MSc Economics and Business Strategy degree

Entry requirements
2:1 +
Full-time
1 year
Part-time
Not available
Start date
September 2020
UK / EU fee
£13,800
International fee
£21,900
Location
Loughborough
Application status
Open

Overview

Our MSc Economics and Business Strategy programme will equip you with sought after skills in economics and strategy that will enable you to build a successful and rewarding career both in business and policymaking.

Our MSc Economics and Business Strategy will provide you with necessary skills to use the tools of economics and strategy to influence business performance and to improve strategic thinking and decision-making in a competitive business environment.

You will be taught by experienced researchers that will guide you in using insights from economic theory to address real-world problems. There is a strong emphasis on applying theoretical and quantitative skills to real world situations – as well as a focus on developing critical thinking skills which will open up career opportunities in business, consulting, government and international organisations or as an academic economist.

You will be taught by academics with research expertise in competition, regulation and strategy and in key industries such as banking, finance, energy, water and pharmaceuticals. Our Professors and lecturers are engaged in research on topical issues such as industry performance and productivity, consumer choices, renewable energy and storage, innovation and patents.

You will have the opportunity to develop an individual research project addressing real life business and policy issues.

Who should study this programme?

Our MSc Economics and Business Strategy programme is ideal for graduates interested in careers in business, consulting, government and international organisations or as an academic economist. You will learn how to apply knowledge of economics and strategy to influence business performance and to improve strategic thinking and decision-making in a competitive business environment.

Why you should choose us

Why you should study this degree

What makes this programme different?

  • scholarships available for the best candidates
  • gain the tools to influence business performance
  • opportunity to develop an individual research project
  • address real life business and policy issues
  • taught by leading academics
  • study at a top 10 UK business school.

What you'll study

Economics of Firms and Markets (15 credits)

This module will expose you to the microeconomic theory of producer and consumer decision making and will provide a solid grounding in economic theory and analytical methods employed in subsequent modules.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • consumer choice
    • utility maximisation
  • theory of the firm
    • production functions
    • profit and cost minimisation
  • general equilibrium and welfare
  • Pareto efficiency and the two fundamental theorems.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • understand and analyse microeconomic models of consumer and producer behaviour, and general equilibrium in competitive markets
  • apply microeconomic models to aid understanding of observed behaviour and outcomes so as to better understand and inform economic policy and business strategy

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • in-class coursework test: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 75%

Industrial Organisation and Strategy (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. explore the main theoretical principles used in industrial organisation and game theory
  2. apply economic and game theory principles to the analysis of firms' behaviour in markets
  3. develop analytical skills for the assessment of business strategy and policy
  4. prepare you for applied semester two modules in Economics of Corporate Strategy and Economics of International Business.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • game theory and strategic decision-making
  • firms and consumers in markets
  • imperfect competition models
  • pricing strategy and differentiation
  • research and development and innovation
  • cases studies from business and completion policy.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain the principles of game theory and the microeconomics of markets
  • analyse firms' behaviour and strategy [in terms of the incentives they face, and what is observed empirically
  • apply the relevant theory to assess and predict the effects of different strategies and policies
  • apply economic concepts to strategy and policy decisions
  • apply economics and game theory to real world issues
  • reconcile the differences between the various theories of industrial organisation, and how industry is observed to be organised in the real world
  • solve game-theoretic problems and intuitively explain their strategic implications
  • use appropriate tools and techniques for the critical analysis of real world cases
  • communicate to an audience of specialists and non-specialists why and how the tools of game theory can be used to inform and shape real world decision-making in firms and organisations
  • integrate the logic of game theory to inform strategic thinking, particularly with respect to addressing the various economic problems presently faced by different industries.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • 2,500-word coursework assignment: 30%
  • 2-hour exam: 70%

Economic Data Analysis (15 credits)

This module will provide you with a solid foundation of the econometric techniques and skills that form the basis for the quantitative/econometric modules of this master's programme.

Through lectures and computer lab workshops, it will provide you with the practical techniques economists often use to handle, analyse and interpret economic data.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • an introducation to econometrics
  • statistics:
    • regression analysis
    • statistical inference and hypothesis testing
    • dummy variables
    • different functional forms
    • departures from main assumptions:
      • multicollinearity
      • heteroskedasticity
      • specification bias
      • autocorrelation
  • Practical labs:
    • applied direct analysis of economic data using STATA (or other equivalent software).

