School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Staff

Dr William Whittow BSc, PhD, SFHEA, SMIEEE

Photo of Dr William Whittow

Reader in Radiofrequency Materials

Dr Whittow is a Reader in Radiofrequency Materials in the Centre for Wireless Communications Group (WiCR).

His current research interests include: 3D-printing; antennas; artificial dielectrics; dielectric property measurements; heterogeneous substrates; metamaterials; metasurfaces; inkjet printed antennas; implanted antennas; embroidered and wearable antennas; RFID tags; and specific absorption rates (SAR).

More than 60 of his peer reviewed journal papers can be freely downloaded here.

He is PI of the EPSRC Grant: Anisotropic Microwave/Terahertz Metamaterials for Satellite Applications (ANISAT); and CI on EPSCR Grand Challenge grant: Synthesizing 3D Metamaterials for RF, microwave and THz applications (SYMETA)

PhD opportunities are available for excellent students or Companies with an interest in related research.   

He is an Associate Editor for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation and also Electronics Letters. He was previously the Coordinating Chair of Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (2007-2011).

He is a strong advocate for Women in Engineering and was the inaugural winner of the Women’s Engineering Society “Men As Allies” Award in 2017.

DR. WILLIAM G. WHITTOW BSC, PHD, SFHEA, SMIEEE

 

Wolfson School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, LEICS. LE11 3TU, UK. W.G.Whittow@lboro.ac.uk.  +44 (0)1509 227105

——— ◊ ———

 

———————————————— EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ————————————————

 

READER   ◊    SENIOR ANTENNA ENGINEER ◊   RESEARCHER  ◊   MANAGER

 

· I am a highly ambitious academic leading 3 Researchers and supervising 8 PhD students. I have > 200 submitted/published papers/abstracts relating to electromagnetics and am PI/CI on ~£12M income from grants (FEC). My multi-disciplinary active research interests include: 3D and inkjet printing;  3D substrates;  artificial magnetic conductors;  embroidered antennas;  EMC shielding;  energy harvesting;  finite-difference time-domain;  frequency selective surfaces;  heterogeneous substrates;  microwave sintering of materials; RFID tags; phantoms for on body communication;  specific absorption rates (SAR); synthetic materials and wearable antennas. Via my research and managing the Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), I have developed an extensive network of professional contacts. 

 

———————————————— CURRENT POSITION ————————————————

 

Reader in Radiofrequency Materials    LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY, UK

· Lecturer from April 2012, Senior Lecturer from 2014, Reader from 2018

· Writing interdisciplinary research grants

· Currently supervising 6 PhD students and have supervised 8 to graduation    

· Developing novel metamaterials & antennas using synthetic materials (EPSRC EP/N010493/1)

· Invited speaker: European School of Antennas “Advanced Materials for Antennas”, 2014, 2019

· Teaching:  Electromagnetic Compatibility; Personal Radio Communications; Antennas; and Engineering Project Management.  Recent feedback scores average above 4.75/5 on all modules

· Senior Fellow of the HEA 

· Director of PG Admissions in WSMEME, 2017 – Current 

· Winner of the 2017 Inaugural Women in Engineering Men as Allies award

· Highly Commended at the 2017 Loughborough Academic Awards for going above & beyond in support of my personal tutees, project students and taught students

· UG Admissions Tutor, 2014 - 2017: Strategizing; Open Day talks; Outreach activities

· BAE Systems Bronze Chairman’s Award on covert body worn antennas, 2013

· Associate Editor (AE) for IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation; AE for IET Electronics Letters; Guest Editor for 2 Journal Special Issues; Reviewer for IEEE TAP, IEEE APWL, Phys. in Med. & Biol.; EuCAP (AE); APACE, ICWiSe, ISWTA, ISMET, RFM, and SCIC

 

————————————————— PUBLICATIONS —————————————————

 

· ~ 220 publications incl. 65 Journal papers (~60 in last 7 years) + 1 accepted subject to minor corrections + 2 submitted; 1 book chapter; > 13 Invited Talks

· > 1,780 citations (> 1,350 since 2014), h-index = 22 (18 since 2014); i10-index = 46 

 

————————————————— FUNDED GRANTS ————————————————

 

£12M (FEC) income as a named Investigator with > £1.8M as PI; £9.2M from EPSRC (GoW) 

· EPSRC EP/S030301/1. £1.3M as PI. Anisotropic Metamaterials for Satellites (ANISAT), 2019

· EPSRC EP/P027482/1. £1.6M as CI. Embedded Integrated Intelligent Systems…, 2017

· Enterprise Grant. £67k as PI. Development of a fast dielectric measurement system…, 2017

· EPSRC EP/N010493/1. £4M as CI. SYnthesizing 3D METAmaterials (SYMETA)…, 2016

· Enterprise Grant. £40k as PI. Development of a fast dielectric material measurement…, 2016

· CDT Ph.D Student. £20k as PI. Inkjet printing on curved surfaces, 2015 

· Enterprise Grant. £9k as PI. Market Research for dielectric measurements, 2015

· EPSRC Equipment Grant from LU: £25k as PI. Dielectric measurement equipment, 2014

· EPSRC Case Studentship. £125k as PI. Energy harvesting for mobile devices, 2013

· EPSRC Equipment Grant from LU. £8k as PI. Specialist embroidery machine, 2013

· EPSRC EP/K011383/1, £100k as PI. 3-Dimensional wearable antennas…, 2012

· EPSRC EP/I01490X/1. £600k as R-CI. Synthetic antenna structures…, 2011

· EPSRC EP/K014137/1. £1.9M as CI, Adaptive informatics for intelligent manufacturing, 2012

· Knowledge Transfer Account. £43k as CI. Indoor TV antenna with integrated tuner, 2011

 

————————————————— CAREER TRACK —————————————————

 

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE, LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY, UK       NOVEMBER 2010 – NOVEMBER 2011

· Knowledge Transfer Account to exchange knowledge between industry and academia

· Designed, fabricated and measured wearable VHF circularly polarised antenna

 

COORDINATING CHAIR, LOUGHBOROUGH ANTENNAS & PROPAGATION CONFERENCE, UK

 DECEMBER 2007 – NOVEMBER 2011

· Responsible for all day to day logistics of LAPC 2008 & 2009 and advised on LAPC 2010 & 2011

· The team expanded the conference from 80 to 280 delegates from > 50 countries

· LAPC has enhanced Loughborough’s reputation as one of the world’s leading antennas Groups

· Served on LAPC Advisory Committee & Technical Programme Committee until 2018. 

