Research areas: policing, youth crime, anti-social behaviour, car culture, and qualitative methods (particularly ethnography). Karen is Principal Investigator on an Enterprise Project Grant, and is on the Executive Board of the recently established East Midlands Police Academic Collaboration (EMPAC).
Studies real-life recordings of interaction between police, suspects, victims and members of the public; identifies 'what works' communicatively and translates this into training for polcie officers, e.g., on interviewing supects; neighbourhood disputes; hostage/threatened suicide negotiations; currently working on police interviews with vulnerable adults who are alleged victims of sexual assault and a Metropolitan Police-funded study of hostage negotiation.
Studies real-life interactions between professionals and their clients, especially when there is some problem of communication. Currently working on police interviews with vulnerable adults who are alleged victims of sexual assault.
Social policy research on the experiences and needs of vulnerable groups, including young carers, adults with learning difficulties and serious mental health problems. Her current criminology research is in the area of domestic violence and female victimisation/survival.
Doctoral study of young people’s perceptions and experiences of PCSOs, using a survey plus focus groups with hard-to-reach Year 7-11 young people (mixed in terms of gender and ethnicity). Interesting findings related to stop and search.
Doctoral study of young female re-offending consisting of 77 life-stories of young women with a history of repeat offending, who are currently both in the community and serving youth custody sentences. Being victims of abuse, as well as abusing alcohol and drugs themselves feature strongly in these interviews – as do accounts of their contacts with the police.
The Centre for Child and Family Research (CCFR) carries out high quality, policy relevant research into children, families and communities. Of potential interest to policing is their work on Safeguarding ; re-settlement of care-leavers; referrals to social care following reports of domestic violences; Good practice in multi-agency working.
Young people and community: early intervention and youth justice, mentoring, safeguarding, community development ; engaging with Roma communities in Leicester; young people’s attitudes to violence ; Vulnerable migrants and violence, abuse and exploitation; work with young Somali women; in development: work on counter-trafficking in Slovakia, Midlands and South Yorkshire.
How societal trends of community / neighbourhood conflicts and the formation of more exclusive, segregated, marginalised, and transient societies are mediated by the agency of producers, consumers, and intermediaries on local housing markets, lifestyles, living arrangements, and family / household practices. Interested in the place of universities/student populations in local communities and how they are seen and ‘managed’ from a security perspective. Also involved with a Neighbourhood group in Lenton, Nottingham.
Conduct evaluations of field trials of technological innovations. They have worked with Devon & Cornwall police on the usability of their computer system (‘Falcon’) and how to merge their 7 control rooms while not forfeiting local knowledge; with Avon & Somerset police on a large-scale computer system – understanding their requirements in relation to factors such as time out in cars, time spent in control rooms on various tasks, ensuring that the right information gets to the right people at the right time; with Leicestershire Police, on the use of mobile data.
Current project: ‘Loneliness in the Digital Age (LIDA)’-mapping different experiences and responses to loneliness in both online and offline environments experienced by marginalised groups such as migrant workers, young offenders and people who are stationed temporarily overseas. By engaging with members of these communities throughout as co-researchers and co-designers, this project will establish new ways of using digital technology to address these emerging social issues.
Louise’s core research interests are crime prevention, repeat victimisation, and heritage crime. She has a track record of funding including grants from English Heritage, the Higher Education Innovation Fund, and the Economic and Social Research Council. Her current research is examining the effectiveness of burglary security devices, and she is also exploring police use of social media.
Main research topics include modelling of Systems of Systems (SoS), Systems Lifecycles, Network Enabled Capability (NEC), management of knowledge for through-life management (TLM), cyber-security, pilot training, C2, and autonomous robotic systems. Within all these areas there is a strong emphasis on the challenges of interoperability between systems and the importance of including humans and organisations as part of the systems.
Interested in the area of the [re]configuration/operation of dynamic System of Systems i.e. Emergency Response Teams and the whole area of enabling rapid decision making and control within these systems. The design and operation of autonomous systems or capability within this area.