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have:

  • developed a sound understanding of some of the fundamental, yet important mathematical and statistical techniques often used by economists
  • be able to appraise economic arguments through the quantitative analysis of economic data
  • become familiar with the use of at least one econometric computer package and be able to use it to formulate and estimate empirical models and also to interpret the output and conduct hypothesis tests
  • understand how the estimates and output obtained can be assessed, and to be able to carry out simple regression diagnostics

You will also have developed skills in:

  • the basics in handling and compiling of economic data for analyses
  • the practice of using econometric packages to analyse data and estimate models
  • decision-making through competence in analysing economic data, information technology and numeracy.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 10 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 116 hours

Assessment

  • in-class coursework test: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 75%

Optional modules (choose one)

Macroeconomic Policy and Financial Markets (15 credits)

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • macroeconomics, finance and measurement:
    • income accounting
    • flow of funds analysis
    • role of money
  • the principle of aggregate demand:
    • savings
    • investment
    • net exports
    • the IS curve
  • the financial markets, aggregate demand and monetary policy
  • fiscal policy
  • the foreign exchange market:
    • the balance of payments
    • exchange ratea
    • international policy formulation and co-ordination.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module, you will:

  • have developed an understanding of important areas of macroeconomic policies and be able to undertake analysis of the policies as regards to financial markets and the economy as a whole
  • be able to use macroeconomic models to answer policy related questions, to understand and explain the causes of debate within the subject area and to explain the operation of monetary and fiscal policy.
  • have developed analytical and technical skills in macroeconomics, along with presentational skills for written work.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • in-class coursework test: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 75%

Financial Economics (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. provide you with an understanding of the fundamental concepts of financial economics
  2. prepare you for further study in more advanced topics and modules in finance
  3. teach you how to model the behaviour of investors under conditions of uncertainty
  4. teach you how to apply theoretical models in both asset pricing and the evaluation of capital market efficiency.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • fundamental mathematical techniques in finance:
    • discounting and compounding in discrete and continuous time
    • calculus and constrained optimisation
    • Taylor's series
    • elementary matrix operations
  • yields and the pricing of bonds and discount securities using present value methods
  • the term structure of interest rates and the interest rate risk of bond portfolios
  • present value models of asset pricing
  • the concept of capital market efficiency and tests of efficiency
  • the expected utility hypothesis, utility functions and investor choice under uncertainty
  • diversification, mathematical optimisation and the mean-variance model
  • single index and multi-index models
  • the Capital Asset and Arbitrage Pricing Models:
    • their derivation, interpretation and application
  • tests of asset pricing theory and asset pricing anomalies
  • hedging, speculation and arbitrage
  • introduction to the basic features of options and futures
  • the single-period binomial option pricing model.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe the main classes of financial assets and derivative instruments
  • explain the nature of risk and risk-reduction in financial markets
  • describe and evaluate models of attitudes to risk and explain how attitudes to risk influence both portfolio choices and the market prices of assets
  • explain the concepts of equilibrium and arbitrage and show how they are used in models of asset pricing
  • analyse the relationship between capital market efficiency and equilibrium
  • evaluate tests of capital market efficiency and explain the significance of market efficiency for resource allocation.
  • use mathematical and statistical methods to construct diversified equity portfolios
  • explain both formally and intuitively how portfolio selection leads to risk-reduction
  • use simple examples to show how derivative instruments can be used in the hedging of risk
  • derive and explain key equilibrium asset pricing models and use them to value securities
  • construct simple tests of capital market efficiency.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 10 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 116 hours

Assessment

  • in-class coursework test: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 75%

Research Communication for Economists (10 credits)

This module will:

  1. enhance your oral presentation and communication skills for both academic research and employment
  2. develop your spoken and written specialist language to suit the high-level communication requirements and style of project proposals and project reports, for both research and employment
  3. see you conduct critical constructive synthesis of specialist literature
  4. prepare you for subsequent research training and project modules.

