Sustainable Design and Construction MSc

Entry requirements
2:1+
Full-time
1 year
Start date
September 2019
UK / EU fee
£10,650
International fee
£22,500
Location
Loughborough

Overview

The MSc Sustainable Design and Construction programme is uniquely dedicated to developing construction managers’ knowledge and expertise in sustainable construction.

Managing construction has become inexorably intertwined with sustainability. The requirement for construction managers to have expertise in environmental engineering, building physics, sustainable design, and commissioning and testing of sustainable buildings is fundamental to practical decision making and professional judgements. This programme provides the opportunity to develop such expertise within a School ranked 1st in the UK for Built Environment in the most recent Research Excellence Framework (2014) and 1st in the UK for Building in The Times/Sunday Times Good University Guide 2019.

The programme integrates contemporary construction management theory and practice with fundamental and interrelated sustainable construction theory and practice. Emphasising the practical application of sustainability within the programme provides students with hands-on experience and knowledge to deepen expertise for application within the public or private sector. Indeed, the programme will provide you with the additional opportunity to gain Building Research Energy Environmental Assessment Methodology (BREAAM) qualification.

Why you should choose us

What you'll study

Compulsory modules

Digital Buildings in a Global Design Context (15 credits)

This module will use building information modelling (BIM) to design and manage the whole life cycle performance of complex intelligent buildings. You will develop team skills through working in design groups to understand resilient design and to generate schematic concepts before developing the best. You will work with 3D architectural and engineering BIM models using appropriate software to further develop your concepts individually.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of:

  1. resilient design and design detailing to minimise repairs, disruption, and potential health and safety risks
  2. balancing costs, functionality and performance, quality, and the visual perception of a building in delivering best value
  3. cradle to cradle life-cycle processes: achieving greater integration of the design, manufacture and construction processes and extend such integration through the life-cycle to span facilities management, mid-life upgrades and ultimate disposal, and reuse
  4. the appropriate levels of design development corresponding to key RIBA work stages
  5. the use of BIM as a technique for clash detection and the evaluation of buildability, maintenance and replacement of components
  6. the interoperability and limitations of BIM in relation to building performance modelling.

You will also be able to:

  1. work from an architect's brief to produce a cradle to cradle proposal for a high-performance building
  2. use 3D BIM models as a basis for performance analysis and design development
  3. use 3D BIM models for building services clash detection and design detailing
  4. use BIM to catalogue and archive information
  5. use CAD/sketching programmes, presentation packages and 3D BIM integration. 

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (120 hours)
  • lectures (10 hours)
  • seminars (5 hours)
  • external visits (5 hours)
  • practical classes and workshops (10 hours)

Assessment

All assessment is by coursework only and is in two submissions:

  1. a group presentation of the concept design (by oral presentation and a portfolio of drawings and concepts; 50%); 20 slides plus 30 pages.
  2. an individually written report describing the further development of the low carbon design concepts or concepts for the building services systems (50%); 4,500 words, including the submission of 3D BIM models used in performance analysis.

Research Methods (15 credits)

This module will familiarsie you with and provide an understanding of the wide range of research methods and skills needed to investigate, understand, communicate and execute a research project.

You will plan a research project, including identifying the knowledge gap, framing the research question, identifying objectives and how they will be achieved, and recognising potential risks, the likelihood of them occuring and effective techniques to minimise risk.

You will review journal and conference papers, analysing, interpreting and critiquing the research approaches and methods. The module will also allow you to develop skills in quantitative and qualitative research methods, understand their applicability, and develop data analysis/visualistation techniques and tools.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will be able to:

  1. describe a wide range of methods required in order to develop and design research projects
  2. understand the research process: aims and objectives, critical literature review, knowledge gaps and how to develop a relevant methodology for particular problems and designs
  3. plan a master's level research project

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • lectures (34 hours)
  • practical classes and workshops (6 hours)
  • seminars (4 hours)

Assessment 

  • 10-minute presentation detailing the research plan (30%)
  • 3000-word literature review (70%)

Assessment

Dr Pablo Ballesteros-Pérez

Principles of Design and Construction (15 credits)

This module will provide you with the fundamental principles of managing a project during the design and construction phases, including:

  • design management
  • construction technology
  • estimating
  • planning
  • health and safety.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  1. the importance of managing the design process
  2. the design and construction of framed buildings, and evaluation of frame design problems
  3. the role and principles of estimating and tendering, including critically evaluating a project estimate
  4. the role and principles of planning construction projects and how to critically evaluate a project programme
  5. the importance of health and safety in relation to design and construction activities.

