Policing Research Group


Policing research

Dr Karen Lumsden, Social Sciences

Research areas: policing, youth crime, anti-social behaviour, car culture, and qualitative methods (particularly ethnography). Karen is Principal Investigator on an Enterprise Project Grant, and is on the Executive Board of the recently established East Midlands Police Academic Collaboration (EMPAC).

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Professor Elizabeth Stokoe, Social Sciences

Studies real-life recordings of interaction between police, suspects, victims and members of the public; identifies 'what works' communicatively and translates this into training for polcie officers, e.g., on interviewing supects; neighbourhood disputes; hostage/threatened suicide negotiations; currently working on police interviews with vulnerable adults who are alleged victims of sexual assault and a Metropolitan Police-funded study of hostage negotiation.

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Professor Charles Antaki, Social Sciences

Studies real-life interactions between professionals and their clients, especially when there is some problem of communication. Currently working on police interviews with vulnerable adults who are alleged victims of sexual assault.

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Professor Jo Aldridge, Social Sciences

Social policy research on the experiences and needs of vulnerable groups, including young carers, adults with learning difficulties and serious mental health problems. Her current criminology research is in the area of domestic violence and female victimisation/survival.

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Erkan Pala, Social Sciences

Doctoral study of young people’s perceptions and experiences of PCSOs, using a survey plus focus groups with hard-to-reach Year 7-11 young people (mixed in terms of gender and ethnicity). Interesting findings related to stop and search.

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Davina Patel, Social Sciences

Doctoral study of young female re-offending consisting of 77 life-stories of young women with a history of repeat offending, who are currently both in the community and serving youth custody sentences. Being victims of abuse, as well as abusing alcohol and drugs themselves feature strongly in these interviews – as do accounts of their contacts with the police.


Lisa Holmes, Director, Centre for Child and Family Research (CCFR)

The Centre for Child and Family Research (CCFR) carries out high quality, policy relevant research into children, families and communities. Of potential interest to policing is their work on Safeguarding ; re-settlement of care-leavers; referrals to social care following reports of domestic violences; Good practice in multi-agency working.

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Dr Matej Blazek, Geography

Young people and community: early intervention and youth justice, mentoring, safeguarding, community development ; engaging with Roma communities in Leicester; young people’s attitudes to violence ; Vulnerable migrants and violence, abuse and exploitation; work with young Somali women; in development: work on counter-trafficking in Slovakia, Midlands and South Yorkshire.

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Professor Darren Smith, Geography

How societal trends of community / neighbourhood conflicts and the formation of more exclusive, segregated, marginalised, and transient societies are mediated by the agency of producers, consumers, and intermediaries on local housing markets, lifestyles, living arrangements, and family / household practices. Interested in the place of universities/student populations in local communities and how they are seen and ‘managed’ from a security perspective. Also involved with a Neighbourhood group in Lenton, Nottingham.

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Tracy Ross, Val Mitchell, Andrew May - User-Centred Design Team, Design School

Conduct evaluations of field trials of technological innovations. They have worked with Devon & Cornwall police on the usability of their computer system (‘Falcon’) and how to merge their 7 control rooms while not forfeiting local knowledge; with Avon & Somerset police on a large-scale computer system – understanding their requirements in relation to factors such as time out in cars, time spent in control rooms on various tasks, ensuring that the right information gets to the right people at the right time; with Leicestershire Police, on the use of mobile data.

Staff profile - Tracy Ross
Staff profile - Val Mitchell
Staff profile - Andrew May

Professor Mike Wilson, English & Drama

Current project: ‘Loneliness in the Digital Age (LIDA)’-mapping different experiences and responses to loneliness in both online and offline environments experienced by marginalised groups such as migrant workers, young offenders and people who are stationed temporarily overseas. By engaging with members of these communities throughout as co-researchers and co-designers, this project will establish new ways of using digital technology to address these emerging social issues.

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Dr Louise Grove, Social Sciences

Louise’s core research interests are crime prevention, repeat victimisation, and heritage crime. She has a track record of funding including grants from English Heritage, the Higher Education Innovation Fund, and the Economic and Social Research Council. Her current research is examining the effectiveness of burglary security devices, and she is also exploring police use of social media.

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Professor Michael Henshaw, Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering

Main research topics include modelling of Systems of Systems (SoS), Systems Lifecycles, Network Enabled Capability (NEC), management of knowledge for through-life management (TLM), cyber-security, pilot training, C2, and autonomous robotic systems. Within all these areas there is a strong emphasis on the challenges of interoperability between systems and the importance of including humans and organisations as part of the systems.

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Professor Carys Siemieniuch, Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering

Interested in the area of the [re]configuration/operation of dynamic System of Systems i.e. Emergency Response Teams and the whole area of enabling rapid decision making and control within these systems. The design and operation of autonomous systems or capability within this area.