Module content

Topics covered may include:

  • literature search, using library and online literature databases
  • analysis, synthesis and communication of research ideas and findings, using prescribed pedagogic sets of readings
  • writing reviews of prescribed pedagogic sets of readings using appropriate specialist language and structure
  • preparation of short presentations
  • recognition and avoidance of plagiarism and poor scholarship.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • apply the skills and methods to carry out an economics-based literature search
  • analyse and synthesise a body of academic and policy-related literature
  • conduct a written literature review by constructive critical synthesis
  • formulate proposals for new research or policy-related work
  • carry out a search for published literature using online and other bibliographic databases, and report on the results of such search
  • cnduct a specialist literature search, in the areas of economics, banking and finance, and write a review by critical constructive synthesis of this literature
  • develop a proposal for new research or policy-related work in the areas of banking, finance and or economics
  • carry out a literature search on any accessible topic
  • prepare and write both reports and proposals for new work
  • create and deliver effective oral presentations using appropriate visual aids.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 9 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 21 hours
  • guided independent study: 70 hours

Assessment

  • literature review: individual report: 20%
  • literature review: oral presentation: 20%
  • individual oral presentation: 30%
  • 1,000-word written report: 30%

Economics of Corporate Strategy (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. explore the key theoretical principles used in corporate strategy
  2. identify the practical value of economic concepts for the management of complex business
  3. discover the main theoretical principles which can be used to identify the optimal boundaries and structures of business organisations
  4. develop analytical skills for the assessment of corporate business strategy.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • transaction costs
  • contracts and incentives
  • horizontal and vertical boundaries of the firm
  • integration and alternatives
  • information and value creation
  • internal organisation of the firm
  • strategy and structure.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module you will be able to:

  • identify and critique the economic principles underpinning corporate strategy
  • use theories of corporate strategy to comprehend and characterise real world situations
  • apply the relevant theory to assess the effects of competing corporate strategies and policies on economic actors and entities
  • discriminate between corporate strategies, the factors that influence their success, and the distinction between their impact on corporate outcomes and wider economic and social outcomes
  • apply economic principles for the development of corporate strategy in business environments
  • evaluate strategic behaviour and choices in real world situations
  • identify the key information and processes required to support sound strategic choices
  • use analytical skills to develop innovative and evidence based corporate strategies
  • link theories of corporate strategy with real world decision making and policy recommendations
  • use appropriate tools for the critical analysis of real world cases
  • communicate nuanced policy and corporate strategy advice to an audience of specialists and non-specialists
  • use appropriate problem solving and strategic thinking skills to inform decision making at a firm or organisational level
  • use analytical skills to assess relevant evidence with a view to developing feasible corporate strategies.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • 1,500-word coursework assignment: 30%
  • 2-hour exam: 70%

Applied Data Analysis for Business Strategy (15 credits)

This module will use applied data analysis and econometric techniques to analyse microeconomic data and evaluate business performance and its determinants. You will also analyse, classify, and interpret empirical results relating to the impact of government policies and business strategies on business performance.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • microeconometric modelling with cross sectional and panel data
  • models of efficiency and productivity change
  • models decomposing the sources of profit change
  • index number measures of profits and productivity
  • interpretation and implication of real world applications of the taught methods.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • specify, estimate and interpret empirical models of business performance and its determinants
  • understand how government and business decison makers employ emprical models of business performance to faciliate improved performance
  • apply the techniques taught using appropriate software
  • interpret and critique the finding of academic papers that use these techniques
  • undertake your own analytical and interpretive work using these techniques
  • synthesise and validate the findings of your work and interpret your findings with explicit reference to the extant academic literature
  • select and apply appropriate tools for the empirical analysis of real world cases
  • draw appropriate inference from such analysis, and use such inference as a basis for the formulation of viable business strategies
  • communicate findings to an audience of specialists and non-specialists
  • interpret models of business performance and apply these models to developing business strategy.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • 2,500-word coursework assignment: 25%
  • 2 x problem sets coursework assignments: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 50%

Policy and Strategy Analytics (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. provide you with an understanding of the role of analytics in informing strategy and policy in the public and private sectors
  2. allow you to apply appropriate frameworks for policy and strategy analytics
  3. develop your skills in analytical methods for policy and strategy analysis
  4. see you apply these skills to real world problems, including external project work.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • the strategy and policy context
  • the role of analytics in informing policy and strategy
  • frameworks for performing strategy and policy analytics
  • the dynamics of strategy and policy
  • complexity of strategy and policy systems
  • simulation of strategy and policy
  • case examples from policy and business.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • describe the role of analytics in informing policy and strategy
  • know appropriate frameworks for performing policy and strategy analytics
  • know how to apply key analytics methods in the policy and strategy environment
  • use appropriate analytics frameworks for addressing policy and strategy issues in an organisation
  • demonstrate an understanding of the role of a range of analytical methods and be able to apply some of those methods for policy and strategy decisions
  • demonstrate competence in using appropriate software packages
  • be able to present and communicate analytics work to both technical and non-technical audiences
  • show competence in writing reports.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 10 hours
  • lectures: 22 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • 2,000-word group coursework assignment
  • 2,000-word individual coursework assignment

