Performance aspects in the development of the smart prosthetic lower limb PhD

Entry requirements
2:1+
Full-time
3 years
Start date
01 July 2018, 01 October 2018, 01 January 2019 or April 2019
Application deadline
22 April 2019
Reference number
SL2UF2018
UK / EU fee
£4,260
International fee
£20,500
Location
Loughborough

Overview

Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. 

Project detail

Restoration of human functional activity has been a drive for many centuries dating back to early Egyptian and Greek civilizations. These interventions would often take the form of a prosthesis or an assistive device made from various materials depending upon the body part. Emerging technologies in the last two decades have enabled a new paradigm of manufacturing in this area, using biomimetic and light-weight materials; structural-optimization techniques; additive manufacturing and active robotic controls.

Building upon the existing success of the group on prosthetic mechanics of lower-extremity, the proposed project invites a suitable candidate to join the multi-disciplinary, dynamic research team to work on the “smart prosthetic” project. The candidate will focus on loading and performance aspects in the development of “smart prosthetic lower limb”. These aspects will be addressed by implementing experimental studies and developing numerical simulation tools to get an in-depth knowledge of mechanical behaviour of biological and artificial components of a smart prosthesis and to investigate deformation and fracture mechanisms under various usability regimes. Another important aspect will be analysis of stress and strain distributions in critical elements of the system. This project is part of a larger multi-disciplinary project being pursued by academics from several Schools under the University’s strategic theme “Health & Wellbeing”. The project aims to create a step change in prosthetic rehabilitation and will appeal to students interested in studying structural integrity of challenging multi-material mechanical structures with emphasis on design of medical devices and their integration with biological systems.

Supervisors

Primary supervisor: Dr Simin Li

Find out more

For further project details email Dr Simin Li or register your interest and ask us a question.

To find out more about the School of Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering, please visit our website.

Please visit our website for more infomation about funding your PhD.

Why you should choose us

Where you'll study

Your personal and professional development

Entry requirements

Our entry requirements are listed using standard UK undergraduate degree classifications i.e. first-class honours, upper second-class honours and lower second-class honours. To learn the equivalent for your country, please choose it from the dropdown below.

Entry requirements for United Kingdom

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 Honours degree (or equivalent) in Engineering, Physics, Mathematical Sciences or a related subject.

A relevant Master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: Mechanical Engineering, Continuum Mechanics, Computer Science, Materials Science, Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology.

All students must also meet the minimum English Language requirements.

Algeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Algeria - 15/20 12.5/20

Argentina

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Argentina 8.5 7.5 6.0

Australia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Australia First class Upper second Lower second

Azerbaijan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Azerbaijan 4.5 4.0 3.5

Bahrain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bahrain GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Bangladesh

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bangladesh – BUET 1st (60%) 2nd (52%) 2nd (50%)
Other universities 1st (70%) 1st (60%) 2nd (53%)

Belarus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belarus 9 8 6.5

Belgium

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Belgium 80% (Magna Cum Laude) 70% (Laude) 60%

Brazil

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brazil 8.5 7.5 6.0

Brunei

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Brunei First Upper second Lower second

Bulgaria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Bulgaria 6 5 4

Cameroon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cameroon - 14/20 or Bien (GPA 3.4) 12.5/20 or Assez Bien (GPA 3.1)

Canada

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Canada GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Chile

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Chile 6.0 5.0 4.5

China

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Shanghai Rank Top 250 85% 80% 77%
Shanghai Rank Top 251 - 500 89% 83% 80%
Shanghai Rank 500+ 92% 86% 82%

Further information

Colombia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Colombia 4.5 3.5 3.0

Croatia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Croatia 4.5 3.8 3.0

Cuba

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cuba 5 4 3

Cyprus

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Cyprus 8.5 7.0 6.5

Czech Republic

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Czech Republic 1.2 2.2 2.7

Denmark

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Denmark 12/12 10/10 7/4

Ecuador

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ecuador 8.5 (85%) 7.5 (75%) 6 (60%)

Egypt

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Egypt 3.7 3.2 2.7

Finland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Finland 3 (out of 3) or 3.3 (out of 5) 2 (out of 3) or 2.5 (out of 5) 1 (out of 3) or 1.3 (out of 5)

France

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
France 14 12 11

Germany

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Germany 1.5 2.5 3.0

Ghana

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ghana First Upper second Lower second

Greece

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Greece 8.5 7.0 6.5

Hong Kong

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Hong Kong GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

India

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Institutions listed on the Indian Ranking of Higher Educational Institutions Framework 65% (First) 60% (First) 55% (Upper second)
All other Indian institutions 70% (First with distinction) 65% (First) 60% (First)

Indonesia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Indonesia - 3.3 (3.7) 3 (3.3)

Iran

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iran 18 16 14

Iraq

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Iraq 85% 80% 75%

Ireland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Republic of Ireland First Upper second Lower second

