Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Research

Plasma and Pulsed Power Group

The Plasma and Pulsed Power Group (P3G) at Loughborough University focuses on basic principles and technological challenges of plasma and pulsed power systems, aiming at translating advances in fundamental understanding into novel practical solutions.

The research is strongly supported both by government agencies and by major industrial organisations, and the group has developed over the years strong links with research groups in France, Germany, Sweden, China, Korea, Japan, Taiwan and USA.

The group has excellent technical facilities and the high-level security clearance of several staff enables classified work to be undertaken. Over the years the group has developed novel plasma sources, ultrashort and highly repetitive pulsed electric fields and state-of-the-art pulsed power systems for novel applications in the fields of engineering, aerospace, defence, biomedicine, environmental science and food industry.

P3G research students are encouraged to present their work at international conferences and in the past they have been recipients of prestigious awards such as the IEEE High Voltage Association Student Excellence Award, the ICOPS Best Student Presentation Award, the Euro-Asian Pulsed Power Young Researcher Award and the IAFP Developing Scientist Award.

Key strands of our technical and scientific expertise include:

  • Low-temperature atmospheric-pressure glow discharges
  • Microplasmas
  • Electrical, optical and chemical plasma diagnostics
  • Fast transient diagnostics: high voltage, high current and photonic (electro-optical and magneto-optical) sensors
  • Compact and repetitive high-power generators
  • Explosively-driven flux-compression generators
  • Ultrahigh magnetic field indoor generation (up to 350T)
  • Exploding wire physics and technology
  • Electromagnetic launchers
  • Magnetic insulation and electromagnetic protection
  • High-energy inductive storage
  • Repetitive UWB sources and unconventional microwave generators
  • Opening switches: plasma and explosive
  • Plasma-liquid interactions
  • Plasma decontamination and plasma medicine
  • Plasma and Pulsed Electric Field industrial food processing
  • Electromagnetic (2D filamentary) and plasma modelling

Academic Staff

Visiting Academics

Research Staff and Post-docs

Postgraduate Students

  • Mr Mohammad Shaban
    PhD Thesis: Design and characterization of power supplies and plasma systems
  • Mr Faraz Montazersadgh
    PhD Thesis: Compuational modelling of plasma discharges
  • Mr Junchen (Ted) Ren
    PhD Thesis: Microbubble-enhanced plasma-driven advanced oxidation processes for wastewater treatment
  • Mr Adriano Randi
    PhD Thesis: Carbon dioxide (CO2) utilization
  • Mr Alec Wright
    PhD Thesis: Microbubble-enhanced plasma-driven reactor for water treatment
  • Mr Turki Al-Otaibi
    PhD Thesis: Electromagnetic implosions
  • Mr Alex Shaw
    PhD Thesis: Low-temperature plasmas for application in health and food industries
  • Ms Meng Wang
    PhD Thesis: High Power repetitive generators
  • Mr Michael Parker (BAE Systems)
    PhD Thesis: Studies of GPR phenomena
  • Mr Omar Kashiff (AWE, UK)
    PhD Thesis: Electromagnetic Accelerators

Administrative and Technical Staff

  • Ms Mair Witham, Secretary
  • Mr Keith Stanley, Mechanical Workshop Technician
  • Vacancy (Technician)

Former members

  • Dr Carlos Castello-Beltran, ITENE, Spain
  • Mr Benjamin FitzPatrick
  • Prof X. Li, Hebei University, China
  • Dr Yi-Ping Lo, Nottingham Trent University, UK
  • Dr Fahd Banakhr, Nottingham, UK
  • Dr M He, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Dr D Kocabas, Istambul Technical University, Turkey
  • Prof Michael Kong, Old Dominion University, USA
  • Dr Richard Craven
  • Dr V V Vadher, Loughborough University
  • Dr Keith Gregory, University Teacher, Loughborough University, UK
  • Dr J G Kettleborough, Loughborough University, UK
  • Mr Yimian Du, China
  • Dr Danny Bayliss, Campden BRI, UK
  • Dr Yiyang Su (Yvonne), Pharmaceutical Sector, UK
  • Dr Kirsty McKay, Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, U.K.
  • Dr Jingjing Liu, China
  • Dr James L. Walsh, Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, U.K.
  • Dr Zhi Cao (Julian), China
  • Dr Dawei Liu (David), Professor, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Dr Dingxin Liu, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China
  • Qiuyue Nie (Cherry), Parallelization of atmospheric pressure plasma sources
  • Dr Peter Bruggeman, Assistant Professor, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • Ms Christina Kokoroskou, Centre for Renewable Energy, Loughborough University, UK
  • Dr Yuantao Zhang, Professor, Shandong University, China
  • Dr Wanli Shang, Assistant Professor, Northwest A&F University, China
  • Dr Gan Young Park, Post-doctoral Fellow, Postech, S. Korea
  • Dr J.J. Shi, Professor, Physics Department, Donghua University, China
  • Dr X.T. Deng
  • Dr Stefano Perni, Research Fellow, Eastman Dental Hospital, University College London, U.K.
  • Dr Daniel Anang
  • Dr Sam Zhang, Project Manager, TCL, China
  • Dr Y.P. Lee, ABB – Malasia