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Dr Lee Bosher, Civil and Building Engineering

Disaster Risk Management, natural hazard mitigation and counter terrorism, as well as the integration of such measures into the design, planning, construction and management of the built environment. Policing context – Counter terrorism in urban/building design.

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Dr. David Worrall, Chemistry

Research areas related to the chemistry of security, including: the remote detection of explosives and drugs; developing photo-responsive surfaces for use in chemical and biological protection and decontamination; and fingerprint development from problematic surfaces.

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Dr Ashraf El-Hamalawi, Civil and Building Engineering

Fraud prevention, cyber-fraud applications (Leicestershire Police Economic Crime Unit). Has worked with 3 different police forces (currently with Leicestershire Police) on analysing buildings and providing measures that need to be taken to improve security.

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Melanie Hani, School of the Arts

Melanie is an animator, (currently working on a domestic violence project with Professor Jo Aldridge and CCFR). An ex-police officer herself, she has designed and worked on a number of animation/crime reduction projects with victims, including with children of serving prisoners and high risk sex offenders.

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Dr Paul Kelly, Chemistry

Forensic detection systems (especially in relation to metal theft). Dr Kelly previously worked with Home Office forensic labs, who also collaborated on this study (as did Dr Louise Grove).

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Professor George Torrens, Design School

Currently working (with Paul Kelly above) on a human physical characteristics project, specifically developing the retrieval of fingerprint deposition.

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Dr Will Whittow, Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering

Research on ‘wearable antennae’, with applications for the military and emergency services (enables various kinds of data such as body temperature, voice, location, video, to be communicated wirelessly, with the advantage that it can be done ‘hands-free, by virtue of conducting thread being embroidered into garments).

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Jim Horne, Emeritus Professor of Psychophysiology

Jim has worked extensively with various police forces over the years on sleep related fatal and serious road accidents, has produced guidelines for the police in investigating such accidents. He currently works with the National Crime Agency (previously with the Serious Organised Crime Agency, and the NPIA before that) on police investigations of other sleep related fatalities and serious assaults.

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Dr Eran Edirisinghe, Computer Sciences

Image Enhancement; Embedded Vision (application: making the CCTV cameras used by police more effective).

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Professor Paul Thomas, Chemistry

Expertise in “volatile organic compounds” (VOCs). VOCs have a number of applications related to defense and security e.g. chemical warfare agents, illegal narcotics and hidden explosives.

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Dr Louise Cooke, School of Business and Economics

Inter-agency information sharing partnerships as a tool to combat anti-social behaviour; The facilitators and inhibitors of user engagement with and adoption of the Police National Database; Mobilising information and knowledge management in Leicestershire Police; Expertise in Information Law, Freedom of Information, Data Protection.

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Hanjing Zhang

Working with the Leicestershire force on developing combined simulation and optimisation models that can be used to support optimal resource allocation, especially in relation to patrol officers scheduling and rostering.


Dr Lisa Jackson, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

‘Demand Modelling and Predictive Positioning of Police Officers’ collaborative project with Leicestershire Police, investigating effective use of officers to maximise availability for crime response’. PhD student Johanna Leigh working on this with her.

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Neil Lindsay, Systems Engineering

DSTL/Visiting Professor at Loughborough University. Develops systematic approaches to dealing with complex problems (e.g. ways of identifying and mobilising the most effective resources available) and approaches to evaluating their effectiveness.  Applications:  the policing of large-scale complex operational ‘problems’ (has worked with Met officers embedded in units in conflict zones in order to understand how the approach works and how they might apply it).

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Professor Roy Kalawsky, Systems Engineering

Projects: ‘Our future security is in their hands’; ‘Improving operational capability of the police’; ‘Policing in a changing technological environment’. Also work on training personnel on police helicopter flight simulation decks; Data mining for combined emergency response to large-scale incidents; Data retrieval of mobile phone use.

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Dr Ray Randall, School of Business and Economics

Various Police Federation projects, looking at how specific jobs are organised and managed; on individual differences in well-being at work; and on developing workplace risk assessment measures that are tailor-made for the police.

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Tom Jackson, Professor of Information and Knowledge Management, Business and Economics

Tom is interested in making sense of information from large datasets, such as emails and social media and how these can be captured and interpreted in the context of urban disturbances.

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Professor Patrick Waterson, Design School

The application of a systems approach to a variety of topics in human factors and ergonomics, including taking a systematic approach to accident analysis. Has undertaken research for British Transport Police.

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Professor Andrew Morris, Design School

Road transportation safety, vehicle safety, accident investigation, crash-injury and driver behaviour.

