School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Staff

Dr Danny Longman (he/him) graduated from the University of Cambridge with a BA (Hons) in Natural Sciences (2005-8), as well as an MPhil (2008-9) and PhD (2011-2014) in Human Evolution. Danny then remained at Cambridge as a Post-Doctoral researcher, before joining Loughborough University as a Lecturer in Physiology in 2019. Away from work, Danny is a keen sportsman, with a passion for ultra-endurance sport, exploration and travel.

Dr Longman’s research is primarily focussed on human adaptability and function. With colleagues, Dr Longman recently defined the sub-discipline of Human athletic palaeobiology, in which athletes are recruited as study participants and contemporary sports are used as a model to study evolutionary theory. The use of sport as a conceptual framework offers unprecedented opportunities to improve our understanding of what the body does, shedding new light on our evolutionary trajectory, our capacity for adaptation, and the underlying biological mechanisms. Recent work with ultra-endurance athletes has employed the theoretical framework provided by life history theory to characterise the human adaptive response to energetic stress. This approach is allowing the relationships between different physiological functions to be explored through the logic of trade-offs.

Selected Media

2018:

  • BBC Royal Institution Christmas Lectures - Demonstration of evolved thermoregulatory mechanisms, broadcast 27th December 2018, BBC 4
  • Expert opinion provided to CNN – metabolic rates and evolution

2015-17:

  • Research reported in outlets including The Telegraph, The New York Times, Sky News, Runners’ World and Men’s Health, ABC Radio National Australia & New Zealand.

Selected conference presentations

  • Longman, D., Macintosh, A., Roberts, R., Oakley, S., Wells, JCK., Stock, JT. (2019). Endurance activity as a driver of morphological thermal adaptation; an investigation considering the energetics of endurance running. American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Cleveland, USA.
  • Longman, D., Wells, CK., Stock, JT. (2017). Signals in evolutionary and ecological context. Podium presentation. American Association of Physical Anthropologists. New Orleans, USA.
  • Longman, D., Prall, SP., Shattuck, EC., Stephen, I., Stock, JT., Wells, JCK., & Muehlenbein, M. (2017). Short-term resource allocation during strenuous and prolonged athletic competition. Poster. The Human Diversity & Adaptation Meeting. Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Longman, D., Surbey, M.K., Stock, JT., Wells, JCK. (2017). Tandem androgenic and psychological shifts in male reproductive effort following a manipulated “win” or “loss” in a sporting competition. Poster. European Human Behaviour and Evolution Association. Paris, France.

Reviewer

Invited reviewer for:

  • American Journal of Physical Anthropology
  • American Journal of Human Biology
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology
  • Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sport
  • Biology of Sport
  • Journal of Physical Education

Professional Memberships

  • American Association of Physical Anthropologists
  • Society for Endocrinology
  • Physiology Society

Consultancy

  • 2015-Present: Helly Hansen
  • 2015-2017: Scientific Director, Jump Nutrition, Ltd.
  • 2012-2014: Nike, Inc
  • Longman D, Wells JCK & Stock JT (2020). Human athletic palaeobiology; using sport as a model to investigate human evolutionary adaptation. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology
  • Longman D, Macintosh A, Roberts R, Oakley S, Wells JCK & Stock JT (2019). Endurance activity as a driver of morphological thermal adaptation; an investigation considering the energetics of endurance running. Evolutionary Human Sciences 1.
  • Longman D. (2019). Fitness Benefits of Costly Signalling. In: Shackelford T., Weekes-Shackelford V. (eds) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer, Cham.
  • Longman, D., Surbey, MK., Stock, JT., & Wells, JCK. (2018). Physical dominance or all in the mind? Experimentally induced tandem androgenic and psychological shifts in male reproductive effort following competitive "win" or "loss". Human Nature. 29 (3), 283-310.
  • Longman, D., Wells, JCK., & Stock, JT. (2017). A trade-off between cognitive and physical performance, with relative preservation of brain function. Nature Scientific Reports. 7 (1), 13709.
  • Longman, D., Prall, SP., Shattuck, EC., Stephen, I., Stock, JT., Wells, JCK., & Muehlenbein, M. (2017). Short-term resource allocation during strenuous and prolonged athletic competition. American Journal of Human Biology. E23052.
  • Longman, D., Wells, JCK., & Stock, JT. (2015). Can persistence hunting signal male quality? Having versus getting: a test using endurance athletes. PLoS ONE. 10.4.
  • Longman, D., Hutchinson, JC., Stock, JT., & Wells, JCK. (2014). Attentional strategies during rowing. Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 10:321-331.
  • Longman, D., Stock, JT., & Wells, JCK.. (2011). Digit ratio (2D:4D) and rowing ergometer performance in males and females. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 144 (3), 337- 341.
  • Longman, D., Stock, JT., & Wells, JCK. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry as a predictor for rowing ergometer performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 32 (8), 606-610