Collaborators 

Dr Gilbert Shama
Loughborough University, UK
Reaction Engineering and Transfer Process Group

Dr Benjamin R. Buckley
Loughborough University, UK
Buckley Group

Dr Hemaka Bandulasena
Loughborough University, UK

Prof Carlo Angelo Borghi
ALMA MATER STUDIORUM - Università di Bologna

Dr Charles Mielke
LANL, USA

Dr Laurent Pecastaing
Pau University, France
Fortes Puissances Pulsées (F.P.P.)

Dr Jean Larour
Ecole Polytechnique, France
Laboratoire de Physique de Plasmas

Dr John Ward
Loughborough University, UK
Mathematical Modelling

Dr Natalia Janson
Loughborough University, UK
Dr. Natalia Janson

Dr Rob Seager
Loughborough University, UK
Wireless Communications Research Group

Prof Ming Zhe Rong 
Xi'an Jiaotong University, China
State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment

Prof Xiao Hua Wang (David)
Xi'an Jiaotong University, China
State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment

Prof Dingxin Liu
Xi'an Jiaotong University, China
State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment

Dr James L. Walsh
University of Liverpool, UK
Technological Plasmas Research Group

Prof Peter Bruggeman
University of Minnesota, USA
Thermal, Fluid, and Plasma Science

Prof Yikan Pu
Tsinghua University, China
Plasma Laboratory

Prof Jae Koo Lee
Postech, South Korea
Bio-Medical Electrics Lab (Bio-Me)

Prof Gyoo Cheon Kim
Pusan National University, South Korea
College of dentistry

Prof Michael G. Kong
Old Dominion University, Virginia, USA
Frank Reidy Center for Bioelectrics

2011

Plasma plume propagation characterisitcs of pulsed radio frequency plasma jet
J.H. Liu, X.Y. Liu, K. Hu, D.W. Liu X.P. Lu, F. Iza and M. G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 98, pp 151502 (2011)

2010

Characterisation of a 3 nanosecond pulsed atmospheric pressure argon microplasma
J. L. Walsh, F. Iza and M. G. Kong
Eur. Phys. J. D, 60, pp 523 (2010)

Excitation frequency effects on atmospheric-pressure helium RF microplasmas: plasma density, electron energy and plasma impedance
K. McKay, F. Iza and M. G. Kong
Eur. Phys. J. D, 60, pp 497 (2010)


Main Species and Physicochemical Processes in Cold Atmospheric-pressure He+O2 Plasmas
D.X. Liu, M.Z. Rong, X.H. Wang, F. Iza, M.G. Kong, and P. Bruggeman
Plasma Process. Polym., 7, pp 846 (2010)


Non-invasive VHF Monitoring of Low-Temperature Atmospheric Pressure Plasma
V.J. Law, S. Daniels, J.L. Walsh, M.G. Kong, L.M. Graham, T. Gans
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 19, pp 034008 (2010)


Spatially Extended Atmospheric Plasma Arrays
Z. Cao, Q. Nie, D.L. Bayliss, J.L. Walsh, C.S. Ren, D.Z. Wang, M.G. Kong
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 19, pp 025003 (2010)


Optical emission spectroscopy as a diagnostic for plasmas in liquids: opportunities and pitfalls
P. Bruggeman, T. Verreycken, M.Á. González, J.L. Walsh, M.G. Kong, C. Leys and D.C. Schram
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 43, pp 124005 (2010)


Global model of low-temperature atmospheric-pressure He + H2O plasmas
D.X. Liu, P. Bruggeman, F. Iza, M.Z. Rong and M.G. Kong
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 19, pp 025018 (2010)