 

ANTENNA CONSULTANT, LUEL (part time)                      MARCH 2010 – PRESENT

· Commercial projects for Antrum Ltd., BSKYB, BAE Systems, ESA and MBDA

 

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE, LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY, UK                MARCH 2008 – MARCH 2012

· Investigated novel integrated microwave antennas using nanomaterials

· Theoretical, simulation and measurement analysis of heterogeneous substrates

· Instrumental in assembling international world class team of physicists, nano-fabrication experts and industrial partners and writing EPSRC grant

· This work led to three international Invited papers

· Assessed video streaming performance in presence of electromagnetic interference

 

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE, LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY, UK        JULY 2007 – MARCH 2008

· Worked on M.o.D projects for DSTL and HMGCC in Communications and Pulsed Power Groups

· Sponsored for SC level security clearance

 

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE, LOUGHBOROUGH UNIVERSITY, UK           JULY 2005 – JULY 2007

· EPSRC proposal EP/C517490/1 that assessed SAR in the head in the presence of metallic jewellery – part of the technical content for this grant was written by myself as a PhD student 

· This work has been discussed at SAR Standards Meetings: IEC 62209 MT1 and ICES TC34 SC2

· Due to this project and subsequent research, I was asked to present an Invited 4 Day Workshop on this topic at the University of Malaysia Perlis in November 2011

 

————————————————— EDUCATION —————————————————

 

Ph.D, SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY, UK             OCTOBER 2000 – OCTOBER 2004

· Computational Electromagnetics in Electrical and Engineering Department

· Dissertation topic: “Specific absorption rate perturbations in the eyes and head by metallic spectacles at personal radio communication frequencies”

· Wrote 3D FDTD code in FORTRAN with perfectly matched layer (PML) absorbing boundaries and validated this with measurements and commercial code

· Wrote and implemented Genetic Algorithm code to optimise results

 

Bachelor of Physics 2(i), SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY, UK     OCTOBER 1996 – MAY 2000

· Electromagnetics, quantum mechanics, relativity, cosmology and particle physics

· Problem solving, essay writing, individual and group projects, HTML programming

 

A-Levels, DR. CHALLONER’s GRAMMAR SCHOOL, AMERSHAM, UK              SEPTEMBER 1995 – MAY 1996

· Mathematics (A), Economics (A), Physics (A)

 

——————————————— NETWORK OF INFLUENCE ———————————————

 

· LinkedIn (15,700+ Connections); Twitter: @willwhittow (21,200+ Followers); Authored several Invited Articles and Talks with ~ 3 million views per year related to promoting (Women in) Engineering; Ambassador for Interesting Engineering; Judge for WES Awards

Dr Whittow currently has several areas of active research:

  • 3-D printing
  • Antennas
  • Artificial dielectrics
  • Dielectric property measurements
  • Embroidered antennas
  • Energy harvesting
  • Heterogeneous substrates
  • Implanted antennas
  • Inkjet printing
  • Logo antennas
  • Metamaterials
  • Microwave sintering of materials
  • RFID tags
  • Specific absorption rates (SAR)
  • Wearable antennas

Dr Whittow is a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. He is currently teaching on a number of UG and MSc modules including: Robotics Project Design and Management; Electromagnetic Compatibility; Antennas; and Personal Radio Communications.

Many of the papers below concerning Antennas; Wearable Antennas; Specific Absorption Rate; Metamaterials; 3D-Printing; Artificial Dielectrics; Dielectric Measurements; Inkjet Printing; RFID tags; Metasurfaces; Lenses can be freely downloaded from here: http://publications.lboro.ac.uk/publications/all/collated/elwgw.html

If they are not available, please email w.g.whittow@lboro.ac.uk

Journal Papers: [1]–[53]

Invited Conference Papers: [54]–[65]

Peer Reviewed Conference Papers: [66]–[185]

[1]      A. Tsolis, A. Paraskevopoulos, A. Alexandridis, W. Whittow, A. Chauraya, and J. Vardaxoglou, “Design, Realisation and Evaluation of a Liquid Hollow Torso Phantom Appropriate for Wearable Antenna Assessment,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., Apr. 2017.

[2]      S. Zhang, A. Chauraya, R. D. Seager, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Non-Uniform Embroidered Meshed Microstrip Antennas for Wearable Application,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., 2017.

[3]      A. Cihangir et al., “Dual-Band 4G Eyewear Antenna and SAR Implications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 2085–2089, Apr. 2017.

[4]      A. Cihangir, C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, F. Gianesello, and C. Luxey, “Ultra-Broadband Antenna with Robustness to Body Detuning for 4G Eyewear Devices,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., pp. 1–1, 2016.

[5]      S. Zhang, R. K. Arya, S. Pandey, Y. Vardaxoglou, W. Whittow, and R. Mittra, “3D-printed planar graded index lenses,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 13, pp. 1411–1419, Oct. 2016.

[6]      S. S. Bukhari, W. G. Whittow, J. C. Vardaxoglou, and S. Maci, “Dipole-slot-dipole metasurfaces,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 13, pp. 1384–1389, Oct. 2016.