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Professor Wen-Hua Chen, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Research focuses on navigation, flight control and mission planning for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Policing context – Use of UAVs for surveillance.

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Andrew Prudom, Physics PhD student

Working on bullet-proof vests.

Jamie Ferrill, Social Sciences/SBE

Title: The Impact of Leadership Styles on Subordinate Behaviour

This research investigates the effect of leadership style(s) exhibited within police organizations having a significant impact (either negative or positive) on officers’ behaviours. Transformational and transactional leadership are the main focus of the study, however existence or absence of leadership behaviours is assessed. The research considers factors such as ethics in policing, professionalization of the police, characteristics of police and police leaders, and organizational culture. This is a mixed-method study, using ethnography, semi-structured interviews, and lab based experiments. This study contributes to the body of knowledge in leadership styles, the concept of leadership versus management, as well as application of police behaviours.

Sian Lewis, Social Sciences/Design

Title: A Qualitative Study of Experiences and Perceptions of Sexual Harassment on the London Underground Network

Transport exists as a transitional, intermediary aspect of city life, between the vulnerability of the streets and apparent safety of work and home, offering a unique, temporary, spatial situation. Yet the trend in commuter sex crimes demonstrates that public transport remains structured and monitored in a way that does not necessarily ensure safety to all those who use it, and is often experienced, particularly by women, as a space of vulnerability.

This research focuses on commuter experiences of sexual harassment on the London Underground Network. The interrelationship between space, behaviour and gender will be utilised throughout this research in order to gain a deeper understanding of behaviours and interactions the London Underground that may lead to incidences of sexual harassment.

This study will use mixed qualitative methods including observations, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Working with the British Transport Police and various NGO’s, this research will increase the understanding of sexual harassment on academic and vocational level.

Anthony Quinn, Social Sciences/SBE

Title: Mapping Repeat and Near Repeat Victimisation: To what extent do counts of ‘theft of a motor vehicle’ follow the same spatio-temporal patterns of the 'forager' theory?

This study is concerned primarily with the spatial movements of offenders responsible for Theft of a Motor Vehicle (TOMV) offences. It uses mixed methods analysis to investigate this particular crime type more closely with a view to discerning whether police resources are being allocated to best effect.  The first half of the research involves quantitative crime mapping whilst the second stage draws upon qualitative interviews with former offenders. The project is being undertaken in collaboration with several East Midlands police forces as a form of ‘What Works’ crime reduction.

Beth Mcmurchie, Chemistry/Design

Title: Forensic Science at the Interface of Chemistry and Physical Ergonomics

This study will show whether there is a correlation between fingerprint size and the physical size and stature of individuals. It will also investigate the significance of this relationship and attempt to make the findings applicable for officers at a scene of crime for example. Research will also focus on how well this method of identification works with different fingerprinting methods.

Alasdair Booth, CBE

Title: Counter Terrorism and the Protection of Crowded Places

This study investigates the effectiveness of the current counter terrorism security advice that is in place to protect crowded places. Crowded places include shopping centres, sport stadiums, clubs, outdoor events, etc. It focuses on the threats facing crowded places, the use of counter terrorism measures, and reviews the current security advice that is in place for protecting crowded places. It will also examine current knowledge sharing / exchange mechanisms between counter terrorism security advisors and stakeholders. 

Dr Ross Ritchie, School of Business and Economics

Ross Ritchie holds a BSc (Hons) from the Open University, an MBA and PhD both from Warwick Business School, University of Warwick. Ross started his career in the Energy Industry, working as a systems administrator and then database administrator for PowerGen Industrial and Commercial (which then became E.ON UK). In 1998, Ross progressed into management leading a variety of IT/IS operations across retail, generation, distribution and trading functions. Ross has worked in the UK and Germany.

In 2009, Ross joined Warwick Business School faculty teaching in Operations Management. In 2013, Ross became a senior teaching fellow and in 2014 Assistant Dean for specialist masters programmes. In 2013 Ross setup the Behavioural Operations in Policing Research Group at WBS, which in 2014 became a University Centre for Research (Centre for Operational Policing Research) an interdisciplinary interest between management science, psychology and law.

Ross joined Loughborough University in April 2015 as a lecturer in Operations Management, in the Management Science and Operations Management Discipline. Ross is a member of the Centre for Service Operations Management and Visualisation Research Interest Group.

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Dr Heather Flowe, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Research ares: eyewitness identification, legal decision making, investigative interviewing, and victim perceptions of legal system. Current research includes testing novel criminal identification procedures (e.g., 3D face recognition), investigating the effects of alcohol on memory for traumatic events, and examining memory for traumatic events. 

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Steves primary research interests are youth justice, youth crime prevention and social justice, particularly the promotion of positive, children first ways of working with children embroiled in the Youth Justice System.

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