University LibraryStaff and researchers

Subject guides

Geography & Environment

Barbara Whetnall

Photo of  Barbara Whetnall

Academic Librarian

This guide aims to provide you with information about the Library’s resources and services relevant to human geography, physical geography, management, sport and economics.

Use the tabs above to find information about:

  • Print and electronic books [e-books]
  • Journals and journals articles
  • Referencing

Useful tip: before you start using the Library resources on your own computer, laptop or tablet etc. download the Cisco AnyConnect VPN client  from IT Services – versions are available for both Mac and Windows.

This gives seamless off-campus access to e-books, e-journals, databases, e-mail and print credits etc.

If you need further assistance, please contact the Library at library@lboro.ac.uk or your Academic Librarian.

 

Books are available in the Library in both print and electronic format [e-books].  The Library Catalogue will help you locate the shelf-marks for printed books, and give links to e-books.

E-books can be viewed on any computer, both in the Library and off-campus. 

Just remember to download the VPN for off-campus access.

Books on the same subject are often kept together at the same shelf-mark.    You can find shelf-marks both on the spine of the books, and on the end of the shelves. 

For example: Douglas Bryden’s book CAD and rapid prototyping for product design has the shelf-mark 745.20285/BRY.  The 745.20285 is the number for product design, and the BRY stands for Bryden.

Books with several editions should be located together. Most of the books on product design are on Level 2, but some books on ergonomics and materials are located on Level 1.

Databases: journal articles and conference papers

You can use your Athens username and password to access many of these databases from off-campus, or via the Remote Working Portal 

ASSIA:  Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstract
Human Sciences, Geography, European Studies,; Psychology, Social Sciences, Politics and Leisure.
British Society for Geomorphology
Professional organisation for British geomorphologists : geomorphological news, research, reports and announcements.
Business Source Complete
Access to full text of nearly 8,350 scholarly business journals and other sources, with coverage including virtually all subject areas related to business and economics. Also country economic reports from a range of authoritative sources.                                                            
CORE
CORE aggregates all open access research outputs from repositories and journals worldwide and makes them available to the public.
DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
All books listed in DOAB are freely accessible and free to read.  Please check the license if you want to re-use the contents of a book. Generally speaking, all books listed in DOAB are free to read and share for non-commercial use.
DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals
Search journal articles at the 'one stop shop' for users to Open Access Journals.
GaWC Network
Created in the Geography Department at Loughborough University: a leading think-tank on cities in globalization.
Geobase
Bibliographic references to important journals in the fields of physical and human geography, geology, mineralogy, ecology, environment and development studies.
Global Resource Information Database
GRID-Arendal provides analysis and supports communication on issues such as climate change, environment and poverty, environment and security, the urban environment and sustainable development.
GreenFILE
 Database covering global climate change, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling.
IBSS: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
Online resource for social science and interdisciplinary research. Covers over two million bibliographic references to journal articles and to books, reviews and selected chapters dating back to 1951.
JSTOR Arts and Sciences
JSTOR archival journal collections include more than two thousand journals in the humanities, social sciences, and science.
Nexis UK
News and business information, UK national and regional newspapers, international newspapers and newswires, foreign language news sources, professional and trade magazines company profiles and industry reports.
OAPEN
Freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of humanities and social sciences.
OpenGrey Repository
25 years of collecting and referencing grey literature by European partners.
RePEc - Economics
Includes bibliographic metadata from over 1,900 participating archives, including all the major publishers and research outlets. IDEAS is just one of several services that use RePEc data.                                                                                                                       
Science Direct
Multi-disciplinary database of peer-reviewed scholarly literature.
Scopus
Multi-disciplinary database including journal articles, conference papers, trade publications, patent records from five patent offices and scientific web pages.
Sociological Abstracts
International literature of sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioural sciences. 
Web of Science
Multi-disciplinary database covering the sciences, social sciences, the arts and humanities. 
Zetoc
Journal article and conference records on every imaginable subject in art, science, technology, medicine, engineering, business, law, finance.

