Investigating the role of the end user in the design of business solutions for the Circular Economy PhD

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Start date
October 2017
Application deadline
Open ended
Reference number
LDS/VL/2017
UK / EU fee
TBC
International fee
TBC
Location
Loughborough
Department
Design

Overview

Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. 

Project detail

here is much discussion about the need to move away from a linear economy to one which is circular and restorative. There are indeed a growing number of exciting industrial case studies which reflect on how businesses are responding to the circular economy through the use of alternative business models which incorporate initiatives such as take back, repair and recycling.

However current literature provides little evidence of businesses engaging users in the development of solutions for the circular economy. This despite the fact that the user is one of the key stakeholders and user centred design is a widely recognised approach that has been proven to lead to better product and service outcomes. It is expected that this PhD will take a case study approach, working alongside industry partners to investigate how the user can be more actively engaged in the design and development of circular business solutions and whether user engagement enhances the solutions generated.

Supervisors

Primary supervisor: Dr Vicky Lofthouse

Find out more

Find out more about the support that is available on our website.

Why you should choose us

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 Honours degree (or equivalent) in Design or a related subject. A relevant master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: ecodesign, sustainable design, circular economy.

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Algeria - 15/20 12.5/20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia First class Upper second Lower second

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Azerbaijan 4.5 4.0 3.5

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bahrain GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET 1st (60%) 2nd (52%) 2nd (50%)
Other universities 1st (70%) 1st (60%) 2nd (53%)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belarus 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belgium 80% (Magna Cum Laude) 70% (Laude) 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil 8.5 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper second Lower second

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bulgaria 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cameroon - 14/20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 12.5/20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Chile 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 80% 77%
Shanghai Rank Top 251 - 500 89% 83% 80%
Shanghai Rank 500+ 92% 86% 82%

Further information

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Colombia 4.5 3.5 3.0

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Croatia 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cuba 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Czech Republic 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Denmark 12/12 10/10 7/4

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ecuador 8.5 (85%) 7.5 (75%) 6 (60%)

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Finland 3 (out of 3) or 3.3 (out of 5) 2 (out of 3) or 2.5 (out of 5) 1 (out of 3) or 1.3 (out of 5)

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
France 14 12 11

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Germany 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second Lower second

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Indonesia - 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First Upper second Lower second

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Israel 95% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Italy 109/110 104/110 100/110

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% 70%

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan 4.5 4.0 3.5

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 65% / B Lower second / 55% / B-C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon American 90% 80% 70%
Lebanon French 18 15 12

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 80 75
Other Bachelor degree from a University - 85% 80%

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau - 2:1 / B / 3.0 2:2 / C / 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 7.5 6.7 6

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco - 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% 70% 60%

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan Masters (2 or 3 year Bachelor plus Masters) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine - B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1, 16/20, 70% 2:2, 14/20, 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore First Upper second Lower second

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa 1st / 75% - 100% 2.1 / 70% - 74% 2.2 / 60% - 69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 70% 66% 60%

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria 85% 75% 65%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan Prestigious National Universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan Excellent Universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan Good Universities 88% 83% 80%

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 13 11

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - 16/20 or 7.0/9 14/20 or 6.5/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
TBC

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
TBC

Starting your studies in the 2018/19 academic year?

If your start date is October 2018, January 2019, or April 2019 your tuition fees for this academic year will be at the 2018/19 rates.

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

This is an open call for candidates who are sponsored or who have their own funding. If you do not have funding, you may still apply, however Institutional funding is not guaranteed. Outstanding candidates (UK/EU/International) without funding will be considered for funding opportunities which may become available in the School.

Bursaries Student loans Centre for Doctoral Training Awards Grants Scholarships

How to apply

All applications should be made online. Under programme name select Loughborough Design School. Please quote reference number: LDS/VL/2017

Apply now