Single Material Multi-Functional Products through Additive Manufacturing PhD

Entry requirements:
2:1 +
Reference number:
Start date:
October 2017
UK/EU fees:
International fees:
Application deadline:



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Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. 

Project detail

Additive Manufacturing (AM), commonly known as 3D Printing, facilitates the creation of single-material components that can have multiple parts and complex internal structures. This is possible because AM processes utilise tool-free deposition of material which gives extensive design and geometric freedom. 

Examples of complex internal structures already achievable include cellular matrices, "space-frames", integral springs / dampers, integral gears and levers, etc. The aim of this research is to exploit these unique capabilities to produce single material multi-functional products (SMMPs) with highly tailored mechanical properties. This will be achieved by building systems that have structurally rigid regions, integral springs and integral dampers within a single unified component.
An important benefit of single material products is the ability to efficiently recycle at the end of life, as the entire product could be shredded or melted down in one operation. An example of possible SMMPs includes a combined wheel and tyre component that would behave similarly to a conventional pneumatic system but would not require any inflation. The key objectives of the research are to scope out the possibilities for SMMPs, develop an integrated design and manufacturing methodology to enable future exploitation, and demonstrate the feasibility of the technique for selected example products.


Primary supervisor: Ian Campbell

Find out more

Entry requirements

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 Honours degree (or equivalent) in Product Design Engineering or a related subject.

A relevant Master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: Design for Additive Manufacturing, Mechanical Systems Simulation, Meta-material Systems.

Fees and funding


Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

How to apply

All applications should be made online. Under programme name select Loughborough Design School. Please quote reference number: LDS/ICGB/2017