Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering


Dr Peter Render PhD, B.Tech

Photo of Dr Peter Render

Senior Lecturer in Aircraft Aerodynamics

Director of Studies


Following on from PhD studies on the ‘Aerodynamics of Aerofoil Sections for Remotely Piloted Vehicles’, Peter spent 7 years at the Aircraft Research Association developing wind tunnel test techniques for high speed propellers. He joined Loughborough as a lecturer in 1989. Whilst at Loughborough, Peter has been involved with a wide range of research activities including:

  • Hail ingestion of gas turbine engines (sponsored by Rolls-Royce, EPSRC and the Civil Aviation Authority)
  • Aircraft icing (Civil Aviation Authority, European Community Research Framework)
  • Aerodynamics of battle damage (British Aerospace)
  • Performance metrics for thrust vectored aircraft (Ministry of Defence).

Peter also has a keen interest in the design of wind tunnels and developing novel test techniques for aerodynamics. Jointly with Prof. Martin Passmore, Peter designed the Department’s main low speed wind tunnel, and along with Dr Simon Tuplin, recently advised on the design of Mid-Sweden University’s new wind tunnel for testing winter sports activities.


  • PhD  1984 (College of Aeronautics, Cranfield University),
  • Chartered Engineer CEng
  • Member of The Royal Aeronautical Society



Research interests:

  • Wind tunnel design
  • Wind tunnel test techniques
  • Aerodynamics of battle damaged aircraft
  • Aircraft performance
  • Ice particle impacts
  • Aircraft icing

Current teaching responsilbilities

  • TTA106 Aircraft Systems and Performance 1 (with James Knowles)
  • TTB209 Aircraft Systems and Performance 2
  • TTC067 Aircraft Stability and Flight Test, which includes a short course on Flight Testing run at Cranfield University.
  • In addition responsible for running the department’s flight simulator. 

Current administrative responsibilities

  • Director of Studies for undergraduate and postgraduate taught courses

Recent publications

  • Coombes, M, Chen, WH, Render, PM , Journal of Aircraft, February 2017. ISSN: 1533-3868. DOI: 10.2514/1.C033856.

Selected publications

Aerodynamics of Battle Damage

This paper illustrates the use of Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) to explain the flow physics behind battle damage.

Wind Tunnel Design

Although this paper is relatively old, it highlights a novel approach to designing a wind tunnel for a restricted space envelope.

Hail Ingestion (Impact characteristics of Ice Particles)

  • Render, PM and Pan, H (1995) Experimental Studies into Hail Impact Characteristics, AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power, 11(6), pp.1224-1230, ISSN: 0748-4658.

This was the first in a series of studies on the impact characteristics of ice particles. Despite it age, the paper still represents a good starting point for anyone investigation ice impacts.

View central admin publications database


External collaborators

  • British Aerospace
  • Rolls-Royce

External roles and appointments

  • Member of the Aircraft Performance Committee, Engineering Sciences Data Unit (ESDU)