Research Strengths

Design Ergonomics

The Design Ergonomics Group has a strong international reputation in research across a broad range of areas including; inclusive design, transport and particularly vehicle ergonomics, health and wellbeing, construction ergonomics, human modelling and people’s emotional engagement with products. The group’s research and consultancy activities impact industry and end users, making a positive difference to people’s lives.

Areas of expertise

  • Digital human modelling
  • Anthropometry (measuring human size and shape)
  • Vehicle interior packaging
  • Human machine interface design and evaluation (product interaction / interface design)
  • Designing for diverse populations: ageing, disability, plus size, etc.
  • Workplace ergonomics (designing products and workplaces to meet the needs and wants of people)
  • Product personalisation
  • User needs and aspirations

For more details see the links below to the project listings.

  • Schwarz-Müller, F., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. (2017). Development of a positioning aid to reduce postural variability and errors in 3D whole body scan measurements. Applied Ergonomics, 68(April 2018), 90-100. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2017.11.001
  • Karali, S., Gyi, D.E. and Mansfield, N.J. (2016). Driving a better driving experience: A questionnaire survey of older compared with younger drivers. Ergonomics, 59, 533-540. Doi: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1182648.

  • Karali, S., Mansfield, J.M. and Gyi, D.E. (2017). An approach to vehicle design: In-depth audit to understand the needs of older drivers. Applied Ergonomics, 60, 461-470. Doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.017.

  • Eaves S., Gyi D.E., Gibb A. (2016) Building healthy construction workers: Their views on health, wellbeing and better workplace design. Applied Ergonomics, 2016; 54, 10-18. Doi: 10/1016/j.apergo.2015.11.004.

  • Marshall, R., & Sawdon, P. (2016). Toward [Hyper] Drawing… Through Ambiguity. Drawing: Research, Theory, Practice, 1(2), 173-196. doi:10.1386/drtp.1.2.173_1

  • Marshall, R., Summerskill, S., Case, K., Hussain, A., Gyi, D., Sims, R., . . . Barnes, J. (2016). Supporting a Design Driven Approach to Social Inclusion and Accessibility in Transport. Social Inclusion, 4(3). doi:10.17645/si.v4i3.521

  • Case, K., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. J. (2016). Digital human modelling over four decades. International Journal of the Digital Human, 1(2), 112-130. doi:10.1504/IJDH.2016.077408

  • Summerskill, S. J., Marshall, R., Cook, S., Lenard, J., & Richardson, J. (2015). The use of volumetric projections in Digital Human Modelling software for the identification of large goods vehicle blind spots. Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society, 53(Part A), 267-280. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2015.10.013


  • Hussain, A., Case, K., Marshall, R., & Summerskill, S. J. (2015). Joint mobility and inclusive design challenges. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 53, 67-79. doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2015.10.001
  • Barnes, J. S., Morris, A. P., Welsh, R., Summerskill, S., Marshall, R., Kendrick, D., Bell, J. (2015). Injuries to older users of buses in the UK. Public Transport.

  • Smith J, Mansfield N, Gyi, D, Pagett M, Bateman B, (2015). Driving performance and driver discomfort in an elevated and standard driving position during a driving simulation. Applied Ergonomics, 49, 25-33.

  • Spencer, J, Lilley, D, Porter, S., (2015). The implications of cultural differences in laundry behaviours for design for sustainable behaviour: A case study between the UK, India and BrazilInternational Journal of Sustainable Engineering, ISSN: 1939-7038. DOI:10.1080/19397038.2015.1017621.

  • Summerskill, S. J., Marshall, R., Cook, S., Lenard, J., & Richardson, J. (2015). The use of volumetric projections in Digital Human Modelling software for the identification of large goods vehicle blind spots. Applied Ergonomics: human factors in technology and society.

  • Marshall, R., Cook, S., Mitchell, V., Summerskill, S., Haines, V., Maguire, M., Case, K. (2013). Design and evaluation: End users, user datasets and personas. Applied Ergonomics. doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2013.03.008

  • Salles AS, Gyi DE, (2013). An evaluation of personalised insoles using additive manufacturing. Journal of Sports Science, 31,442-450.

  • Gyi DE, Sang KJC, Haslam CO, 2012. Participatory ergonomics: co-developing interventions to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal symptoms in business drivers. Ergonomics, 56, 45-58.

  • Porter CS, Chhibber S, Porter JM, (2008). What makes you tick - an investigation of the pleasure needs of different population segments ,Editors Desmet, A PM, Erp V, J, Karlsson, Eds M, Book title Design and Emotion Moves, Pp. p324-361, Publication date 2008, ISBN-13 978-1443800167, Publisher Cambridge Scholars Publishing

  • Head M, Porter CS, (2011). Developing a collaborative design toolkit for the personalisation of running shoes, Journal Design Principles and Practices, Volume 5, Issue 6, Pp. 303-325, Publication date 2011, ISSN 1833-1874

  • Porter, C.S., Porter, J.M. and Chhibber, S., (2007). ''RealPeople; capturing the emotions of product users'', in Meeting Diversity in Ergonomics, Pikar, R. (ed), Elsevier Books, September 2007, pp 187-208, ISBN 978-0-0804-5373-6

  • Porter, C.S., Desmet, P.M.A., Signes, M.J., Sperling, L., Ozcan, E. and Tito, M., (2006). ''ENGAGE: designing for emotion'', Proceedings of IEA2006 Congress, Pikaar, R.N., Koningsveld, E.A.P. and Settels, P.J.M. (eds), Elsevier, International Ergonomics Association Triennial Congress, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 2006, ISSN: 0003-6870, [CD-ROM]

Academic & Research staff


PhD & MPhil students