Israel

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Israel 95% 80% 75%

Italy

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Italy 109/110 104/110 100/110

Japan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Japan 85% 80% 70%

Jordan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Jordan GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Kazakhstan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kazakhstan 4.5 4.0 3.5

Kenya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kenya First / 70% / A Upper second / 65% / B Lower second / 55% / B-C

Kosovo

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kosovo 10 9 8

Kuwait

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Kuwait GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Lebanon

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lebanon American 90% 80% 70%
Lebanon French 18 15 12

Libya

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
BSc Engineering, Architecture, Medicine 85 80 75
Other Bachelor degree from a University - 85% 80%

Lithuania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Lithuania 9 8 7

Macau

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macau - 2:1 / B / 3.0 2:2 / C / 2.5

Macedonia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Macedonia 7.5 6.7 6

Malawi

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
MSc Degree 75% 70% 65%
BSc Degree - 80% 80%

Malaysia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Malaysia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Mexico

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Mexico 9 8 7

Morocco

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Morocco - 15 13

Namibia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Namibia 80% 70% 60%

Netherlands

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Netherlands 8 7 6

New Zealand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
New Zealand First (A/A+) Upper second (B+/A-) Lower second (B-/B)

Nigeria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Nigeria 7 point Scale 6 5 4
Nigeria 5 point scale 4.5 3.8 3.5
Nigeria 4 point scale 3.5 3 2.5

Norway

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Norway A (1.5) B (2.5) C (3.2)

Oman

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Oman GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Pakistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Pakistan Public Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with distinction (75%) / 4.0 First (65%) / 3.2 Second (59%) / 2.6
Pakistan Private Universities (Tech or Eng) 4 Year degree only First with Distinction (85%) First (75%) First (65%)
Pakistan Masters (2 or 3 year Bachelor plus Masters) First Second (55%) Second

Palestine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Palestine - B+ / 85% / 3.3 B / 80% / 3.0

Peru

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Peru 16 14 12

Philippines

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Philippines Summa Cum Laude 4.0 / 96% Magna cum Laude 3.5 / 92% Cum Laude 3.0 / 87%

Poland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Poland 5 (Very good) 4 (Good) 3.5

Portugal

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Portugal 18 16 14

Qatar

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Qatar GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Romania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Romania 8.5 7.5 6.5

Russia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Russia 4.5 4.0 3.5

Rwanda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Rwanda - 2:1, 16/20, 70% 2:2, 14/20, 60%

Saudi Arabia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Saudi Arabia GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Singapore

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Singapore First Upper second Lower second

Slovenia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Slovenia 9.5 8.5 7

South Africa

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Africa 1st / 75% - 100% 2.1 / 70% - 74% 2.2 / 60% - 69%

South Korea

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
South Korea 4.0 / A 3.0 / B 2.5 / C+

Spain

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Spain 9.0 7.5 6.5

Sri Lanka

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sri Lanka 70% 60% 55%

Sudan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Sudan (North and South) 70% 66% 60%

Switzerland

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Switzerland 6 5 4

Syria

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Syria 85% 75% 65%

Taiwan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Taiwan Prestigious National Universities 80% 75% 73%
Taiwan Excellent Universities 83% 78% 75%
Taiwan Good Universities 88% 83% 80%

Tanzania

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tanzania 1st 2:1 2:2

Thailand

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Thailand GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

Tunisia

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Tunisia 15 13 11

Turkey

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkey 3.5 2.8 2.2

Turkmenistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Turkmenistan - 4.5 4

Uganda

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uganda First Upper second Lower second

Ukraine

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Ukraine 5 4.5 4

United Arab Emirates

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United Arab Emirates GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.0 2.8

United States of America

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
United States of America GPA 4.0 scale 3.5 3.2 2.8

Uzbekistan

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Uzbekistan 90% / 85% 80% / 75% 75% / 65%

Venezuela

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Venezuela - 16/20 or 7.0/9 14/20 or 6.5/9

Vietnam

First-class honours (70%) Upper second-class honours (60%) Lower second-class honours (50%)
Vietnam 8.0 7.0 6.0

English language requirements

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements. Further details are available on the International website.

Fees and funding

UK / EU fee

Full-time degree per annum
£4,260

International fee

Full-time degree per annum
£20,500

Starting your studies in the 2018/19 academic year?

If your start date is October 2018, January 2019, or April 2019 your tuition fees for this academic year will be at the 2018/19 rates.

Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

This is an open call for candidates who are sponsored or who have their own funding. If you do not have funding, you may still apply, however Institutional funding is not guaranteed. Outstanding candidates (UK/EU/International) without funding will be considered for funding opportunities which may become available in the School.

Bursaries Student loans Centre for Doctoral Training Awards Grants Scholarships

How to apply

All applications should be made online. Under programme name please select Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Please quote reference number: SL2UF2018

Apply now