[7]      S. S. Bukhari, W. . Whittow, S. Zhang, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Composite materials for microwave devices using additive manufacturing,” Electron. Lett., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 832–833, May 2016.

[8]      S. Zhang, A. Paraskevopoulos, C. Luxey, J. Pinto, and W. Whittow, “Broad-band embroidered spiral antenna for off-body communications,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 13, pp. 1395–1401, Oct. 2016.

[9]      A. Motevasselian and W. G. Whittow, “Miniaturization of Circular Patch Microstrip Antenna Using an Arc Projection,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., pp. 1–1, 2016.

[10]    D. Segura-Velandia, N. Kaur, W. Whittow, P. Conway, and A. West, “Towards Industrial Internet of Things: Crankshaft Monitoring, Traceability and Tracking Using RFID,” IEEE Internet Things J. Spec. Issue Large-scale Internet Things Theory Pract., vol. 41, no. Oct, pp. 66–77, 2016.

[11]    A. Paraskevopoulos, A. A. Alexandridis, R. D. Seager, J. C. Vardaxoglou, D. de S. Fonseca, and W. G. Whittow, “Higher-mode textile patch antenna with embroidered vias for on-body communication,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 802–807, May 2016.

[12]    A. Bisognin et al., “Ball Grid Array-Module With Integrated Shaped Lens for WiGig Applications in Eyewear Devices,” IEEE Trans Antennas Propag., vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 872–882, 2016.

[13]    S. Patel, I. J. Garcia-Zuazola, and W. G. Whittow, “Antenna with three dimensional 3D printed substrates,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 741–744, 2016.

[14]    S. I. Yahya, W. G. Whittow, and Y. A. Khaleel, “Numerical dosimetry of CDMA/GSM, DCS/PCS and 3G signal jammers,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 827–835, Jun. 2016.

[15]    M. Lukic, J. Clarke, C. Tuck, W. Whittow, and G. Wells, “Printability of Elastomer Latex for Additive Manufacturing or 3D Printing,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 1–7, 2016.

[16]    A. Cihangir, W. Whittow, F. Panagamuwa, C Jacquemod, G Gianesello, and C. Luxey, “4G antennas for wireless eyewear devices and related SAR,” Comptes Rendus Phys., vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 836–850, 2015.

[17]    N. A. Elias, N. A. Samsuri, M. K. A. Rahim, C. Panagamuwa, and W. Whittow, “Bending and crumpling deformation study of the resonant characteristic and SAR for a 2.4 GHz textile antenna,” J. Teknol., vol. 177, no. 10, 2015.

[18]    A. Motevasselian and W. G. Whittow, “Patch Size Reduction of Rectangular Microstrip Antennas by Means of a Cuboid Ridge,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 9, no. 15, pp. 1727–1732, 2015.

[19]    S. S. Bukhari, J. Joubert, W. G. Whittow, and J. (Yiannis) C. Vardaxoglou, “Flexible three-dimensional printed antenna substrates,” J. Eng., vol. 3, Jan. 2015.

[20]    A. Tsolis, A. Alexandridis, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Connecting Wearable Textile Transmission Lines: All-Textile Fabrication Solutions and Design Techniques,” Electron. Lett., vol. 51, no. 15, pp. 1136–1138, 2015.

[21]    S. Zhang, C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Novel 3D Printed Synthetic Dielectric Substrates,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 57, no. 10, pp. 2344–2346, 2015.

[22]    T. Tuovinen, M. Berg, W. G. Whittow, and E. Salonen, “Impact of Feeding Position on the Performance and Characteristics of Small Wearable On-Ground Antennas,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. C, vol. 57, pp. 53–60, 2015.

[23]    C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Microstrip Patch Antennas With Anisotropic and Diamagnetic Synthetic Heterogeneous Substrates,” IEEE Trans Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 3280–3285, 2015.

[24]    M. H. Mat, F. Malek, W. G. Whittow, and R. J. Bibb, “Ear Prosthesis Evaluation: Specific Absorption Rate Levels in the Head due to Different Angles and Frequencies of Electromagnetic Exposure,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., 2015.

[25]    T. Acti et al., “Embroidered Wire Dipole Antennas Using Novel Copper Yarns,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Wirel. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 638–641, 2015.

[26]    I. J. Garcia-Zuazola et al., “Band-pass filter-like antenna validation in an ultra-wideband in-car wireless channel,” IET Commun., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 532–540, 2015.

[27]    W. M. Wu, C. C. Njoku, W. Whittow, A. Zagoskin, and J. Kusmartsev, F Vardaxoglou, “Studies of permittivity and permeability of dielectric matrix with cuboid metallic inclusions in different orientations,” J. Adv. Dielectr., vol. 4, no. 4, p. 1450032: 1-8, 2014.

[28]    A. Tsolis, W. G. Whittow, A. A. Alexandridis, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Embroidery and related manufacturing techniques for wearable antennas: Challenges and opportunities,” Electronics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 314–338, 2014.

[29]    W. G. Whittow, L. Yi, R. Torah, K. Yang, S. Beeby, and J. Tudor, “Printed frequency selective surfaces on textiles,” Electron. Lett., vol. 50, no. 13, pp. 916–917, 2014.

[30]    J. Tribe, W. G. Whittow, R. W. Kay, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Additively manufactured heterogeneous substrates for three-dimensional control of local permittivity,” Electron. Lett., vol. 50, no. 10, pp. 745–746, 2014.

[31]    W. G. Whittow and J. Rigelsford, “Performance and Radiation Patterns of Aesthetic and Asymmetric Logo Based Patch Antennas,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl., vol. 28, no. 7, pp. 848–860, 2014.

