Dr Niladri Banerjee
Senior Lecturer in Physics
- Senior Lecturer, Loughborough University, UK 2019-present
- Lecturer (Vice-Chancellor Lectureship), Loughborough University, UK 2016 - 2019
- Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Cambridge, UK 2011 -2015
- Junior Research Fellow, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, UK 2013 -2015
- PhD in Materials Science, University of Cambridge, UK 2008 -2011 (Supervisor: Prof. Mark Blamire)
- M.Tech in Materials Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India 2006 -2008
- B.E. in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, IIEST, Shibpur, India 2002 -2006
- EPSRC Capital Award for Core Equipment 2019
- British Council UK-India Education and Research Initiative Grant 2019 -
- Society for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration, India 2019 -
- EPSRC New Investigator Award, 2019 - 2021
- EPSRC Capital Award emphasising support for Early Career Researchers 2018
- EPSRC Overseas Travel Grant, 2018
- UK-India Education and Research Initiative Thematic Partnership Grant, 2017 - 2020.
- CALIBRE funding, Loughborough University, UK, 2016 - 2017.
- Loughborough Strategic Grant, Loughborough University, UK, 2016.
- Loughborough Strategic Grant, Loughborough University, UK, 2016.
- Loughborough Start-up Grant, Loughborough University, UK, 2016.
Awards & Fellowships
- Vice Chancellor Lectureship, Loughborough University, UK, 2016-present.
- Research Fellowship, Wolfson College, University of Cambridge, UK, 2013-2015.
- Dr Manmohan Singh Scholarship (Prime Minister’s Scholarship, India), St. John’s College, University of Cambridge, UK, 2008-2011.
- Overseas Research Student (ORS) award, University of Cambridge, UK, 2008-2011.
- Honorary Cambridge Commonwealth Trust Scholar, UK, 2008-2011.
- Best student awarded by Materials Engineering Department, IIT Kanpur, India, 2008.
- Tata Steel Scholarship, India, 2005-2006.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Summer Research Fellowship, India, 2004-2005.
- Module leader for Part C course Advanced Physics Laboratory 2017 - present
- Module leader for Part A course Matter and Waves 2017 - 2019
- Part A small group tutorials 2016, 2017
- Member of the EPSRC Peer Review College
- Member of the Institute of Physics
- Editorial Board Member, Heliyon - Elsevier.
- Member of the Governing Body, Wolfson College, Cambridge, UK, 2013-2015.
Nano Letters, Communications Materials, Scientific Reports, Superconductor Science and Technology, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Nanotechnology, APL Materials, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter.
- Juno and Equality and Diversity Coordinator 2020 - present
- Postgraduate Programme Director 2018 - 2020
- Postgraduate Admissions Tutor 2018 - 2020
- Part B tutor and ERASMUS and Placements Coordinator 2017-2018
Conventional superconductors are formed of antiparallel spin-paired electrons (singlet Cooper pairs, ↑↓) with zero net spin while ferromagnets with aligned spins are the key to spin-based electronics (spintronics).
Recently, a synergy between superconductivity and spintronics has been achieved by creating spin triplet Cooper pairs with aligned spins (↑↑ or ↓↓) at the interface between a superconductor and a ferromagnet. The net spin of the superconductivity, in principle, creates a bridge between spintronics and superconducting electronics (superconducting spintronics).
In the last few years, we have demonstrated radically novel ways to generate and control triplet Cooper pairs in multilayer ferromagnetic Josephson junctions (Nature Communications 5, 4771, 2014, Figure 1), ability of ferromagnets to filter triplet Cooper pairs (Nature Communications 5, 3048, 2014) and triplet superconducting spin switches (Physical Review B, 89, 140508(R), 2014).
Our recent work (Physical Review B, 98, 144516, 2018 Figure 2) has identified a unique way to dynamically detect triplets. It shows that our present understanding of the dynamics of the triplet superconducting state is limited and opens the possibility for new theoretical models to describe the dynamics.
Spin-orbit coupling-driven superconducting spintronics
Superconducting spintronics, although attractive, has some serious challenges. The ↑↑ or ↓↓ triplet Cooper pairs are generated from ↑↓ singlet Cooper pairs by passing them through two ferromagnetic thin film (F1, F2) layers with non-collinear (ideally orthogonal) magnetisations. Maintaining non-collinear alignments is difficult, especially in nanoscale devices like Josephson junctions. Practical applications require a significantly simplified structure with fewer F layers and interfaces.
