Research Strengths

Digital Design & Fabrication

Digital Design & Fabrication focuses on new ways of designing that maximise the potential of the latest digital design software tools and computer-controlled manufacturing processes. This includes research into new design methods, techniques and tools as well as the psychosocial and economic impacts of these processes.

We are one of the world’s leading research groups in the field of design for Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing but we also explore other digital fabrication processes. DDF is linked to the University’s Additive Manufacturing Research Group and is a key constituent of the Loughborough University Additive Manufacturing Network.

Areas of expertise

  • 3D scanning and data acquisition
  • Design for 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing
  • Additively Manufactured Textiles
  • Medical device design
  • Design for prosthetics, orthotics and wearables
  • Consumer design, co-design and personalisation
  • Design for laser cutting and CNC machining
  • Design for hybrid additive-subtractive manufacturing
  • Advanced Computer Aided Design
  • Rapid Prototyping
  • Medical, forensic and archaeological applications of 3D Printing

We currently work with a wide range of state-of-the-art equipment, some of which includes:


  • 3DS Max
  • SolidWorks
  • Creo
  • Rhino + Grasshopper
  • Geomagic FreeForm Modelling Plus
  • Geomagic Studio
  • Geomagic Sculpt
  • Netfabb Pro
  • InVesalius
  • MeshLab

Additive Manufacturing / 3D printing

  • Stratasys Connex 500
  • Stratasys Dimension SST 1200
  • 5 x Makerbot Replicator 2.0 3D printers
  • Blueprinter
  • German RepRap X400
  • RapMan 3
  • Ultimaker 2
  • MarkForged Mark 2
  • Ultimaker 2 Extended
  • Formlabs Form 2 
  • Flash Forge dual extrusion 3D Printer
  • Delta Rostock Mini GS2 Pro 3D Printer
  • Prusa i3 3D Printer

Associated technologies

  • ZCorp ZScanner 800
  • 2 x 3D Systems Sense 3D scanners
  • Mercury laser cutter x 2
  • Water jet cutting
  • XYZ Mini Mill 560 3 Axis CNC milling machines
  • Denford 3 axis CNC milling machines
  • Boxford 3 axis CNC Routers
  • Unimatic 3 axis CNC Router
  • Denford CNC Lathe
  • Dino-Lite Digital Microscope
  • Flir A65 Thermal Camera

Johnson AA, Bingham GA, Majewski C E, “Laser sintered body armour: establishing guidelines for dual-layered stab protection,” International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 2015, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 3


Paterson AM, Bibb RJ, Campbell RI, Bingham GA, “Comparing additive manufacturing technologies ‎for customised wrist splints”, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2015 vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 230-243


Bibb R, Eggbeer D, Paterson A, “Medical modelling: the application of advanced design ‎and ‎development technologies in ‎medicine”, 2015, 2nd edition, Elsevier (Woodhead), Cambridge, UK, ‎ISBN ‎‎978-1-78242-300-3‎


Bibb R, Nottrodt N, Gillner A, “Artificial vascularised scaffolds for 3D-tissue regeneration – a ‎perspective ‎of the ArtiVasc 3D Project”, International Journal of Bioprinting, 2015, 2 (online)  ‎


Han X, Bibb R, Harris R, “Design of bifurcation junctions in artificial vascular vessels additively ‎manufactured for skin tissue engineering”, Journal of Visual Languages and ‎Computing, 2015; 28: 238-‎‎249  ‎


Paterson AM, Donnison E, Bibb RJ, Campbell RI, “Computer Aided Design to support fabrication ‎of ‎wrist splints ‎using 3D printing: A feasibility study”, Hand Therapy, 2014, 19(4), 102-113  ‎


Johnson A, Bingham G, Wimpenny D, “Additive manufactured textiles for high performance stab resistant applications,” Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2013, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 199–207


Bingham GA, Hague RJM, “Efficient Three Dimensional Modelling of Additive Manufactured Textiles”, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2013, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 269 - 281‎10.1108/13552541311323272


Campbell RI, Bourell D, Gibson I, “Additive manufacturing: rapid prototyping comes of age”, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 2012, vol. 18, no.4, pp. 255-258‎10.1108/13552541211231563