Establishing Process control for Manufacturing Corneal Tissues for Clinical Applications PhD

Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
Entry requirements:
3 years
not available
Reference number:
Start date:
01 October 2018
Is funding available?
UK/EU fees:
International fees:
Application deadline:
09 March 2018



in the UK for research quality

REF 2014


in the UK for Mechanical Engineering

The Complete University Guide 2018


of 2 Queen's Anniversary Prizes


Loughborough University is a top-ten rated university in England for research intensity (REF2014) and an outstanding 66% of the work of Loughborough’s academic staff who were eligible to be submitted to the REF was judged as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’, compared to a national average figure of 43%.

In choosing Loughborough for your research, you’ll work alongside academics who are leaders in their field. You will benefit from comprehensive support and guidance from our Doctoral College, including tailored careers advice, to help you succeed in your research and future career. 

Project detail

There are approximately 1.5 million cases of corneal blindness diagnosed annually and 10 million untreated patients worldwide. Presently, worldwide shortages of donated corneal tissues warrant the need for alternative engineered solutions. There is also an immediate demand to verify the condition of all donated tissues such that it can be deemed viable for transplantation.

Once the initial state has been determined, subsequent processes including transportation, storage and preparations for use, can be examined to determine if at any stage damage is inflicted upon the tissue. We need to establish robust measures since current protocols lack manufacturing controls necessary to create a reproducible manufacturing process suitable for regular clinical application. This requires the development of novel quantitative characterisation tools to measure primarily the quality of input materials, with the ultimate aim to develop a capability to measure and quantify downstream processing techniques. This will allow for the determination of defined tissue specifications, and a system capable of auditing donor tissue to determine its suitability for transplantation.  In order to determine design specifications, an audit of healthy versus non-healthy corneal tissues will be performed in conjunction with Leicester Royal infirmary Hospital.

 Such a capability enables tissue-engineering processes to be examined including decellurisation, which has the potential for recycling corneal tissues deemed unsuitable for transplantation as partial thickness grafts.

The use of laser speckle interferometric instruments has recently been shown to provide a near instantaneous means of mechanically measuring corneal properties and defining the suitability of corneal tissue. This project seeks to extend this work, establish process controls and examine the potential for diagnosing early onset corneal issues such as keratoconus.


Primary supervisor: Dr Sammy Wilson

Secondary supervisor: Prof John Tyrer

Find out more

For further project details email Sammy Wilson or register your interest and ask us a question.

Entry Requirements

Applicants should have, or expect to achieve, at least a 2:1 Honours degree (or equivalent) in mechanical, manufacturing or chemical engineering or a related subject. A relevant Master’s degree and/or experience in one or more of the following will be an advantage: biomedical/ biological engineering or metrology or instrumentation techniques.

Applicants must meet the minimum English Language requirements, details available on the website.

Fees and funding


Tuition fees cover the cost of your teaching, assessment and operating University facilities such as the library, IT equipment and other support services. University fees and charges can be paid in advance and there are several methods of payment, including online payments and payment by instalment. Special arrangements are made for payments by part-time students.

Please note that these studentships will be awarded on a competitive basis to applicants who have applied to this project and/or the following 30 projects that have been prioritised for funding; advert ref: WS01 – WS30

If awarded, each 3 year studentship will provide a tax-free stipend of £14,786 p.a ( provisional), plus tuition fees at the UK/EU rate (currently £4,262 p.a). While we welcome applications from non EU nationals, please be advised that due to funding restrictions it will only be possible to fund the tuition fees at the international rate and no stipend will be available. Successful candidates will be notified by 30th April 2018.

How to apply

All applications should be made online.  Under programme name, select Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering

Please quote reference number: WS07

Application details

Reference number:  WS07
Start date: 01 October 2018
Application deadline: 09 March 2018