Optional modules (choose one)

Corporate Finance (15 credits)

This module will introduce modern theories of corporate finance and show how they can be applied to understanding the financing and investment decisions of companies, particularly those quoted on the stock exchange.

Module content

Topics studied may include:

  • corporate investment decisions in the absence of uncertainty
  • investment and uncertainty
  • the theory of capital structure and Modigliani-Miller
  • event studies
  • Tobin's Q and investment
  • taxation and capital structure
  • trade-off and pecking order theories
  • empirical evidence on capital structure
  • dividend policy.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will have an understanding of:

  • project investment appraisal
  • the capital structure of a corporation
  • dividend policy
  • and current issues in corporate finance.

You will also be able to:

  • evaluate stylised investment projects, explain the rationale for the procedures used and demonstrate an understanding of the concept of the cost of capital
  • explain the Modigliani-Miller theorems and their implications for corporate financial decisions
  • explain the rationale for event studies and know how event studies are carried out
  • explain the main theories of corporate capital structure especially the role of asymmetric information and agency and have an understanding of the empirical evidence on corporate capital structure
  • demonstrate how the tax structure affects corporate investment and financial decisions and explain the public policy issues involved in corporate tax changes
  • explain the main theories of dividend policy and be familiar with the relevant empirical evidence.
  • determine optimal project investment strategies
  • assess capital budgeting and corporate financing techniques
  • demonstrate further skills in analysing problems in financial economics and corporate finance.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 20 hours
  • guided independent study: 130 hours

Assessment

  • in-class coursework test: 25%
  • 2-hour exam: 75%

Economics of International Business (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. apply and assess the key theoretical principles used in the analyses of international business, international trade and international economic relations
  2. critically evaluate the policies and institutions underlying the international business environment
  3. anticipate the likely impacts on international trade and international business of changes in the international economic and political environments.

Module content

Topics covered may include:

  • The Ricardian, Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson and new trade theories
  • the welfare economics of protection and liberalisation
  • multilateral and bilateral trade agreements and the pros and cons of free trade areas
  • customs unions and deeper integration agreements
  • oligopolistic theories of international trade and multinational firms.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of the module you will be able to:

  • identify, explain and evaluate the economic principles underpinning the analysis of international trade, international economic relations and international business strategy
  • apply appropriate economic principles to current problems in the fields of international trade, international economic relations and international business
  • analyse corporate strategy and government policy in an international context.
  • apply economic principles to understand and explain international trading/business behaviour and the role of international institutions
  • evaluate strategic behaviour and choices by both governments and international (exporting/multinational) firms
  • interpret data on international trade relations
  • use analytical skills for international business.
  • apply appropriate tools to the critical analysis of real world cases
  • communicate nuanced economic ideas and arguments to audiences of specialists and non-specialists
  • use problem-solving and strategic thinking skills to devise and recommend strategies for firms and organisations operating in a competitive business environment.

 

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 8 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 118 hours

Assessment

  • 2,500-word individual coursework assignment: 30%
  • 2-hour exam: 70%

Leading Analytics Initiatives (15 credits)

This module will:

  1. give you an understanding of the various processes involved in big data analytics
  2. give you an understanding and experience of Python and other programming approaches to big data
  3. allow you to develop a critical and practical appreciation of the activities and factors involved in organsing big data analytics initiatives and projects
  4. provide you with an understanding of the skills and capabilities required for leading big data analytics applications
  5. build the project management skills required for successful leadership of big data analytics initiatives and projects.

Module content

This module will address the issues associated with designing and implementing data science/analytics initiatives.

It will cover topics on:

  • data science process and pipeline
  • Python programming
  • SQL
  • dataframes
  • text mining
  • data visualisation.