Disaster Risk Management, natural hazard mitigation and counter terrorism, as well as the integration of such measures into the design, planning, construction and management of the built environment. Policing context – Counter terrorism in urban/building design.
Research areas related to the chemistry of security, including: the remote detection of explosives and drugs; developing photo-responsive surfaces for use in chemical and biological protection and decontamination; and fingerprint development from problematic surfaces.
Fraud prevention, cyber-fraud applications (Leicestershire Police Economic Crime Unit). Has worked with 3 different police forces (currently with Leicestershire Police) on analysing buildings and providing measures that need to be taken to improve security.
Melanie is an animator, (currently working on a domestic violence project with Professor Jo Aldridge and CCFR). An ex-police officer herself, she has designed and worked on a number of animation/crime reduction projects with victims, including with children of serving prisoners and high risk sex offenders.
Internet Fraud and abuse detection.
Forensic detection systems (especially in relation to metal theft). Dr Kelly previously worked with Home Office forensic labs, who also collaborated on this study (as did Dr Louise Grove).
Currently working (with Paul Kelly above) on a human physical characteristics project, specifically developing the retrieval of fingerprint deposition.
Research on ‘wearable antennae’, with applications for the military and emergency services (enables various kinds of data such as body temperature, voice, location, video, to be communicated wirelessly, with the advantage that it can be done ‘hands-free, by virtue of conducting thread being embroidered into garments).
Jim has worked extensively with various police forces over the years on sleep related fatal and serious road accidents, has produced guidelines for the police in investigating such accidents. He currently works with the National Crime Agency (previously with the Serious Organised Crime Agency, and the NPIA before that) on police investigations of other sleep related fatalities and serious assaults.
Image Enhancement; Embedded Vision (application: making the CCTV cameras used by police more effective).
Expertise in “volatile organic compounds” (VOCs). VOCs have a number of applications related to defense and security e.g. chemical warfare agents, illegal narcotics and hidden explosives.
Inter-agency information sharing partnerships as a tool to combat anti-social behaviour; The facilitators and inhibitors of user engagement with and adoption of the Police National Database; Mobilising information and knowledge management in Leicestershire Police; Expertise in Information Law, Freedom of Information, Data Protection.
Working with the Leicestershire force on developing combined simulation and optimisation models that can be used to support optimal resource allocation, especially in relation to patrol officers scheduling and rostering.
‘Demand Modelling and Predictive Positioning of Police Officers’ collaborative project with Leicestershire Police, investigating effective use of officers to maximise availability for crime response’. PhD student Johanna Leigh working on this with her.
DSTL/Visiting Professor at Loughborough University. Develops systematic approaches to dealing with complex problems (e.g. ways of identifying and mobilising the most effective resources available) and approaches to evaluating their effectiveness. Applications: the policing of large-scale complex operational ‘problems’ (has worked with Met officers embedded in units in conflict zones in order to understand how the approach works and how they might apply it).
Projects: ‘Our future security is in their hands’; ‘Improving operational capability of the police’; ‘Policing in a changing technological environment’. Also work on training personnel on police helicopter flight simulation decks; Data mining for combined emergency response to large-scale incidents; Data retrieval of mobile phone use.
Various Police Federation projects, looking at how specific jobs are organised and managed; on individual differences in well-being at work; and on developing workplace risk assessment measures that are tailor-made for the police.
Professor Zoe Radnor, Professor Thorsten Gruber, Dr Nicola Bateman, Dr Ian Hodgkinson, The Centre for Service Management, School of Business and Economics.
Centre staff have a huge amount of expertise in the area of Demand Management, Failure Demand etc. in public service organisations including the Police, other Emergency Services and the RAF.
Tom is interested in making sense of information from large datasets, such as emails and social media and how these can be captured and interpreted in the context of urban disturbances.
The application of a systems approach to a variety of topics in human factors and ergonomics, including taking a systematic approach to accident analysis. Has undertaken research for British Transport Police.
Road transportation safety, vehicle safety, accident investigation, crash-injury and driver behaviour.
Research focuses on navigation, flight control and mission planning for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Policing context – Use of UAVs for surveillance.
Working on bullet-proof vests.
