School staff

Dr Russell Marshall

Photo of Dr Russell Marshall

Reader in Design Ergonomics

Programme director BSc (Hons) User Centred Design

Head of the Design Ergonomics Research Group

Russell Marshall, MEng, PhD, CEng, MIET, FHEA, is head of the Design Ergonomics Research Group and Programme Director for User Centred Design BSc and Design Ergonomics BSc. He is a Reader in Design Ergonomics and holds a MEng in Product Design and Manufacture, and a PhD in Modular Product Design.

Russell worked as a Research Associate and Research Fellow on projects from 1997 to 2003 with Ford Motor Co, and both UK and EU funded projects covering interests ranging from inclusive design through to virtual engineering. He became a Lecturer in 2003 and a Senior Lecturer in 2009. He has over 18 years of research experience and 12 years of ergonomics consulting experience including work on product and vehicle interior packaging assessment, anthropometry requirements, data collection and processing, and tool development for ergonomics evaluations. Linked In Google Scholar Research Gate ORCiD

Programme Director: 

  • User Centred Design BSc

Module Leader:

  • DSB015/16 Design and Manufacturing Technologies
  • DSB017 Computer Aided Ergonomics

Modules Taught

  • DSA006 Prototyping for Design (Engineering Drawing)
  • DSA101 Ergonomics & Design 1
  • DSB018 Second Year Design Ergonomics Practice
  • DSC017 Computer Aided Ergonomics
  • DSP101 Introduction to Ergonomics and Design
  • SAP009 Final Project
  • DSC026 Final Year Design Practice
  • DSC028 Final Year Design Ergonomics Practice: Product Development
  • DSC029 Final Year Design Ergonomics Practice – Prototyping and Evaluation

Design Ergonomics Group, Drawing Research Group.

Russell’s research interests focus on the synergy between design and ergonomics / human factors.  He has been Principle Investigator and Co-Investigator on research projects with total funding over two million pounds since 2004, with funding secured from a variety of sources across government, research councils, and industry.

Research interests cover a broad range of topics within Product, Industrial and Engineering Design including: Digital Human Modelling and tools and techniques for facilitating and empowering designers in human-centred design practice; Inclusive and Universal Design; Ergonomics and Human Factors in design, Modular product design, and Drawing and Visualisation.

Project examples include:

  • The definition of a direct vision standard for HGVs, funded by Transport for London (2016-present). The digital modelling of blind spots in HGVs, funded by Transport for London (2014-2015) Transport for London and Transport & Environment (2014) and the Department for Transport (2010-2011).
  • Occupant accommodation exploring novel driving postures for Nissan Motor co, funded by Nissan and the Technology Strategy Board (2012-2015).
  • Modelling of older users of public transport, funded by the Medical Research Council (2011-2014).
  • Exploring issues associated with kitchen living throughout the life course, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (2009-2012).
  • Addressing accessibility and user needs in transport (AUNT-SUE), funded by the EPSRC (2004-2009).
  • A range of smaller projects addressing a broad range of interests including: the evaluation of the motions and impacts experienced by lifeboat crew for the RNLI, ergonomics evaluations of outdoor fitness equipment for HAGS-SMP, ergonomics evaluations of ride-on grass cutting machinery for Ransomes-Jacobsen, the assessment of dynamic instrument cluster elements for Jaguar Landrover and the assessment and development of an accessible journey planner for Transport for London.

Russell is principal developer of SAMMIE the digital human modelling system. Initially developed by Professor Keith Case at Nottingham University and then at Loughborough in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Since 1999 development and exploitation has been led by Russell together with Dr Steve Summerskill in the Design School.

SAMMIE is the embodiment of ongoing research into digital human modelling, anthropometry, ergonomics, workplace and product design, biomechanical analysis, vision assessment, and universal design. The most recent work includes the development of a new volumetric field of view projection technique to support the modelling of blind spots. Other notable developments includes the support of digital human modelling for inclusive design through HADRIAN.  HADRIAN was the outcome of part of the AUNT-SUE project and provides a database of over 100 people, the majority of whom are older or with some form of disability.  This database can be conceived as a virtual user group who can be asked to perform tasks within the SAMMIE system to evaluate existing or new designs for their level of accommodation.

Russell is also co-director of TRACEY: drawing and visualisation research, at Loughborough University. TRACEY combines an online peer-reviewed journal with a project space and management of the International Drawing Research Network (DRN).

Read more on SAMMIE, AUNT-SUE, HADRIAN, and the Design Ergonomics Research Group.

  • Marshall, R., & Sawdon, P. (2016). Toward [Hyper] Drawing… Through Ambiguity. Drawing: Research, Theory, Practice, 1(2), 173-196. doi:10.1386/drtp.1.2.173_1
  • Marshall, R., Summerskill, S., Case, K., Hussain, A., Gyi, D., Sims, R., . . . Barnes, J. (2016). Supporting a Design Driven Approach to Social Inclusion and Accessibility in Transport. Social Inclusion, 4(3). doi:10.17645/si.v4i3.521
  • Case, K., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. J. (2016). Digital human modelling over four decades. International Journal of the Digital Human, 1(2), 112-130. doi:10.1504/IJDH.2016.077408
  • Case, K., Hussain, A., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. J. (2016). Using ergonomic risk assessment methods for designing inclusive work practices – a case study. Human Factors in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 26(3), 337-355. doi:10.1002/hfm.20650
  • Lee, M. J., Case, K., & Marshall, R. (2016). Product lifecycle optimisation of car climate controls using analytical hierarchical process (AHP) analysis and a multi-objective grouping genetic algorithm (MOGGA). Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 11(1), 1-17.
  • Summerskill, S. J., Marshall, R., Cook, S., Lenard, J., & Richardson, J. (2015). The use of volumetric projections in Digital Human Modelling software for the identification of large goods vehicle blind spots. Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society, 53(Part A), 267-280. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2015.10.013
  • Hussain, A., Case, K., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. J. (2015). Joint mobility and inclusive design challenges. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 53, 67-79. doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2015.10.001


Key areas of expertise: digital human modelling; inclusive design; occupant accommodation; automotive interior packaging; workplace design; modular product design; drawing research.