Learning outcomes

On completion of this module you will be able to:

  • appraise and explain the processes and constituent activities involved in designing and implementing big data analytics projects
  • demonstrate a knowledge of python programming
  • write SQL code
  • critically appraise big data within the context of data science
  • write Python, SQL and other code in a data science / analytics context and project
  • create Pythonic data visualisations based on Matplotlib, Seaborn and other packages
  • competently produce reports, business cases and analytics.

Teaching and learning

  • practical classes and workshops: 12 hours
  • lectures: 24 hours
  • guided independent study: 114 hours

Assessment

  • 3,000-word group coursework assignment: 50%
  • 3,000-word individual coursework assignment: 50%

Economics and Business Strategy in Practice (20 credits)

This module will:

  1. identify and assess complex issues in economics and business strategy.
  2. apply tools of analysis to practical and research issues in economics and business strategy, thereby preparing them for employment in government, commerce and industry
  3. develop strong team working capabilities in preparation for future employment
  4. see you undertake advanced independent study in an area of economics and business strategy.

Marketing content

Topics studied may include:

  • empirical analysis of competition and regulation issues in the industrial and service sectors, and the utilities
  • competition remedies and economic regulation of business activities
  • data analysis
  • methods for competition assessment
  • performance measurement in the private and public sector.

These topics will form a basis for the research undertaken as part of the Economics Research Project module.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you be able to:

  • interpret, summarise, critique, apply, analyse, evaluate and justify the application of relevant advanced research and practice in the areas of economics and business strategy
  • robustly analyse issues related to economics and business strategy and thereby make fully supportable recommendations with regard to decisions that should be taken by policy makers and decision makers
  • critically discuss concepts, issues, research findings and new developments arising from recent research
  • synthesise and critically review important issues and themes from the economics and business strategy literature
  • communicate such synthesis and conclusions
  • formulate proposals for further investigation in the research area
  • obtain, analyse and apply information from a variety of sources including publicly available material
  • evaluate, synthesise and draw conclusions from literature
  • work effectively as a team to complete a project for specialist and non-specialist audiences.

Teaching and learning

  • lectures: 9 hours
  • practical classes and workshops: 15 hours
  • guided independent study: 176 hours

Assessment

  • group presentation: 50%
  • 3,000-word individual coursework assignment: 50%

Economics Research Project (30 credits)

This module will:

  1. see you apply and communicate you knowledge of economics via the development of an individual project essay
  2. allow you to explore an issue of policy relevant to your research theme, exploiting the economics tools and techniques taught in the your master's programme
  3. enable you to critically review a particular aspect of policy making and gain experience in conducting a piece of original applied research whose conclusions provide robust recommendations for policy makers and other decision makers
  4. improve your employment prospects by demonstrating your ability to independently complete an applied research project.

Module content

Within this module you will identify, propose, research and write an individual, distinct and in-depth applied economics research project.

Learning outcomes

On successful completion of this module you will be able to:

  • explain and critically discuss the main policy issues associated with their chosen topic in a specific field of economic research
  • use applied economics based research methods appropriate to their field of finance, banking, business strategy and/or international business
  • write a research report in a style suitable for communicating the research to a range of audiences.
  • analyse economic issues in a clear, systematic and coherent way
  • write a succinct and logically coherent summary of competing ideas and concepts, analysing data using appropriate methods and clearly communicating research findings.

Teaching and learning

  • project monitoring workshop: 4 hours
  • project supervision: 8 hours
  • guided independent study: 288 hours

Assessment

  • 7,000-word project report: 100%

The information above is intended as an example only, featuring module details for the current year of study. Modules are reviewed on an annual basis and may be subject to future changes – revised details will be published through Programme Specifications ahead of each academic year. Please see Terms and Conditions of Study for more information.

How you'll be assessed

You will be assessed by a combination of group and individual coursework as well as exams.

How you'll study

  • Lectures
  • Seminars
  • Tutorials
  • Independent study
  • Group work
  • Workshops

Your personal and professional development

Our School of Business and Economics is committed to helping you develop the skills and attributes you need to progress successfully in your chosen career.

Future career prospects

Well-trained, numerate business and strategy economists are in high demand in every sector. Our Economics and Business Strategy programme prepares you for a career as a professional economist in management and strategy consulting, finance, government or industry.

Potential career destinations include: analyst in economic consultancy, corporate management, strategy teams in corporations, business-related government departments, competition and regulation authorities, industry associations.