 Mapping and GIS resources 

CASWEB
Demographics (UK Census Data, for 2011 see INFUSE below)
China
Free GIS, mainly older boundary & admin (not always available)
                Digimap                                                                                                     
Key Resource Digimap delivers maps and geospatial data from the Ordnance Survey (OS), the British Geological Survey (BGS), Landmark Historic maps, Seazone marine mapping, the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), and Getmapping aerial imagery. Digimap Roam; Data Download; Historic Digimap; Geology Digimap; Environment Digimap, Aerial Collection. Athens hosted.
ESRI
Online data for ArcGIS
GEOCONVERT
Converting from one geography to another
GeoDa
Geospatial analysis, spatial econometrics, and geo-visualization.
Geofacets
Geoscience information, maps and data sourced from scientific publications.
Geology
BGS (UK) Map & Data Viewers (also see DigiMap)
INFUSE
UK Census Data for 2001 and 2011
MAGIC
DEFRA - geographic information about the natural environment
Online mapping
List of National online services
OpenJump GIS
Useful for large data sets, rendering , pie charts, plotting and choropleth maps.
Open Map
Open source online mapping
OS Open Data
Loughborough staff & students use Digimap instead
QGIS – Formerly Quantum GIS
Free and open-source cross-platform desktop geographic information system (GIS) application that supports viewing, editing, and analysis of geospatial data.
SAGA GIS 
System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses.  Approachable user interface with many visualisation options.
Satellite Images
USGS
Soils
UK Soil Observatory
Svalbard Digital Maps
Map series for Arc and Google Earth
UKBORDERS (Edina)
Digitised boundary datasets of the UK, available in many Geographic Information System (GIS) formats (MapInfo MIF/MID, ArcView Shape, Arc/Info Export and several others).
UK Census 2011
GIS Boundary (not available in UK Borders)
Whitebox GAT
Open source, free GIS software with  LiDAR toolbox.

 Data repositories, picture and media resources  

BBC Motion Gallery
A variety of clips from the BBC's archive of moving images [For best results access this product via Google Chrome].
BoB: box of broadcasts
TV and radio programmes, media archive, off-air recording. 
British Hydrological Society
UK society for the advancement of hydrology : hydrological data, UK Drought Portal.
Data.gov.uk
UK datasets available from all central government departments and a number of other public sector bodies and local authorities.
Dissertation Toolbox Free Resources (Statistics Solutions)
Free data analysis plan templates, analysis calculation and narrative write-up guides
EU Open Data Portal
Provides access to an expanding range of data from European Union (EU) institutions and other EU bodies.
Eurostat
Statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its mission is to provide high quality statistics for Europe.
Loughborough University Data Repository
For research and staff. Loughborough's data repository: securely preserved and given a citable DOI. Add metadata only records for data which is held elsewhere.
Met Office DataPoint
 DataPoint is a service to access freely available Met Office data feeds in a format that is suitable for application developers.
National Centers for Environmental Information
NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to the USA’s geophysical data and information.
NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) – Data Centres
Information about data repositories for: British Oceanographic Data Centre; Centre for Environmental Data Archival; Environmental Information Centre; National Geoscience Data Centre; Polar Data Centre; Archaeology Data Service. There is also a link to a search tool which covers these repositories.
Office for National Statistics
 UK’s largest independent producer of official statistics and its recognised national statistical institute.
OpenGeoSci
Free, public, map based toolset that allows users to search for cross sections, charts, tables, figures and data from Geo Science World publications.
OS OpenData  - (Ordnance Survey Data)
A set of free digital maps of Great Britain, available for anyone to use, for any purpose. Choose from 12 products.  You must acknowledge The Ordnance Survey if you use OS data.
Re3data
A global registry of research data repositories that covers research data repositories from different academic disciplines. It presents repositories for the permanent storage and access of data sets to researchers, funding bodies, publishers and scholarly institutions.
Royal Meteorological Society
The Royal Meteorological Society is the UK’s Professional and Learned Society for weather and climate, providing briefing papers and technical reports. 
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (sedac)
NASA. Data on human interactions in the environment, integration of socioeconomic and earth science data and gateway between earth sciences and social sciences.
Statista
Market research and consumer data. An online tutorial for Statista is available.
Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC, Inc.)
Free automated tools to enhance environmental fate and hazard assessments
SRC's Fate Pointer File
Contains chemical structures (~15,000), chemical names (~20,000) and fields indicating if the chemical is in one of 18 different sources
UK Data Service Discover
Single point of access to a wide range of secondary data including large-scale government surveys, international macrodata, business microdata, qualitative studies and census data from 1971 to 2011.
UK Soil Observatory
The UK Soil Observatory (UKSO) provides UK soils data - free where possible.
Zanran
Internet search engine: For data and statistics and scaffolder software for first stage document analysis.

Statistical software

ADaMSoft                          

Free software. Data Integration, analytical ETL, data Analysis, reporting.