The aim of this research theme is to demonstrate a radically different approach: generate and control triplet Cooper pairs by incorporating spin-orbit coupling (SOC) at the interface between a superconductor and a single homogeneous ferromagnet. This not only dramatically simplifies the structure, but opens an entirely new avenue in superconducting spintronics making it practically feasible. This builds on our recent results showing the controlled generation of triplet Cooper pairs in Nb/Pt/Co/Pt system (Physical Review B. 97, 184521, 2018, Figure 1).
Novel electronic and magnetic states in pyrochlore iridates
The interplay of electron correlations, band topology and frustration inpyrochlore iridates (R2Ir2O7, R= rare earths) gives rise to unique correlated electronic and magnetic states. With a broader aim to design multifunctional materials for energy efficient ultralow dissipative devices, we will study how these effects could be controllably tuned in thin films and the possibility to induce novel phases by application of pressure and interface it with other materials with radically different order parameters (like superconductors). This work is in collaboration with Prof. Subham Majumdar's group at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.
- César González-Ruano, Lina G. Johnsen, Diego Caso, Coriolan Tiusan, Michel Hehn, Niladri Banerjee, Jacob Linder, and Farkhad G. Aliev, 'Superconductivity-induced change in magnetic anisotropy in epitaxial ferromagnet-superconductor hybrids with spin-orbit interaction', Phys. Rev. B, 102, 020405(R) (2020).
- Johannes R. Eskilt, Morten Amundsen, Niladri Banerjee, and Jacob Linder, 'Long-ranged triplet supercurrent in a single in-plane ferromagnet with spin-orbit coupled contacts to superconductors', Phys. Rev. B, 100, 224519 (2019).
- Lina G Johnsen, Niladri Banerjee and Jacob Linder, 'Magnetization reorientation due to the superconducting transition in heavy-metal heterostructures', Phys. Rev. B, 99, 134516 (2019).
- N. Banerjee*, 'A cool spin on supercomputers', Phttps://physicsworld.com/a/green-supercomputers-faster-drug-searches-and-brexit-its-all-in-the-april-2019-issue-of-physics-world/)
, 3 , 4, (2019). (
- D. Massarotti, N. Banerjee*, R. Caruso, G. Rotoli, M. G. Blamire and F Tafuri, 'Electrodynamics of Josephson junctions containing strong ferromagnets', Phys. Rev. B, 98,144516 (2018).
- D. Karar, N. R. Bandyopadhyay, A. K. Pramanick, D. Acharyya, G. Conibeer, N. Banerjee, O. E. Kusmartseva and M. Ray, 'Quasi-Two-Dimensional Luminescent Silicon Nanosheets', J. Phys. Chem. C, 122 (33), pp 18912–18921 (2018).
- N. Banerjee*, Y. Zhu, J. A. Ouassou, N. A Stelmashenko, J. Linder and M. G. Blamire, ‘Controlling the superconducting transition by spin-orbit coupling’, Phys. Rev. B, 97, 184521 (2018). (https://www.lboro.ac.uk/news-events/news/2019/april/greener-spintronic-supercomputers/)
- T. D. C. Higgs, S. Bonetti, H. Ohldag, N. Banerjee, X. L. Wang, A. Rosenberg, Z. Cai, J. H. Zhao, K. A. Moler, J. W. A. Robinson, ‘Magnetic coupling at ferromagnet rare earth/transition-metal interfaces: A comprehensive study’, Scientific Reports, 6:30092 (2016).
- N. Banerjee*, J. W. A. Robinson and M. G. Blamire, ‘Reversible control of triplet supercurrents in ferromagnetic Josephson junctions’, Nature Communications, 5:4771 (2014).
- X. L. Wang, A. Di Bernardo, N. Banerjee, A. Wells, F. S. Bergeret, M. G. Blamire, and J. W. A. Robinson, ‘Giant triplet proximity effect in superconducting pseudo spin valves with engineered anisotropy’, Phys. Rev. B (Rapid), 89, 140508(R) (2014).
- J. W. A. Robinson, N. Banerjee and M. G. Blamire, ‘Triplet pair correlations and non-monotonic supercurrent decay with Cr thickness in Nb/Cr/Fe/Nb Josephson devices’, Phys. Rev. B, 89, 104505 (2014).