[32]    W. G. Whittow, S. S. Bukhari, L. A. Jones, and I. L. Morrow, “Applications and Future Prospects for Microstrip Antennas using Heterogeneous and Complex 3-D Geometry Substrates,” Prog. Electromagn. Res., vol. 144, pp. 271–280, 2014.

[33]    W. G. Whittow et al., “Inkjet Printed Microstrip Patch Antennas Realised on Textile for Wearable Applications,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 71–74, 2014.

[34]    C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and (J)Yiannis C Vardaxoglou, “Antennas on quasi synthetic media,” Appl. Phys. A, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 605–611, May 2014.

[35]    A. Cihangir et al., “Feasibility study of 4G cellular antennas for eyewear communicating devices,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 12, no. DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2013.2287204, pp. 1704–1707, 2013.

[36]    R. D. Seager, A. Chauraya, S. Zhang, W. G. Whittow, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Flexible connectors for fabric based systems,” Electron. Lett., vol. 49, no. 22, pp. 1371 – 1373, 2013.

[37]    R. D. Seager et al., “Effect of the Fabrication Parameters on the Performance of Embroidered Antennas,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 7, no. 14, pp. 1174–1181, 2013.

[38]    A. Chauraya et al., “Inkjet Printed Dipole Antennas on Textiles for Wearable Communications,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 760 – 767, 2013.

[39]    W. G. Whittow, “Antenna Emblems Reshaped as Icons and Aesthetic Logos (AERIAL),” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 1711–1714, 2013.

[40]    M. H. Mat, M. Fareq Bin Abd Malek, W. G. Whittow, S. R. Ronald, and M. S. Zulkefl, “The influence of human head model wearing metal-frame spectacles to the changes of SAR and antenna gain: simulation of frontal face exposure,” Prog. Electromagn. Res., vol. 137, pp. 453–473, 2013.

[41]    S. Saremi-Yarahmadi, W. Whittow, and B. Vaidhyanathan, “Electromagnetic simulation studies of microwave assisted heating for the processing of nanostructured iron oxide for solar driven water splitting,” Elsevier Appl. Surf. Sci., vol. 275, no. June, pp. 65–70, 2013.

[42]    I. J. Garcia-Zuazola et al., “Radio frequency IDentification miniature interrogator antenna sprayed over an in-vehicle chassis,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 6, no. 15, pp. 1674 –1680, 2012.

[43]    W. G. Whittow, “Capacitive coupling of discrete micro-sized gaps for RF applications,” IET Microwaves, Antennas Propag., vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 1481–1486, 2012.

[44]    W. G. Whittow, “Manipulating micro-sized coupling gaps for reconfigurable antenna applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 54, no. 10, pp. 2444–2445, 2012.

[45]    C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Simulation Methodology for Synthesis of Antenna Substrates with Micro-scale Inclusions,” IEEE Trans Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 2194–2202, 2012.

[46]    J. Joubert, J. C. Vardaxoglou, W. G. Whittow, and J. W. Odendaal, “CPW-Fed Cavity-Backed Slot Radiator Loaded with an AMC Reflector,” IEEE Trans Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 735–742, 2012.

[47]    C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Effective permittivity of heterogeneous substrates with cubes in a 3D lattice,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (Special Issue Metamaterials), vol. 10, pp. 1480–1483, 2011.

[48]    L. Angrisani, K. Kyriakopoulos, A. Napolitano, D. Parish, M. Vadursi, and W. Whittow, “Experimental assessment of the effects of cross-traffic on Wi-Fi video streaming,” Meas., vol. 44, pp. 1661–1668, 2011.

[49]    W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “Effects of averaging procedures for electrical properties at the interface of dissimilar tissues in the human head with finite-difference time-domain modelling,” IET Sci. Meas. Technol., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 51–58, 2009.

[50]    W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “On the effects of straight metallic jewellery on the specific absorption rates resulting from face illuminating radio communications devices at popular cellular frequencies,” Phys. Med. Biol., vol. 53, pp. 1167–1182, 2008.

[51]    W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “The energy absorbed in the human head due to ring type jewelry and face illuminating mobile phones using a dipole and a realistic source,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 56, no. 12, pp. 3812–3817, 2008.

[52]    W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “Applications of a genetic algorithm for identification of maxima in specific absorption rates in the human eye close to perfectly conducting spectacles,” IEE Proc. Sci. Meas. Technol., vol. 152, no. 3, pp. 89–96, 2005.

[53]    W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “A study of changes to specific absorption rates in the human eye close to perfectly conducting spectacles within the radio frequency range 1.5 to 3.0GHz,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 3207–3212, 2004.

[54]    A. Kaye, S. Kunduruy, N. Chilton, J. C. Vardaxololu, and W. Whittow, “Bowtie Antennas Inkjet Printed on Cylindrical Surfaces,” in 2017 IEEE AP-S Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2017.

[55]    W. G. Whittow, “3D printing, inkjet printing and embroidery techniques for wearable antennas,” in 2016 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2016, pp. 1–4.

[56]    S. Symeonidis, C. Torres-Sanchez, C. Panagamuwa, and W. G. Whittow, “An Implanted Antenna System for the Monitoring of Bioresorbability of a Biocompatible Scaffold Embedded into a Bone Fracture,” in Mobihealth, 2015, pp. 1–4.

[57]    D. Speight, D. Titz, C. Luxey, and W. Whittow, “Compact Linear Embroidered Antenna Research (CLEAR),” in 20th IEEE International Workshop on Computer Aided Modelling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD), 2015, pp. 1–4.

[58]    J. Tribe et al., “Tattoo Antenna Temporary Transfers Operating On-Skin (TATTOOS),” in 17th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, 2015, pp. 1–12.

[59]    C. C. Njoku, J. C. Vardaxoglou, and W. G. Whittow, “Diamagnetism in Materials with Metallic Inclusions,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.