Three distinct modes in a cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet
J.L. Walsh, V. Law, F. Iza, M.G. Kong, N.B. Janson
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 43, pp 075201 (2010)


Contrasting characteristics of sub-microsecond pulsed atmospheric air and atmospheric pressure helium-oxygen glow discharges
J.L. Walsh, D.X. Liu, F. Iza, M.Z. Rong and M.G. Kong
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 43, pp 32001 (2010)


Mass spectrometry study of positive and negative ions in a capacitively coupled atmospheric pressure RF excited glow discharge in He-water mixtures
P. Bruggeman, F. Iza, D. Lauwers and Y. Aranda Gonzalvo
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 43, pp 012003 (2010)


Electronic quenching of OH(A) by water in atmospheric pressure plasmas and its influence on the gas temperature determination by OH(A–X) emission
P. Bruggeman, F. Iza, P. Guns, D. Lauwers, M.G. Kong, Y. Aranda Gonzalvo, C. Leys and D.C. Schram
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 19, pp 15016 (2010)

2009

Is the Rotational Temperature of OH(A-X) for Discharges in and in Contact with Liquids a Good Diagnostic for Determining the Gas Temperature?
P. Bruggeman, D.C. Schram, M.G. Kong and C. Leys
Plasma Process. Polymers, 6, pp 751 (2009)


Focus on Plasma Medicine
G.E. Morfill, M.G. Kong, J.L. Zimmermann
New J. Phys., 11, pp 115011 (2009)


Plasma medicine: an introductory review (Review)
M.G. Kong, G. Kroesen, G. Morfill, T. Nosenko, T. Shimizu, J. van Dijk and J.L. Zimmermann
New J. Phys., 11, pp 115012 (2009)


A two-dimensional cold atmospheric plasma jet array for uniform treatment of large-area surfaces for plasma medicine
Q.Y. Nie, Z. Cao, C.S. Ren, D.Z. Wang and M.G. Kong
New J. Phys., 11, pp 115015 (2009)


Reduction and degradation of amyloid aggregates by a pulsed radio-frequency cold atmospheric plasma jet
D.L. Bayliss, J.L. Walsh, G. Shama, F. Iza and M.G. Kong
New J. Phys., 11, pp 115024 (2009)


Degradation of adhesion molecules of G361 melanoma cells by a non-thermal atmospheric pressure microplasma
H.J. Lee, C.H. Shon, Y.S. Kim, S. Kim, G.C. Kim, M.G. Kong
New J. Phys., 11, pp 115026 (2009)


A cold atmospheric pressure plasma jet controlled with spatially separated dual-frequency excitations
Z. Cao, Q.Y. Nie and M.G. Kong
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 42, pp 222003 (2009)


Electron avalanches and diffused gamma-mode in radio-frequency capacitively coupled atmospheric-pressure microplasmas
D.W. Liu, F. Iza, and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 95, pp 031501 (2009)


From Submicrosecond- to Nanosecond-Pulsed Atmospheric-Pressure Plasmas (Invited)
F. Iza, J.L. Walsh, M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 37, pp 1289-1296 (2009)


Evolution of Atmospheric-Pressure RF Plasmas as the Excitation Frequency Increases
D.W. Liu, F. Iza, and M.G. Kong
Plasma Process. Polymers, 6, pp 446-150 (2009)


Antibody nanoparticles: a new weapon against cancer
G.C. Kim, G.J. Kim, S.R. Park, S.M. Jeon, H.J. Seo, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee
Europhysics News, 40, pp 14 (2009)


Modelling and Simulation of Low-Temperature Plasmas (Editorial)
J.K. Lee, M.G. Kong, D.B. Graves
Plasma Process. Polymers, 6, pp 278 (2009)


Time dependent optical emission spectroscopy of sub-microsecond pulsed plasmas in air with water cathode
P. Bruggeman, J.L. Walsh, D.C. Schram, C. Leys, M.G. Kong
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 18, pp 045023 (2009)


Microwave-excited atmospheric-pressure microplasmas based on a coaxial transmission line resonator
J. Choi, F. Iza, H.J. Do, J.K. Lee, M.H. Cho
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 18, pp 025029 (2009)


Characterization of a Direct Dc-Excited Discharge in Water by Optical Emission Spectroscopy
P. Bruggeman, D. Schram, M.A. Gonzalez, R. Rego, M.G. Kong, and C. Leys
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 18, pp 025017 (2009)


