WORLD CITIES,
MEGA-CITIES
AND GLOBAL
MEGA-CITY- REGIONS

A Question of Terminology…

Mega-Cities:
Megalopolis, 370BC

Mega-Cities:
Athens 500BC, Rome 50AD

World Cities:
Geddes 1915

World Cities:
Hall 1966

World Cities:
Hall 1966

Global Cities:
Sassen 1991

Globalized World Cities:
Four Approaches

World Cities “Attributes”

Air Connections 1997

Total International Air Passengers

International Destinations Served

Global City Connections

Main World Air Corridors

Globalized World Cities:
GaWC Methodologies

Globalized World Cities:
GaWC 1999/2000

Globalized World Cities: GaWC 1999/2000 (ctd.)

Globalized World Cities: GaWC 1999/2000 (ctd.)

European Spatial
Development Perspective

ESDP:
European Urban Dynamics

A European Urban Typology:
The 1990s

ESDP: Pointers to Policy

ESDP: A Contradiction?

Policy –
Can it Make a Difference?

Urban Network and Blue Banana

e-communication: myth…

…and reality: Personal Trips & e-coms: France 1800-2000

Moving Information:
e-communication v. f2f

European High-Speed Train System 2010

Urban Implications

PBKAL:
Europe’s “New Trunk Line”

Model Air/Rail Interchange:
Amsterdam Schiphol

Frankfurt Airport + HST

NWMA Spatial Vision:
City Regions, HST Corridors

The New Urban Reality:
The Mega-City-Region

Mega-City-Regions:
Pearl River Delta, SE England

Howard’s Social City:
First City Cluster

Social City achieved:
Hertfordshire

Integrated Transit and Planning: Stockholm

Integrated Transit and Planning:
Stockholm Vällingby

Ideal Urban Forms:
UK, USA

Building Sustainable
 City Clusters

New Urbanism: Kentlands, MD/ Mountain View, CA

New Urbanism:
Laguna West, CA

New Urbanism British Style:
Poundbury

Regional Metros:
Stockholm, Copenhagen

Regional Rail and Air:
Copenhagen Kastrup

Lille Europe/Euralille

Edge City, Japanese Style:
Shin-Yokohama

Edge City, European Style:
Amsterdam Zuidas

UK 2003:
Sustainable Communities

Sustainable Communities: Arithmetic Of Growth

Sustainable Communities 2003: M1/A6

HST and Planning:
Thames Gateway

Thames Gateway 1995

Thames Gateway 2003

Thames Gateway:
Greenwich Peninsula

Thames Gateway:
Stratford 1999

Thames Gateway:
Stratford 2012

Thames Gateway:
Ebbsfleet Access

Thames Gateway:
Eastern Quarry 1997…

Thames Gateway:
…Ebbsfleet Valley 2010

The Mega-City-Region:
21st-Century Urban Form