You will also be able to:

  1. analyse the components of simple frame structures
  2. use an estimating software package
  3. use a planning software package
  4. conduct a health and safety risk register for a project.

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (105 hours)
  • lectures (32 hours)
  • practical classes and workshops (8 hours)
  • tutorials (5 hours).

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam (50%)
  • a 4000-word group report, comprising planning, estimating and a health safety risk assessment (30%)
  • individual multiple choice questionnaire (20%)

Assessment

Dr Pablo Ballesteros-Pérez

Sustainable Design and Construction Theories, Principles and Assessment Tools (15 credits)

This module will give you an understanding of the theories, principles and practice of sustainable design and construction. It will also introduce you to the main requirements, tools, technologies, methods, processes and systems required to develop a sustainable building.

Key concepts covered include:

  • an introduction to sustainable development
  • sustainable development goals
  • conceptual and theoretical sustainability frameworks
  • sustainability and corporate social responsibility
  • sustainable design and construction principles
  • sustainable design and construction strategies
  • sustainability assessment schemes.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  1. the principles of sustainable development and their relationships to building design and construction
  2. sustainable development policies and strategies related to building design and construction
  3. conceptual and theoretical sustainability frameworks
  4. critical appreciation of the key environmental, social and economic sustainability issues that affect building design and construction
  5. sustainability assessment tools, technologies, methods, processes and systems and their application across a building life cycle.

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • coursework clinics (20 hours)
  • lectures (12 hours)
  • seminars and workshops (8 hours)
  • external visits (4 hours).

Assessment

  • 5,000-word sustainable design and construction briefing group report (70%)
  • 10-minute group presentation on sustainable design and construction action plan (30%).

 

Research Dissertation (semesters 1 and 2 and summer period)

This module will provide you with experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area of sustainable design and construction. 

The project will be driven by you with tutoring/research and reporting/training from your allocated supervisor.

Intended learning outcomes

  1. On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:
  2. defining a research topic and problem relating to new or emerging technologies or processes.
  3. the design of a research project to explore a defined problem or research question
  4. the application of an appropriate research methodology to conduct a research study, including selecting/adapting/designing and utilising suitable tools and techniques of data capture and analysis
  5. the state-of-the-art of their chosen field of research and related theory
  6. ethical issues in research, the impact of research studies on others and associated psychological and reputational risk implications. 

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (560 hours)
  • project supervision (40 hours).

Assessment

You will be assessed via a 15,000-word final report and a viva voce.

Module leader

Dr Mahroo Eftekhari

Compulsory modules

Control and Commissioning for Low Energy Buildings (15 credits)

This module will give you an understanding of the application of automatic control and smart meters in energy monitoring and commissioning. You will also examine the control problems in buildings and develop control strategies that will improve thermal comfort and building energy use.

Key concepts covered include:

  • local loop control (including proportional–integral–derivative [PID] control and sequencing of component operation)
  • final control elements
  • supervisory control (including optimum start control, control of natural ventilation and night cooling strategies)
  • smart meters
  • model predictive control (MPC)
  • building energy management system (BEMS)
  • commissioning of mechanical and passive systems
  • 3M-monitoring
  • maintenance and management
  • fault detection
  • soft landings
  • post-occupancy evaluation (POE).

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of the module you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  1. the elements of an intelligent building energy control system, together with supervisory, MPC and local loop control strategies
  2. procedures for the commissioning of building energy systems
  3. soft landings and POE in order to solve the performance gap between design intentions and operational outcomes. 

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • lectures (30 hours)
  • supervised time in studio/workshop (7 hours)
  • external visit (4 hours)
  • demonstrations (3 hours).

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam (70%)
  • 3,000-word Building Energy Management System (BEMS) report (30%).