Simulations of biomedical atmospheric-pressure discharges
S.M. Lee, Y.J. Hong, Y.S. Seo, F. Iza, G.C. Kim, J.K. Lee
Comput. Phys. Commun., 180, pp 636-641 (2009)


Field emission and lifetime of microcavity plasma
G.J.Kim, F.Iza, J.K. Lee
Phys.Plasmas, 16, pp 013502 (2009)


Atmospheric plasma jet array in parallel electric and gas flow fields for three-dimensional surface treatment
Z. Cao, J.L. Walsh, and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 94, pp 021501 (2009)


Air plasma coupled with antibody-conjugated nanoparticles: a new weapon against cancer
G.C. Kim, G.J. Kim, S.R. Park, S.M. Jeon, H.J. Seo, F. Iza, and J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 42, pp 032005 (2009)

2008

Two-Dimensional Particle Simulations for Microhollow Cathode Discharges: Comparison of secondary electron emission models
Y. J.Hong, M. Yoon, G. J. Kim, F. Iza, J. K. Lee
J. Korean Phys. Soc., 53, pp 3777 (2008)


Electron heating in radio-frequency capacitively coupled atmospheric-pressure plasmas
D.W. Liu, F. Iza, and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, pp 261503 (2008)


Atmospheric glow discharges from the high-frequency to very high-frequency bands
J.L. Walsh, F. Iza, and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, pp 251502 (2008)


Atmospheric-pressure gas breakdown from 2 to 100 MHz
J.L. Walsh, Y.T. Zhang, F. Iza, and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, pp 221505 (2008)


Comparison of fluid and particle-in-cell simulations on atmospheric pressure helium microdischarges
Y.J. Hong, M. Yoon, F. Iza, G.C. Kim, J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 41, pp 245208 (2008)


Dc excited glow discharges in atmospheric pressure air in pin-to-water electrode systems
P. Bruggeman, J. Liu, J. Degroote, M. G. Kong, J. Vierendeels and C. Leys
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 41, pp 215201 (2008)


Contrasting characteristics of linear-field and cross-field atmospheric plasma jets
J.L. Walsh and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, pp 111501 (2008)


Frequency Effects of Plasma Bullets in Atmospheric Glow Discharges
J.L. Walsh and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 36, pp 954-955 (2008)


Atmospheric Dielectric-Barrier Discharges Scalable From 1 mm to 1 m
J.L. Walsh, Z. Cao and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 36, pp 1314-1315 (2008)


Evolution of the Light Emission Profile in Radio-Frequency Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharges
D. Liu, F. Iza and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 36, pp 952-953 (2008)


Cold Atmospheric Plasma Disinfection of Cut Fruit Surfaces Contaminated with Migrating Microorganisms
S. Perni, G. Shama, M.G. Kong
J. Food Prot., 71, pp 1619-1625 (2008)


Modes in a pulse-modulated radio-frequency dielectric-barrier glow discharge
J.J. Shi, J. Zhang, G. Qiu, J.L. Walsh, M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, pp 041502 (2008)


Microplasmas: Sources, Particle Kinetics, and Biomedical Applications (Review)
F. Iza, G.J. Kim, S.M. Lee, et al
Plasma Processes and Polymers, 5, pp 322-344 (2008)


A hypersonic plasma bullet train traveling in an atmospheric dielectric-barrier discharge jet
J.J. Shi, F. Zhong, J. Zhang, D.W. Liu and M.G. Kong
Phys. Plasmas, 15, pp 13504 (2008)


Cold atmospheric plasma decontamination of the pericarps of fruit
S. Perni, D.W. Liu, G. Shama and M.G. Kong
J. Food Prot., 71, pp 302-308 (2008)

2007

Self-organized pattern formation of an atmospheric pressure plasma jet in a dielectric barrier discharge configuration
Q.Y. Nie, C.S. Ren, D.Z. Wang, S.Z. Li, J.L. Zhang and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 221504 (2007)


Room-temperature atmospheric argon plasma jet sustained with submicrosecond high-voltage pulses
J.L. Walsh and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 91, pp 221502 (2007)


Radio-frequency dielectric-barrier glow discharges in atmospheric argon
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl.Phys.Lett., 90, pp 111502 (2007)


Protein destruction by atmospheric pressure glow discharges
X.T. Deng, J.J. Shi, H.L. Chen and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 13903 (2007)


Protein destruction by a helium atmospheric pressure glow discharge: Capability and mechanisms
X.T. Deng, J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 101, pp 74701 (2007)


