Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 222222
Loughborough University

Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST)

Networks & Systems

Energy storage

Energy storage is expected to play an important role in a low-carbon future. At a national level, energy storage could be used to balance out mismatches between supply and demand. This could prove to be particularly valuable in a future with high penetrations of renewables. At the local level, while the introduction of electric vehicles and heat pumps presents challenges to the low voltage distribution network, it also introduces considerable amounts of electrical and thermal storage which, if managed appropriately, could be used to support the wider system.

There are however considerable challenges to large scale deployment of energy storage. The cost of many current storage technologies remains high, while the benefits of storage can be highly dependent on factors that are difficult to predict, like the type of generation that can be expected to be built in the future, or levels demand response. All of this introduces uncertainty and risk into investment decisions about storage. Our research in this area focusses on the development of models of storage systems that can be used to quantify the impact of storage within low-carbon power systems.

Examples of our publications in this area include:

Barton, JP and Infield, DG (2004) Energy storage and its use with intermittent renewable energyIEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 19(2), pp.441-448, ISSN: 0885-8969. DOI: 10.1109/TEC.2003.822305. Available here: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/9726

McKenna, E, Thomson, M, McManus, M, Cooper, S (2013) Economic and environmental impact of lead-acid batteries in grid-connected domestic PV systemsApplied Energy, 104, pp.239-249, ISSN: 0306-2619. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.11.016. Available here: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/11429