Module leader

Dr Mahroo Eftekhari

Low Energy Building Design (15 credits)

This module will introduce you to the process and principles of low and zero energy building design, with special attention to the multidisciplinary decision-making process. It will provide you with the requisite training and preparation to become a BREEAM Approved Graduate.

Key concepts covered, include:

  • context: climate change, projected scenarios and adaptation, legislation and regulations
  • process: building lifecycle, design process and procurement, engineering ethics and risk awareness
  • principles: climate responsive design and low and zero carbon technologies and strategies
  • assessments: climate analysis, carbon footprint, environmental assessment and lifecycle analysis
  • decision-making: optimisation and risk-based decision-making, sensitivity analysis.

Intended learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have knowledge and understanding of:

  1. the role of the architect and energy consultant in building (concept) design
  2. the design principles of low and zero energy and carbon buildings, including natural ventilation and climate responsive design
  3. the BREEAM scheme and its application in building projects and how BREEAM can be used in a given scenario.

You wil also be able to:

  1. produce a low energy building design concept based on using a simplified 3D BIM model
  2. propose effective design strategies to minimise energy consumption and carbon emissions from buildings
  3. undertake appropriate energy and environmental assessment/calculations.

Teaching and learning

You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • lectures (36 hours, including 9 hours of BRE lectures)
  • external visit (4 hours)
  • tutorials (4 hours).

Assessment

  • coursework (50%): one report (including BREEAM) and a 3,500 to 4,000-word essay
  • 2-hour exam (40%)
  • BREEAM in-class test (10%).

Module leader

Dr Christina Hopfe

Integrated Sustainable Design and Construction Project (15 credits)

This module will expose you to cross-disciplinary teamwork, focused on the integration of sustainable design and construction process across a building life cycle through collaborative practices.

Key areas covered include:

  • integrated sustainable design and construction processes
  • sustainable design and construction case studies
  • Building Research Energy Environmental Assessment Model (BREEAM)
  • sustainable design brief
  • designing for circular economy
  • life cycle analysis
  • responsible sourcing
  • green building materials
  • water and waste management
  • recycling and deconstruction
  • post-occupancy evaluation.

Intended learning outcomes

  1. On successful completion of the module you will have a knowledge and understanding of:
  2. the mechanisms by which integrated sustainable projects are delivered and assessed
  3. the use of a wide spectrum of integrated assessment methods, scoring systems, rating tools, and indicators in evaluating sustainable building projects
  4. generating and evaluating sustainable design options
  5. integrated project delivery strategies for circular economy, energy efficiency, renewable technologies, green building materials, water conservation, waste minimisation, recycling, deconstruction, and post-occupancy evaluation
  6. the application of BREEAM to evaluate the impact of design and construction decisions on sustainable project performance.

Teaching and learning

You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • coursework clinics (20 hours)
  • lectures (12 hours)
  • seminars and workshops (8 hours)
  • an external visit (4 hours)

Assessment

  • 5,000-word integrated sustainable design group project (70%)
  • 2,000-word project sustainability impact assessment group report using BREEAM (30%).

Research Dissertation (semesters 1 and 2 and summer period)

This module will provide you with experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area of sustainable design and construction. 

The project will be driven by you with tutoring/research and reporting/training from your allocated supervisor.

Intended learning outcomes

  1. On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:
  2. defining a research topic and problem relating to new or emerging technologies or processes.
  3. the design of a research project to explore a defined problem or research question
  4. the application of an appropriate research methodology to conduct a research study, including selecting/adapting/designing and utilising suitable tools and techniques of data capture and analysis
  5. the state-of-the-art of their chosen field of research and related theory
  6. ethical issues in research, the impact of research studies on others and associated psychological and reputational risk implications. 

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (560 hours)
  • project supervision (40 hours).

Assessment

You will be assessed via a 15,000-word final report and a viva voce.

Module leader

Dr Mahroo Eftekhari

Optional modules (choose one)

Design Management (15 credits)

This module will develop your understanding of the principles of design management and techniques for cost and value management.