Probing Bactericidal Mechanisms Induced by Cold Atmospheric Plasmas with Escherichia Coli Mutants
S. Perni, G. Shama, J.L. Hobman, et al
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 73902 (2007)


Period Multiplication and Chaotic Phenomena in Atmospheric Dielectric-barrier Glow Discharges
Y.H. Wang, Y.T. Zhang, D.Z. Wang and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 71501 (2007)


Mode transition in radio-frequency atmospheric argon discharges with and without dielectric barriers
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 101502 (2007)


Mitigating Plasma Constriction Using Dielectric Barriers In Radio-frequency Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharges
J.J. Shi, D.W. Liu and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 31505 (2007)


Low-pressure plasma generation inside slender tubes
F. Iza and J.K. Lee
Comput. Phys. Commun., 177, pp 72-75 (2007)


Evolution of the electron energy distribution function in pulsed micro hollow cathode discharge
G.J. Kim, Y.J. Hong, F. Iza and J.K. Lee
Comput. Phys. Commun., 177, pp 131-131 (2007)


Electron trapping in radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharges
D.W. Liu, J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, pp 41502 (2007)


Electron kinetics in radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure microplasmas
F. Iza, J.K. Lee and M.G. Kong
Phys. Rev. Lett., 99, pp 75004 (2007)


Electron and ion kinetics in a DC microplasma at atmospheric pressure
J. Choi, F. Iza, J.K. Lee and C.M. Ryu
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 35, pp 1274-1278 (2007)


Effects of Dielectric Barriers in Radio-Frequency Atmospheric Glow Discharges (Invited)
J.J. Shi, D.W. Liu and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 35, pp 137-142 (2007)


Computer Modeling of low-temperature plasmas
F. Iza, S.H. Lee and J.K. Lee
Gas Discharges: Fundamentals and Applications, Ed. de Amorim Filho, J.
Research Signpost, 2007 - ISBN: 978-81-7895-287-1 (2007)


Bacterial cells exposed to nanosecond pulsed electric fields show lethal and sublethal effects
S. Perni, P.R. Chalise, G. Shama and M.G. Kong
Intl. J. Food Microbiol., 120, pp 311-314 (2007)


Advanced Simulations for Industrial Plasma Applications
S.J. Kim, F. Iza, N. Babaeva, S.H. Lee, H.J. Lee and J.K. Lee
Advanced Plasma Technology, Ed. R. d'Agostino, P. Favia, Y. Kawai, H. Ikegami, N. Sato and F. Arefi-khonsari.
Wiley-VCH, 2007 - ISBN: 978-3-527-40591-6 (2007)


Abnormal Heating of Low-Energy Electrons in Low-Pressure Capacitively Coupled Discharges
G.Y. Park, S.J. You, F. Iza and J.K. Lee
Phys. Rev. Lett., 98, pp 85003 (2007)


10 ns Pulsed Atmospheric Air Plasma for Uniform Treatment of Polymeric Surfaces
J.L. Walsh and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 91, pp 251504 (2007)

2006

Submicrosecond pulsed atmospheric glow discharges sustained without dielectric barriers at kilohertz frequencies
J.L. Walsh, J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, pp 161505 (2006)


Simulation of radio-frequency atmospheric pressure glow discharge
S. Wan-Li, W. De-Zhen and M.G. Kong
Chin. Phys., 16, pp 485-492 (2006)


Sharp bursts of high-flux reactive species in submicrosecond atmospheric pressure glow discharges
J.L. Walsh and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, pp 231503 (2006)


Secondary electron emission coefficients in plasma display panels as determined by particle and fluid simulations
S.S. Yang, S.M. Lee, F. Iza and J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 39, pp 2775-2784 (2006)


Plasma stability control using dielectric barriers in radio-frequency atmospheric pressure glow discharges
J.J. Shi, D.W. Liu and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, pp 81502 (2006)


Physical Mechanisms of Inactivation of Bacillus subtilis Spores Using Cold Atmospheric Plasmas
X.T. Deng, J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 34, pp 1310-1316 (2006)


Particle-in-cell simulations of planar and cylindrical Langmuir probes: Floating potential and ion saturation current
F. Iza and J.K. Lee
J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 24, pp 1366-1372 (2006)


Particle-in-cell Monte Carlo and fluid simulations of argon-oxygen plasma: Comparisons with experiments and validations
S.H. Lee, F. Iza and J.K. Lee
Phys. Plasmas, 13, pp 57102 (2006)