Title: The Impact of Leadership Styles on Subordinate Behaviour
This research investigates the effect of leadership style(s) exhibited within police organizations having a significant impact (either negative or positive) on officers’ behaviours. Transformational and transactional leadership are the main focus of the study, however existence or absence of leadership behaviours is assessed. The research considers factors such as ethics in policing, professionalization of the police, characteristics of police and police leaders, and organizational culture. This is a mixed-method study, using ethnography, semi-structured interviews, and lab based experiments. This study contributes to the body of knowledge in leadership styles, the concept of leadership versus management, as well as application of police behaviours.
Title: A Qualitative Study of Experiences and Perceptions of Sexual Harassment on the London Underground Network
Transport exists as a transitional, intermediary aspect of city life, between the vulnerability of the streets and apparent safety of work and home, offering a unique, temporary, spatial situation. Yet the trend in commuter sex crimes demonstrates that public transport remains structured and monitored in a way that does not necessarily ensure safety to all those who use it, and is often experienced, particularly by women, as a space of vulnerability.
This research focuses on commuter experiences of sexual harassment on the London Underground Network. The interrelationship between space, behaviour and gender will be utilised throughout this research in order to gain a deeper understanding of behaviours and interactions the London Underground that may lead to incidences of sexual harassment.
This study will use mixed qualitative methods including observations, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Working with the British Transport Police and various NGO’s, this research will increase the understanding of sexual harassment on academic and vocational level.
Title: Mapping Repeat and Near Repeat Victimisation: To what extent do counts of ‘theft of a motor vehicle’ follow the same spatio-temporal patterns of the 'forager' theory?
This study is concerned primarily with the spatial movements of offenders responsible for Theft of a Motor Vehicle (TOMV) offences. It uses mixed methods analysis to investigate this particular crime type more closely with a view to discerning whether police resources are being allocated to best effect. The first half of the research involves quantitative crime mapping whilst the second stage draws upon qualitative interviews with former offenders. The project is being undertaken in collaboration with several East Midlands police forces as a form of ‘What Works’ crime reduction.
Title: Forensic Science at the Interface of Chemistry and Physical Ergonomics
This study will show whether there is a correlation between fingerprint size and the physical size and stature of individuals. It will also investigate the significance of this relationship and attempt to make the findings applicable for officers at a scene of crime for example. Research will also focus on how well this method of identification works with different fingerprinting methods.
Title: Counter Terrorism and the Protection of Crowded Places
This study investigates the effectiveness of the current counter terrorism security advice that is in place to protect crowded places. Crowded places include shopping centres, sport stadiums, clubs, outdoor events, etc. It focuses on the threats facing crowded places, the use of counter terrorism measures, and reviews the current security advice that is in place for protecting crowded places. It will also examine current knowledge sharing / exchange mechanisms between counter terrorism security advisors and stakeholders.
Ross Ritchie holds a BSc (Hons) from the Open University, an MBA and PhD both from Warwick Business School, University of Warwick. Ross started his career in the Energy Industry, working as a systems administrator and then database administrator for PowerGen Industrial and Commercial (which then became E.ON UK). In 1998, Ross progressed into management leading a variety of IT/IS operations across retail, generation, distribution and trading functions. Ross has worked in the UK and Germany.
In 2009, Ross joined Warwick Business School faculty teaching in Operations Management. In 2013, Ross became a senior teaching fellow and in 2014 Assistant Dean for specialist masters programmes. In 2013 Ross setup the Behavioural Operations in Policing Research Group at WBS, which in 2014 became a University Centre for Research (Centre for Operational Policing Research) an interdisciplinary interest between management science, psychology and law.
Ross joined Loughborough University in April 2015 as a lecturer in Operations Management, in the Management Science and Operations Management Discipline. Ross is a member of the Centre for Service Operations Management and Visualisation Research Interest Group.
Research ares: eyewitness identification, legal decision making, investigative interviewing, and victim perceptions of legal system. Current research includes testing novel criminal identification procedures (e.g., 3D face recognition), investigating the effects of alcohol on memory for traumatic events, and examining memory for traumatic events.