[60]    S. S. Bukhari and W. G. Whittow, “Flexible 3-D Printed Substrates for Antenna Applications,” in The 34th Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium (PIERS), 2013, pp. 1–5.

[61]    W. G. Whittow, C. C. Njoku, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Fine Scale Simulations of Patch Antennas with Heterogeneous Substrates,” in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2013.

[62]    W. G. Whittow, C. C. Njoku, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Review of Artificial Dielectrics Containing Small Scale Inclusions,” in IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (IWAT), 2013.

[63]    W. G. Whittow, C. C. Njoku, Y. C. Vardaxoglou, and J. Joubert, “Designing Multi-Band and High Bandwidth Antennas with Heterogeneous Substrates,” in IEEE Tropical Conference on Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications (APWC), 2012.

[64]    C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Microwave antennas and heterogeneous substrates using nanomaterial fabrication techniques (Invited Paper),” in IEEE Tropical Conference on Antennas and Propagation in Wireless Communications (APWC 11), 2011.

[65]    J. Tribe, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Batchelor, “Aesthetically Enhanced RFID Inkjet Antenna Logos on Skin (AERIALS),” in International Conference on Design, User Experience, and Usability in the context of HCI International, 2014.

[66]    S. Zhang, W. . Whittow, Y. C. Vardaxoglou, and R. Mittra, “3D-Printed Graded Index Lens for RF Applications,” in Proceedings of ISAP2016, Okinawa, Japan, 2016.

[67]    S. Zhang, W. . Whittow, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “3D-Printed Fresnel Zone Plate Lens,” in Proceedings of ISAP2016, Okinawa, Japan, 2016.

[68]    I. L. Morrow, R. Walker, M. Finnis, and W. Whittow, “Investigation of a disk-loaded monopole antenna with extended bandwidth matching,” in 2016 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2016, pp. 1–4.

[69]    B. Biernacki, S. Zhang, and W. Whittow, “3D Printed Substrates with Graded Dielectric Properties and Their Application to Patch Antennas,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2016.

[70]    S. Symeonidis, W. . Whittow, and C. J. Panagamuwa, “Characterisation of an Antenna System Implanted Into a Limb Phantom for Monitoring of Bone Fracture Healing,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2016.

[71]    S. Zhang, J. C. Vardaxogllou, W. G. Whittow, and R. Mittra, “Artificial Dielectric Metamaterials for Antenna Applications,” in META’16, the 7th International Conference on Metamaterials, Photonic Crystals and Plasmonics, 2016.

[72]    S. Zhang, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxolgou, “3D-Printed Metamaterials with Periodic Metallic Elements,” in The 10th International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics–Metamaterials, 2016.

[73]    E. I. Adegoke, R. M. Edwards, W. Whittow, and A. Bindel, “Evaluating 2-D grid interpolation techniques for predicting ambient RF power density in automobile factories,” in 2016 10th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2016, pp. 1–4.

[74]    E. Adegoke, W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, and A. Bindel, “RF Power Density Measurements for RF Energy Harvesting in Automobile Factories,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–5.

[75]    E. Adegoke, R. M. Edwards, W. G. Whittow, D. J. Parish, and A. Bindel, “Opportunities for Energy Harvesting in Automobile Factories,” in SPIE Microtechnologies, 2015.

[76]    S. Symeonidis, W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, and M. Zecca, “An Implanted Antenna System for the Monitoring of the Healing of Bone Fractures,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–4.

[77]    S. Zhang, J. C. Vardaxololu, W. G. Whittow, and R. Mittra, “3D-Printed Flat Lens for Microwave Applications,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–3.

[78]    “Zhang, S Speight, D Paraskevopoulos, A Fonseca, D Luxey, C Pinto, J Whittow, W. G,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–5.

[79]    S. S. Bukhari, W. G. Whittow, J. C. Vardaxolgou, and S. Maci, “Dipole and Slot Loaded Closely Coupled Complementary Metasurfaces,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–3.

[80]    I. L. Morrow, K. Morrison, and W. G. Whittow, “A Low Profile Retrodirective Frequency Selective Surface for Radar Earth Observation,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–4.

[81]    A. Tsolis, W. G. Whittow, A. Chauraya, A. A. Alexandridis, and J. C. Vardaxololu, “A Calibration of a Cylindrical Near Field Test Site Appropriate for Wearable Antenna Measurements on a Liquid Torso Phantom At 2GHz,” in 2015 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2015, pp. 1–5.

[82]    S. S. Bukhari, W. G. Whittow, J. C. Vardaxololu, and S. Maci, “Dipole Loaded Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces,” in 2015 IEEE AP-S Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and URSI CNC/USNC Joint Meeting, 2015.

[83]    N. Kaur, W. Whittow, D. Barwick, D. Segura-Velandia, P. P. Conway, and A. West, A, “Design and Performance of a Flexible Metal Mountable UHF RFID Tag,” in the IEEE 65th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC), 2015.

[84]    A. Cihangir et al., “4G Cellular Antenna Design for Eyewear Devices,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[85]    A. Bisognin et al., “Antenna with a Dielectric Lens for 60 GHz Wi-Gig Applications,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[86]    A. Tsolis, A. A. Alexandridis, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Investigation of Textile Striplines Connectivity for Feeding and Connecting Wearable Antennas,” in European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[87]    C. C. Njoku, S. Zhang, J. C. Vardaxoglou, and W. G. Whittow, “Analysis of Anisotropic Metamaterial Inclusions and Substrates,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[88]    S. Zhang, C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Novel 3D Printed Synthetic Dielectric Materials for Antenna Applications,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[89]    S. S. Bukhari, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Control of the Pass and Stop Bands Ratio of Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2015.