Moment conserving method for modelling multiple collisions in particle simulations
F. Iza and J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 39, pp 1853-1865 (2006)


Modeling the Inactivation Kinetics of Bacillus subtilis Spores by Nonthermal Plasmas
S. Perni, X.T. Deng, G. Shama and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 34, pp 1297-1303 (2006)


Lethality Mechanisms in Escherichia coli Induced by Intense Sub-microsecond Electrical Pulses
P.R. Chalise, S. Perni, G. Shama, B. Novac, I.R. Smith and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, pp 153902 (2006)


Special Issue on Nonthermal Medical/Biological Treatments Using Ionized Gases and Electromagnetic Fields (Editorial)
J.F. Kolb, M.G. Kong and P.F. Blackmore
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 34, pp 1250-1252 (2006)


Evolution of Discharge Structure in Capacitive Radio-Frequency Atmospheric Microplasmas
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, pp 105009 (2006)


Electron and ion kinetics in a micro hollow cathode discharge
G.J. Kim, F. Iza and J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 39, pp 4386-4392 (2006)


Effects of Cell Surface Loading and Phase of Growth in Cold Atmospheric Gas Plasma Inactivation of Escherichia coli K12
H. Yu, S. Perni, J.J. Shi, D.Z. Wang, M.G. Kong and G. Shama
J. Appl. Microbiol., 101, pp 1323-1330 (2006)


Contrasting characteristics of pulsed and sinusoidal cold atmospheric plasma jets
J.L. Walsh, J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 88, pp 171501 (2006)


Complex dynamic behaviors of nonequilibrium atmospheric dielectric-barrier discharges
Y.T. Zhang, D.Z. Wang and M.G. Kong
J.Appl.Phys., 100, pp 63304 (2006)


A Complementary Sterilisation Strategy Using Cold Atmospheric Plasmas
M.G. Kong
Medical Device Technology, April, pp 26-28 (2006)

2005

Low-power plasma generator (Patent)
J. Hopwood and F. Iza
US Patent 6,917,165
Licensed to Verionix and Agilent. (2005)


Two-dimensional simulation of a low-current dielectric barrier discharge in atmospheric helium
Y.T. Zhang, D.Z. Wang and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 98, pp 113308 (2005)


Split-ring resonator microplasma: microwave model, plasma impedance and power efficiency
F. Iza and J. Hopwood
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 14, pp 397-406 (2005)


Sheath Dynamics in Radio-Frequency Atmospheric Glow Discharges
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 278-279 (2005)


Self-Organized Filaments, Striations and Other Nonuniformities in Nonthermal Atmospheric Microwave Excited Microdischarges
F. Iza and J.A. Hopwood
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 306-307 (2005)


Particle-in-cell simulation of gas breakdown in microgaps
M. Radmilovic-Radjenovic, J.K. Lee, F. Iza and G.Y. Park
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 38, pp 950-954 (2005)


Particle and fluid simulations of low-temperature plasma discharges: benchmarks and kinetic effects (Review)
H.C. Kim, F. Iza, S.S. Yang, M. Radmilovic-Radjenovic and J.K. Lee
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 38, pp R283-R301 (2005)


Nonthermal Atmospheric Plasmas Sustained Without Dielectric Barrier in the Kilohertz Range
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 276-277 (2005)


Multilayer plasma patterns in paralleled and coupled atmospheric glow discharges
Y. Yang, J. J. Shi, J. E. Harry, J. Proctor, C. P. Garner, and M. G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 298-299 (2005)


Multilayer Plasma Patterns in Atmospheric Pressure Glow Discharges
Y. Yang, J.J. Shi, J.E. Harry, J. Proctor, C.P. Garner and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 302-303 (2005)


Mode Characteristics of Radio-Frequency Atmospheric Glow Discharges
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 624-630 (2005)


A microfabricated atmospheric-pressure microplasma source operating in air
J.A. Hopwood, F. Iza, S. Coy and D.B. Fenner
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 38, pp 1698-1703 (2005)


Mechanisms of the alpha and gamma modes in radio-frequency atmospheric glow discharges
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 97, pp 23306 (2005)


The mechanism of striation formation in plasma display panels
F. Iza, S.S. Yang, H.C. Kim and J.K. Lee
J. Applied Phys., 98, pp 43302 (2005)


Large-volume and low-frequency atmospheric glow discharges without dielectric barrier
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 86, pp 91502 (2005)


