Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


Andrew Kinder

Photo of  Andrew Kinder

PhD Research Student (part-time)

Andy is a PhD candidate within the Engineering Systems of Systems (ESoS) research group at Loughborough University. His research is developing with a model based approach to System of Systems Risk Management. The research is being performed concurrently with his role as a Tactical Data Link Consultant at JCSys Ltd. Throughout his career he has been involved with several SoS related research projects, including; Data Looping within multi-TDL architectures, error growth within SoS, NEC Interoperability study and Human to Human Interoperability assessment and improvement. Andy has previously worked for Lockheed Martin, Boeing and BAE Systems in systems and software engineering roles.

Whilst at BAE Systems he obtained a BSc (Hons) 1st Class from the Open University specialising in Computing and Mathematics.


  • PhD Systems Engineering
    • Loughborough University
    • July 2011 - present
  • BSc (Hons) 1st Class, Computing and Mathematics
    • Open University
    • 1995 – 2000
  • B/TEC Higher National Diploma, Electronic/Electrical Engineering
    • Norwich City College
    • 1984 -1987


  • JCSys Ltd
    • Tactical Data Link Consultant
    • February 2014 to present
  • Lockheed Martin UK IS&GS
    • Systems Engineer, Staff
    • January 2008 to January 2014
  • Aerosystems International
    • Lead Data Link Software Engineer (Freelance)
    • July 2007 to December 2007
  • Boeing Operations International Inc
    • Lead Data Link Software Engineer (Freelance)
    • April 1998 to July 2007
  • GEC Marconi Avionics
    • Software Engineer (Freelance)
    • January 1998 to April 1998
  • BAE Systems
    • Software/Systems Engineer
    • June 1988 to January 1998

Industry Based Research

  • Data Looping in multi-TDL environments
    • July 2007 to October 2008
  • Spatial and Temporal Error Propagation through SoS
    • September 2009 to March 2010
  • NEC Interoperability study
    • September 2010 to March 2011
  • Human to Human Interoperability assessment and improvement techniques
    • March 2011 to September 2011

Andy began his current research in July 2011 .The purpose is to determine a model based approach to System of Systems Risk Management. Initial research has identified modelling techniques, which are applicable to SoS and a framework devised to enable selection of appropriate methods depending in the context. The framework utilises a SoS System of Interest model that was defined as part of this research. Differences between the approaches required for ‘traditional’ risk management and those related to SoS will be explored, in particular risk ownership and transfer within a SoS. A case study approach will be used to identify risk in a Close Air Support planning scenario and an appropriate model implemented. The proposed modelling approach will use a Bayesian Belief Network to model conditional risk probabilities. Nodes within the network will be populated by running models iteratively, in a Monte Carlo simulation, which will generate appropriate probability distributions. 

Andy has delivered a lecture on SoS modelling techniques to Systems Engineering masters undergraduates.

Kinder, A., Barot, V., Henshaw, M., & Siemieniuch, C. (2012). System of Systems: “Defining the System of Interest”. 7th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering (pp. 463-468). Genoa: IEEE

Accepted for publication;

Kinder, A., Henshaw, M., & Siemieniuch, C. (2014). System of Systems Modelling and Simulation - an Outlook and Open Issues, International Journal of System of Systems Engineering, Inderscience Publishers