[90]    S. Zhang, C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Novel 3D Printed Synthetic Dielectric Materials for Antenna Applications,” in iWAT, 2015, p. 1.

[91]    J. C. Vardaxoglou, C. C. Njoku, and W. G. Whittow, “Patch Antennas on 3D metamaterials,” in 8th International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics – Metamaterials, 2014.

[92]    J. Tribe, W. G. Whittow, and A. West, A, “RFID Tags Near Metal Objects with Dielectric Spacers,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014.

[93]    A. Cihangir et al., “Investigation of the Effect of Metallic Frames on 4G Eyewear Antennas,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014.

[94]    T. Tuovinen, M. Berg, W. G. Whittow, and E. T. Salonen, “Performance of WBAN On-Ground Antenna Type with Relation to Analytical Path Loss Model,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014.

[95]    A. Tsolis, W. G. Whittow, A. Chauraya, A. Alexandridis, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Evaluation of a Realized Hollow Torso Phantom for Wearable Antenna Measurements,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014.

[96]    S. S. Bukhari, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “3D Printed Bespoke Substrates,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014, pp. 1–2.

[97]    S. Zhang, R. . Seager, A. Chauraya, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Textile Manufacturing Techniques in RF Devices,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2014.

[98]    W. G. Whittow and A. Motevasselian, “Substrates with non-uniform 3D geometries for miniaturization of microstrip patch antennas and aesthetic design,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[99]    C. J. Panagamuwa, I. Howells, and W. G. Whittow, “Impact of the hand on the energy absorbed in the head when using a mobile phone,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[100]  C. C. Njoku, J. C. Vardaxoglou, and W. G. Whittow, “Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces for Dielectric Measurements,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[101]  J. C. Vardaxoglou, C. C. Njoku, and W. G. Whittow, “Increasing the Effective Permeability of Materials with Metallic Inclusions,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[102]  A. Cihangir et al., “MIMO Antenna Concept for 4G Electronic Eyewear Devices,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014, pp. 1–2.

[103]  S. Zhang, R. D. Seager, A. Chauraya, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Non-uniform Meshed Embroidered Patch Antennas,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[104]  S. S. Bukhari and W. G. Whittow, “Bandwidth enhancement using heterogeneous substrates for microstrip antennas,” in 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting, 2014.

[105]  S. I. H. Shah, S. Bashir, S. D. H. Shah, and W. G. Whittow, “Compact Multiband microstrip patch antenna using Defected Ground structure (DGS),” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.

[106]  A. Cihangir et al., “Antennes 4G et impact sanitaire associé pour lunettes connectées (4G Antennas and related SAR for wireless eyewear devices),” in Journees Scientifiques (URSI), 2014, pp. 1–2.

[107]  M. Lukic, C. Tuck, J. Clarke, W. G. Whittow, and G. Wells, “Potential for 3D Printing of Elastomers with Enhanced Functionality,” in International Rubber Conference, 2014.

[108]  C. J. Panagamuwa, I. Howells, and W. G. Whittow, “Large Volunteer Study on the Effects of Real Hands on Specific Absorption Rate in the Head,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.

[109]  S. Zhang, R. D. Seager, A. Chauraya, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Non-uniform Meshed Microstrip Antennas for Wearable Applications,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.

[110]  J. C. Vardaxololu, C. C. Njoku, and W. G. Whittow, “Patch Antennas on Metamaterial Substrates,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2014.

[111]  A. Tsolis, W. G. Whittow, A. A. Alexandridis, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Evaluation of a Human Body Phantom for Wearable Antenna Measurements At the 5.8GHz Band,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2013.

[112]  D. Awan, S. Bashir, and W. G. Whittow, “High Gain Cavity Backed UWB Antenna with and Without Band Notch Feature,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2013.

[113]  S. Zhang et al., “Repeatability of Embroided Patch Antennas,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2013, pp. 1–4.

[114]  A. Chauraya, R. D. Seager, W. G. Whittow, S. Zhang, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Embroidered Frequency Selective Surfaces on Textiles for Wearable Applications,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2013.

[115]  S. S. Bukhari and W. G. Whittow, “Heterogeneous Substrate Microstrip Antenna with Enhanced Bandwidth,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2013.

[116]  J. C. Vardaxoglou, C. C. Njoku, and W. G. Whittow, “Electromagnetic Characterisation of Materials using Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces,” in 35th ESA Antenna Workshop on Antenna and Free Space RF Measurements, 2013.

[117]  A. Chauraya, T. West, R. Seager, W. Whittow, S. Zhang, and Y. Vardaxoglou, “Positioner Effects in Measurements of Low-Medium Gain Antennas,” in Antenna Measurement Techniques Association (AMTA), 2013.

[118]  Y. Li, W. Li, R. Mittra, and W. G. Whittow, “Design of Compact Antenna Deigns for WLAN/WiMAX Bands and for Dual Band-notched UWB Applications,” in Progress in Electromagnetic Research Symposium, 2013.

[119]  C. J. Panagamuwa, I. Howells, and W. G. Whittow, “Conductivity and permittivity measurements of children and adult’s hands covering mobile communications frequency bands,” in Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS), 2013.

[120]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Complementary Frequency Selective Surfaces for Waveguide Dielectric Measurements,” in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2013.

[121]  S. Zhang et al., “Fully Fabric Knitted Antennas for Wearable Electronics,” in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2013.

[122]  C. C. Njoku, J. C. Vardaxoglou, and W. G. Whittow, “Complementary frequency selective surfaces in a waveguide simulator,” in European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2013.

[123]  J. C. Vardaxoglou, C. C. Njoku, and W. G. Whittow, “EM Properties of Synthetic Media,” in European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2013.

[124]  A. Chauraya et al., “Addressing the Challenges of Fabricating Microwave Antennas Using Conductive Threads,” in The 6th European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2012.