Your personal development

There is a strong emphasis on applying theoretical and quantitative skills to real world situations – as well as a focus on developing critical thinking skills will open up career opportunities in business, consulting, government and international organisations or as an academic economist.

All our Business and Economics postgraduate students have the opportunity to attend an impressive range of extra-curricular masterclasses and public lectures – all on campus and free of charge.

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

2:1 honours degree (or equivalent international qualification) in economics, finance, business, management, management science, operations research, or related disciplines. Applicants from other disciplines will also be considered provided that your degree includes at least introductory modules in economics and an introduction to quantitative subjects such as calculus and statistics.

Afghanistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Masters 95% 85% 70%

Albania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomë e Nivelit të Pare (First Level (University) Diploma (from 2010) 9.5 8.5 8

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (4 year) / Diplome d'Inginieur d'Etat / Diplôme d'Etudes Supérieures 16 14 12

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Armenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavri Kochum 90% 80% 70%
Magistrosi Kochum 3.9 3.5 3.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Honours degree (AQF level 8) First Class, 80% Upper Second, 70%, H2A Lower Second, 60%, 2B
Ordinary degree - AQF Level 7 pass (mark 46 or 50) High Distinction (80% or 85%) Distinction (75% or 80%) Distinction (70% or 75%)

Austria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree/ Diplomstudium / Magister degree A (or 1.5) mit Auszeichnungbestanden 60% or B or 3.0 (or 2) 50% or C or 2.7 (or 3)

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomu 4.5 4 3.5
Diplomu (Specialist Diploma) 90% 80% 70%

Bahamas

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BUET or 'Good Private' University - 4 year degree BUET - 1st (70%) / 3.5 BUET - 2nd (60%) / 3.0 BUET - 2nd (55%) / 2.75
Other universities - Masters (1-2 years) following a 3 or 4 year degree 80% / 4.0 65% / 3.25 50% / 2.5

Barbados

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Barbados - Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Specialist Diploma (5Yr) 9 7 5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree Magna Cum Laude Cum Laude 60%/12
Licenciaat 80% 70% 60%
Licencie 17 14 12

Belize

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Benin

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise 18 15 or Bien 12 or Assez Bien

Bermuda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of the West Indies only 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) 2:2 (GPA 2.5)

Bolivia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
A Licenciado, 4 years Private (public/private) 85/78 75/66 67/55

Bosnia and Herzegovina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma Visokog Obrazovanja / Diplomirani 10 9 8

Botswana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's degree A or 80% B or 70% C or 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil - 4 yr Bacharel or Licenciado/Licenciatura or Título Profissional 8.5 (A) 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper Second (60%/B/3.1) Lower Second (50%/C/2.7)

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 yr Diploma za Zavarsheno Visshe Obrazovanie (Diploma of Completed Higher Education) 6 5 4

Cambodia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 years 90% or 9 or 4.0 80% or 8 or 3.5 70% or 7 or 3.0

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor degree or Diplome d'Etudes Superiures de Commerce 1st or 15 2:1 or 14 2:2 or 12.5
Diplome d'Ingenieur or Diplôme d'Ingénieur de Conception or a Maitrise or a 4 year Licence 20 or GPA 3.7 20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0/percentage scale 3.7/85% 3.3/75% 2.7/68%
Out of 9 8 6 5
Out of 12 10 8 6

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Grado de Licenciado / Título (Profesional) de [subject area] (4 years) 6 5.5 5

China

Students are required to have a bachelor degree (4 years) for entry to a postgraduate programme. The University uses the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities to identify the required final mark, as outlined on the table below:

First class (70%) Mid 2:1 (65%) 2:1 (60%) Mid 2:2 (55%) 2:2 (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 81% 80% 78% 77%
Shanghai Rank 251-500 89% 84% 83% 81% 80%
Shanghai Rank 501+ 92% 87% 86% 85% 82%

Affiliated colleges

The University will consider students from Affiliated Colleges in the following way:

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities in the top 250 Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 80%-84%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are 251-500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Applicants from colleges affiliated to universities which are above 500 in the Shanghai rankings will considered as follows:

  • School of Business and Economics: not considered
  • All other programmes if they have achieved or are likely to achieve final marks of 82%-87%.

Universities given special consideration

Applicants from a small number of Chinese universities that specialise in business, management, finance or creative arts will be given special consideration by the University. The full list of these universities and the Shanghai band under which they will be considered can be found in the PDF below.