Expansion of the plasma stability range in radio-frequency atmospheric-pressure glow discharges
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 87, pp 201501 (2005)


Electron kinetic effects in atmospheric dielectric-barrier glow discharges
X. Zhu and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 97, pp 83301 (2005)


Effects of microbial loading and sporulation temperature on atmospheric plasma inactivation of Bacillus subtilis spores
X.T. Deng, J.J. Shi, G. Shama and M.G. Kong
Appl. Phys. Lett., 87, pp 153901 (2005)


Atmospheric Plasma Inactivation of Biofilm-Forming Bacteria for Food Safety Control
M. Vleugels, G. Shama, X.T. Deng, E. Greenacre, T. Brocklehurst and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 33, pp 824-828 (2005)

2004

Ultrahigh frequency microplasmas from 1 pascal to 1 atmosphere
J.A. Hopwood and F. Iza
J. Anal. Atom. Spect., 19, pp 1145-1150 (2004)
Rotational, vibrational, and excitation temperatures of a microwave-frequency microplasma
F. Iza and J.A. Hopwood
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 32, pp 498-504 (2004)
Frequency Range of Stable Dielectric-Barrier Discharges in Atmospheric He and N2
X.T. Deng and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 32, pp 1709-1715 (2004)
Electrically induced heat dissipation in metallized film capacitors
M.G. Kong and Y.P. Lee
IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 11, pp 1007-1013 (2004)

2003

Three modes in a radio frequency atmospheric pressure glow discharge
J.J. Shi, X.T. Deng, R. Hall, J.D. Punnett and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 94, pp 6303-6310 (2003)
A millimetre-wave second harmonic waveguide FEL
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 217, pp 325-333 (2003)
Low-power microwave plasma source based on a microstrip split-ring resonator
F. Iza and J.A. Hopwood
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 31, pp 782-787 (2003)
Electrically Efficient Production of a Diffuse Nonthermal Atmospheric Plasma (Invited)
M.G. Kong and X.T. Deng
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 31, pp 7-18 (2003)
Cathode fall characteristics in a dc atmospheric pressure glow discharge
J.J. Shi and M.G. Kong
J. Appl. Phys., 94, pp 5505-5513 (2003)

2002

Strong wiggler field assisted amplification in a second-harmonic waveguide free electron laser
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 30, pp 630-638 (2002)
Nonlinear amplification in a second-harmonic waveguide free-electron laser
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 30, pp 2059-2065 (2002)
Influence of operating frequency and coupling coefficient on the efficiency of microfabricated inductively coupled plasma sources
F. Iza and J.A. Hopwood
Plasma Sourc. Sci. Technol., 11, pp 229-235 (2002)
Energy spread effects in second harmonic waveguide FELs
X. Zhong and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 210, pp 83-89 (2002)

2001

Surface electric field dynamics in dc film capacitors under an impulse voltage perturbation
Y.P. Lee and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 8, pp 293-298 (2001)
Numerically established correlation in electrical responses of polymer film capacitors to ac and pulsed voltages
Y.P. Lee and M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., 8, pp 880-888 (2001)
Impact of surface discharge plasmas on performance of a metallized film capacitor
M.G. Kong and Y.P. Lee
J. Appl. Phys., 90, pp 3069-3078 (2001)
Electron bunching at large wiggler field in a second harmonic waveguide free electron laser
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 196, pp 243-250 (2001)

2000

Modelling of collisions and scattering of particles in electromagnetic fields using TLM
A.K. Dinnis, T.M. Benson, C. Christopoulos and M.G. Kong
IEE Proc.: Sci. Meas. Technol., 147, pp 279-284 (2000)
Low-voltage interaction of electrons with TM modes in waveguide free electron lasers
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 445, pp 13-18 (2000)
Free electron laser spectrum control with a quasiperiodic wiggler configuration
M.G. Kong, X. Zhong and A. Vourdas
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 445, pp 7-12 (2000)

1999

Saturation behaviour of a waveguide optical klystron in the presence of electron energy spread
J. Zhang and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 165, pp 215-223 (1999)
Elliptical polarization effects in a chromatically addressed Faraday current sensor
G.D. Li, R.A. Aspey, M.G. Kong, J.R. Gibson and G.R. Jones
Meas. Sci. Technol., 10, pp 25-30 (1999)
Effects of non-resonant electron velocity components in a second harmonic waveguide free electron laser
X.H. Zhong and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 168, pp 375-381 (1999)
Control of harmonic generation in a free-electron laser with a quasiperiodic wiggler configuration
M.G. Kong and A. Vourdas
Phys. Rev. E, 59, pp 2339-2346 (1999)