[125]  W. G. Whittow, C. C. Njoku, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Patch Antennas with Heterogeneous Substrates and Reduced Material Consumption Enabled by Additive Manufacturing Techniques,” in 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2012.

[126]  O. A. Ojerinde, C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, and R. M. Edwards, “Comparison Between CTIA Hand Phantom and Different Human Hands for OTA Power Measurements,” in 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2012.

[127]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Designing Microwave Patch Antennas Using Heterogeneous Substrates,” in European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2012.

[128]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and Y. C. Vardaxoglou, “Antenna performance on quasi synthetic media,” in IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology (IWAT), 2012.

[129]  S. Zhang et al., “Simulation Methodology to Model the Behavior of Wearable Antennas Composed of Embroidered Conductive Threads,” in 2012 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI National Radio Science Meeting, 2012.

[130]  W. G. Whittow, “Microstrip Patch Antennas with 3-Dimensional Substrates,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2012.

[131]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Microstrip Patch Antennas on Substrates with Metallic Inclusions,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2012.

[132]  S. Zhang et al., “Embroidered Wearable Antennas Using Conductive Threads with Different Stitch Spacings,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2012.

[133]  J. C. Vardaxoglou, P. De Maagt, W. G. Whittow, A. Chauraya, and R. D. Seager, “Dual Frequency Flexible Antenna for COSPAS SARSAT,” in 34th ESA Workshop on Challenges for Space Antenna Systems, 2012.

[134]  T. Acti et al., “High Performance Flexible Fabric Electronics for Megahertz Frequency Communications,” in 2011 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2011.

[135]  M. K. Taher Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “On the miniaturization of microstrip line-fed slot antenna using various slots ,” in 2011 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2011.

[136]  J. Joubert, J. C. Vardaxoglou, W. G. Whittow, and J. W. Odendaal, “A Low-Profile Cavity-Backed Slot Antenna Loaded with an AMC Reflector,” in South African AP MTT IEEE Conference, 2011.

[137]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, Y. Vardaxoglou, C. Topraxoglu, and K.-A. T. Thoma, “Metallic inclusions in a non-uniform lattice,” in 2011 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2011.

[138]  M. K. Taher Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “Performance investigation of a dual element IFA array at 3 GHz for MIMO terminals,” in 2011 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2011.

[139]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Study on the variation in dielectric properties of heterogeneous substrates composed of nanomaterials,” in European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), 2011.

[140]  W. G. Whittow, A. Chauraya, R. Seager, Y. Vardaxoglou, and P. de Maagt, “Wearable Circularly Polarised VHF Antennas for Emergency Applications,” in 33rd ESA Workshop on Challenges for Space Antenna Systems, 2011.

[141]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Comparative study of nanomaterials’ effective properties using canonical formulations,” in 2010 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2010.

[142]  M. K. T. Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “Compact Microstrip Band Stop Filter Using SRR and CSSR: Design, Simulation and Results,” in EUCAP 2010: The 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 2010.

[143]  W. G. Whittow and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Coupling gaps of dipole radiating structures with implications for fabricating antennas using nanomaterials,” in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas & Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting , 2010.

[144]  M. K. T. Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “Low Profile Dipole Antenna Backed by Isotropic Artificial Magnetic Conductor Reflector,” in EUCAP 2010: The 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 2010.

[145]  W. G. Whittow and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Microwave Aperture Antennas Using Nanomaterials,” in EUCAP 2010: The 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 2010.

[146]  C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, and R. M. Edwards, “Focusing effects of metallic rim-less spectacles at mobile communication Frequencies on the energy absorbed in the head,” in EUCAP 2010: The 4th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, 2010.

[147]  L. Angrisani, K. Kyriakopoulos, A. Napolitano, D. Parish, M. Vadursi, and W. Whittow, “A Cross-Layer Approach for Predicting the Effects of Noise on IEEE 802.11g Video Streaming Performance,” in EMC Europe 2010, 2010.

[148]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “An analytical approach to modifying the properties of dielectric substrates composed of nanomaterials,” in 2010 Loughborough Research Student Conference, 2010.

[149]  L. Angrisani, K. Kyriakopoulos, A. Napolitano, D. Parish, M. Vadursi, and W. Whittow, “An experimental analysis of the effects of noise on Wi-Fi video streaming,” in GMEE 2010, 2010.

[150]  C. C. Njoku, W. G. Whittow, and C. Panagamuwa, “Printable Windscreen Quad-band GSM Antenna,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 781–784.

[151]  B. Novac, P. Sarker, I. R. Smith, W. Whittow, and C. Greenwood, “An innovative and non-invasive technology for PEF food processing,” in 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, 2009, pp. 737–741.

[152]  K. G. Kyriakopoulos, W. G. Whittow, and D. J. Parish, “A Framework for Cross-Layer Measurements in Wireless Networks,” in The Fifth Advanced International Conference on Telecommunications (AICT 2009), 2009.

[153]  O. A. Ojerinde, C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, and R. M. Edwards, “SAR variations in the face due to semi-rimmed spectacles and polarized sources at GSM900 and GSM1800,” in 3rd European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCaP), 2009.

[154]  W. G. Whittow and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Loop antennas at microwave frequencies using nano-metamaterials,” in IEEE International Symposium on Antennas & Propagation and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting , 2009.

[155]  M. K. T. Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “Ultra Thin Dipole Antenna Backed by New Planar Artificial Magnetic Conductor,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 97–100.

[156]  M. K. T. Al-Nuaimi and W. G. Whittow, “Novel Planar AMC for Low Profile Antenna Applications,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 145–148.

[157]  B. Novac, I. R. Smith, and W. G. Whittow, “High Power RF Capabilities at Loughborough University,” in IET Conference on High Power RF Technologies, 2009.