Download the list of Chinese universities given special consideration here

Students who do not meet the above requirements may occasionally be considered if they have a relevant degree, can show good grades in relevant subjects, and/or have substantial relevant work experience.

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 4.5 3.75 3.2

Costa Rica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado 9 8 or 80 7 or 75

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaureus / Prvostupnik 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year Titulo de Licenciado / Licenciatura 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalár (after 2001) 6 yr integrated Magistr 1 1.5 2

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii or Bachelor degree (7 point scale) 12 10 7

Dominican Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciado 3.8 Magna Cum Laude 3.5 Cum Laude 3.2
Título de [subject area] - 85% 82%

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado 8.5 8 7
Título de [subject area] 85% 80% 70%

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.5 3.2 2.8
Universities only BA 90%, BSc 85% BA 80%, BSc 75% BA 65%, BSc 65%

El Salvador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
5 year Licenciado 8.5 7.5 6.5
Título de Ingeniero 85% 75% 65%
Arquitecto - Muy Bueno Bueno

Estonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalaureusekraad or Magister or Magistrikraad 5 or A 4 or B 3 or C

Ethiopia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A/GPA 4.0 A/GPA 3.5 B/GPA 2.8

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kandidaattii/Kandidat (out of 3) 3 2 1
Maisteri/Magister (out of 5) 4.5 3 2.5

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence (3 years)/ Maitrise/ Diplôme d'Ingénieur 14 12 11

Georgia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4-year degree (% = new system) 5 (95%) 4.5 (85%) 4 (75%)

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
German Bachelor/ Diplom, Magister Artium / Zeugnis über den Zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second/60% Lower second/50%

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
AEI 8.5 7.0 6
TEI 8.5 7 6.5

Grenada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from University of West Indies - classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Degree from University of West Indies - grade / percentage A B / 75% C / 55%
Degree from University of West Indies - GPA 3.6 3.0 2.0

Guatemala

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Liceniado / Titulo de (subject area) - 4years 90% (public university) / 95% (private university) 80% (public university) / 85% (private university) 60% (public university) / 70% (private university)

Guyana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's GPA 4 GPA 3.5 3.0

Honduras

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Título de Licenciado / Grado Académico de Licenciatura (4 year degree) - GPA out of 5 GPA 5 or 90% GPA 4 or 80% GPA 3.5 or 70%

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Hungary

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Alapfokozt or Egyetemi Oklevel / Bachelor 5 4 3

Iceland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Baccalaurreatus degree or Kandidatsprof/Candidatus Mag 8.5 7.5 6.5

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sarjana I (S1) from A (or B) credited Universities 3.7 (4.0) 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 17 15 13

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 80% 75% 70%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First (70%) Upper second (60%) Lower second (50%)

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3 yr Bachelor Degree 90% 80% 70%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma di Laurea 109/110 104/110 (or 27) 100/110 (or 26)

Ivory Coast

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplome d'Etude Approfondies, Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures 16 14 (Bien) 12 (Assez Bien)

Jamaica

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by UCJ and CCCJ 1st (GPA 3.6) 2:1 (GPA 3.0) or B 2:2 (GPA 2.0) or C

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% or B or 3.0 70% or C or 2.0

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3 or 3.5/5 or 75% 2.8 or 65%

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 5.0/percentage scale 4.5 or 90% 4 or 85% 3.5 or 80%
GPA 4.33 scale 3.9 3.7 3.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.4 3

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 60% / B Lower second / 50% / C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.6 3.0 2.8

Latvia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Latvia 9 7 6

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
American 90% (3.5) 80% (3.2) 70% (2.8)
French 18 15 12

Liberia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's 4.0 or 90% 3.5 or 85% 3 or 80%

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 (3.6) 75 (3.0) 65 (2.5)
Other bachelor's degree from a university 90 (4.0) 85% (3.6) 75% (3.0)

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau 1st or GPA 3.7 2:1 or GPA 3.0 2:2 or GPA 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 10 9 8

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's only MSc 75% MSc 70% MSc 65%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Class 2.1 2.2
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Malta

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malta 1st (80%) 2:1 (70%) 2:2 (55%)

Mauritius

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mauritius 1st or 70% 2:1 or 60% 2:2 or 50%

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Moldova

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenţă (Diploma of Licentiate) 10 9 8

