Understanding and enhancing the physical performance and thermal comfort of Additive Manufactured/3D printed protective clothing PhD

Entry requirements:
2:1 +
Reference number:
Start date:
October 2017
UK/EU fees:
International fees:
Application deadline:



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Project detail

The popularity of Additively Manufactured or 3D printed textiles is increasing year on year.   By utilising the manufacturing capabilities offered by 3D printing technology, designers have been able explore a greater range of textile-like geometries which may be too difficult or impossible to manufacture using traditional textile production processes.  Although in many of these recent cases the produced 3D printed textiles have been for fashion purposes, there is an increasing need to explore the effects of these textiles in terms of their physical performance and thermal comfort to the wearer - particularly where such textiles are used for performance related applications.  Opportunities therefore exist to enhance the ergonomic performance (physical and thermal comfort) of 3D printed body armour; establish design characteristics for high performance 3D printed protective clothing; optimise traditional body armours for an enhanced ergonomic experience.


Primary supervisor: Dr. Andrew Johnson
Secondary supervisor: Dr. Alex Lloyd
Additional supervisor: Prof. Richard Bibb

This research will be conducted under the supervision of Dr. Andrew Johnson and Dr. Alex Lloyd of Loughborough University's Design for Digital Fabrication Research Group and Environmental Ergonomics Research Centre.

Find out more

Please note that all applications must be accompanied with an up-to-date CV and cover letter (500-1000 words) summarising their interest in and aptitude for this research.  It is essential that the application highlights all relevant research experience.  A brief presentation may be required at interview stage. 

Further information about the Loughborough Design School, can be found at on our department pages, with information relating to the application process on our how to apply pages.

Entry requirements

Applicants must have a first or upper second class academic qualification, and ideally a Master’s degree in a relevant discipline to the topic area.

Prior knowledge or expertise relating to the any of the following areas would be highly advantageous: Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing), Product Design and Engineering, Ergonomics, Computer-Aided Design (CAD), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), textiles, and protective or performance clothing.

Fees and funding


Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

How to apply

All applications should be made online. Under programme name select Loughborough Design School. Please quote reference number: LDS/AJAL/2017