[158]  T. Kellomaki and W. G. Whittow, “Bendable Plaster Antenna for 2.45 GHz Applications,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 453–456.

[159]  W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, B. Derat, and I. L. Morrow, “Correlation of Specific Absorption Rates in the Human Head due to Multiple Independent Sources,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 405–408.

[160]  K. Stergiou, C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, and R. M. Edwards, “Effects of metallic semi-rimmed spectacles on SAR in the head from a 900MHz frontal dipole source,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 721–724.

[161]  T. Kellomäki, W. G. Whittow, J. Heikkinen, and L. Kettunen, “2.45 GHz plaster antennas for health monitoring,” in European Conference on Antennas & Propagation (EuCAP), 2009.

[162]  I. L. Morrow, G. P. Dingley, W. G. Whittow, and A. Cooper, “Wideband Sleeved Blade Monopole Antenna with Coaxial Feed,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 789–792.

[163]  W. G. Whittow, J. C. Vardaxoglou, C. Toprakcioglu, and N. Spiliopoulos, “Reflection and Transmission Coefficients of Nano-metamaterial Antennas at Microwave Frequencies,” in Metamaterials 2009, 2009.

[164]  L. Ma, R. M. Edwards, and W. G. Whittow, “A Multi-band Printed Monopole Antenna,” in EuCAP 2009, 2009.

[165]  W. G. Whittow and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Nano-metamaterial antennas at microwave frequencies,” in Nanometa 2009, 2009.

[166]  W. G. Whittow and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Modifying Conventional Microwave Antenna Designs Using Fine Scale Structures and Nanomaterials,” in 2009 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference (LAPC), 2009, pp. 749–752.

[167]  W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, R. M. Edwards, S. Bashir, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Changes in specific absorption rate in the head due to metallic gap loops and a simulated mobile phone source in a study of the effects of jewellery,” in 2008 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2008, pp. 197–200.

[168]  C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Effects of metallic spectacles on SAR when using communications enabled PDAs in front of the face,” in 2008 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2008, pp. 361–364.

[169]  W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, R. M. Edwards, and L. Ma, “Indicative SAR levels due to an active mobile phone in a front trouser pocket in proximity to common metallic objects,” in 2008 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2008, pp. 149–152.

[170]  W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, C. J. Panagamuwa, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Effect of tongue jewellery and orthodontist metallic braces on the SAR due to mobile phones in different anatomical human head models including children,” in 2008 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2008, pp. 293–296.

[171]  L. Ma, R. Edwards, and W. G. Whittow, “A notched hand wearable ultra wideband W printed monopole antenna for sporting activities,” in 2008 Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference, 2008, pp. 401–405.

[172]  W. G. Whittow, M. I. Kitra, J. Vardaxoglou, C. J. Panagamuwa, P. McEvoy, and J. R. James, “Professor Jim James…a great researcher and motivator in the field of antennas,” in The Second European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2007) , 2007.

[173]  W. Whittow, C. Panagamuwa, R. Edwards, and J. Vardaxoglou, “Specific absorption rates in the human head due to circular metallic earrings at 1800MHz,” in 2007 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2007, pp. 277–280.

[174]  C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “Experimental verification of a modified specific anthropomorphic mannequin (SAM) head used for SAR measurements,” in 2007 Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, 2007, pp. 261–264.

[175]  C. J. Panagamuwa, W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “A study of the effects of metallic pins on SAR using a specific anthropomorphic mannequin (SAM) head phantom,” in The Second European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2007) , 2007.

[176]  W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “On specific absorption rates in the human mucous membrane with conducting spectacles at mobile phone frequencies by FDTD simulation,” in The Fourth IASTED International Conference on Antennas, Radar, and Wave Propagation (ARP 2007), 2007, pp. 197–201.

[177]  W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, R. M. Edwards, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “The SAR effects of popular jewellery on the human head,” in The Second European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2007) , 2007.

[178]  R. M. Edwards, W. G. Whittow, C. J. Panagamuwa, P. McEvoy, and J. C. Vardaxoglou, “On the question of whether to model or measure the levels of RF energy from mobile phones into the head,” in ARMMS RF & Microwave Society, 2006.

[179]  W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “A study of changes to specific absorption rates in the mucous membrane close to perfectly conducting spectacles within the radio frequency range 0.8 to 2.6GHz,” in Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference - LAPC, 2006, pp. 417–420.

[180]  C. J. Panagamuwa, W. Whittow, and R. Edwards, “A study of the validation of RF energy Specific Absorption Rates for simulations of anatomically correct head FDTD simulations and truncated DASY4 standard equipment measurements,” in The First European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2006), 2006.

[181]  W. Whittow and R. Edwards, “A study of head worn jewelry, mobile phone RF energy and the effect of differing tissue types on rates of absorption,” in The First European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2006), 2006.

[182]  W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “The averaging procedure of the electrical properties at the interface of dissimilar tissues in the human head using the FDTD method at 1800MHz,” in Loughborough Antennas & Propagation Conference, 2005, pp. 340–343.

[183]  W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “Implications for SAR when using a symmetric phantom exposed to RF radiation using the FDTD method,” in Technical Seminar on Antenna Measurements and SAR (AMS 2004), 2004, pp. 67–70.

[184]  W. G. Whittow and R. M. Edwards, “Changes in specific absorption rates in the human eye due to perfectly conducting spectacles illuminated by radio waves of frequencies within the range 1.5 to 3.0GHz,” in Institute of Physics. RF Interactions with Humans: Mechanisms, Exposure and Medical Applications, 2003.

[185]  W. G. Whittow, R. M. Edwards, and G. G. Cook, “A study of changes to specific absorption rates in the human eye close to perfectly conducting spectacles within the radio frequency range 1.5 to 3.0GHz,” in Twelfth International Conference on Antennas & Propagation, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 300–303.