Key areas covered include:

  • managing the design team
  • value management
  • briefing
  • roles and workings of conceptual, schematic and detail design phases
  • process protocol
  • process mapping techniques
  • dependence structure matrix
  • design economics.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of the design process and techniques used to manage design in construction projects and control design costs.

You will be able to:

  1. use process mapping techniques for design
  2. analyse and optimise the design process
  3. critique conceptual design alternatives and design plans
  4. understand the internal workings of a design office and their relationship with the construction team
  5. value engineer a design for a construction project
  6. advise the client of a construction project on producing a briefing document
  7. work with and manage a design team to produce multiple conceptual design alternatives (with related background studies) in response to a project brief
  8. select and apply evaluative and decision support tools and techniques
  9. devise cost plans.

Teaching and learning

You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (93 hours)
  • supervised time in stuido/workshop (30 hours)
  • lectures (15 hours)
  • demonstrations (4 hours)
  • practical classes and workshops (4 hours)
  • tutorials (4 hours).

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam (50%)
  • 4,500-word design management group report (25%)
  • 3,000-word design planning group report (20%)
  • design management in-class group presentation (5%)

Module leader

Dr Peter Demian

Management of Construction Processes and Techniques (15 credits)

This module will develop your knowledge of cutting edge contemporary management concepts and innovations and how these contribute to successful construction projects, including the management of risk and construction logistics.

Key areas covered include:

  • site strategy
  • risk management
  • innovation
  • building process
  • off-site production
  • logistics.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  1. cutting edge construction innovation
  2. the complexity of setting up and managing logistics on large construction sites
  3. advanced construction management concepts, techniques and technologies
  4. essential project management techniques such as risk management.

Teaching and learning

You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (106 hours)
  • lectures (22 hours)
  • seminars (11 hours)
  • tutorials (11 hours).

Assessment

  • 2-hour exam (55%)
  • 2,500-word construction strategy group report (18%)
  • 2,000-word risk group report (18%)
  • an individual report of two sides of A4 (9%).

Module leader

Professor Alistair Gibb

Federated Building Information Modelling (15 credits)

The creation, deployment and use of aggregated and integrated (levels 2 and 3) models are key goals of collaboration through Building Information Modelling (BIM). This module will give you hands-on practical skills on the use of BIM technologies (i.e. design software and collaboration tools) for real-time collaboration of federated/aggregated 3D BIM models. The theories of group working, workspace awareness and shared situational awareness within design teams/processes will be explored.

Key areas covered include:

  • theory of group working
  • collaboration processes and technologies
  • aggregated BIM models containing various specialty 3D content (architecture, structures, and MEP)
  • coordination of BIM models based on client brief, site conditions, cost targets, time constraints and code compliance
  • real-time collaboration
  • clash detection/avoidance
  • BIM data standards and protocols
  • common data environments.

Intended learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:

  1. technical and procedural aspects of real-time creation of aggregated BIM models (e.g. parametric architectural, and structural BIM models) in both Open BIM and Closed BIM platforms
  2. common data environments as used in BIM processes and importing and exporting 3D BIM data through standard IFC and COBie formats
  3. data formats or tools required for interoperability
  4. BIM-related standards/protocols (e.g. BS1192 and PAS1192). 

Teaching and learning

You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (118 hours)
  • supervised time in studio/workshop (20 hours)
  • lectures (12 hours).

Assessment

  • a clash detection report, two alternative sketch design concepts (in 2D/3D) and a group presentation on the modernising of an existing design (50%)
  • a portfolio within a common data environment, that presents the final design solution incorporating:
    • individual architectural and structural models
    • a federated model (3D BIM)
    • a construction schedule animation (4D BIM)
    • cost estimates (5D BIM)
    • a 4,000-word report that provides a rationale of decisions taken under each deliverable (50%).

Module leader

Dr Steven Yeomans

Semester 1, 2 and Summer Period

Research Dissertation (60 credits)

This module will provide you with experience of the process and methodology of research by defining and studying (on an individual basis) a complex problem in a specialised area of sustainable design and construction. 

The project will be driven by you with tutoring/research and reporting/training from your allocated supervisor.