CBEcon

Free. Econometrics and statistics that do not require the user to download or install anything because it runs on the internet.

GNU PSPP

Free software. Statistical analysis of sampled data.

IBM SPSS Statistics 24

Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.The software aims to address the entire analytical process, from planning, to data collection, to analysis, reporting and deployment.

Maplesoft Maple 2017

Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Allows users to enter mathematics in traditional mathematical notation.

                    Matlab software                                              

Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.High-level programming, numerical computation, visualisation and application development.

Mondrian

Free.  General purpose statistical data-visualization system.

OriginLab

Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Scientific graphing and data analysis software.

QSR NVivo 11

Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Text-based and/or multimedia information, where deep levels of analysis on small or large volumes of data are required.

SAS® University Edition

Free software.  Statistics and quantitative methods classes in a variety of areas: economics, psychology and other social sciences, computer science, business, medical/health sciences, engineering, etc. For academic, noncommercial use only.

Shogun

Free software.  Supports Python, Octave, R, Java/Scala, Lua, C#, Ruby, etc,  multiple data representations, algorithm classes and general purpose tools for rapid prototyping of data pipelines.

The Statistical Lab

Free software. Explorative and interactive tool to support education in statistics and provide a tool for the simulation and solution of statistical problems.

Tableau Public

Free version available.  Smart analytics, trends, data visualisation, analysis, algorithms, clustering, statistically significance.

E-theses

       EthOS British Library         
The UK’s national thesis service. Free access to the full text of as many theses as possible for use by all researchers to further their own research.
DART-Europe
DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries giving global access to European research theses.
   Loughborough University       Institutional Repository      

Loughborough University Institutional Repository contains around 25,000 full-text items and includes journal papers, book chapters, conference papers, theses and audiovisual material.                                                                            

Theses and Dissertations
Open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world.
PQDT Open
Full text open access US dissertations and theses free of charge.

Online tutorials

Data Tree
A free online course for research data management. The course is especially aimed at PhD students and early career researchers but is for anyone who wants to get the right data habits now, including thinking of end-users of your data.
                                        FOSTER portal: Open Science Training Courses
An e-learning platform that brings together the best training resources addressed to those who need to know more about Open Science.
Lynda.com               
An online learning platform offering access to over 5000 skills video tutorials that can help you acquire software, technology, business and creative skills to achieve learning, personal and professional goals. Freely available to all Loughborough University staff and students from any desktop or mobile device. 

 

Databases: journal articles and conference papers

You can use your Athens username and password to access many of these databases from off-campus, or via the Remote Working Portal  

ASSIA:  Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstract
Human Sciences, Geography, European Studies,; Psychology, Social Sciences, Politics and Leisure.
Business Source Complete
Access to full text of nearly 8,350 scholarly business journals and other sources, with coverage including virtually all subject areas related to business and economics. Also country economic reports from a range of authoritative sources.                                                            
CORE
CORE aggregates all open access research outputs from repositories and journals worldwide and makes them available to the public.
DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books
All books listed in DOAB are freely accessible and free to read.  Please check the license if you want to re-use the contents of a book. Generally speaking, all books listed in DOAB are free to read and share for non-commercial use.
DOAJ: Directory of Open Access Journals
Search journal articles at the 'one stop shop' for users to Open Access Journals.
GaWC Network
Created in the Geography Department at Loughborough University: a leading think-tank on cities in globalization.
Geobase
Bibliographic references to important journals in the fields of physical and human geography, geology, mineralogy, ecology, environment and development studies.
Global Resource Information Database
GRID-Arendal provides analysis and supports communication on issues such as climate change, environment and poverty, environment and security, the urban environment and sustainable development.
GreenFILE
 Database covering global climate change, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling.
IBSS: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences
Online resource for social science and interdisciplinary research. Covers over two million bibliographic references to journal articles and to books, reviews and selected chapters dating back to 1951.
JSTOR Arts and Sciences
JSTOR archival journal collections include more than two thousand journals in the humanities, social sciences, and science.
Nexis UK
News and business information, UK national and regional newspapers, international newspapers and newswires, foreign language news sources, professional and trade magazines company profiles and industry reports.
OAPEN
Freely accessible academic books, mainly in the area of humanities and social sciences.
OpenGrey Repository
25 years of collecting and referencing grey literature by European partners.
RePEc - Economics
Includes bibliographic metadata from over 1,900 participating archives, including all the major publishers and research outlets. IDEAS is just one of several services that use RePEc data.                                                                                                                       
Science Direct
Multi-disciplinary database of peer-reviewed scholarly literature.
Scopus
Multi-disciplinary database including journal articles, conference papers, trade publications, patent records from five patent offices and scientific web pages.
Sociological Abstracts
International literature of sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioural sciences. 
Web of Science
Multi-disciplinary database covering the sciences, social sciences, the arts and humanities. 
Zetoc
Journal article and conference records on every imaginable subject in art, science, technology, medicine, engineering, business, law, finance.