1998

Mode-selective amplification in a waveguide free electron laser with a two-sectioned wiggler
M.G. Kong
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 26, pp 85-91 (1998)
Inhomogeneous broadening effects in a multiharmonic wiggler based optical klystron
M.G. Kong
Phys. Rev. E, 58, pp 1011-1018 (1998)
Faraday current sensing employing chromatic modulation
G.R. Jones, G. Li, J.W. Spencer, R.A. Aspey and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 145, pp 203-212 (1998)

1997

Sensitivity improvement of an optical current sensor with enhanced Faraday rotation
G.D. Li, M.G. Kong, G.R. Jones and J.W. Spencer
J. Lightwave Technol., 15, pp 2246-2252 (1997)
A rotating arc gas pump for circuit breaking and other applications
M.G. Ennis, G.R. Jones, M.G. Kong, J.W. Spencer and D.R. Turner
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci., 25, pp 961-966 (1997)
Radiation from a quasi-periodically modulated electron beam
M.G. Kong and A. Vourdas
Europhys. Lett., 38, pp 25-29 (1997)
A numerical study of beam wave interaction devices using the transmission line modelling (TLM) method
M.G. Kong, T.M. Benson and C. Christopoulos
Int. J. Numer. Model. El., 10, pp 231-243 (1997)
A low voltage waveguide free electron laser based on a longitudinal interaction mechanism
M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 141, pp 48-52 (1997)
Enhanced amplification of a waveguide free electron laser prebunched at multiharmonic frequencies
M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 134, pp 487-494 (1997)
Electron beam bunching with nonsinusoidal modulation field
M.G. Kong, T.M. Benson and C. Christopoulos
Opt. Commun., 143, pp 301-307 (1997)

1996

Gain enhancement for waveguide FEL systems using an optical klystron configuration
R.A. Stuart and M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 129, pp 284-292 (1996)
Energy spread analysis of a waveguide optical klystron
M.G. Kong
Opt. Commun., 132, pp 464-468 (1996)

1995

Enhanced Optical Klystron Gain with a Multiharmonic Wiggler
M.G. Kong
Phys. Rev. E, 52, pp 3060-3065 (1995)

1994

Simulation of Beam-Wave Interactions without Calculation of Macroscopic Source Terms
G. Kong, T.M. Benson and C. Christopoulos
Electron. Lett., 30, pp 1657-1658 (1994)
A Low-Power Wave-Guide FEL for Operation at 60 Ghz Nominal
R.A. Stuart, G. Kong, A. Shaw, C. Balfour, A. Alshammaa and J. Lucas
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 341, pp 313-315 (1994)

1993

Simulation of an Optical Klystron Wave-Guide FEL
G. Kong, R.A. Stuart and J. Lucas
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 331, pp 518-521 (1993)
A Magnetic Circuit Model for Electromagnet Wigglers
R.A. Stuart and G. Kong
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 26, pp 192-198 (1993)
Definition of Gain in Wave-Guide Free-Electron Lasers
G. Kong and R.A. Stuart
International Journal of Electronics, 75, pp 973-978 (1993)

1992

Mode Selection in a Wave-Guide Fel
G. Kong and R.A. Stuart
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 318, pp 518-522 (1992)
A Magnetic-Circuit Model for Electromagnet Wigglers
R.A. Stuart and G. Kong
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 318, pp 843-846 (1992)

1991

Low-voltage ubitrons for industrial purposes
G. Kong, J. Lucas and R.A. Stuart
Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A, 304, pp 238-242 (1991)

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  • Development and characterisation of cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) sources
  • Disinfection of large physical environment using cold plasmas
  • Inactivation of microorganisms and proteins using cold gas plasmas
  • Biofilms and social microbiology
  • Therapeutic use of nanosecond pulsed electric fields
  • A miniature plasma opening switch
  • Novel, non-invasive PEF technology
  • Magnetically-insulated transformers
  • Electro-optic measurement of fast transient and intense electric fields
  • Filamentary modelling of FLUXAR (flux-trapping) systems
  • High voltage and high energy power sources
  • Compact and repetitive Tesla-based high-voltage generators
  • A Mobile, High-Power, High-Energy Pulsed-Power System Based on Inductive Storage