Intended learning outcomes

  1. On successful completion of this module, you will have a knowledge and understanding of:
  2. defining a research topic and problem relating to new or emerging technologies or processes.
  3. the design of a research project to explore a defined problem or research question
  4. the application of an appropriate research methodology to conduct a research study, including selecting/adapting/designing and utilising suitable tools and techniques of data capture and analysis
  5. the state-of-the-art of their chosen field of research and related theory
  6. ethical issues in research, the impact of research studies on others and associated psychological and reputational risk implications. 

Teaching and learning

 You will learn through:

  • guided independent study (560 hours)
  • project supervision (40 hours).

Assessment

You will be assessed via a 15,000-word final report and a viva voce.

Module leader

Dr Mahroo Eftekhari

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed through:

  • presentations (group and individual)
  • reports (group and individual)
  • group project
  • essays
  • portfolio
  • literature review
  • exams
  • in-class tests
  • multiple choice questionnaire
  • dissertation viva voce.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Supervision
  • Workshops
  • Practical sessions

Your personal and professional development

Our School of Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

As this programme is new for 2019, we do not yet have any graduates. However, previous students within our School have gone on to work for a variety of organisations nationally and internationally.

Graduate destinations

These include:

  • Arup
  • Atkins
  • BAM Nuttall Ltd
  • Balfour Beatty
  • Kier Group
  • Morgan Sindall
  • Skanska
  • Transport for London

Many of these organisations engage with the University in both collaborative research and in delivering lectures on our programmes. This provides an ideal opportunity for you to engage in discussions about employment opportunities.

Your personal development

On successful completion of this programme, students should be able to:

  • communicate effectively using a variety of media
  • collate and critically review data and present findings
  • work effectively as a team member to achieve goals
  • participate in interactive sessions
  • interact and liaise effectively with staff, colleagues and industrial contacts
  • effectively manage own time within a team environment.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

An honours degree (2:1 or above) or equivalent overseas qualification in a relevant subject.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) 17 15 12.5
Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat 20 20 20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia - honours degree (AQF level 8) First class Upper second, H2A Lower second, 2B
Australia - ordinary degree (AQF level 7) High Distinction 85% Distinction 80% Distinction 75%

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree 1st (70%) 2nd (60%) 2nd (55%)
Other universities 1st (80%) 1st (70%) 2nd - (60%)

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Barbados - letter grading A B (or 75%) C (or 55%)
Barbados - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.0
Licenciatura or Título Profissional A B C

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada - GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.5/85% 3.0/75% 2.8/68%
Canada - out of 9 8 7 5
Canada - out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.5 3.0

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 or Notable 7.0 or 70 or Sufficiente

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6
Título de [subject area] 85% 75% 60%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala - 80% 60%
Private university - 85% 70%

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's - Pass with distinction or GPA 4.0 -

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan - GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
Kazakhstan - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon - American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
Lebanon - French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liberia - master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (4.0) 80 (3.0) 75 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 80% (3.0)
Master's degree Master's Master's Master's

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia - classification First Class 2.1 2.2
Malaysia - GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nepal - master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 70% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nicaragua - 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan master's (2 or 3 year bachelor's plus master's) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Panama 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines - degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1 or 16/20 or 70% 2:2 or 14/20 or 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
Saudi Arabia GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Senegal - 14/20 or bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Serbia 9 8.25 7.5

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sierra Leone - classification - 2:1 2:2
Sierra Leone - percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Sierra Leone - letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore - classification First Upper second Lower second
Singapore - GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
Singapore - GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
South Africa - percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5
Spain - UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria - state universities 85% 75% 65%
Syria - private universities 95% 85% 75%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan - prestigious national universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan - excellent universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan - good universities 88% 83% 80%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Trinidad and Tobago - University of the West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st 2:1 2:2

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 (tres bien) 13 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uruguay 10/12 8/12 or MB or 90% 6.5/12 or B or 80%

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - out of 20 - 16 14
Venezuela - out of 9 - 7 6.5

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zambia - master's - B+ or 3.5 or 70% -

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Zimbabwe - 65% 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£10,650

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£22,500

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

Student loans Scholarships Career Development Loans External charities and loans Alumni bursary