Mapping and GIS resources 

CASWEB
Demographics (UK Census Data, for 2011 see INFUSE below)
China
Free GIS, mainly older boundary & admin (not always available)
                Digimap                                                                                                     
Key Resource Digimap delivers maps and geospatial data from the Ordnance Survey (OS), the British Geological Survey (BGS), Landmark Historic maps, Seazone marine mapping, the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (CEH), and Getmapping aerial imagery. Digimap Roam; Data Download; Historic Digimap; Geology Digimap; Environment Digimap, Aerial Collection. Athens hosted.
ESRI
Online data for ArcGIS
GEOCONVERT
Converting from one geography to another
GeoDa
Geospatial analysis, spatial econometrics, and geo-visualization.
Geofacets
Geoscience information, maps and data sourced from scientific publications.
Geology
BGS (UK) Map & Data Viewers (also see DigiMap)
INFUSE
UK Census Data for 2001 and 2011
MAGIC
DEFRA - geographic information about the natural environment
Online mapping
List of National online services
OpenJump GIS
Useful for large data sets, rendering , pie charts, plotting and choropleth maps.
Open Map
Open source online mapping
OS Open Data
Loughborough staff & students use Digimap instead
QGIS – Formerly Quantum GIS
Free and open-source cross-platform desktop geographic information system (GIS) application that supports viewing, editing, and analysis of geospatial data.
SAGA GIS 
System for Automated Geoscientific Analyses.  Approachable user interface with many visualisation options.
Satellite Images
USGS
Soils
UK Soil Observatory
Svalbard Digital Maps
Map series for Arc and Google Earth
UKBORDERS (Edina)
Digitised boundary datasets of the UK, available in many Geographic Information System (GIS) formats (MapInfo MIF/MID, ArcView Shape, Arc/Info Export and several others).
UK Census 2011
GIS Boundary (not available in UK Borders)
Whitebox GAT
Open source, free GIS software with  LiDAR toolbox.

Data repositories, picture and media resources  

BBC Motion Gallery
A variety of clips from the BBC's archive of moving images [For best results access this product via Google Chrome].
BoB: box of broadcasts
TV and radio programmes, media archive, off-air recording. 
Data.gov.uk
UK datasets available from all central government departments and a number of other public sector bodies and local authorities.
Dissertation Toolbox Free Resources (Statistics Solutions)
Free data analysis plan templates, analysis calculation and narrative write-up guides
EU Open Data Portal
Provides access to an expanding range of data from European Union (EU) institutions and other EU bodies.
Eurostat
Statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its mission is to provide high quality statistics for Europe.
EUscreen
Free online access to thousands of items of audio-visual heritage including social, cultural, political and economic events of the 20th and 21st centuries.
Loughborough University Data Repository
For research and staff. Loughborough's data repository: securely preserved and given a citable DOI. Add metadata only records for data which is held elsewhere.
Met Office DataPoint
 DataPoint is a service to access freely available Met Office data feeds in a format that is suitable for application developers.
National Centers for Environmental Information
NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) is responsible for preserving, monitoring, assessing, and providing public access to the USA’s geophysical data and information.
NERC (Natural Environment Research Council) – Data Centres
Information about data repositories for: British Oceanographic Data Centre; Centre for Environmental Data Archival; Environmental Information Centre; National Geoscience Data Centre; Polar Data Centre; Archaeology Data Service. There is also a link to a search tool which covers these repositories.
Office for National Statistics
 UK’s largest independent producer of official statistics and its recognised national statistical institute.
OpenGeoSci
Free, public, map based toolset that allows users to search for cross sections, charts, tables, figures and data from Geo Science World publications.
OS OpenData  - (Ordnance Survey Data)
A set of free digital maps of Great Britain, available for anyone to use, for any purpose. Choose from 12 products.  You must acknowledge The Ordnance Survey if you use OS data.
Re3data
A global registry of research data repositories that covers research data repositories from different academic disciplines. It presents repositories for the permanent storage and access of data sets to researchers, funding bodies, publishers and scholarly institutions.
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (sedac)
NASA. Data on human interactions in the environment, integration of socioeconomic and earth science data and gateway between earth sciences and social sciences.
Statista
Market research and consumer data. An online tutorial for Statista is available.
Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC, Inc.)
Free automated tools to enhance environmental fate and hazard assessments
SRC's Fate Pointer File
Contains chemical structures (~15,000), chemical names (~20,000) and fields indicating if the chemical is in one of 18 different sources
UK Data Service Discover
Single point of access to a wide range of secondary data including large-scale government surveys, international macrodata, business microdata, qualitative studies and census data from 1971 to 2011.
Zanran
Internet search engine: For data and statistics and scaffolder software for first stage document analysis

