Embroidered ground plane for wearable electronics PhD

Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
Entry requirements:
3 years
6 years
Reference number:
Start date:
01 October 2018
UK/EU fees:
International fees:
Application deadline:
09 March 2018



in the UK for research quality

REF 2014


in the UK for Mechanical Engineering

The Complete University Guide 2018


of 2 Queen's Anniversary Prizes


Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. 

Project detail

Achieving a good quality conducting ground plane to be used in textile antennas and electronic devices is not easy as it involves introducing conductive materials into the fabric. Usually these are metallic elements which do not corrode easily in the form of threads or plated/printed conductors. A very convenient manufacturing process is to use computerised machine embroidery to introduce conductive threads into the base textile. Current methods for machine embroidery focus on filling the areas with threads to achieve optical coverage and for aesthetics, however electromagnetic requirements for machine filling with conductors differ. The project will carry out studies into optimal fill patterns for conductive threads, focusing on the requirements for high frequency antennas. Computer electromagnetic simulation, algorithm development and physical measurements will be made to validate the work.


Primary supervisor: Dr James Flint

Secondary supervisor: TBC

Find out more

For further project details email Dr James Flint or register your interest and ask us a question.

To find out more about the School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, please visit our website.

Entry requirements

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 Honours degree (or equivalent) in Electronic/Electrical Engineering, Physics, Manufacturing Engineering (with a background in textile manufacture) or a related subject. The project will require the study of electromagnetics and antennas so the successful applicant will either have this knowledge at the start or will be willing to develop this. 

A relevant Master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: Electronic/Electrical or Manufacturing Engineering.

All students must also meet the minimum English Language requirements.

Fees and funding


Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

This is an open call for candidates who are sponsored or who have their own funding. If you do not have funding, you may still apply, however Institutional funding is not guaranteed. Outstanding candidates (UK/EU/International) without funding will be considered for funding opportunities which may become available in the School.

How to apply

All applications should be made online. Under programme name select Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Please quote reference number: JFUF2018