump performance: a kinetic and kinematic analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences 32, 1805-1812.
- King, M.A., Yeadon, M.R. 2012. Quantifying elbow extension and elbow hyperextension in cricket bowling: A case study of Jenny Gunn, Journal of Sports Sciences 30, 937–947.
- King, M.A., Kentel, B.B., Mitchell, S.R. 2012. The effects of ball impact location and grip tightness on the arm, racquet and ball for one-handed tennis backhand groundstrokes. Journal of Biomechanics, 45, 1048-1052.
- King, M.A., Lewis, M.G.C., Yeadon, M.R. 2012. Is it necessary to include biarticular effects within joint torque representations of knee flexion and knee extension? International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering, 10, 117–130.
- King, M.A., Kong, P.W., and Yeadon, M.R. 2009. Determining effective subject-specific strength levels for forward dives using computer simulations of recorded performances. Journal of Biomechanics. 42, 2672-2677.
- King, M.A., Wilson, C. and Yeadon, M.R. 2006. Evaluation of a torque-driven model of jumping for height. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 22, 264-274.
- King, M.A. and Yeadon, M.R. 2005. Factors influencing performance in the Hecht vault and implications for modelling. Journal of Biomechanics, 38, 145-151.
- King, M.A. and Yeadon, M.R. 2004. Maximising somersault rotation in tumbling. Journal of Biomechanics, 37, 471-477.
- King, M.A. and Yeadon, M.R. 2003. Coping with perturbations to a layout somersault in tumbling. Journal of Biomechanics, 36, 921-927.
- King, M.A. and Yeadon, M.R. 2002. Determining subject-specific torque parameters for use in a torque-driven simulation model of dynamic jumping. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 18, 207-217.
You can view a fuller publications list on the University Publications Database.