- N. Banerjee, C. B. Smiet, R. G. J. Smits, A. Ozaeta, F. S. Bergeret, M. G. Blamire, and J. W. A. Robinson, ‘Evidence for spin-selectivity of triplet pairs in superconducting spin-valves’, Nature Communications, 5:3048, (2014).
Press release: (http://phys.org/news/2014-01-superconducting-spintronics-pave-next-generation.html).
- M. G. Blamire, C. B. Smiet, N. Banerjee and J. W. A. Robinson, ‘Field modulation of the critical current in magnetic Josephson junctions’, Supercond. Sci. Technol, 26, 055017 (2013).
- N. Banerjee*, J. W. A. Robinson, A Aziz, M. Ali, B. J. Hickey and M. G. Blamire, ‘Band-structure- dependent nonlinear giant magnetoresistance in Ni1−xFex dual spin valves’, Phys. Rev. B, 86, 134423 (2012).
- N. Banerjee, A Aziz, M. Ali, J. W. A. Robinson, B. J. Hickey and M. G. Blamire, ‘Thickness depen- dence and the role of spin transfer torque in nonlinear giant magnetoresistance of permalloy dual spin valves’, Phys. Rev. B, 82, 002046, (2010) (selected as editor’s suggestion) .
- Deepak, N. Banerjee and S. Seki, ‘Evidence of electron conductivity in polysilanes and its implica- tions in design of ultraviolet emitting devices’, J. Appl. Phys, 107, 124513 (2010).
- I. Pallecchi , L. Pellegrino , N. Banerjee, M. Cantoni, A. Gadaleta, A. S. Siri and D. Marre, ‘Cu2O as nonmagnetic semiconductor for spin transport in crystalline oxide electronics’, Phys. Rev. B, 85, 165311 (2010).
- A. M. H. R Hakimi, N. Banerjee, A. Aziz, J. W. A. Robinson, M. G. Blamire, ‘Measurement of spin diffusion length of ITO using current-perpendicular-to-plane giant magnetoresistance in spin valve junctions’, Appl. Phys. Lett, 96, 102514 (2010).
- N. Banerjee, B. Ghosh, Deepak and Sanjeev K. Shukla, ‘Investigation of photoluminescence degra- dation and OLED device of a new polysilane’, Proceedings of the XIV IWPSD (2007).
* Corresponding author
Dr Niladri Banerjee (Group leader)
Dr Jhuma Sannigrahi
Alkistis Zervou (jointly with Dr Joseph Betouras)
Ruta Sirvinskaite (jointly with Dr Michael Cropper)
Part C students
- A second new PhD position (unfunded) available in the group starting January 2021 at the earliest. Interested candidates contact me by email to discuss scholarship opportunities: https://www.lboro.ac.uk/study/postgraduate/research-degrees/research-opportunities/generation-unconventional-spin-polarised-supercond/
- New fully funded PhD position available in the group starting October 2020 at the earliest! Interested candidates contact me by email: https://www.jobs.ac.uk/job/CAV890/phd-studentship-manipulating-magnetic-anisotropy-with-superconductivity
- Check out the recent Institute of Physics' video on our research: https://physicsworld.com/a/green-supercomputers-faster-drug-searches-and-brexit-its-all-in-the-april-2019-issue-of-physics-world/
- Read our recent research in an article published in the Physics World: https://physicsworld.com/a/a-cool-spin-on-supercomputers/
- Our research highlighted in Loughborough University's News: https://www.lboro.ac.uk/news-events/news/2019/april/greener-spintronic-supercomputers/
- Niladri's interview featured in St John's College, Cambridge website (https://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/decade-academic-excellence-celebrated-st-johns-marks-10-years-dr-manmohan-singh-scholarships)
- On 28th February 2019, Dr Jagadeesh Moodera (Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory, MIT) gave a talk on the importance of interfaces in unconventional spintronics and spin coherent systems
- Feature on Loughborough's Excellence 100: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bfyVADV4p0
- On 17th and 18th December 2018, together with Dr Joseph Betouras, we organised a workshop on 'Correlated electron systems: Fermi surface topological transitions and the effect of spin-orbit coupling.' (https://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/physics/news-events/workshoponcorrelatedelectronsystems2018/)
- Our research on superconducting spintronics featured in Phys.org (https://phys.org/news/2014-01-superconducting-spintronics-pave-next-generation.html)