Centre for Gymnastics Research
The Centre for Gymnastics Research aims to gain an understanding of the techniques used in gymnastics skills from a perspective of sports biomechanics and motor control research. Such investigations can explain, for example, how a twist may be introduced into a somersault after takeoff, can quantify the contributions of various twisting techniques to actual performances, and can determine the extent to which twisting somersaults can be controlled by means of in-flight corrections.
The articles accessible from this site via the university repository span research on gymnastics that has been undertaken at Loughborough University in collaboration with British Gymnastics since 1980. While the research questions are formulated from a scientific viewpoint, many of the results have direct application to the coaching and performance of gymnastics movements. Such applications are incorporated into the coach education programme of British Gymnastics and the International Gymnastics Federation.
While data on competitive performances provides essential information underpinning the research, many of the research questions can only be answered using computer simulation models. Over the past 30 years such models have been developed by PhD students to answer questions on twisting somersaults, swinging on rings, swinging on high bar, uneven bars and parallel bars, vaulting and tumbling. Many of these have involved optimisation studies which, more recently, have incorporated requirements of performance consistency which take into account the variability inherent within human performance. This has lead to insights into the motor control of skilled performance.
Research sponsors include:
International Olympic Committee Medical Commission
The Sports Council
Science and Engineering Research Council
The Centre for Gymnastics Research is physically located within The EIS National Gymnastics Performance and Research Centre at Loughborough University.
The Director of the Centre for Gymnastics Research is Dr Michael Hiley.