Mongolia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Диплом Специалиста (Specialist Diploma) 90% or 3.5 80% or GPA 3.2 70% or GPA 3.0

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco 17 15 13

Mozambique

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year Licenciatura 16 14 12

Myanmar (Burma)

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
2 year Master's degree 5 or 85% 5 or 75% 4.5 or 65%

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% or A 70% or B 60% or C

Nepal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's (after 3 year bachelor degree) 90% or 3.9 GPA 80% or 3.8 GPA 65% or 3.3 GPA

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Honours degree (480 credits) - Level 8 First (7.0) Upper Second (6.0) Lower Second (4.0)

Nicaragua

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciatura (4 year) 90% 80% 70%

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
7 point Scale 6 5 4
5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A B C

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.5

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Public Universities 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Private Universities 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
2 or 3 year bachelor's plus Master's First (60%) Second (55%) Second (50%)

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree A / 90% / 3.7 B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Panama

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 91 (A) 81 (B) 71 (C)

Papua New Guinea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Papua New Guinea 1st 2:1 2:2

Paraguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Paraguay - 4 3.5

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 Year Título de Licenciado / Título de [subject area] 14 13 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Degree from prestigious state universities or Centres of Excellence (COE) Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% / 1.0 Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% / 1.5 Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%/ 2.0

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bachelor Degree (post 2003) Magister (pre- 2003) 5 4.5 / 4+ 4

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diploma de Licenta/ Diploma de Inginer 9 8 7

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
4 year bachelor (Hons) degree (480 credits) 1st, 16/20 (80%) 2:1,14/20 (70%) 2:2, 12/20 (60%)

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.75 3.5

Senegal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Maitrise, Diplome d'Etude Approfondies,Diplome d'Etude Superieures or Diplome d'Etude Superieures Specialisees 16/20 or Tres Bien 14/20 or Bien 12/20 or Assez Bien

Serbia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Diplomirani/ Bachelor's degree 9 8 7

Sierra Leone

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification - 2:1 2:2
Percentage grading - 60-69% 50-59%
Letter grading - B+ B

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification First Upper second Lower second
GPA 4.0 scale 3.7 3.0 2.7
GPA 5.0 scale 4.5 3.5 3.0

Slovakia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovakia 1.5 or B 2.0 or C 2.5 or C/high D

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Classification 1st 2:1 2:2
Percentage scale 75-100% 70-74% 60-69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA out of 4.5 4.0 / A 3.5 / B 3.0 / C+
GPA out of 4.3 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.7 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado / Título de Ingeniero / Título de Arquitecto 8.5 7 6.5
UCM grading 3.0 2.0 1.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 1st or 70% or B+ 2:1 or 66% Mid 2:2 or 60% or B

Sweden

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sweden - Overall grade of VG with a minimum of 90 credits at VG Overall grade of G with a minimum of 90 credits at G

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
State universities 4 years of study 80% 70% 60%
Private universities 4 years of study 90% 80% 70%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Category 1 (4 year degree) 80% 75% 70%
Category 2 (4 year degree) 85% 80% 75%

Tajikistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tajikistan - 4.5 4

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Trinidad and Tobago

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
For degrees studied at The University of West Indies or degrees accredited by ACTT 1st or B+ or 70% 2:1 or B or 65% 2:2 or B- or 60%

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licence, Maîtrise, Diplôme National d'Ingénieu 15 (tres bien) 14 (bien) 11 (assez bien)

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lisans Diplomasi or a Műhendis Diplomasi 3.5 3 2.5

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda 1st or 4.4 2:1 or 3.8 2:2 or 3.0

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Dyplom Magistra or a Bachelors degree (11 / 5) 11 or 5 9 or 4.5 8 or 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.6

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uruguay

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado (4 year) 10 9 8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bakalavr Diplomi / Diplomi (Specialist Diploma) 90% or GPA 4.5 80% or GPA 4.0 70% or GPA 3.0

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Licenciado/Professional title. (4 year) 18/20 or 8/9 16/20 or 7/9 14/20 or 6/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

Zambia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Master's A or 4.0 or 80% B+, 3.5 or 70% B or 3.0 or 60%

Zimbabwe

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
3/4 year degree 1st or 75% 2:1 or 65% 2:2 or 60%

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£13,800

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£21,900

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment.

UK/EU: £13,800

International: £21,900
Find out more about master's degree funding