Statistical software

ADaMSoft                          
Free software. Data Integration, analytical ETL, data Analysis, reporting.
CBEcon
Free. Econometrics and statistics that do not require the user to download or install anything because it runs on the internet.
GNU PSPP
Free software. Statistical analysis of sampled data.
IBM SPSS Statistics 24
Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.The software aims to address the entire analytical process, from planning, to data collection, to analysis, reporting and deployment.
Maplesoft Maple 2017
Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Allows users to enter mathematics in traditional mathematical notation.
                    Matlab software                                              
Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.High-level programming, numerical computation, visualisation and application development.
Mondrian
Free.  General purpose statistical data-visualization system.
OriginLab
Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Scientific graphing and data analysis software.
QSR NVivo 11
Log in to Learn to download  > follow links to IT Services > Software Downloads.Text-based and/or multimedia information, where deep levels of analysis on small or large volumes of data are required.
SAS® University Edition
Free software.  Statistics and quantitative methods classes in a variety of areas: economics, psychology and other social sciences, computer science, business, medical/health sciences, engineering, etc. For academic, noncommercial use only.
Shogun
Free software.  Supports Python, Octave, R, Java/Scala, Lua, C#, Ruby, etc,  multiple data representations, algorithm classes and general purpose tools for rapid prototyping of data pipelines.
The Statistical Lab
Free software. Explorative and interactive tool to support education in statistics and provide a tool for the simulation and solution of statistical problems.
Tableau Public
Free version available.  Smart analytics, trends, data visualisation, analysis, algorithms, clustering, statistically significance.

E-theses

       EthOS British Library         
The UK’s national thesis service. Free access to the full text of as many theses as possible for use by all researchers to further their own research.
DART-Europe
DART-Europe is a partnership of research libraries giving global access to European research theses.
   Loughborough University       Institutional Repository      

Loughborough University Institutional Repository contains around 25,000 full-text items and includes journal papers, book chapters, conference papers, theses and audiovisual material.                                                                            

Theses and Dissertations
Open access graduate theses and dissertations published around the world.
PQDT Open
Full text open access US dissertations and theses free of charge.

Online tutorials

Data Tree
A free online course for research data management. The course is especially aimed at PhD students and early career researchers but is for anyone who wants to get the right data habits now, including thinking of end-users of your data.
FOSTER portal : Open Science Training Courses
An e-learning platform that brings together the best training resources addressed to those who need to know more about Open Science.
Lynda.com               
An online learning platform offering access to over 5000 skills video tutorials that can help you acquire software, technology, business and creative skills to achieve learning, personal and professional goals. Freely available to all Loughborough University staff and students from any desktop or mobile device. 

When you refer to other people’s work, or quote or paraphrase other people’s work, in projects and essays, you need to reference their work to avoid plagiarism.

Whoever is reading your work, and marking your work, can differentiate between your own ideas and those of other people. 

Geography uses the APA referencing style and there is a style guide available on Learn here.

Citation

If you use a quote in your essay, or paraphrase someone else’s work, you add the name of the author, the year and the pages in round brackets ( ) after your quote or reference.

For example:

“The state, in all its guises, is not the only agency to provide the human geographer with rich sources of preconstructed data” (Cloke, 2004, p. 62) …..

Bibliography

The bibliography or reference list provides is a list of the books, journal articles, websites etc. which you have used in your research.

You need to provide details of the author, title, place of publication.

For example:

Cloke, P.J. (2004) Practising Human Geography. London: Sage.

Reference Management Software

Reference management software can help you to keep track of all the references you have used in your reports, essays or final project. The library provides guidance on Mendeley referencing software (free).

Ethical use of images

Information and guidance is available on the Library Copyright Support web pages